Advances In Crowdsourcing

Author: Fernando J. Garrigos-Simon
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319183419
File Size: 77,93 MB
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​​This book attempts to link some of the recent advances in crowdsourcing with advances in innovation and management. It contributes to the literature in several ways. First, it provides a global definition, insights and examples of this managerial perspective resulting in a theoretical framework. Second, it explores the relationship between crowdsourcing and technological innovation, the development of social networks and new behaviors of Internet users. Third, it explores different crowdsourcing applications in various sectors such as medicine, tourism, information and communication technology (ICT), and marketing. Fourth, it observes the ways in which crowdsourcing can improve production, finance, management and overall managerial performance. Crowdsourcing, also known as “massive outsourcing” or “voluntary outsourcing,” is the act of taking a job or a specific task usually performed by an employee of a company or contractors, and outsourcing it to a large group of people or a community (crowd or mass) via the Internet, through an open call. The term was coined by Jeff Howe in a 2006 issue of Wired magazine. It is being developed in different sciences (i.e., medicine, engineering, ICT, management) and is used in the most successful companies of the modern era (i.e., Apple, Facebook, Inditex, Starbucks). The developments in crowdsourcing has theoretical and practical implications, which will be explored in this book. Including contributions from international academics, scholars and professionals within the field, this book provides a global, multidimensional perspective on crowdsourcing.​

Advances In Edge Computing Massive Parallel Processing And Applications

Author: F. Xhafa
Editor: IOS Press
ISBN: 1643680633
File Size: 30,98 MB
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The rapid advance of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies has resulted in the number of IoT-connected devices growing exponentially, with billions of connected devices worldwide. While this development brings with it great opportunities for many fields of science, engineering, business and everyday life, it also presents challenges such as an architectural bottleneck – with a very large number of IoT devices connected to a rather small number of servers in Cloud data centers – and the problem of data deluge. Edge computing aims to alleviate the computational burden of the IoT for the Cloud by pushing some of the computations and logics of processing from the Cloud to the Edge of the Internet. It is becoming commonplace to allocate tasks and applications such as data filtering, classification, semantic enrichment and data aggregation to this layer, but to prevent this new layer from itself becoming another bottleneck for the whole computing stack from IoT to the Cloud, the Edge computing layer needs to be capable of implementing massively parallel and distributed algorithms efficiently. This book, Advances in Edge Computing: Massive Parallel Processing and Applications, addresses these challenges in 11 chapters. Subjects covered include: Fog storage software architecture; IoT-based crowdsourcing; the industrial Internet of Things; privacy issues; smart home management in the Cloud and the Fog; and a cloud robotic solution to assist medical applications. Providing an overview of developments in the field, the book will be of interest to all those working with the Internet of Things and Edge computing.

Advances In Conceptual Modeling

Author: Carson Woo
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 303001391X
File Size: 61,25 MB
Format: PDF
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of five workshops symposia, held at the 37th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER 2018, in Xi’an, China, in October 2018. The 42 papers promote and disseminate research on theories of concepts underlying conceptual modeling, methods and tools for developing and communicating conceptual models, techniques for transforming conceptual models into effective implementations, and the impact of conceptual modeling techniques on databases, business strategies and information systems. The following workshops are included in this volume: Emp-ER: Empirical Methods in Conceptual Modeling, MoBiD: Modeling and Management of Big Data, MREBA: Conceptual Modeling in Requirements and Business Analysis, QMMQ: Quality of Models and Models of Quality, SCME: Conceptual Modeling Education.

Advances In Computational Intelligence

Author: Sudip Kumar Sahana
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811382220
File Size: 73,61 MB
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This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Intelligence 2018 (ICCI 2018). It brings together work by leading scientists, researchers and research scholars from around the globe on all aspects of computational intelligence. The work is mainly composed of the original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of computational intelligence. Specifically, the major topics covered include classical computational intelligence models and artificial intelligence, neural networks and deep learning, evolutionary swarm and particle algorithms, hybrid systems optimization, constraint programming, human–machine interaction, computational intelligence for web analytics, robotics, computational neurosciences, neurodynamics, bioinspired and biomorphic algorithms, cross-disciplinary topics and applications.

Advances In Mechanical Design

Author: Jianrong Tan
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811065535
File Size: 72,74 MB
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Focusing on innovation, these proceedings present recent advances in the field of mechanical design in China and offer researchers, scholars and scientists an international platform to present their research findings and exchange their ideas. In the context of the “Made in China 2025” development strategy, one central aspect of the ICMD2017 was Innovative Design Pushes “Made in China 2025.” The book highlights research hotspots in mechanical design, such as design methodology, green design, robotics and mechanics, and reliability design, while also combining industrial design and mechanical design.

