Behavioral Insights

Author: Michael Hallsworth
Editor:
ISBN: 0262539403
File Size: 51,68 MB
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"An authoritative guide for general readers in both public policy and business to help them understand exactly what behavioral insights are, why they matter, and where they may go next"--

Behavioral Insights For Public Policy

Author: Kai Ruggeri
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351052527
File Size: 76,13 MB
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The first decades of the 21st century have offered a remarkable shift in how policies are made as well as who designs them. Until this period, local, regional, and national policy advisors largely comprised economists, lawyers, and financial experts. But in an era when behavioral scientists are increasingly being asked to demonstrate the impact of their research, many are playing a much greater role in policy making across a range of sectors as a result. Written by a team of authors working across both academia and government, Behavioral Insights for Public Policy is the first textbook to fully examine how psychology can be applied to a range of public policy areas. It addresses a wide variety of topics from the origins of policy as well as major findings from behavioral economics and nudge theory, to large-scale applications of behavioral insights. The compilation is the first of its kind to broadly cover the underlying theory, history, major empirical examples, and practical applications to policy of nudges (or behavioral insights) for teaching and study in higher education. Featuring over 100 empirical examples of how behavioral insights are being used to address some of the most critical challenges faced globally, the book also includes a unique chapter from an organization actively implementing behavioral insights in policies along with various government institutions. Also featuring case studies looking at key policy issues, learning outcomes, a glossary of key terms, and an accompanying website, this important book will be essential reading for any student of applied psychology. It has also been produced for others interested in the topic from social, political, and economic sciences, as well as those in government looking for an overview of the key issues.

Behavioral Insights For Development

Author: Oscar Calvo-González
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464811237
File Size: 65,11 MB
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Behavioral Insights for Development: Cases from Central America brings together a set of experiences that applied behavioral insights to different areas of public policy—in some cases through randomized control trials, and in others using surveys or behavioral games. These experiences collectively show the promise of public policies that are informed by a better understanding of what drives individual behavior. In Costa Rica, for example, informing households of how much water they consume relative to their neighbors reduced water consumption (chapter 1). In Guatemala, altering the way government communicates with taxpayers increased revenue collection (chapter 2). In Nicaragua, an analysis of a cash transfer program found that children in households receiving benefits exhibited significantly higher cognitive development—a result influenced by parental behavior changes during the program (chapter 3). In El Salvador, we explore how different biases explain the apparent puzzle of a gas subsidy reform that benefited most of the population yet proved to be widely unpopular (chapter 4). Chapter 5 also uses behavioral insights to analyze subsidy reforms in El Salvador, this time using a different methodology: a set of economic behavioral games designed to evaluate the willingness of individuals to accept subsidy reforms that would affect them directly. Finally, chapter 6 reflects on the progress made in applying behavioral insights in a development context. These cases illustrate, in practice, some of the findings of the World Development Report 2015: Mind, Society, and Behavior. In particular, they demonstrate the possibility of using nontraditional tools, complementary to regulation, in contexts where time and resources are limited. The World Bank has since established a Mind, Behavior, and Development (eMBeD) Unit within the Poverty and Equity Global Practice to mainstream and scale up behavioral science in public policies and programs. We hope these experiences will help to inform other practitioners about the potential of applying behavioral insights in a development context and will encourage them to consider such approaches as a complement to traditional policy measures.

Applying Behavioral Insights To Intimate Partner Violence

Author: Marta Garnelo
Editor: Inter-American Development Bank
ISBN:
File Size: 47,19 MB
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According to global survey data, 30 percent of women who have ever been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence, perpetrated by their intimate partner. In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), it is estimated that 29.8 percent of ever partnered women have been physically or sexually abused by their partners. This report leverages insights from the behavioral sciences, including behavioral economics, social psychology and neuroscience, to provide recommendations to improve the design of survivor services in the LAC region and, ultimately, to lead to better life outcomes for women. We aim to provide policymakers and service providers alike with: 1) A diagnosis informed by qualitative research of potential behavioral barriers that service providers and survivors face in the process of delivering and accessing services, respectively; and 2) Proposed interventions ideas, informed by a review of the behavioral science literature, that can be tailored to existing services and evaluated for impact.

