Biodiversity In Agricultural Production Systems

Author: Gero Benckiser
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420017322
File Size: 55,28 MB
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While modern science has always recognized the central role that biodiversity plays in the ecological processes that maintain the Earth's equilibrium, our increasing knowledge of nature has deepened our appreciation of this principle. Consequently, those involved with implementing and maintaining sustainable agriculture systems have begun to take a

Biodiversity And Agriculture

Author: Jitendra Srivastava
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821336168
File Size: 19,94 MB
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Agriculture's vital role in biodiversity conservation and management. Definition of biodiversity. Biodiversity's links to agriculture. Biodiversity and agriculture: on a collision course?. Rationale for the World Bank's involvement in biodiversity management. Biodiversity in the Bank's agricultural and environmental portfolios. Towards a strategy for biodiversity conservation in harmony with agricultural development.

Integrating Biodiversity In Agricultural Intensification

Author: Jitendra Srivastava
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821342633
File Size: 77,12 MB
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"Southeastern Nigeria has some of the highest population densities in Sub-Saharan Africa and one of the most threatened ecosystems on the continent: the rainforests of West Africa. As population pressure has mounted, fallow periods have declined... Instead of doggedly pursuing old strategies, farmers shifted their agricultural practices in the face of mounting population pressures. Farmers have intensified their traditional bush-fallow cultivation system by adopting several strategies..." What agrobiodiversity is, what it does, and its importance to the environment and agriculture form the bases of discussion in this volume. Agrobiodiversity is defined as biological resources that directly and indirectly contribute to crop and livestock production. With the need to increase food production and to concurrently protect the environment a worldwide priority, agrobiodiversity is arguably the single most important natural resource. It is key to transforming agricultural systems that are currently wreaking havoc on wildlife and human health. This report highlights case studies in which modern and traditional agriculture has successfully transformed to enhance biodiversity without sacrificing yield. Lessons learned from this review help to identify sound practices for designing and monitoring agricultural projects so that they improve rural incomes while safeguarding environmental assets, particularly biodiversity. Suggestions for sound practices include modifications of the policy environment and ways to strengthen research institutions and extension services so that agriculture can be intensified while better protecting and managing biological resources.

Mainstreaming Ecosystem Services And Biodiversity Into Agricultural Production And Management In The Pacific Islands

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Editor: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9251095299
File Size: 21,93 MB
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This guidance document is designed to assist Pacific Island countries and territories in finding synergies between two important realms of policies and international commitments: sustainable management of chemicals and biodiversity conservation and use. It details the linkages between ecosystem services and biodiversity in agriculture, specifically in relation to soil health, ecological management of pests, weeds and invasive alien species, agroforestry, organic farming systems and ecotourism. It analyses current policies and best practices across the subregion and highlights key policy entry points for mainstreaming approaches to agriculture that reduce the use of agrochemicals. Produced under the EU-funded project “Capacity Building Related to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) in Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries – Phase 2”, the document will guide countries in revising their strategies or policies related to chemical and biodiversity management. In particular, it will assist countries in revising or implementing their National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) to help them meet a number of Aichi Biodiversity Targets relevant to the agriculture sector.

Managing Biodiversity In Agricultural Ecosystems

Author: Devra Ivy Jarvis
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231136488
File Size: 30,40 MB
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Describes how farmers manage, maintain, and benefit from biodiversity in agricultural production systems. Includes the most recent research and developments in the maintenance of local diversity at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels.

Biodiversity In Agriculture

Author: Paul Gepts
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521764599
File Size: 75,18 MB
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Brings together research from a range of fields to address key questions relating to agriculture: its origins and long-term sustainability.

Biodiversity Ecosystem Function In A Willow Biomass Production System

Author: Stefanie Hoeber
Editor:
ISBN: 9789177604525
File Size: 59,39 MB
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Biodiversity And Agricultural Intensification

Author: Jitendra Srivastava
Editor: Washington, DC : The World Bank
ISBN:
File Size: 11,28 MB
Format: PDF
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Agriculture as friende and foe of biodiversity; Harmonizing biodiversity conservation and agricultural development; Plicy considerations along the interface between biodiversity and agriculture; Effects of land-use systems on the use and conservation of biodiversity; Effects of agricultural development on biodiversity: lessons from iowa; Livestock production systms and the management of domestic animal biodiversity; Biodiversity and the world bank's agricultural portfolio; Toward a strategy for mainstreaming biodiversity in agricultural development.

