Basic Income Tax Law Course For Internal Revenue Agents And Office Auditors

Author: L. Hart Wright
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 37,41 MB
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Can State And Local Basic Income Policies Support Planning For Equity

Author: Daniel Larkin Powers
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 34,57 MB
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Interest in basic income has been rising as more and more cities and places undertake basic income pilots, seams in existing supports become more and more apparent, and racial and class-based disparities widen. Yet the justifications offered for basic income programs are diffuse and sometimes in tension. Questions remain about the purpose of pilots, and whether pilots will ever make the jump to permanent policies. This thesis sets out to answer whether basic income policies at the city or state level can support equity. In doing so, it reviews the existing literature; examines failed basic income programs; investigates existing federal benefits systems and policies, and how they could constrain a basic income; and compares a city-level basic income pilot (Stockton's Economic Empowerment Demonstration) with a state-level basic income program (Alaska's Permanent Fund Dividend). Assessing this evidence demonstrates the breadth of decisions involved in designing basic-income policies, and the tradeoffs involved in each. Ultimately, basic income policies can support equity by providing a direct, flexible benefit to the poor and avoiding administrative burdens built into many benefit programs. However, whether a policy actually supports equity goals depends on the specific decisions involved in its design, including its financing, eligibility criteria, and whether other services are sacrificed to implement it. Serious questions remain unanswered by existing pilots about how a permanent policy would be financed and implemented. Uncritical calls for a basic income risk neglecting details that determine whether policies will support or undermine equity. City and state governments could still benefit from incorporating features of basic income into their equitable development strategies, and pilots and advocates could work more to answer unknowns about the transition to policies..

Universal Basic Income Debate And Impact Assessment

Author: Maura Francese
Editor: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 148438881X
File Size: 22,65 MB
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This paper discusses the definition and modelling of a universal basic income (UBI). After clarifying the debate about what a UBI is and presenting the arguments in favor and against, an analytical approach for its assessment is proposed. The adoption of a UBI as a policy tool is discussed with regard to the policy objectives (shaped by social preferences) it is designed to achieve. Key design dimensions to be considered include: coverage, generosity of the program, overall progressivity of the policy, and its financing.

Universal Basic Income

Author: Sarah Glazer
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 66,88 MB
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The prospect of automation replacing workers has helped to revive an old idea: a government check covering basic expenses paid to everyone. Silicon Valley proponents say a guaranteed income -- or universal basic income (UBI) -- could be crucial in a future with less work to go around. The idea has won enthusiasts among libertarian conservatives who see it as a less bureaucratic alternative to welfare, and liberals who say it could combat inequality and wage stagnation. But UBI supporters on the right and left differ over whether to pay for it by diverting money spent on existing welfare programs or raising taxes. Others dismiss the idea outright, saying it would bust the budget and breed laziness. Still, trial efforts are underway in California, Finland, and Canada to investigate whether free cash encourages idleness or, alternatively, boosts education and health -- benefits found in 1970s-era American and Canadian experiments and among Alaskans and Native Americans sharing community wealth.

Does An Unconditional Basic Income Provide Higher Effectiveness And Efficiency An Analysis Of The Social Security Systems Of Germany Sweden And The United Kingdom

Author: Wolfgang Müller
Editor: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
ISBN: 395489100X
File Size: 26,95 MB
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The current social security systems in Europe have not been able to deal with increased traditional and new risks such as unemployment or work-life balance. One suggested solution to this problem has gained more popular and academic support in recent years: the idea of a universal, unconditional basic income (UBI). This study, therefore, examines whether and how UBI could support social security systems in the UK, Germany and Sweden in order to achieve their aims and fulfill their functions. Since effectiveness and efficiency describe the functionality of social security systems, the study focuses on these two aspects. These aspects will be used to theoretically discuss expected effects of UBI along with the main aims and functions of key policies in each country in regard to their effectiveness and efficiency. In comparison with current social security schemes in each country, the study demonstrates that UBI is able to deal more effectively with several traditional and new risks, despite problems with higher expectations and living standards. UBI provides basic needs and supports people in need.

Financial Inclusion

Author: Rajiv Prabhakar
Editor:
ISBN: 1447345460
File Size: 39,98 MB
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Rajiv Prabhakar brings together the typically exclusive views of supporters and critics to present a nuanced, critical analysis of 'financial inclusion'. Addressing issues including the 'poverty premium', financial capability and housing, this dialogue advances crucial public, academic and policy debates and proposes alternative paths forward.

