Being Logical

Autore: D.Q. McInerny
Editore: Random House
ISBN: 9781588363770
Grandezza: 56,19 MB
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Vista: 1885
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Whether regarded as a science, an art, or a skill–and it can properly be regarded as all three–logic is the basis of our ability to think, analyze, argue, and communicate. Indeed, logic goes to the very core of what we mean by human intelligence. In this concise, crisply readable book, distinguished professor D. Q. McInerny offers an indispensable guide to using logic to advantage in everyday life. Written explicitly for the layperson, McInerny’s Being Logical promises to take its place beside Strunk and White’s The Elements of Style as a classic of lucid, invaluable advice. As McInerny notes, logic is a deep, wide, and wonderfully varied field, with a bearing on every aspect of our intellectual life. A mastery of logic begins with an understanding of right reasoning–and encompasses a grasp of the close kinship between logical thought and logical expression, a knowledge of the basic terms of argument, and a familiarity with the pitfalls of illogical thinking. Accordingly, McInerny structures his book in a series of brief, penetrating chapters that build on one another to form a unified and coherent introduction to clear and effective reasoning. At the heart of the book is a brilliant consideration of argument–how an argument is founded and elaborated, how it differs from other forms of intellectual discourse, and how it critically embodies the elements of logic. McInerny teases out the subtleties and complexities of premises and conclusions, differentiates statements of fact from statements of value, and discusses the principles and uses of every major type of argument, from the syllogistic to the conditional. In addition, he provides an incisive look at illogical thinking and explains how to recognize and avoid the most common errors of logic. Elegant, pithy, and precise, Being Logical breaks logic down to its essentials through clear analysis, accessible examples, and focused insights. Whether you are a student or a teacher, a professional sharpening your career skills or an amateur devoted to the fine points of thought and expression, you are sure to find this brief guide to effecting reasoning both fascinating and illuminating.

Being Good And Being Logical Philosophical Groundwork For A New Deontic Logic

Autore: James W. Forrester
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1317476085
Grandezza: 26,27 MB
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Vista: 2495
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This work represents an attempt to show that standard systems of deontic logic (taken as attempts to codify normal deontic reasoning) run into a number of difficulties. It also presents a new system of deontic logic and argues that it is free from the shortcomings of standard systems.

The Question Of Being In Husserl S Logical Investigations

Autore: J. Mensch
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401734461
Grandezza: 25,30 MB
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This study proposes a double thesis. The first concerns the Logische Untersuchungen itself. We will attempt to show that its statements about the nature of being are inconsistent and that this inconsis tency is responsible for the failure of this work. The second con cerns the Logische Untersuchungen's relation to the Ideen. The latter, we propose, is a response to the failure of the Logische Untersuchungen's ontology. It can thus be understood in terms of a shift in the ontology of the Logische Untersuchungen, a shift motivated by the attempt to overcome the contradictory assertions of the Logische Untersuchungen. In this sense our thesis is that, in the technical meaning that Husserl gives the term, the Logische Untersuchungen and the Ideen can be linked via a "motivated path. " We can, by way of an introduction, clarify our theses by regard ing three elements. The first is the relation of epistemology to ontology. The second is the notion of motivation as Husserl conceives the term. The third is the fundamental distinctions that are to be explained via the notion of motivation. 1. We should begin by remarking that the goal of the Logische Untersuchungen is explicitly epistemological; it is that of answer ing "the cardinal question of epistemology, the question concerning the objectivity of knowledge" (LU, Tub. ed. , I, 8; F. , p. 56V For Husserl, his other questions - i. e.

The Human Being As A Logical Thinker

Autore: Noel Balzer
Editore: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789051835205
Grandezza: 75,43 MB
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The aim of this book is to explain human rationality. The fundamental principles of human thought are stated in terms of Balzer's Principles, and their operations in everyday life are illustrated. The natural numbers are defined and explained in a fresh fashion. Paradoxes, including those of class theory and material implication, which have signaled that all is not well in our logical systems, are laid to rest here. The explanation of human rationality has more than logical interest, for it touches upon the human values embedded in our rationality. The book carries the message that all human beings are fundamentally equal.