The Symbiosis Of Big Data And Behavioral Insights Applications And Ethical Considerations

Author: Alexander Ritter
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668566313
File Size: 23,87 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Other, grade: 1,7, University Witten/Herdecke (Wirtschaftswissenschaften), course: Behavioral Economics / Verhaltensökonomik, language: English, abstract: Since the US-presidency elections of 2016 and the surprising victory of Donald Trump, a sudden public interest in “big data” was sparked, since it was suspected to be key to Trump’s success. More precisely, it was the combination of “big data” and behavioral nudge approaches that was key to the strategy of Donald Trump. This essay examines the powerful synergies of “big data” with behavioral economics on the basis of real life examples from politics and business. Moreover the practical limitations as well as ethical considerations will be discussed.

Behavioral Insights For Supervision

Author: Ralph W. Reber
Editor: Prentice Hall
ISBN:
File Size: 53,95 MB
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Measuring The Unmeasured

Author: Stephen J. Anderson
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 48,41 MB
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Business survey outcomes for micro and small firms are notoriously noisy, with multiple sources of measurement and recall error. This paper introduces a new survey methodology that combines automatic consistency checks of electronic data collection with triangulation and dynamic adjustment to arrive at more precise estimates of business performance. The methodology uses insights from behavioral science to lower the cognitive cost of initial recall and establishes salient and relevant anchors to allow for dynamic triangulation and adjustment toward a final estimate. The validity of this method is field tested against traditional performance measures as well as administrative data across three emerging markets: Ghana, Rwanda, and Uganda. The results show significant upward adjustment from traditional measures for both sales and profits, a lower coefficient of variation in the cross-section, and higher autocorrelation in panel data. Comparisons with administrative data further confirm a higher correlation and closer magnitude relative to traditional measures. This research reconciles recommendations for increased attention to survey design with a method to leverage electronic survey technology beyond consistency checks.

Decision Making For Student Success

Author: Benjamin L. Castleman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317664930
File Size: 35,64 MB
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Each year, many students with affordable college options and the academic skills needed to succeed do not enroll at all, enroll at institutions where they are not well-positioned for success, or drop out of college before earning a credential. Efforts to address these challenges have included changes in financial aid policy, increased availability of information, and enhanced academic support. This volume argues that the efficacy of these strategies can be improved by taking account of contemporary research on how students make choices. In Decision Making for Student Success, scholars from the fields of behavioral economics, education, and public policy explore contemporary research on decision-making and highlight behavioral insights that can improve postsecondary access and success. This exciting volume will provide scholars, researchers, and higher education administrators with valuable perspectives and low-cost strategies that they can employ to improve outcomes for underserved populations.

Exam Prep For Behavioral Insights For Public Policy

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
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Environmental Issues

Author: Parul Rishi
Editor: Rawat Books
ISBN: 9788131602614
File Size: 13,23 MB
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This book is motivated by the belief that psychology has much to contribute in offering behavioral insights on recent environmental issues which are threatening the existence of the planet. Due to the limited awareness of people regarding the potential of behavioral sciences in offering solutions to environmental problems, much of the environmental issues are oscillating in the hands of technological experts, still longing for lasting solutions. This book, written from the perspective of various scholars in India â?? psychologists, environmental scientists, corporate managers, and natural resource conservationists â?? culminates into a chain of thoughts, which take an integrative approach in balancing the interrelationship between people and the environment. The contents of book are varied, ranging from hardcore theories to the consumptive behavior of people, their mind-set, corporate social responsibility, environmental leadership skills, and well-being. The book's unique approach offers behavioral solutions to recent environmental problems, such as global warming, climate change, and urban environment stress. The book will encourage researchers to universally seek desirable new behavioral insights into environmental problems.

Applying Behavioral Insights To Improve Tax Collection

Author: Marco Hernandez
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 10,41 MB
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Mobilizing domestic revenues efficiently is a priority for the Government of Poland, but it is not easy. There are numerous instruments that can be used to achieve this objective. Traditional measures to boost government revenues include changes to the tax legislation and reforms in the area of tax administration. Such measures can have a large fiscal impact, but are often politically challenging to design and negotiate, and can take time to implement. Behavioral interventions often focus on adapting existing systems and processes and can thus be implemented relatively quickly and at a low cost. Overall, they are an additional tool in the policy toolkit that country authorities have to improve tax compliance, and thus complement but do not substitute traditional measures to establish effective tax collection systems including changes in tax legislations and tax administration reforms. Behavioral interventions can also help the Tax Authority to align its strategy more accurately to taxpayer behavior. The Polish authorities were interested in applying insights from behavioral economics to their communications with taxpayers to see if making small changes could promote tax compliance. This paper summarizes the results of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that used letters to remind taxpayers in Poland to pay their taxes. These taxpayers had declared their personal income tax (PIT) for the 2015 fiscal year but had failed to pay what they owed by the deadline, April 30, 2016 (i.e., taxpayers in arrears). The trial took place between May and August 2016 and covered a total of 149,925 individual taxpayers.

