Al Ghazali S Philosophical Theology

Author: Frank Griffel
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199724727
File Size: 57,73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 2778
Download

The Muslim thinker al-Ghazali (d. 1111) was one of the most influential theologians and philosophers of Islam and has been considered an authority in both Western and Islamic philosophical traditions. Born in northeastern Iran, he held the most prestigious academic post in Islamic theology in Baghdad, only to renounce the position and teach at small schools in the provinces for no money. His contributions to Islamic scholarship range from responding to the challenges of Aristotelian philosophy to creating a new type of Islamic mysticism and integrating both these traditions-falsafa and Sufism-into the Sunni mainstream. This book offers a comprehensive study of al-Ghazali's life and his understanding of cosmology-how God creates things and events in the world, how human acts relate to God's power, and how the universe is structured. Frank Griffel presents a serious revision of traditional views on al-Ghazali, showing that his most important achievement was the creation of a new rationalist theology in which he transformed the Aristotelian views of thinkers such as Avicenna to accord with intellectual currents that were well-established within Muslim theological discourse. Using the most authoritative sources, including reports from al-Ghazali's students, his contemporaries, and his own letters, Griffel reconstructs every stage in a turbulent career. The al-Ghazali that emerges offers many surprises, particularly on his motives for leaving Baghdad and the nature of his "seclusion" afterwards. Griffel demonstrates that al-Ghazali intended to create a new cosmology that moved away from concerns held earlier by Muslim theologians and Arab philosophers. This new theology aimed to provide a framework for the pursuit of the natural sciences and a basis for Islamic science and philosophy to flourish beyond the 12th century. Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology is the most thorough examination to date of this important thinker.

Al Ghazali Philosophical Theology

Author: Frank Griffel
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 24,34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 5582
Download

The Muslim theologian al-Ghazali was one of the most influential theologians of Islam. In this book, Frank Griffel presents the most comprehensive examination to date of the life and thought of this important figure.

Al Ghazali Averroes And The Interpretation Of The Qur An

Author: Avital Wohlman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135224447
File Size: 43,23 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 3585
Download

This book examines the contrasting interpretations of Islam and the Qur’an by Averroes and Al-Ghazali, as a way of helping us untangle current impasses affecting each Abrahamic faith. This has traditionally been portrayed as a battle between philosophy and theology, but the book shows that Averroes was rather more religious and Al-Ghazali more philosophical than they are usually portrayed. The book traces the interaction between two Muslim thinkers, showing how each is convinced of the existence of a Book in which God is revealed to rational beings, to whom He has given commandments, as well as of the excellence of Islamic society. Yet they differ regarding the proper way to interpret the sacred Book. From this point of view, their discussion does not address the contrast between philosophy and religion, or that between reason and revelation that is so characteristic of the Middle Ages, but rather explores differences at the heart of philosophical discussion in our day: is there a level of discourse which will facilitate mutual comprehension among persons, allowing them to engage in debate? This interpretation of sacred texts illustrates the ways religious practice can shape believers’ readings of their sacred texts, and how philosophical interpretations can be modified by religious practice. Moreover, since this sort of inquiry characterizes each Abrahamic tradition, this study can be expected to enhance interfaith conversation and explore religious ways to enhance tolerance between other believers.

Philosophical Theology In Islam

Author:
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004426612
File Size: 57,20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 2090
Download

Philosophical Theology in Islam explores the later history of the Ashʿarī school of theology through in-depth studies on its thought, sources, scholarly networks and contexts.

Philosophical Theology In Islam

Author: Jan Thiele
Editor: Islamicate Intellectual Histor
ISBN: 9789004426603
File Size: 19,38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 5803
Download

Philosophical Theology in Islam studies the later history of the Ashʿarī school of theology through in-depth probings of its thought, sources, scholarly networks and contexts. Starting with a review of al-Ghazālī's role in the emergence of post-Avicennan philosophical theology, the book offers a series of case studies on hitherto unstudied texts by the towering thinker Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī as well as specific philosophical and theological topics treated in his works. Studies furthermore shed light on the transmission and reception of later Ashʿarī doctrines in periods and regions that have so far received little scholarly attention. This book is the first exploration of the later Ashʿarī tradition across the medieval and early-modern period through a trans-regional perspective. Contributors include: Peter Adamson, Asad Q. Ahmed, Fedor Benevich, Xavier Casassas Canals, Jon Hoover, Bilal Ibrahim, Andreas Lammer, Reza Pourjavady, Harith Ramli, Ulrich Rudolph, Meryem Sebti, Delfina Serrano, Ayman Shihadeh, Aaron Spevack, and Jan Thiele.