Crowdsourcing

Author: Gerard Blokdyk
Editor: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781979453196
File Size: 57,76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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What other jobs or tasks affect the performance of the steps in the Crowdsourcing process? What are specific Crowdsourcing Rules to follow? What problems are you facing and how do you consider Crowdsourcing will circumvent those obstacles? What may be the consequences for the performance of an organization if all stakeholders are not consulted regarding Crowdsourcing? Among the Crowdsourcing product and service cost to be estimated, which is considered hardest to estimate? Defining, designing, creating, and implementing a process to solve a business challenge or meet a business objective is the most valuable role... In EVERY company, organization and department. Unless you are talking a one-time, single-use project within a business, there should be a process. Whether that process is managed and implemented by humans, AI, or a combination of the two, it needs to be designed by someone with a complex enough perspective to ask the right questions. Someone capable of asking the right questions and step back and say, 'What are we really trying to accomplish here? And is there a different way to look at it?' For more than twenty years, The Art of Service's Self-Assessments empower people who can do just that - whether their title is marketer, entrepreneur, manager, salesperson, consultant, business process manager, executive assistant, IT Manager, CxO etc... - they are the people who rule the future. They are people who watch the process as it happens, and ask the right questions to make the process work better. This book is for managers, advisors, consultants, specialists, professionals and anyone interested in Crowdsourcing assessment. All the tools you need to an in-depth Crowdsourcing Self-Assessment. Featuring 693 new and updated case-based questions, organized into seven core areas of process design, this Self-Assessment will help you identify areas in which Crowdsourcing improvements can be made. In using the questions you will be better able to: - diagnose Crowdsourcing projects, initiatives, organizations, businesses and processes using accepted diagnostic standards and practices - implement evidence-based best practice strategies aligned with overall goals - integrate recent advances in Crowdsourcing and process design strategies into practice according to best practice guidelines Using a Self-Assessment tool known as the Crowdsourcing Scorecard, you will develop a clear picture of which Crowdsourcing areas need attention. Included with your purchase of the book is the Crowdsourcing Self-Assessment downloadable resource, which contains all questions and Self-Assessment areas of this book in a ready to use Excel dashboard, including the self-assessment, graphic insights, and project planning automation - all with examples to get you started with the assessment right away. Access instructions can be found in the book. You are free to use the Self-Assessment contents in your presentations and materials for customers without asking us - we are here to help.

Wireless Indoor Localization

Author: Chenshu Wu
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811303568
File Size: 39,20 MB
Format: PDF
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This book provides a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of wireless indoor localization for ubiquitous applications. The past decade has witnessed a flourishing of WiFi-based indoor localization, which has become one of the most popular localization solutions and has attracted considerable attention from both the academic and industrial communities. Specifically focusing on WiFi fingerprint based localization via crowdsourcing, the book follows a top-down approach and explores the three most important aspects of wireless indoor localization: deployment, maintenance, and service accuracy. After extensively reviewing the state-of-the-art literature, it highlights the latest advances in crowdsourcing-enabled WiFi localization. It elaborated the ideas, methods and systems for implementing the crowdsourcing approach for fingerprint-based localization. By tackling the problems such as: deployment costs of fingerprint database construction, maintenance overhead of fingerprint database updating, floor plan generation, and location errors, the book offers a valuable reference guide for technicians and practitioners in the field of location-based services. As the first of its kind, introducing readers to WiFi-based localization from a crowdsourcing perspective, it will greatly benefit and appeal to scientists and researchers in mobile and ubiquitous computing and related areas.

The Semantic Web Latest Advances And New Domains

Author: Fabien Gandon
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319188186
File Size: 49,51 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2014, held in Anissaras, Portoroz, Slovenia, in May/June 2015. The 43 revised full papers presented together with three invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 164 submissions. This program was completed by a demonstration and poster session, in which researchers had the chance to present their latest results and advances in the form of live demos. In addition, the PhD Symposium program included 12 contributions, selected out of 16 submissions. The core tracks of the research conference were complemented with new tracks focusing on linking machine and human computation at web scale (cognition and Semantic Web, Human Computation and Crowdsourcing) beside the following subjects Vocabularies, Schemas, Ontologies, Reasoning, Linked Data, Semantic Web and Web Science, Semantic Data Management, Big data, Scalability, Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval, Machine Learning, Mobile Web, Internet of Things and Semantic Streams, Services, Web APIs and the Web of Things, Cognition and Semantic Web, Human Computation and Crowdsourcing and In-Use Industrial Track as well.

Advances In Information Retrieval

Author: Maarten de Rijke
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319060287
File Size: 13,34 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 36th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2014, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in April 2014. The 33 full papers, 50 poster papers and 15 demonstrations presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 288 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: evaluation, recommendation, optimization, semantics, aggregation, queries, mining social media, digital libraries, efficiency, and information retrieval theory. Also included are 3 tutorial and 4 workshop presentations.