Guaranteed Minimum Income Programs Used By Governments Of Selected Countries

Author: Martin Schnitzer
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ISBN:
File Size: 72,97 MB
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Basic Income

Author: Julian Anthony Walter
Editor: Marion Boyars
ISBN:
File Size: 77,63 MB
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Universal Basic Income

Author: Brian McDonough
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351106112
File Size: 25,26 MB
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Universal basic income is a controversial policy which is causing a stir amongst academics, politicians, journalists and policy-makers all over the world. The idea of receiving ‘money for nothing’, with no strings attached, has for a long time appeared a crazy or radical proposal. But today, this policy is being put into practice. With more and more trials and experiments taking place in different countries, this book provides both the theory and context for making sense of different basic income approaches, examining how the policy can be best implemented. Unlike many other texts written on this topic, the book provides a balanced account of basic income, weighing up the pros and cons from a number of different positions. The book provides a theory chapter, enabling readers to grasp some of the complex philosophical ideas and concepts which underpin universal basic income, such as social justice, equality and freedom. It also provides an examples chapter, which examines both historical and contemporary basic income studies to have taken place from around the globe. The book also features chapters on the environment and the work of women, as well as an ‘against’ universal basic income chapter, which specifically draws on the criticisms of the policy. This volume is an essential resource for anyone who wishes to get to grips with universal basic income.

Basic Income For Canadians

Author: Evelyn L. Forget
Editor: James Lorimer & Company
ISBN: 145941568X
File Size: 57,76 MB
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Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the idea of providing a basic income to everyone in Canada who needs it was already gaining broad support. Then, in response to a crisis that threatened to put millions out of work, the federal government implemented new measures which constituted Canada?s largest ever experiment with a basic income for almost everyone. In this new and revised edition, Evelyn L. Forget offers a clear-eyed look at how these emergency measures could be transformed into a program that ensures an adequate basic income for every Canadian. Forget details what we can learn from earlier basic income experiments in Canada and internationally. She weighs the options, investigates whether Canadians can afford a permanent basic income program and describes how it could best be implemented across the country. This accessible book offers everything a reader needs to decide if a basic income program is the right follow-up to the short-term government response to COVID-19.

Basic Income On The Agenda

Author: Robert-Jan van der Veen
Editor: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9789053564615
File Size: 26,83 MB
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Persisting unemployment, poverty and social exclusion, labour market flexibility, job insecurity and higher wage inequality, changing patters of work and family life are among the factors that exert pressure on welfare states in Europe. This book explores the potential of an unconditional basic income, without means test or work requirement, to meet the challenges posed by the new social question, compared to policies of subsidized insertion in work. It also assesses the political chances of basic income in various European countries. These themes are highly relevant to policy-makers in the field of labour markets and social security, economists, political philosophers, and a social science audience in general.

Basic Income

Author: Sarath Davala
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472583132
File Size: 13,58 MB
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Would it be possible to provide people with a basic income as a right? The idea has a long history. This book draws on two pilot schemes conducted in the Indian State of Madhya Pradesh, in which thousands of men, women and children were provided with an unconditional monthly cash payment. In a context in which the Indian government at national and state levels spends a vast amount on subsidies and selective schemes that are chronically expensive, inefficient, inequitable and subject to extensive corruption, there is scope for switching at least some of the spending to a modest basic income. This book explores what would be likely to happen if this were done. The book draws on a series of evaluation surveys conducted over the course of the eighteen months in which the main pilot was in operation, supplemented with detailed case studies of individuals and families. It looks at the impact on health and nutrition, on schooling, on economic activity, women's agency and the welfare of those with disabilities. Above all, the book considers whether or not a basic income could be transformative, in not only improving individual and family welfare but in promoting economic growth and development, as well as having an emancipatory effect for people long mired in conditions of poverty and economic insecurity.

Final Environmental Impact Analysis Of Small Scale Hydroelectric Development In Selected Watersheds In The Upper San Joaquin River Basin California

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A Basic Income Grant For South Africa

Author: Guy Standing
Editor: Juta and Company Ltd
ISBN: 9781919713861
File Size: 42,14 MB
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This book provides a critical analysis of the feasibility and impact of a universal basic income grant for South Africans, which has been discussed extensively in parliament and the media for the past two years. The authors assess how comprehensive social security reform, including a universal grant, will impact on the severe inequality in the country and promote economic growth and employment. Their research reveals that it is affordable, and they argue that it would reduce the criminality that is associated with poverty and inequality. The implications for women and children and for the black majority would be considerable. At the Presidential Jobs Summit in 1998 COSATU negotiated an agreement with the government to investigate a universal social grant for all South Africans -- the Basic Income Grant. Government policy-makers, civil society stakeholders and South African and international thinkers recognised the merit of addressing the problem of poverty directly and efficiently. In March 2002 the South African government's Committee of Inquiry into Comprehensive Social Security completed its evaluation of policy options for addressing the severe levels of poverty afflicting the country. Accepting the findings of research commissioned from the Economic Policy Research Institute, the Committee's report stated that the Basic Income Grant has the potential, more than any other possible social protection intervention, to reduce poverty and promote human development and sustainable livelihoods'. This book provides an accessible collection of the current research on the issue, with chapters by both proponents and critics of the Basic Income Grant. Some of the issues discussed include: How can the grant be financed? In what ways will the grant promote job creation, economic growth and social development? And will the government demonstrate the political will to implement what is likely to be the single most effective policy for reducing poverty and eradicating destitution?