Al Ghazali S Moderation In Belief

Author: Al-Ghazali
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022606090X
File Size: 47,28 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 8258
Download

Centuries after his death, al-Ghazali remains one of the most influential figures of the Islamic intellectual tradition. Although he is best known for his Incoherence of the Philosophers, Moderation in Belief is his most profound work of philosophical theology. In it, he offers what scholars consider to be the best defense of the Ash'arite school of Islamic theology that gained acceptance within orthodox Sunni theology in the twelfth century, though he also diverges from Ash'arism with his more rationalist approach to the Quran. Together with The Incoherence of the Philosophers, Moderation in Belief informs many subsequent theological debates, and its influence extends beyond the Islamic tradition, informing broader questions within Western philosophical and theological thought. The first complete English-language edition of Moderation in Belief, this new annotated translation by Aladdin M. Yaqub draws on the most esteemed critical editions of the Arabic texts and offers detailed commentary that analyzes and reconstructs the arguments found in the work’s four treatises. Explanations of the historical and intellectual background of the texts also enable readers with a limited knowledge of classical Arabic to fully explore al-Ghazali and this foundational text for the first time. With the recent resurgence of interest in Islamic philosophy and the conflict between philosophy and religion, this new translation will be a welcome addition to the scholarship.

The Oxford Handbook Of Islamic Theology

Author: Professor of Islamic Intellectual History Sabine Schmidtke
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199696705
File Size: 73,14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 7610
Download

Within the field of Islamic Studies, scientific research of Muslim theology is a comparatively young discipline. Much progress has been achieved over the past decades with respect both to discoveries of new materials and to scholarly approaches to the field. The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology provides a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the current state of the field. It provides a variegated picture of the state of the art and at the same time suggests new directions for future research. Part One covers the various strands of Islamic theology during the formative and early middle periods, rational as well as scripturalist. To demonstrate the continuous interaction among the various theological strands and its repercussions (during the formative and early middle period and beyond), Part Two offers a number of case studies. These focus on specific theological issues that have developed through the dilemmatic and often polemical interactions between the different theological schools and thinkers. Part Three covers Islamic theology during the later middle and early modern periods. One of the characteristics of this period is the growing amalgamation of theology with philosophy (Peripatetic and Illuminationist) and mysticism. Part Four addresses the impact of political and social developments on theology through a number of case studies: the famous mihna instituted by al-Ma'mun (r. 189/813-218/833) as well as the mihna to which Ibn 'Aqil (d. 769/1367) was subjected; the religious policy of the Almohads; as well as the shifting interpretations throughout history (particularly during Mamluk and Ottoman times) of the relation between Ash'arism and Maturidism that were often motivated by political motives. Part Five considers Islamic theological thought from the end of the early modern and during the modern period.

Logik Und Theologie

Author: Dominik Perler
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004111182
File Size: 33,84 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 7116
Download

How did the reception of Aristotelian logic in the Arabic and Latin Middle Ages shape the development of theology? And how did theological issues influence the debates about logic and theories of argumentation? The contributions in this volume examine these questions on the basis of key texts, thus shedding new light on the problematic relationship between logic and theology.

Islam And Rationality

Author: Frank Griffel
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004307494
File Size: 27,66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 7599
Download

The second volume of Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghazālī brings together twelve leading experts in the field of Ghazālī-studies who write about his thought and the influence he had on later Muslim thinkers.