In Situ Conservation Of Agricultural Biodiversity On Farm Lessons Learned And Policy Implications

Author:
Editor: Bioversity International
ISBN: 9290436883
File Size: 52,16 MB
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Agricultural Biodiversity And Biotechnology In Economic Development

Author: Joseph Cooper
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387254099
File Size: 29,75 MB
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This volume summarizes the current state of knowledge in the economic literature of management of agricultural biotechnology and biodiversity in agricultural and economic development. It identifies key issues confronting policy makers in managing biodiversity and biotechnology and provides a broad, multi-disciplinary analysis of the linkage between the two. It is especially innovative in its use of plant genetic resource management as the basis for is analysis.

Agriculture And Biodiversity Developing Indicators For Policy Analysis

Author: OECD
Editor: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264199217
File Size: 21,91 MB
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This book is a collection of papers from the OECD meeting on Agri-biodiversity Indicators held jointly with the EU and international organisations. A key outcome was to establish a common agri-biodiversity framework that helps understand the complexity of agri-biodiversity linkages.

The Interactions Of Human Mobility And Farming Systems On Biodiversity And Soil Quality In The Western Highlands Of Cameroon

Author: Tankou, Christopher Mubeteneh
Editor: Langaa RPCIG
ISBN: 995679189X
File Size: 37,15 MB
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Population growth and the drop in the returns from the major cash crop (coffee) for small farmers are the main drivers that have influenced the farming systems and mobility of farmers in the Western Highlands of Cameroon. The main objective of the research that led to this book was to determine the interactions between farming systems and human mobility in this region of Cameroon. A comparative study was conducted through household and field surveys in three villages and conceptualized based on the systems approach. The different types of mobility were influenced by household social factors, the quest for 'high valued' farm plots and hired labour. Urban-rural migration contributed to occupation diversification and social mobility. The sustainability factor was a function of land use intensity, intensity of off-farm inputs, the household adjustment factor and mobility of the household. The sacred groves were rich in plant diversity of varied ecological and economic importance. Nitrogen mining was common at all levels of the farming system. These determinants and types of mobility claims are pertinent to the research area; the sustainability results of the farming systems reflect the reality on the ground; the nutrient flux evaluated at the crop and farm levels constitute a valuable database for future research.

The State Of Food And Agriculture 2007

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Editor: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251057506
File Size: 79,59 MB
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International food aid has rightly been credited with saving millions of lives and is often the only thing that stands between vulnerable people and death. However, it was a serious obstacle in the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations and has been sharply criticised as a donor-driven response that creates dependency on the part of recipients and undermines local agricultural producers and traders upon whom sustainable food security depends. This issue of the 'State of Food and Agriculture' report examines the issues and controversies surrounding international food aid, particularly in crisis situations. It considers the ways in which food aid can support sustainable improvements in food security, in order to preserve its essential humanitarian role whilst minimising the possibility of harmful secondary impacts.

Forest Management In Nepal

Author: Ian Hill
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821344804
File Size: 14,93 MB
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Forests play a vital role in maintaining Nepal's impressive biodiversity, which has global significance: With only 0.1 percent of the world's total area, Nepal contains 2 percent of the planet's flowering plants, 8 percent of its birds, and 4 percent of its mammals. As Nepal develops its forest resources, it needs to minimize the biotic pressures affecting the structure and dynamics of forest plant communities and wildlife populations and thereby reverse the current destructive pressures on the country's biodiversity. The study aims to provide a better understanding of the ways in which forest resources are used in Nepal. Its focus is to examine systematically the costs and benefits of present and possible future sustainable and biodiversity-friendly management practices from household, national, and global perspectives. The authors define the analytical framework and the costs of financial and economic alternatives. They also present the economic, social, institutional and legal issues, and recommend strategies for change. The report should be of use to national and donor agencies concerned with the management of natural resources and conservation of biodiversity in Nepal, providing a framework for possible future donor support to the sector. It highlights issues that are of importance in the formulation and implementation of natural resource management programs by government and non-government agencies.

