Behavioral Economics And Public Health

Author: Ichiro Kawachi
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019939833X
File Size: 54,60 MB
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Behavioral economics has potential to offer novel solutions to some of today's most pressing public health problems: How do we persuade people to eat healthy and lose weight? How can health professionals communicate health risks in a way that is heeded? How can food labeling be modified to inform healthy food choices? Behavioral Economics and Public Health is the first book to apply the groundbreaking insights of behavioral economics to the persisting problems of health behaviors and behavior change. In addition to providing a primer on the behavioral economics principles that are most relevant to public health, this book offers details on how these principles can be employed to mitigating the world's greatest health threats, including obesity, smoking, risky sexual behavior, and excessive drinking. With contributions from an international team of scholars from psychology, economics, marketing, public health, and medicine, this book is a trailblazing new approach to the most difficult and important problems of our time.

Nudging Health

Author: I. Glenn Cohen
Editor: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421421011
File Size: 42,19 MB
Format: PDF
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Behaviorally informed health policy? : patient autonomy, active choosing, and paternalism / Cass R. Sunstein -- Three choice architecture paradigms for healthcare policy / Russell Korobkin -- Can behavioral economics save healthcare reform? / Alan M. Garber -- Seven ways of applying behavioral science to health policy / Michael Hallsworth -- What can PPACA teach us about behavioral law & economics? / David A. Hymen and Thomas S. Ulen -- Bad medicine : does the unique nature of healthcare decisions justify nudges? / Mark D. White -- Nudging and benign manipulation for health / Nir Eyal -- The political morality of nudges in healthcare / Jonathan Gingerich -- An ethical framework for public health nudges: a case study of incentives as nudges for vaccination in rural india / Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Zainab Shipchandler, and Julika Kaplan -- Behavioral economics and food policy : the limits of nudging / Andrea Freeman -- Cost-sharing as choice architecture / Christopher T. Robertson -- Using behavioral economics to promote physicians' prescribing of generic drugs and follow-on biologics : what are the issues? / Ameet Sarpatwari, Niteesh K. Choudhry, Jerry Avorn, and Aaron S. Kesselheim -- Towards behaviorally informed policies for consumer credit decisions in self-pay medical markets / Jim Hawkins -- Extrinsic incentives, intrinsic motivation, and motivational crowding-out in health law and policy / Kristin Underhill -- Do financial incentives reduce intrinsic motivation for weight loss? : evidence from two tests of crowding-out / Aditi P. Sen, David Huffman, George Loewenstein, David A. Asch, Jeffrey T. Kullgren, and Kevin G. Volpp -- Affective forecasting in medical decision-making : what do physicians owe their patients? / Jennifer L. Zamzow -- Behavioral economics in the physician-patient relationship : a possible role for mobile devices and small data / Alexander M. Capron and Donna Spruijt-Metz -- The perilous promise of privacy : ironic influences on disclosure of health information / Ester Moher and Khaled El Emam -- Procedural justice by default : addressing medicare's backlog crisis / Matthew J.B. Lawrence -- Measuring the welfare effects of a nudge : a different approach to evaluating the individual mandate / Manisha Padi and Abigail R. Moncrieff -- Better off dead-paternalism and persistent unconsciousness / Sarah Conly -- Improving healthcare decisions through a shared preferences and values approach to surrogate selection / Nina A. Kohn -- Consumer protection in genome sequencing / Barbara J. Evans -- Forced to choose again : the effects of defaults on individuals in terminated health plans / Anna D. Sinaiko and Richard J. Zeckhauser -- Presumed consent to organ donation / David Orentlicher

Behavioral Economics And Its Applications

Author: Peter Diamond
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400829143
File Size: 75,17 MB
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In the last decade, behavioral economics, borrowing from psychology and sociology to explain decisions inconsistent with traditional economics, has revolutionized the way economists view the world. But despite this general success, behavioral thinking has fundamentally transformed only one field of applied economics-finance. Peter Diamond and Hannu Vartiainen's Behavioral Economics and Its Applications argues that behavioral economics can have a similar impact in other fields of economics. In this volume, some of the world's leading thinkers in behavioral economics and general economic theory make the case for a much greater use of behavioral ideas in six fields where these ideas have already proved useful but have not yet been fully incorporated--public economics, development, law and economics, health, wage determination, and organizational economics. The result is an attempt to set the agenda of an important development in economics--an agenda that will interest policymakers, sociologists, and psychologists as well as economists. Contributors include Ian Ayres, B. Douglas Bernheim, Truman F. Bewley, Colin F. Camerer, Anne Case, Michael D. Cohen, Peter Diamond, Christoph Engel, Richard G. Frank, Jacob Glazer, Seppo Honkapohja, Christine Jolls, Botond Koszegi, Ulrike Malmendier, Sendhil Mullainathan, Antonio Rangel, Emmanuel Saez, Eldar Shafir, Sir Nicholas Stern, Jean Tirole, Hannu Vartiainen, and Timothy D. Wilson.