Basic Income Unemployment And Compensatory Justice

Author: Loek Groot
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402027265
File Size: 37,99 MB
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Basic income is a regularly debated topic in various scholarly disciplines (political philosophy, political theory, welfare economics, labour market economics and social policy) and in circles of policy makers, administrators and activists. Since the late 1970s, unemployment is the primary problem for social-economic policy in all welfare states. In Basic Income, Unemployment and Compensatory Justice it is argued that implementing a substantial basic income is the best policy response to deal with unemployment-induced problems such as job insecurity, social exclusion, poverty and lack of compensatory justice on the labour market and to improve labour market flexibility, boost low wage employment and part-time work. Basic Income, Unemployment and Compensatory Justice, with an introductory chapter by Philippe van Parijs, discusses the attractiveness of a substantial basic income to deal with the problem of unemployment, in combination with an ethical perspective of social justice. Loek Groot is a senior lecturer at the Utrecht School of Economics.

The Case For Universal Basic Income

Author: Louise Haagh
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509522999
File Size: 76,18 MB
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Advocated (and attacked) by commentators across the political spectrum, paying every citizen a basic income regardless of their circumstances sounds utopian. However, as our economies are transformed and welfare states feel the strain, it has become a hotly debated issue. In this compelling book, Louise Haagh, one of the world’s leading experts on basic income, argues that Universal Basic Income is essential to freedom, human development and democracy in the twenty-first century. She shows that, far from being a silver bullet that will transform or replace capitalism, or a sticking plaster that will extend it, it is a crucial element in a much broader task of constructing a democratic society that will promote social equality and humanist justice. She uses her unrivalled knowledge of the existing research to unearth key issues in design and implementation in a range of different contexts across the globe, highlighting the potential and pitfalls at a time of crisis in governing and public austerity. This book will be essential reading for anyone who wants to get beyond the hype and properly understand one of the most important issues facing politics, economics and social policy today.

Basic Income Worldwide

Author: Matthew C. Murray
Editor: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230285422
File Size: 36,11 MB
Format: PDF
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Increasing inequality and the yawning gap between rich and poor are provoking criticism of the economic system. This timely volume is the first to discuss both examples of and prospects for basic income, a system of cash transfers, and a new approach to inequality that is gaining in popularity. The book considers experiments in and examples of basic income in such diverse countries as the USA, Namibia and Brazil before looking at the prospects for the introduction of basic income into some other regions and countries, such as East Timor, New Zealand, Germany and South Africa. It provides expert and informative discussion of the operation and forms of basic income in very different social, economic and political circumstances, the improvements it brings to people's lives and the difficulties, challenges and problems that it faces.

The Ethics And Economics Of The Basic Income Guarantee

Author: U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network. Congress
Editor: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754641889
File Size: 28,29 MB
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The basic income guarantee, a universal unconditional income grant, has received increasing attention from scholars as an alternative to the kinds of reforms that have been implemented. This book explores the political, sociological, economic, and philoso

Exploring Universal Basic Income

Author: Ugo Gentilini
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464815119
File Size: 47,51 MB
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Universal basic income (UBI) is emerging as one of the most hotly debated issues in development and social protection policy. But what are the features of UBI? What is it meant to achieve? How do we know, and what don’t we know, about its performance? What does it take to implement it in practice? Drawing from global evidence, literature, and survey data, this volume provides a framework to elucidate issues and trade-offs in UBI with a view to help inform choices around its appropriateness and feasibility in different contexts. Specifically, the book examines how UBI differs from or complements other social assistance programs in terms of objectives, coverage, incidence, adequacy, incentives, effects on poverty and inequality, financing, political economy, and implementation. It also reviews past and current country experiences, surveys the full range of existing policy proposals, provides original results from micro†“tax benefit simulations, and sets out a range of considerations around the analytics and practice of UBI.

Basic Income Reconsidered

Author: S. Birnbaum
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 113701542X
File Size: 45,38 MB
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Basic income is one the most innovative, powerful and controversial proposals for addressing poverty and growing inequalities. This book examines the arguments for and against basic income from the point of view of economic and social justice.