Conserving Biodiversity In Arid Regions

Author: J. Lemons
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402074837
File Size: 45,47 MB
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On the eve of the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD), held in autumn 2002 in Johannesburg, South Africa, United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan recommended five specific areas as focal points of discussion for the global forum: Water, energy, health, agriculture and biodiversity. In his address, "Towards a Sustainable Future," delivered just four months before the WSSD, Secretary General Annan contended that concrete progress in each of these areas, often referred to by their acronym WEHAB, would be key to improving the quality of life not only in the developing world but across the globe. For most people, I think it is fair to say that the inclusion of biodiversity in a list that focuses on basic human needs may not be self-evident. Water, energy, health and agriculture, yes. But why biodiversity? The truth is that biodiversity is just as critical to global well-being as water, energy, agriculture and health. This is because biodiversity both drives and shapes nature's intricate and dynamic structure in an enduring form and force that enables both current and future generations to enjoy its bounty.

Valuing Crop Biodiversity

Author: Melinda Smale
Editor: CABI
ISBN: 9781845931506
File Size: 25,37 MB
Format: PDF
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This book examines the challenges faced by farmers trying to maintain crop biodiversity in developing and transitional economies. Using a collection of empirical case studies of farmers and crop scientists across a range of agricultural economies and income levels, it presents economic tools and methods for valuing and managing crop biodiversity. It discusses the economic benefits of crop biodiversity for farmers and suggests ways in which crop biodiversity can be supported by national policies. The book provides an indispensable 'tool kit' for all those concerned with the development of strategies to facilitate sustainable management and conservation of crop genetic diversity for future generations.

Ecoagriculture

Author: Jeffrey A. McNeely
Editor: Island Press
ISBN: 9781559636452
File Size: 45,24 MB
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McNeely (chief scientist, IUCN-The World Conservation Union) and Scherr (advisor, Future Harvest-Washington, D.C.) argue that the maintenance of biological diversity can be compatible with increased agricultural yield. They detail 36 case studies that suggest farmers can gain economic benefits in farming systems that promote biodiversity. Technological innovation is a primary key to the promotion of "ecoagriculture." They provide separate recommendations for areas where the top priorities are maintaining biodiversity, improving agricultural productivity, or promoting poverty reduction.

Handbook Of The Convention On Biological Diversity

Author: Convention sur la diversité biologique
Editor: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781853837371
File Size: 71,38 MB
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This official Handbook, compiled by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, contains the full texts of the Convention, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the decisions of the Conference of the Parties from 1994 to 2000. It presents all the most important information about the Convention and the Protocol, including a description of the background to the Convention and its institutional arrangements, a guide to the decisions adopted and a guide to ongoing activities in relation to particular Articles and thematic areas. Two indexes allow users to search for key terms and for particular Articles, decisions and recommendations.

The Role Of Biodiversity Conservation In The Transition To Rural Sustainability

Author: Stephen S. Light
Editor: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586033958
File Size: 14,38 MB
Format: PDF
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Bacterial Diversity In Sustainable Agriculture

Author: Dinesh K. Maheshwari
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331905936X
File Size: 65,54 MB
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The earth’s biodiversity is a degree of ecosystem health which is vital to ecology and environmental sustainability. The microbial world is the largest unexplored reservoir. The agro-ecosystem enriched with rhizosphere implicit abundant and species-rich component of microbial diversity. Its global exploration designs a worldwide framework for agricultural sustainability adjoining benefits in its conservation. Agricultural sustainability requires a major share from ecosystem management which is better paid by microbial diversity and conservation. Diversity of bacteria influences plant productivity providing nutrient convenience from soil instead altering per se community and diversity in the rhizosphere where they may influence mechanistic competent and antagonistic micro-flora. The potential species among the diversity are therefore, essential subjective to their maintenance for use around the globe. Microbial population in agro-ecosystem is influenced by stresses, reduce functionality as a component. It is therefore, important to explore secrets of planned strategy so as to unravel the microbial diversity and conservation in agricultural development. Microorganisms are minute, pervasive in nature and alleged as disease host instead tiny recognize as employee of agro-ecosystem, indulge in agricultural development and potential contributor in world of ecological and economical wealth creation. This step pertinently would help to launch scientific motivation needed to support the refrain of microbial diversity and conservation.