Developing Public Health Policies

Author: Oana Maria Blaga
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 50,11 MB
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Behavioral Economics And Healthy Behaviors

Author: Yaniv Hanoch
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317269519
File Size: 36,59 MB
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The field of behavioural economics can tell us a great deal about cognitive bias and unconscious decision-making, challenging the orthodox economic model whereby consumers make rational and informed choices. But it is in the arena of health that it perhaps offers individuals and governments the most value. In this important new book, the most pernicious health issues we face today are examined through a behavioral economic lens. It provides an essential and timely overview of how this growing field of study can reframe and offer solutions to some of the biggest health issues of our age. The book opens with an overview of the core theoretical concepts, after which each chapter assesses how behavioral economic research and practice can inform public policy across a range of health issues. Including chapters on tobacco, alcohol and drug use, physical activity, dietary intake, cancer screening and sexual health, the book integrates the key insights from the field to both developed and developing nations. Also asking important ethical questions around paternalism and informed choice, this book will be essential reading for students and researchers across psychology, economics and business and management, as well as public health professionals wishing for a concise overview of the role behavioral economics can potentially play in allowing people to live healthier lives.

Eating Behavior And Obesity

Author: Dr. Shahram Heshmat, PhD
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826106226
File Size: 44,42 MB
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Obesity is one of the most pressing health issues affecting our country. This unique volume is the first to apply behavioral economicsóthe integration of psychological and economic knowledgeóto the study of eating behavior. The text demonstrates how this discipline can be used to understand why it so difficult for individuals to control their eating habits, and helps readers use this knowledge to create and improve public health nutrition programs and policies. The text examines dietary choices and obesity through a multidisciplinary lens of biological, psychological, and social factors, and draws from the disciplines of behavioral economics, nutrition, public health, and health promotion. Based on the premise that humans are hardwired to make judgment errors and need a ìnudgeî to make decisions in their best interests, the book argues that increasing consumer well-being requires changing an individualís personal environment. It describes the power of irrational forces that compete with sensible judgment in regard to food choices, and provides strategies for improving decisions and health habits. Highly accessible, the text will be of interest to students, professors, and practitioners in nutrition-related health programs, as well as to public health policy makers. Key Features: Assesses the social determinants that affect nutrition choices, including food availability, nutrition education, income, culture, and other key factors Demonstrates how flawed decisions and self-control difficulties can affect eating behavior Provides a valuable framework for improving public health through understanding and changing the way individuals make food decisions Explains the link between obesity rates and economics of food choice (fast food, food marketing, and social factors) Provides strategies and tools to help people improve their decision-making and health habits

Cumulated Index Medicus

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 37,52 MB
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Choice Behavioral Economics And Addiction

Author: Rudy E. Vuchinich
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080440569
File Size: 28,74 MB
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Choice, Behavioural Economics and Addiction is about the theory, data, and applied implications of choice-based models of substance use and addiction. The distinction between substance use and addiction is important, because many individuals use substances but are not also addicted to them. The behavioural economic perspective has made contributions to the analysis of both of these phenomena and, while the major focus of the book is on theories of addiction, it is necessary also to consider the behavioural economic account of substance use in order to place the theories in their proper context and provide full coverage of the contribution of behavioural economics to this field of study. The book discusses the four major theories of addiction that have been developed in the area of economic science/behavioural economics. They are: . hyperbolic discounting . melioration . relative addiction . rational addiction The main objective of the book is to popularise these ideas among addiction researchers, academics and practitioners. The specific aims are to articulate the shared and distinctive elements of these four theories, to present and discuss the latest empirical work on substance abuse and addiction that is being conducted in this area, and to articulate a range of applied implications of this body of work for clinical, public health and public policy initiatives. The book is based on an invitation-only conference entitled, Choice, Behavioural Economics and Addiction: Theory, Evidence and Applications held at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, March 30 - April 1, 2001. The conference was attended by prominent scientists and scholars, representing a range of disciplines concerned with theories of addiction and their consequences for policy and practice. The papers in the book are based on the papers given at the above conference, together with commentaries by distinguished experts and, in many cases, replies to these comments by the presenters.

The Role Of Social And Behavioral Sciences In Public Health

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Research and Science Education
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 53,93 MB
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Public Health Reports

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 14,33 MB
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Social And Behavioral Foundations Of Public Health

Author: Jeannine Coreil
Editor: SAGE Publications Inc
ISBN: 1412957044
File Size: 22,60 MB
Format: PDF
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This book is intended as a core textbook for courses in public health that examines current issues in health from a social and behavioral science perspective. It is a cross-disciplinary course (public health, medical sociology, health psychology, medical anthropology) and thus there are many ways to teach the course based on a particular instructor's perspective. The authors wrote the book because they were dissatisfied with the way other texts apply social science to public health and found that many texts being used were from related fields such as medicine, nursing or general health.The authors are planning to do a major revision based on reviews they have collected and the reviews we have collected. We believe the revised edition will essentially be a new text based on rich feedback. They will include new theory, new cases, new research, and a rich ancillary package. They will also reduce the frameworks presented to make the book more readable to students.