Inspired Knowledge In Islamic Thought

Author: Alexander Treiger
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113665562X
File Size: 20,79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 5707
Download

It has been customary to see the Muslim theologian Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 1111) as a vehement critic of philosophy, who rejected it in favour of Islamic mysticism (Sufism), a view which has come under increased scrutiny in recent years. This book argues that al-Ghazali was, instead, one of the greatest popularisers of philosophy in medieval Islam. The author supplies new evidence showing that al-Ghazali was indebted to philosophy in his theory of mystical cognition and his eschatology, and that, moreover, in these two areas he accepted even those philosophical teachings which he ostensibly criticized. Through careful translation into English and detailed discussion of more than 80 key passages (with many more surveyed throughout the book), the author shows how al-Ghazali’s understanding of "mystical cognition" is patterned after the philosophyof Avicenna (d. 1037). Arguing that despite overt criticism, al-Ghazali never rejected Avicennian philosophy and that his mysticism itself is grounded in Avicenna’s teachings, the book offers a clear and systematic presentation of al-Ghazali’s "philosophical mysticism." Challenging popular assumptions about one of the greatest Muslim theologians of all time, this is an important reference for scholars and laymen interested in Islamic theology and in the relations between philosophy and mysticism.

The Oxford Handbook Of Islamic Philosophy

Author: Sabine Schmidtke
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199917388
File Size: 76,85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 1100
Download

The study of Islamic philosophy has entered a new and exciting phase in the last few years. Both the received canon of Islamic philosophers and the narrative of the course of Islamic philosophy are in the process of being radically questioned and revised. Most twentieth-century Western scholarship on Arabic or Islamic philosophy has focused on the period from the ninth century to the twelfth. It is a measure of the transformation that is currently underway in the field that, unlike other reference works, the Oxford Handbook has striven to give roughly equal weight to every century, from the ninth to the twentieth. The Handbook is also unique in that its 30 chapters are work-centered rather than person- or theme-centered, in particular taking advantage of recent new editions and translations that have renewed interest and debate around the Islamic philosophical canon. The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy gives both the advanced student and active scholar in Islamic philosophy, theology, and intellectual history, a strong sense of what a work in Islamic philosophy looks like and a deep view of the issues, concepts, and arguments that are at stake. Most importantly, it provides an up-to-date portrait of contemporary scholarship on Islamic philosophy.

Arabic Theology Arabic Philosophy

Author: Richard M. Frank
Editor: Peeters Publishers
ISBN: 9789042917781
File Size: 43,68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 6509
Download

In the course of his career, Professor Richard M. Frank of the Catholic University of America produced a hugely significant corpus of works on the intellectual activity in Classical Islam known as Kalam, which he argued should be rendered as 'speculative theology'. He also wrote on the Qur'an, on the Arabic and Syriac philosophical tradition, and argued vigorously for a new reading of the famous religious scholar and theologian al-Ghazali (d. 1111) as a devotee of the cosmology of Ibn Sina (d. 1037). In this volume, fourteen scholars, many of them contemporaries of Professor Frank, engage with his legacy with important and seminal works which take some of his ideas as their points of departure. The book is divided into six sections: the Qur'an, Paths to al-Ash'ari, Al-Ash'ari and the Kalam, Christian Falsafa, Avicenna and Beyond, and Al-Ghazali on Causality. There are major articles on Qur'anic emendations and Arabia and Late Antiquity, on the Arabic Plotinian Tradition, on Syriac Philosophical Vocabulary, and an important reading of the Greek-Arabic translation movement in terms of the practical and exact sciences. There are seminal studies of atomism, with valuable translations of complex theological passages previously untranslated, of the Christian philosophy of Yahya ibn 'Adi, of a late Mu'tazili argument for the existence of God and a hitherto unedited section on optics by Ibn Mattawayh. These are complemented by important, close readings of Avicenna's epistemology and his Metaphysics together with a major, new survey of the Avicennan tradition in the madrasas of the Islamic East. The volume ends with two discussions of the perennial question of al-Ghazali's theory of causality. In addition, the volume contains an autobiographical piece by Professor Frank and a complete bibliography of his published works.