The Logic Of Being

Autore: Simo Knuuttila
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027720191
Grandezza: 75,13 MB
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Vista: 8175
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The last twenty years have seen remarkable developments in our understanding of how the ancient Greek thinkers handled the general concept of being and its several varieties. The most general examination of the meaning of the Greek verb 'esti'/'einai'/'on' both in common usage and in the philosophical literature has been presented by Charles H. Kahn, most extensively in his 1973 book The Verb 'Be' in Ancient Greek. These discussions are summarized in Kahn's contribution to this volume. By and large, they show that conceptual schemes by means of which philosophers have recently approached Greek thought have not been very well suited to the way the concept of being was actually used by the ancients. For one thing, being in the sense of existence played a very small role in Greek thinking according to Kahn. Even more importantly, Kahn has argued that Frege and Russell's thesis that verbs for being, such as 'esti', are multiply ambiguous is ill suited for the purpose of appreciating the actual conceptual assumptions of the Greek thinkers. Frege and Russell claimed that a verb like 'is' or'esti' is ambiguous between the 'is' of identity, the 'is' of existence, the copulative 'is', and the generic 'is' (the 'is' of class-inclusion). At least a couple of generations of scholars have relied on this thesis and fre quently criticized sundry ancients for confusing these different senses of 'esti' with each other.

The Opening Of Hegel S Logic

Autore: Stephen Houlgate
Editore: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557532572
Grandezza: 53,39 MB
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Vista: 8892
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Hegel is one of the most important modern philosophers, whose thought influenced the development of existentialism, Marxism, pragmatism, hermeneutics, and deconstruction. Yet Hegel's central text, the monumental Science of Logic, still remains for most philosophers (both figuratively and literally) a firmly closed book. The purpose of The Opening of Hegel's Logic is to dispel the myths that surround the Logic and to show that Hegel's unjustly neglected text is a work of extraordinary subtlety and insight. Part One of The Opening of Hegel's Logic argues that the Logic provides a rigorous derivation of the fundamental categories of thought and contrasts Hegel's approach to the categories with that of Kant. It goes on to examine the historical and linguistic presuppositions of Hegel's self-critical, presuppositionless logic and, in the process, considers several signifi-cant criticisms of such logic advanced by Schelling, Feuerbach, Gadamer, and Kierkegaard. Separate chapters are devoted to the relation between logic and ontology in Hegel's Logic and to the relation between the Logic itself and the Phenomenology. Part Two contains the text - in German and English - of the first two chapters of Hegel's Logic, which cover such categories as being, becoming, something, limit, finitude, and infinity. Part Three then provides a clear and accessible commentary on these two chapters that both examines Hegel's arguments in detail and relates his insights to those of other philosophers, such as Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, Nietzsche, and Levinas. The Opening of Hegel's Logic aims to help students and scholars read Hegel's often formidably difficult text for themselves and discover the wealth of philosophical riches that it contains. It also argues that Hegel's project of a presuppositionless science of logic is one that deserves serious consideration today.

Logical Form And Language

Autore: Gerhard Preyer
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199245550
Grandezza: 33,73 MB
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These previously unpublished essays share the central theme of logical form--a fundamental issue in analytic philosophy and linguistic theory. Logical Form and Language brings together exciting new contributions from diverse points of view, which illuminate the lively current debate about this topic.