Personalized Task Recommendation In Crowdsourcing Systems

Author: David Geiger
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319222910
File Size: 66,56 MB
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This book examines the principles of and advances in personalized task recommendation in crowdsourcing systems, with the aim of improving their overall efficiency. It discusses the challenges faced by personalized task recommendation when crowdsourcing systems channel human workforces, knowledge, skills and perspectives beyond traditional organizational boundaries. The solutions presented help interested individuals find tasks that closely match their personal interests and capabilities in a context of ever-increasing opportunities of participating in crowdsourcing activities. In order to explore the design of mechanisms that generate task recommendations based on individual preferences, the book first lays out a conceptual framework that guides the analysis and design of crowdsourcing systems. Based on a comprehensive review of existing research, it then develops and evaluates a new kind of task recommendation service that integrates with existing systems. The resulting prototype provides a platform for both the field study and the practical implementation of task recommendation in productive environments.

Crowdsourcing And Probabilistic Decision Making In Software Engineering Emerging Research And Opportunities

Author: Gupta, Varun
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522596615
File Size: 15,58 MB
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With today’s technological advancements, the evolution of software has led to various challenges regarding mass markets and crowds. High quality processing must be capable of handling large groups in an efficient manner without error. Solutions that have been applied include artificial intelligence and natural language processing, but extensive research in this area has yet to be undertaken. Crowdsourcing and Probabilistic Decision-Making in Software Engineering: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the application of crowd-based software engineering and supports software engineers who want to improve the manner in which software is developed by increasing the accuracy of probabilistic reasoning to support their decision-making and getting automation support. While highlighting topics such as modeling techniques and programming practices, this publication is ideally designed for software developers, software engineers, computer engineers, executives, professionals, and researchers.

Crowdsourcing And Knowledge Management In Contemporary Business Environments

Author: Lenart-Gansiniec, Regina
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522542019
File Size: 53,33 MB
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In an era of an economy based on knowledge and Web 2.0 technology, knowledge is the foundation for improving the decision-making processes and relations between people both in and outside of an organization. Providing new and unique sources of knowledge outside organizations enables innovation and shapes competitive advantage. Crowdsourcing and Knowledge Management in Contemporary Business Environments is a collection of innovative research on the methods and applications of crowdsourcing in collaboration, idea implementation, and organizational development. Highlighting a range of topics including data analytics, crowd computing, and open innovation, this book is ideally designed for business managers, business professionals, business and social researchers, graduate-level students, and academicians seeking current research on the mechanisms of knowledge management in crowdsourcing.

Advances In Cartography And Giscience

Author: Michael P. Peterson
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319573365
File Size: 73,72 MB
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This book presents a selection of manuscripts submitted to the 2017 International Cartographic Conference held in Washington, DC at the beginning of July and made available at the conference. These manuscripts have been selected by the Scientific Program Committee and represent the wide-range of research that is done in the discipline. It also forms an important international collection representing research from at least 30-40 countries.

Citizen E Participation In Urban Governance Crowdsourcing And Collaborative Creativity

Author: Silva, Carlos Nunes
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466641703
File Size: 80,48 MB
Format: PDF
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The relationship between citizens and city governments is gradually transforming due to the utilization of advanced information and communication technologies in order to inform, consult, and engage citizens. Citizen E-Participation in Urban Governance: Crowdsourcing and Collaborative Creativity explores the nature of the new challenges confronting citizens and local governments in the field of urban governance. This comprehensive reference source explores the role that Web 2.0 technologies play in promoting citizen participation and empowerment in the city government and is intended for scholars, researchers, students, and practitioners in the field of urban studies, urban planning, political science, public administration, and more.

Advances In The Human Side Of Service Engineering

Author: Louis Freund
Editor: AHFE Conference
ISBN: 1495120910
File Size: 51,21 MB
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If there is any one element to the engineering of service systems that is unique, it is the extent to which the suitability of the system for human use, human service, and excellent human experience has been and must always be considered. An exploration of this emerging area of research and practice, Advances in the Human Side of Service Engineering covers a broad spectrum of ergonomics and human factors issues highlighting the design of contemporary service systems.

Advances In Conceptual Modeling

Author: Jeffrey Parsons
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319141392
File Size: 17,48 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of workshops, held at the 32nd International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER 2013, in Hong Kong, China in November 2013. The 30 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected out of 57 submissions. The papers are organized in sections related to the individual workshops: LSAWM, Legal and Social Aspects in Web Modeling; MoBiD, 1st International Workshop on Modeling and Management of Big Data; RIGiM, 5th International Workshop on Requirements, Intentions and Goals in Conceptual Modeling; SeCoGIS, 7th International Workshop on Semantic and Conceptual Issues in Geographic Information Systems; WISM, 10th International Workshop on Web Information Systems Modeling; DaSeM, Data Mining and Semantic Computing for Object Modeling; SCME, 1st Symposium on Conceptual Modeling Education; and PhD Symposium. Continuing the ER tradition, the ER 2013 workshops provided researchers, students, and industry professionals with a forum to present and discuss emerging, cutting-edge topics related to conceptual modeling and its applications.

