Basalt Intrusions In Evaporites

Author: Bernhard J. Knipping
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 66,12 MB
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Zentralblatt F R Geologie Und Pal Ontologie

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File Size: 64,27 MB
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Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica

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File Size: 70,73 MB
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European Journal Of Mineralogy

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File Size: 50,16 MB
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Topseal 96 International Topical Meeting

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File Size: 74,25 MB
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The Formation Of Hydrocarbon Deposits In The North African Basins

Author: Monzer Makhous
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 17,40 MB
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This book reveals the main trends of the formation of petroleum pools in major parts of North African basins. It deals with the regional geology of this important oil- and gas-producing area. Emphasis is laid on paleoenvironmental and provenance reconstructions, trap formation, diagenesis, compaction-decompaction equilibria in petroleum-bearing reservoirs and related fluid geodynamics and oil and gas generation and entrapment. Organic and mineral interaction is shown to be the main process in enhancing reservoir entrapment and filtration properties. This involves a close association of the source and trap formations in time and space. The computer program for basin modeling simulates the burial and thermal histories and petroleum potential in sedimentary basins. Several new concepts and alternative methods are proposed in petroleum geology.

Environmental Geochemistry In The Tropics

Author: Julio Cesar Wasserman
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 48,78 MB
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Held in 1993 in Niterói, Brazil, the first International Conference on Environmental Geochemistry in Tropical Countries established a starting point for this book. The book opens with a discussion of the points that arose during the closing session, summarised by Dr. E.K. Duursma: The Environment in the Tropics Remains Unknown. Most of the processes that occur in temperate environments turn out to be completely different in the tropics. This can already be seen in Chapter 3, where estimates of radionuclide transfer factors reach values considerably greater than in temperate areas. The utilisation of variables measured in temperate environments for modelling of the tropics can result in completely erroneous conclusions and, worse, inefficient remediation solutions.

Bayesian Inference With Geodetic Applications

Author: Karl-Rudolf Koch
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783540530800
File Size: 69,37 MB
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This introduction to Bayesian inference places special emphasis on applications. All basic concepts are presented: Bayes' theorem, prior density functions, point estimation, confidence region, hypothesis testing and predictive analysis. In addition, Monte Carlo methods are discussed since the applications mostly rely on the numerical integration of the posterior distribution. Furthermore, Bayesian inference in the linear model, nonlinear model, mixed model and in the model with unknown variance and covariance components is considered. Solutions are supplied for the classification, for the posterior analysis based on distributions of robust maximum likelihood type estimates, and for the reconstruction of digital images.

Phanerozoic Phosphorite Depositional Systems

Author: Jörg Trappe
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 60,95 MB
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The book presents a new and comprehensive model for the development of phosphate sediments. Starting with geochemistry and including new methods in sedimentology (sequence stratigraphy), it results in an interdisciplinary approach to a resource system covering all fields of phosphate geology. For researchers, teachers and students alike the book offers a complete overview of the whole field including case studies of major deposits.

The Tree Habit In Land Plants

Author: Volker Mosbrugger
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783540523741
File Size: 12,14 MB
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The present study will help answer questions of tree type evolution, function, optimum, and tree construction types, using the approach of constructional morphology which to date has been widely neglected in palaeobotany and botany. First, the evolution pattern of the earliest Devonian trees is analyzed and explained, including a brief introduction of tree biomechanics. Then fossil and recent trees are studied from the viewpoint of constructional morphology with the main emphasis on the trunk as the most characteristic element of a tree. The various trunk constructions are classified into functional construction types, which are described and analyzed with respect to their biomechanical and biological properties. This functional comparison shows that the basic trunk constructions all appear in the Devonian, have specific advantages and disadvantages and constrain the possible growth habit of a tree. This study based on modern and fossil trees not only leads to a description but also to a causal understanding of the evolution and biology of the various tree types.

Carbonate Platform Slopes A Record Of Changing Conditions

Author: Hildegard Westphal
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 20,99 MB
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Periplatform slope sediments from the Bahamas serve as an example for a small-scale sedimentologic record of environmental changes. Carbonate platforms react sensitively to sea-level fluctuations. Therefore, sediments deposited on the slope during lowstands differ in composition from highstand deposits. A second focus is the early diagenetic alteration and cementation of these sediments with their high diagenetic potential. This book contributes to and discusses new developments in carbonate sedimentology such as the concepts of highstand shedding and early burial diagenesis, which also have an impact on reservoir studies.