The Last Mile

Author: Dilip Soman
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442650435
File Size: 75,65 MB
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The Last Mile helps lay readers not only to understand behavioral science, but to apply its lessons to their own organizations' last mile problems, whether they work in business, government, or the nonprofit sector.

Snails

Author: Chee Kong Yap
Editor:
ISBN: 9781536118476
File Size: 40,58 MB
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The purpose of this book is to provide specific, updated information concerning the topic of snail diversity, snail biology and snail behaviours. The intended readers of this book include researchers, academicians and university students. This book contains ten chapters, the first three focusing on biodiversity. Chapter One presents the values of a wide spectrum of snail biodiversity. Chapter Two reviews snail biodiversity based on 45 reported publications, from 1991 until 2016, covering most of the ecoregions. Chapter Three also reviewed the current geographical distribution of marine snails along the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, based on 42 publications. Chapters Four, Five and Six are concerned with snail behaviours ranging from sensitivity to metal exposure, and the effects of botanical pesticides on neural activity patterns. Chapter Four presents the toxicity test of Cd and Cu by using two different sized groups of Pomacea insularum as test subjects. Chapter Five presents information concerning methanol extracts of plants; they were more susceptible to be used as botanical pesticides for controlling the golden apple snail. Chapter Six gives a comprehensive overview of the nervous system as well as individual neurons in the pond snail. Chapters Seven through Ten consider environmental biomonitoring. Chapter Seven presents the allometric data and concentrations of heavy metals in the total soft tissues of the mud-flat snail. Chapter Eight reviews and cites nickel (Ni) concentrations in the total soft tissues of the mangrove snail. Chapter Nine presents concentrations of four heavy metals in the edible snails from three selected sites in Peninsular Malaysia. Chapter Ten presents concentrations of five heavy metals in five taxa of intertidal snails. Since all of the chapters include some fundamental biology in understanding the biodiversity, behaviours, ecology and ecotoxicology, they all mostly cover the biology, biodiversity and behaviours of the snails. All chapters within this book have been written and prepared by accredited researchers in their respective fields of specialisation.

Behavioral Insights For Public Policy

Author: Felix Schmidt
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 22,60 MB
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Applying Behavioral Insights To Real World Letter Invitations

Author: Benno Guenther
Editor:
ISBN: 9781529742732
File Size: 59,66 MB
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In this case study, we summarize a large-scale randomized controlled trial conducted by Public Health England Behavioural Insights. The randomized controlled trial compared which of two invitation letters was most likely to increase uptake of the National Health Service Diabetes Prevention Programme among patients at high risk of developing diabetes. These patients received an invitation letter to attend the National Health Service Diabetes Prevention Programme, as a means to introduce lifestyle changes which reduce their likelihood of developing diabetes in the future. The aim of this research project was to design the invitation letter using behavioral insights and test its effectiveness for (a) uptake and (b) adherence to the National Health Service Diabetes Prevention Programme. This case study explains in detail how the research was undertaken and introduces behavioral science frameworks that facilitate the design, testing, and ultimately implementation of behavioral interventions in the context of real-world preventive health care.

Applying Behavioral Insights In Consumer Protection Policy

Author: Rafe Mazer
Editor:
ISBN: 9781626960480
File Size: 40,50 MB
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Behavioural Insights And Public Policy

Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Editor:
ISBN: 9789264269071
File Size: 66,36 MB
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- Foreword and acknowledgements - Acronyms and abbreviations - Executive summary - Why bother? Context and approach - What's going on? Insights from the behavioural insight case studies - Where to go next? Shaping a policy and research agenda - Behavioural insights case studies: Consumer protection - Behavioural insights case studies: Education - Behavioural insights case studies: Energy - Behavioural insights case studies: Environment - Behavioural insights case studies: Financial products - Behavioural insights case studies: Health and safety - Behavioural insights case studies: Labour market - Behavioural insights case studies: Public service delivery - Behavioural insights case studies: Tax - Behavioural insights case studies: Telecommunications - Additional behavioural insights case studies - Glossary

Small Miracles Behavioral Insights To Improve Development Policy

Author: Allison Demeritt
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 14,64 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Behavioral Economics And The Law

Author: Eyal Zamir
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199397953
File Size: 11,58 MB
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The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.