Applications From Behavioral Economics To Decision Making In The Setting Of Prenatal Diagnosis

Author: Aaron Brandon Caughey
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 70,67 MB
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Food And Nutrition Economics

Author: George C. Davis
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199379122
File Size: 78,50 MB
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Winner of the 2017 Quality of Communication Award presented by The Agricultural and Applied Economics Association As the importance of food and nutrition becomes more widely recognized by practitioners and researchers in the health sciences, one persisting gap in the knowledge base remains: what are the economic factors that influence our food and our health? Food and Nutrition Economics offers a much-needed resource for non-economists looking to understand the basic economic principles that govern our food and nutritional systems. Comprising both a quick grounding in nutrition with the fundamentals of economics and expert applications to food systems, it is a uniquely accessible and much-needed bridge between previously disparate scholarly and professional fields. This book is intended for upper level undergraduates, graduate students, and health professionals with no background in economics who recognize that economics affects much of their work. Concerned because previous encounters with economics have been hampered by math hurdles? Don't be; this book offers a specialized primer in consumer economics (including behavioral economics of food consumption), producer economics, market-level analysis, cost-effectiveness, and cost-benefit analysis, all in an accessible and conversational manner that requires nothing more than middle-school math acumen. Grounding these lessons in contemporary issues such as soft drink taxes, food prices, convenience, nutrition education programs, and the food environment, Food and Nutrition Economics is an innovative and needed entry in the rapidly expanding universe of food studies, health science, and their related fields.

American Journal Of Public Health

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 37,17 MB
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Health Economics

Author: Jay Bhattacharya
Editor: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137029978
File Size: 27,55 MB
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Health Economics introduces students of economics, public health, and medicine to the modern field of health economics. The book emphasizes the link between economic theory and health policy, and covers both the established models of health insurance and the dilemmas that policy makers currently face. Features include: * Broad scope, featuring comparative health policy and empirical examples from around the world * Topical issues such as the obesity epidemic, economic epidemiology, socioeconomic health disparities, and behavioral economics * The latest research including the Oregon Medicaid Experiment and the potential impacts of US health reform Student-friendly, Health Economics is written in an engaging, lively style, enhanced by cartoons and images that relate the principles of health economics to everyday life. It also offers hundreds of exercises to help solidify and extend understanding.

Irrationality In Health Care

Author: Douglas E. Hough
Editor: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804785740
File Size: 55,90 MB
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The health care industry in the U.S. is peculiar. We spend close to 18% of our GDP on health care, yet other countries get better results—and we don't know why. To date, we still lack widely accepted answers to simple questions, such as "Would requiring everyone to buy health insurance make us better off?" Drawing on behavioral economics as an alternative to the standard tools of health economics, author Douglas E. Hough seeks to more clearly diagnose the ills of health care today. A behavioral perspective makes sense of key contradictions—from the seemingly irrational choices that we sometimes make as patients, to the incongruous behavior of physicians, to the morass of the long-lived debate surrounding reform. With the new health care law in effect, it is more important than ever that consumers, health care industry leaders, and the policymakers who are governing change reckon with the power and sources of our behavior when it comes to health.

The Behavioral Economics Of Smoking

Author: Warren K. Bickel
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 64,96 MB
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Evidence that economic principles may be employed to predict the rates at which cigarettes are consumed is presented from several laboratory experiments. In these experiments, cigarette-deprived smokers were required to make a effortful response to earn cigarette puffs. Changing the number of responses required per puff is conceptualized as a price manipulation. Our experiments show that these price increases decrease cigarette consumption and that price elasticity of demand increases with increases in price. When from 74 different smokers, participating in 17 different experiments, in our laboratory were analyzed, five demographic variables were related to rates of earning and smoking cigarettes in the lab: 1) males smoked more than females; 2) less-educated individuals tended to smoke more than better-educated smokers; 3) higher rates of smoking were observed in individuals with high Fagerström smoke more than heavy drinkers; and 5) unemployed subjects smoked more than employed individuals. Demographic effects on price elasticity did not accord as well with econometric data. Finally, we discuss the ability of behavioral- economic laboratory experiments to model cigarette smoking in the natural economy, and the validity of using these laboratory results as a means of assessing the likely effects of public-policy initiatives. The results from one such experiment are presented that suggest the economic concept of inferior goods may be informative in understanding nicotine-replacement products and the likely effects of differential pricing of cigarettes and these replacement products.

Psychology And Mental Health

Author: Nancy A. Piotrowski
Editor: Salem PressInc
ISBN: 9781587655579
File Size: 55,26 MB
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This comprehensive five-volume set covers notable theories, people, social issues, life stages, the physiology and anatomy of the nervous system, and various mental illnesses or conditions --from publisher description.