Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Editor: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484396626
Size: 15,99 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 294

Despite robust GDP growth, projected at 4 percent in 2018, inflation remains below its 3 percent target. The fiscal deficit has stabilized around 2 percent of GDP, implying a modest gradual reduction in public debt, which remains high at close to 70 percent of GDP. Monetary policy was relaxed further in June 2018 following a rapid appreciation of the exchange rate. The current account deficit has moderated over recent years, to about 6.5 percent of GDP. The outlook is mostly positive, with GDP growth projected to converge to 4 percent over the medium term, with inflation stabilizing around its target by 2021. Further fiscal consolidation and an accommodative monetary policy, combined with growth-promoting structural reforms represent the right policy mix.

Oecd Reviews Of Evaluation And Assessment In Education Albania

Author: Maghnouj Soumaya
Editor: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264500944
Size: 13,82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 616

This review, developed in co-operation with UNICEF, provides Albania with recommendations to help strengthen its evaluation and assessment system to focus on support for student learning. It will be of interest to Albania, as well as other countries looking to make more effective use of their evaluation and assessment system to improve quality and equity, and result in better outcomes for all students.

Democratisation And Institutional Reform In Albania

Author: Elvin Gjevori
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319730711
Size: 12,98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 323

Albania’s democratic transition – one of the longest and most arduous of post-communist Europe – has failed to produce consolidated institutions. Therefore, this book undertakes the first comprehensive review of Albania’s military and judicial reform – from 1992 to 2009 – to ascertain why military reform produced substantial institutionalisation and judicial reform did not. The author analyses the different outcomes by outlining how political elites constructed the interests that shaped their subsequent political actions. Overall, this book presents a novel theoretical account for institutionalisation in emerging democracies and sheds light on two of Albania’s most important democratisation reforms. The book will appeal to practitioners working on institutionalisation reforms, institutionalist and democratisation researchers interested in post-authoritarian transitions, and area study scholars focusing on Albania and the Western Balkans.

Infectious Diseases Of Albania

Author: GIDEON Informatics, Inc.
Editor: GIDEON Informatics Inc
ISBN: 1498812848
Size: 12,45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 800

Infectious Diseases of Albania is one in a series of GIDEON ebooks which explore all individual infectious diseases, drugs, vaccines, outbreaks, surveys and pathogens in every country of the world. Data are based on the GIDEON web application ( which relies on standard text books, peer-review journals, Health Ministry reports and ProMED, supplemented by an ongoing search of the medical literature.

Proceedings Of Iac 2017 In Vienna

Author: group of authors
Editor: Czech Institute of Academic Education
ISBN: 8088203031
Size: 13,69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 680

International Academic Conference on Teaching, Learning and E-learning and International Academic Conference on Management, Economics and Marketing Vienna, Austria 2017 (IAC-MEM 2017 + IAC-TLEl 2017), August 18 - 19, 2017

International Law And Violence Against Women

Author: Johanna Niemi
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000032531
Size: 10,66 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 597

This book offers an in-depth and critical analysis of the Istanbul Convention, along with discussions on its impact and implications. The work highlights the place of the Convention in the landscape of international law and policies on violence against women and equality. The authors argue that the Convention with its emphasis on integrated and comprehensive policies has an important role in promoting equality, but they also note the debates on “genderism” that the Convention has triggered in some member states. The book analyses central concepts of the Convention, including violence, gender and due diligence. It takes up major commitments of the parties to the Convention, including support and services to victims, criminal law provisions and protection of migrant women against violence. The book thus makes a major contribution to the development of national laws, policies and practice. It provides a valuable guide for policy-makers, students and academics in international human rights law, criminal and social law, social policy, social work and gender studies.

Measuring The Impact Of Microcredit Programs In Albania

Author: Forcim Kola
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443862711
Size: 10,15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 237

This book highlights a range of perspectives concerning the economic and social impact of microfinance products (especially microcredit) on their clients’ lives, scientifically analysing four distinct impact levels: namely, the individual level, the household level, the enterprise level, and the community level. Microcredit services enable low income people to move their family away from poverty and towards higher living standards, by increasing their business activity, improving their employment opportunities, and contributing to sustainable economic growth and development. Investigating the Albanian market, by assessing the impact of Albanian microfinance programs at each of the four above-mentioned impact levels, this book explores whether being a client of MFIs microfinance programmes brings positive changes to their lives and their community. The book uses various data collection techniques, such as surveys, interviews, quantitative measurements of financial data, and data processing methodologies including paired t-tests and a comparison-based data analysis methodology using a control group in order to support or reject the above hypothesis.

High Albania

Author: M. Edith Durham
ISBN: 1365912825
Size: 20,93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 526

In High Albania, Victorian anthropologist and travel writer M (Mary) Edith Durham presents a vivid and fascinating insight into the culture, customs, people, and the lands of Northern Albania as it was in the early 20th century.

City Maps Tirana Albania

Author: James mcFee
Editor: Soffer Publishing
Size: 16,29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 740

City Maps Tirana Albania is an easy to use small pocket book filled with all you need for your stay in the big city. Attractions, pubs, bars, restaurants, museums, convenience stores, clothing stores, shopping centers, marketplaces, police, emergency facilities are only some of the places you will find in this map. This collection of maps is up to date with the latest developments of the city as of 2017. We hope you let this map be part of yet another fun Tirana adventure :)

Enver Hoxha

Author: Blendi Fevziu
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0857727036
Size: 13,50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 219

Stalinism, that particularly brutal phase of the Communist experience, came to an end in most of Europe with the death of Stalin in 1953. However, in one country - Albania - Stalinism survived virtually unscathed until 1990. The regime that the Albanian dictator Enver Hoxha led from 1944 until his death in 1985 was incomparably severe. Such was the reign of terror that no audible voice of opposition or dissent ever arose in the Balkan state and Albania became isolated from the rest of the world and utterly inward-looking. Three decades after his death, the spectre of Hoxha still lingers over the country, yet many people - inside and outside Albania - know little about the man who ruled the country with an iron fist for so many decades. This book provides the first biography of Hoxha available in English. Using unseen documents and first-hand interviews, journalist Blendi Fevziu pieces together the life of a tyrannical ruler in a biography which will be essential reading for anyone interested in Balkan history and communist studies.