Logical Matters Essays In Ancient Philosophy Ii

Autore: Jonathan Barnes
Editore: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191655325
Grandezza: 60,22 MB
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The second volume of Jonathan Barnes' papers on ancient philosophy contains twenty-seven pieces under the broad heading of Logic. The essays were written over a period of some forty years. Some of them were published in obscure places (and two or three of them in a foreign language). The French essays have been done into English; and all the essays have been retouched, and a few of them substantially revised. The first three essays in the volume are of a general nature, being concerned with ancient views on the status of logic--and with the distinction between formal and material inferences. The next nine items deal with different aspects of Aristotelian logic--the copula, negation, the categories, homonymy, and the principle of contradiction. Then come three papers about the connection (or lack of connection) between Aristotelian logic and Stoic logic. Two of the pieces discuss Theophrastus' theory of 'hypothetical' syllogisms. After that, things run more or less chronologically--a short notice on the Dialecticians, three essays on aspects of Stoic logic, a pair of papers on ancient theories of meaning, items on adverbs and connectors, on Philoponus and Boethius, and on an anonymous tract written in the autumn of 1007 AD. All in all, there is matter to divert scholars and students of ancient philosophy.

Logical Reasoning With Diagrams

Autore: Gerard Allwein
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195355864
Grandezza: 71,85 MB
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One effect of information technology is the increasing need to present information visually. The trend raises intriguing questions. What is the logical status of reasoning that employs visualization? What are the cognitive advantages and pitfalls of this reasoning? What kinds of tools can be developed to aid in the use of visual representation? This newest volume on the Studies in Logic and Computation series addresses the logical aspects of the visualization of information. The authors of these specially commissioned papers explore the properties of diagrams, charts, and maps, and their use in problem solving and teaching basic reasoning skills. As computers make visual representations more commonplace, it is important for professionals, researchers and students in computer science, philosophy, and logic to develop an understanding of these tools; this book can clarify the relationship between visuals and information.

The Birth Of Being

Autore: Osho
Editore: Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd.
ISBN: 9788171820979
Grandezza: 28,27 MB
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Vista: 6508
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How To Do Things With Logic

Autore: C. Grant Luckhardt
Editore: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805800760
Grandezza: 38,93 MB
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In the past 15 years a host of critical thinking books have appeared that teach students to find flaws in the arguments of others by learning to detect a number of informal fallacies. This book is not in that tradition. The authors of this book believe that while students learn to become vicious critics, they still continue to make the very mistakes they criticize in others. Thus, this book has adopted the approach of teaching the construction of good arguments first and then introducing criticism as a secondary skill. Moreover, the emphasis of the book is not on learning to name fallacies, but on being able to identify weaknesses in an argument so as to be able to construct an effective critique of that argument. The book is accompanied by a workbook featuring a wealth of examples to help students acquire the material.

A System Of Logic Ratiocinative And Inductive

Autore: John Stuart Mill
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 20,13 MB
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Computational Logic And Human Thinking

Autore: Robert Kowalski
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139498150
Grandezza: 65,48 MB
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Vista: 3691
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The practical benefits of computational logic need not be limited to mathematics and computing. As this book shows, ordinary people in their everyday lives can profit from the recent advances that have been developed for artificial intelligence. The book draws upon related developments in various fields from philosophy to psychology and law. It pays special attention to the integration of logic with decision theory, and the use of logic to improve the clarity and coherence of communication in natural languages such as English. This book is essential reading for teachers and researchers who may be out of touch with the latest developments in computational logic. It will also be useful in any undergraduate course that teaches practical thinking, problem solving or communication skills. Its informal presentation makes the book accessible to readers from any background, but optional, more formal, chapters are also included for those who are more technically oriented.