Essays In Islamic Philosophy Theology And Mysticism

Author: Parviz Morewedge
Editor:
ISBN: 9781592670086
File Size: 76,59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 6383
Download


Europa Und Die T Rkei Im 18 Jahrhundert

Author: Barbara Schmidt-Haberkamp
Editor: V&R unipress GmbH
ISBN: 3899717953
File Size: 66,68 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 5484
Download

English summary: The contributions to this volume explore intercultural contacts and the reciprocal perceptions between Turkey and Europe in the eighteenth century. 'The dangerous Turk', one of the most antagonistic narratives in early modern times, lost impact after the Ottoman defeat in the second siege of Vienna 1683. The image of the Turk changed from the menacing, invincible terror of Christendom to that of a quaint and exotic neighbour. The result was a broad, partly euphoric acceptance and blending of Ottoman culture into the political, scientific, economic and aesthetic discourses of the eighteenth century. Conversely, the European impact on the socio-political and cultural life of the Ottoman Empire increased at the beginning of the eighteenth century. From the perspective of a variety of different academic disciplines, the contributions to this volume explore the following questions: What possibilities were there to form an idea of the other and to what extent was this idea founded on autistic self-assertion on the one hand, on curiosity and creative appropriation on the other? What forms of intercultural contacts existed and how have they been documented? german description: Thema dieses Bandes sind die interkulturellen Kontakte und die wechselseitige Wahrnehmung zwischen der Turkei und Europa im 18. Jahrhundert. Die Turkengefahr, eines der wichtigsten Antagonismusnarrative der fruhen Neuzeit, verblasste nach der osmanischen Niederlage bei der zweiten Belagerung Wiens 1683, und das Bild des Turken wandelte sich vom bedrohlichen, unbesiegbaren Schrecken der Christenheit zum kuriosen, exotischen Nachbarn. Die osmanische Kultur fand in den politischen, wissenschaftlichen, wirtschaftlichen und asthetischen Diskursen des 18. Jahrhunderts breite, zum Teil euphorische Aufnahme und Verarbeitung. Zugleich verstarkte sich zu Beginn des 18. Jahrhunderts der europaische Einfluss im gesellschaftspolitischen und kulturellen Leben des Osmanischen Reichs. Welche Moglichkeiten bestanden, sich ein Bild des Anderen zu machen, und zu welchen Teilen grundete es auf autistischer Selbstbespiegelung einerseits, auf Neugier und produktiver Aneignung andererseits? Welche Formen des interkulturellen Kontaktes existierten und wie sind sie dokumentiert? Auf diese Fragen antworten die Beitrage aus der Sicht verschiedener akademischer Disziplinen.

Islam And Rationality

Author:
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004290958
File Size: 10,10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 1845
Download

Islam and Rationality offers an account of Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī as a rational theologian who created a symbiosis of philosophy and theology and infused rationality into Sufism, and how his work was received by later Muslim, Christian and Jewish scholars.

Guide To Islam

Author: David Ede
Editor: G K Hall
ISBN:
File Size: 14,83 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 1512
Download


Islam

Author: Alford T. Welch
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 64,26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 6479
Download

A festschrift for William Montgomery Watt, constructed around his principal research interests: Islamic thought; Islam in history and society; Islam in literature; Islam and other faiths. The contributors comprise many of the leading scholars on both sides of the Atlantic.

Classical Arabic Philosophy

Author: Jon McGinnis
Editor: Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN:
File Size: 79,37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 5644
Download

This is an introduction to the major classical Arabic philosophers through substantial selections from the key works in each of the fields - including logic, philosophy of science, natural philosophy, metaphysics, ethics, and politics - to which they made significant contributions.

Philosophy Theology And Mysticism In Medieval Islam

Author: Richard M. Frank
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000226239
File Size: 53,40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 2634
Download

The first volume of the collected major articles of Richard M. Frank, pioneering student of Islamic theology (kalam), contains fifteen essays. It includes his early studies, classic but inaccessible for many in their original publication, on the text and terminology of Graeco-Arabic translations (De anima, Themistius on the Metaphysics, Plotinus in Syriac, 'anniya) and the terminology of early kalam. Other articles deal with Islamic theology and its early development, especially in its relation to philosophy (in particular the kalam of Jahm ibn Safwan and al-Ghazali), and the text and translation of two short dogmatic works by the mystic al-Qushayri. The collection is prefaced by a fascinating autobiographical memoir which traces the intellectual development of the author and the reasoning that led him, from study to study, to his discovery of the way of thinking of the theologians and to an understanding of the essential core of Islamic theology.