Advances In Computational Intelligence

Author: Jing Liu
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 364230687X
File Size: 45,88 MB
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This state-of-the-art survey offers a renewed and refreshing focus on the progress in evolutionary computation, in neural networks, and in fuzzy systems. The book presents the expertise and experiences of leading researchers spanning a diverse spectrum of computational intelligence in these areas. The result is a balanced contribution to the research area of computational intelligence that should serve the community not only as a survey and a reference, but also as an inspiration for the future advancement of the state of the art of the field. The 13 selected chapters originate from lectures and presentations given at the IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2012, held in Brisbane, Australia, in June 2012.

Advances In Membership Categorisation Analysis

Author: Richard Fitzgerald
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1473917859
File Size: 57,67 MB
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This is an exciting addition to the dynamic, multidisciplinary field of membership categorization analysis. Bringing together the biggest names in MCA this landmark publication provides a contemporary analysis of the field and a platform for emerging researchers and students to build upon. The book sets out the current methodological developments of MCA highlighting its analytic strength – particularly when examining social identity and social knowledge. It provides a sophisticated tool of qualitative analysis and draws from a wide range of empirical studies provided by global scholars. The culmination of years of international research this agenda-setting text will be essential reading for academics and advanced students using membership categorization across the social sciences; particularly in media and communication studies, sociology, psychology, education, political science and linguistics.

Advances In Social Media For Travel Tourism And Hospitality

Author: Marianna Sigala
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317185137
File Size: 51,31 MB
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This book brings together cutting edge research and applications of social media and related technologies, their uses by consumers and businesses in travel, tourism and hospitality. The first section addresses topical issues related to how social media influence the operations and strategies of tourism firms and help them enhance tourism experiences: open innovation, crowdsourcing, service-dominant logic, value co-creation, value co-destruction and augmented reality. The second section of the book looks at new applications of social media for marketing purposes in a variety of tourism-related sectors, addressing crowd-sourced campaigns, customer engagement and influencer marketing. The third section uses case studies and new methodologies to analyze travel review posting and consumption behaviors as well as the impact of social media on traveller perceptions and attitudes, with a focus on collaborative consumption and sharing economy accommodation. Finally, the fourth section focuses on hot topics and issues related to the analysis, interpretation and use of online information and user-generated content for deriving business intelligence and enhancing business decision-making. Written by an international body of well-known researchers, this book uses fresh theoretical lenses, perspectives and methodological approaches to look at the practical implications of social media for tourism suppliers, destinations, tourism policy makers and researchers alike. For these reasons, it will be a valuable resource for students, managers and academics with an interest in information and communication technologies, marketing for tourism and hospitality, and travel and transportation management.

Crowdsourcing Essential Factors For Successful Crowdsourcing In Product Innovation In Web 2 0

Author: Sultan Özge Yaldiz
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656766886
File Size: 10,88 MB
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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 1,3, Westfälische Hochschule Gelsenkirchen, Bocholt, Recklingshausen, language: English, abstract: At large, innovation is a key factor for the success and persistence of organizations in today's business. In order to develop successful innovation, information of two kinds is needed; information based on customers' and the market's needs, as well as information on how to transform the gained knowledge into corresponding products (Diener and Piller, 2011). The paradigm of Crowdsourcing can be applied to obtain both kinds of essential information enabled through direct interaction with customers and takers, providing an enhanced inflow of intelligence. The work at hand deals with Crowdsourcing and particularly crowd-based product innovation. Crowdsourcing is a relatively new conceptualized paradigm, which is why the literature does not offer countless research papers on the topic and the market is not overloaded with companies applying the concept, although the theory is very promising. Nonetheless, not all companies who have ventured the step towards Crowdsourcing have experienced positive outcomes: on the contrary, some encountered rants from the crowd, as well as image losses (Papsdorf and Voß, 2009). The first purpose of this work is to illustrate how broad the term Crowdsourcing is and what opportunities it offers for businesses by providing an overview of the common forms. a further purpose is to depict where, in what form and how those activities take place. The cornerstones for a successful outcome are already set at the beginning of a project, whereby this paper describes single decisions to make along a Crowdsourcing process and their influence on the project's course, in order to understand how and why each decision during the process can be determining. thus marking a third purpose. The focus of this third purpose is on Crowd Innovation leading to the primarily purpose, namely to identify and name essential factors for the success of a crowd product innovation project in Web 2.0. These factors will demonstrate which steps and rules have to be followed by a company to implement prosperous Crowdsourcing activities in this field.