Geodetic Boundary Value Problems In View Of The One Centimeter Geoid

Author: Fernando Sans©ø
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 70,54 MB
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The precise determination of the figure of the earth and its exterior gravitational field requires the solution of the geodetic boundary value problem (GBVP). Recently, a whole series of new measurement techniques has became available, in particular air- and spaceborne methods. They will make its solution much more complete and accurate and will contribute to a better understanding of ocean circulation and of the earth's interior. The book consists of contributions from leading scientists presented at an international summer school. It covers all aspects of the solution of the GBVP, from a mathematical basis via geodetic modeling to its relationship with advanced measurements. It provides three foundations to determine the geoid at a 1-cm precision level.

Satellite Altimetry In Geodesy And Oceanography

Author: Reiner Rummel
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 30,22 MB
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The book content corresponds to a course of the International Summer School of Theoretical Geodesy held every 4 years under the sponsorship of the International Association of Geodesy. This particular course, that was given at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, has been dedicated to the theory of satellite altimetry as a response to the increasing need of scientific work in this field due to important recent and forthcoming space mission. The course was conceived to supply a good theoretical basis in both disciplines, i.e. geodesy and oceanography, which are deeply involved in the analysis and in the use of the altimetric signal. The main items of interest are the physical theory of ocean circulation, the theory of tides and the ocean time-variability, from the point of view of oceanography and the orbit theory, with particular regard to the formation of the radial orbital error, the so-called cross over adjustment, the analysis of geodetic boundary value problems, the integrated determination of the gravity field and of the radial orbital error, from the point of view of geodesy. All these arguments are treated from the foundation by very-well experts of the various fields, to introduce the reader into the more difficult subjects on which advanced research is currently performed. The peculiarity of the book is in its interdisciplinarity as it can serve to both communities of oceanographers and geodesists to get acquainted with advanced aspects one of the other.

Continental Crust Structures On The Continental Margin Of Western North America

Author: Henry V. Lyatsky
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 39,28 MB
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The NE Pacific Ocean is considered the birthplace of many fundamental ideas for modern plate tectonics theory. In this book the orogenic belts of this region are discussed in a single, internally consistent tectonic concept. Geological information is considered the most reliable. Geophysical models are tested for compatibility with observable geological data. The new concept avoids force-fitting interpretations to preconceived assumptions regarding accreted far-traveled terranes in the Cordillera and continental-oceanic plate interactions in the entire region.

Organic Matter Accumulation

Author: Elisabeth Lallier-Verges
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 70,50 MB
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The accumulation of organic matter allows inferences about a wide selection of processes in the geological past. The Kimmeridge Clay Formation (Yorkshire, U.K.) can be regarded as a model of the formation of hydrocarbon source rocks. The driving force of organic matter accumulation is the organic phytoplankton productivity, whereas oxygenation conditions seem to have played a secondary role. In Lake Bouchet (French Massif Central) organic matter appears to be a good indicator of paleoenvironmental changes occurring for over 350000 years. The book is of special interest to geologists and geochemists interested in organic matter accumulation.

Post Devonian Sediment Cover Over New York State

Author: Golam Sarwar
Editor: Springer Verlag
ISBN:
File Size: 25,37 MB
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Water Management In Desert Environments

Author: Bruce R. Roberts
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783540565628
File Size: 26,37 MB
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By seizing upon a crucial problem facing arid land research, the author poignantly reveals the complex role of water management within the context of environmental crisis. A complex model portrays the subject matter as a system of interlocking subsystems covering the management structure, the inventory and the urban hydrological conditions. The system itself is also viewed within its wider urban ecological context of interaction between urban and industrial development, land use and the physical environment. This analytical grid also provides the framework for the evaluation of water management reforms, remedial strategies, programs and plans. The choice of the urban regions - Ürümqi, Xinjiang, and Phoenix, Arizona - within systems as culturally and politically different as the PR of China and the United States, provides an up-to-date presentation of the main issues within a global perspective. The evident socioeconomic contrast between the two systems also allows the reader to explore the opportunities - but also the limitations - involved in the transfer of Western know-how.