The Essentials Of Logic Being A Second Edition Of Dralloc S Epitome Improved Etc

Autore: John COLLARD
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 13,21 MB
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Vista: 1048
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Critical Thinking Fourth Edition

Autore: William Hughes
Editore: Broadview Press
ISBN: 9781551115733
Grandezza: 29,61 MB
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Vista: 3317
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"William Hughes's Critical Thinking, recently revised and updated by Jonathan Lavery, is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the essential skills required to make strong arguments. Hughes and Lavery give a thorough treatment of such traditional topics as deductive and inductive reasoning, logical fallacies and how to spot them, the importance of inference, how to recognise and avoid ambiguity, and how to assess what is or is not relevant to an argument. But they also cover a variety of topics not always treated in books of this sort - special concerns to keep in mind when reasoning about ethical matters and how the nature of a language can affect the structure of an argument. The book gives a lucid treatment of the differences between descriptive and evaluative meaning: one person's freedom fighter is another person's terrorist." "For the fourth edition, Jonathan Lavery has added a new chapter on scientific reasoning, expanded the treatment of analogies, added numerous examples, and revised and updated the text throughout."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Heidegger And The Emergence Of The Question Of Being

Autore: Jesús Adrián Escudero
Editore: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472507401
Grandezza: 34,79 MB
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Heidegger and the Emergence of the Question of Being offers a new, updated and comprehensive introduction to Heidegger's development and his early confrontation with philosophical tradition, theology, neo-Kantianism, vitalism, hermeneutics, and phenomenology, up to the publication of Being and Time in 1927. The main thread is the genealogy of the question of the meaning of being. Alongside the most recent scholarly research, this book takes into account the documentary richness of Heidegger's first Freiburg (1919-1923) and Marburg (1923-1928) lectures, conferences, treatises and letters and addresses the thematic and methodological richness of this period of Heidegger's intellectual life, and offers a coherent and unified interpretation of his earlier work. This book conveys Heidegger's thought in a well-organized, impartial manner, without deviating too far from Heideggerian vocabulary. It will be invaluable for upper level undergraduates, graduate students of philosophy, studying phenomenology, continental and German philosophy.

The Pearson Guide To Data Interpretation And Logical Reasoning For The Cat

Autore:
Editore: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9788131733745
Grandezza: 23,50 MB
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Vista: 7598
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Logic Of Faith

Autore: DOMENIC MARBANIANG
Editore: Smashwords, Inc.
ISBN:
Grandezza: 77,34 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6913
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This book attempts to answer questions such as: Can Faith Be Logical? Aren’t There Many, Sometimes Even Contradictory, Ways To God? Is The Trinity A Necessary Doctrine? Isn’t Evolutionism More Logical Than Creationism? If God Knew That Man Would Sin, Why Create Man? Can God Create A Stone That He Cannot Lift? Why Should God Judge Sin?

Foundations Of Mathematics And Other Logical Essays

Autore: Frank Plumpton Ramsey
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1134528108
Grandezza: 61,54 MB
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Vista: 9347
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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

One Man Practicing Being Logical Is Far Better Than 50 Preaching It

Autore: Mercy Joy Kit-son
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 16,56 MB
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Vista: 8686
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Looking for a great gift to show your appreciation or support for a friend? Need a new journal in your life? This unique funny notebook / journal is the perfect way to express your love and gratitude to your friends and family! Filled with 50+ double sided sheets (110 writing pages!) of lined paper, this adorable notebook with motivational quote makes a memorable useful present for anybody. Give your friend an inspiring gift they will remember forever! With a beautiful matte, full-color paperback cover, the cute lined notebook can be used as a diary to record all your creative stories. High quality ruled journal of ideal size suitable for kids, women or men to write. Best cool gift under $10 dollar item! Desired Awesome Journals are perfect for: Birthday Christmas Gifts New Job Gift Colleague/ Co-worker/ Boss Gift for Any Year Old Journal Planner Logbook Doodle Diaries Homeschool Planners for Kids Creative Writing Notebooks Gifts for Mom Dad, Grandma Grandpa, Cousins, Brother Sister Retirement Gift School Notebooks Student Graduation Gift Teacher Thank You Gifts Mom Daughter Journal Journaling For Kids Book Lover Souvenir Novelty Blank Scrapbook Monthly Project Tracker Practical Plan Checklist And much more........ Place your order today!