Autore: Denis MacShane
Editore: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857739069
Grandezza: 80,96 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6769

HOW COULD THIS HAVE HAPPENED? On 23 June 2016, UK voters elected to leave the European Union. The result was perhaps the biggest bombshell in modern British political history. In this new and updated edition of Denis MacShane’s bestselling history of the UK’s relationship with Europe, the former Europe Minister reveals the full story behind Britain’s historic EU Referendum decision. Denis MacShane was the only senior Remainer to have called the EU Referendum result correctly and his book provides the essential context to the new political and economic landscape of Brexit Britain.

A History Of Britain

Autore: Jeremey Black
Editore: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253030188
Grandezza: 37,79 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 9672

A journey through the events of the postwar years that “makes the outcome of Britain’s Brexit referendum much easier to comprehend” (Julian Lewis, member of Parliament). In 2016, Britain stunned itself and the world by voting to pull out of the European Union, leaving financial markets reeling and global politicians and citizens in shock. But was Brexit really a surprise, or are there clues in Britain’s history that pointed to this moment? In A History of Britain: 1945 to Brexit, award-winning historian Jeremy Black reexamines modern British history, considering the social changes, economic strains, and cultural and political upheavals that brought Britain to Brexit. This sweeping and engaging book traces Britain’s path through the destruction left behind by World War II, Thatcherism, the threats of the IRA, the Scottish referendum, and on to the impact of waves of immigrants from the European Union. Along the way, Black overturns many conventional interpretations of significant historical events, provides context for current developments, and encourages the reader to question why we think the way we do about Britain’s past.


Autore: William Outhwaite
Editore: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783086467
Grandezza: 76,44 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 9780

Soon after the UK referendum in June 2016, sociologists and other social scientists began to evaluate the implications of the decision both for the UK and, more importantly, for the European Union, Europe and the world. Some of these consequences were immediately evident. The vote revealed cleavages across the UK on a regional and class basis, paralleled, for example, in the support in France for the extreme-right Front National versus the Socialist Party. In the UK, there has been a revival of a kind of class politics, in which working-class voters swing right rather than left. The regional divisions are hard to explain: the most deprived areas of the UK, which have benefited substantially from EU development aid, were often those most hostile to UK membership of the EU. In the rest of Europe, the vote has opened up as a serious prospect what was previously only a pipe-dream of the political fringes: withdrawal from the EU itself. Although one can put this in the context of the Union’s failure to attract the support of enough voters in Norway and Switzerland for membership, the shock effect is incomparably greater. The UK was always a semi-detached member state, with opt-outs from Schengen and the euro, but it still carried substantial weight in the formation of EU policy. Although one of the immediate responses has been a rise in support for the EU across much of Europe, Brexit has massively strengthened the forces of (mostly right-wing) populist insurgent politics, adding withdrawal to the more local themes of migration and ‘islamization’ which play out in different variations across Europe. Brexit aims to trace the implications of the UK’s projected withdrawal from the EU, locating short-term political fluctuations in a broader historical and social context of the transformation of European and global society. It provides a forum for leading Eurosociologists (broadly defined), working inside and outside the UK, to rethink their analyses of the European project and its prospects, as well as to reflect on the likely implications for the UK.


Autore: David Ramiro Troitiño
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 3319734148
Grandezza: 15,95 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 9909

While the discussions among Brexiters mainly focus on the referendum of 2016 or David Cameron’s “great miscalculation” and its repercussions, this book looks at the Brexit as a process that began decades earlier. It analyses EU-UK relations from a new perspective, taking into consideration the historical background, political aspects, and legal and economic matters. The book provides a holistic understanding of the Brexit, approaching the referendum and its outcomes as the culmination of a long process rather than an isolated political event crafted within the corridors of Westminster or Downing Street 10. Accordingly, it addresses a range of thematic issues, historical patterns of political and economic behavior both within and beyond the United Kingdom, and possible future effects on relations between the Union and one of its most important members.

Brexit The Quest For Freedom

Autore: Norman Johnsen
Editore: Arena Books Limited
ISBN: 9781911593232
Grandezza: 36,64 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 2107

A critique of Britain's relationship with the EU and the necessity for Brexit in retaining the cultural and economic integrity of our heritage and in avoiding the collapse of living standards.

Contested Britain

Autore: Guderjan, Marius
Editore: Bristol University Press
ISBN: 1529205026
Grandezza: 77,76 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 9511

A distinctive and original analysis of how the politics of the UK and the lives of British citizens have evolved in the first decades of the twenty-first century, this book provides an interdisciplinary critical examination of the roots, motivations and interconnectedness of austerity politics, the Brexit vote and the rise of populist politics in the Britain. Bringing together case studies and perspectives from an array of international researchers across the social sciences, it dissects the ways that Britain has become increasingly contested with profound difference of geography, generation, gender, ‘race’ and class, and considers the emergence of a range of practices, institutions and politics that challenge the hegemony of austerity.

My Little Book Of All The Brexiteers I Want To Stab

Autore: Remainer Publishing
ISBN: 9781092210775
Grandezza: 38,28 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 7406

Got Idiot Brexiteers You Need To Stab? Look no Further! Get this journal/notebook and put a smile on the face of anyone who is against Brexit, who voted Britain to stay, who don't want Britain to leave the European Union! This is a great notebook/journal for all anti-brexit remainers and Pro-Europeans, Anti Leave British supporters who want Britain to remain in the European Union. An ideal gift for Christmas, birthdays, a political science humour or parody gift. Features: 6x9 100 pages White ruled paper with a matte finish

The Eu After Brexit

Autore: Francis B Jacobs
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 3319772791
Grandezza: 69,73 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 5144

Much attention has been paid to the ongoing and unpredictable Brexit negotiations between the EU and the UK, but much less on what the absence of the UK might entail for the remaining 27 EU Member States. This book explores the range of implications for the EU after Brexit, and whether it is likely to become stronger or weaker as a result. It reviews the different attitudes on the EU’s future within both the member states and the individual EU institutions, and examines the impacts of Brexit on the composition of the EU institutions and on the balance of power between the member states. It also looks at linguistic and cultural impacts, the UK’s wider legacy for the EU and possible changes in EU priorities. The author concludes that Brexit has reinforced the EU’s unity in the short term, but that the EU will have to confront a number of key challenges if it is to be reinforced in the longer term. This book will appeal to practitioners, scholars and students interested in EU politics and integration in general, and Brexit in particular.

Europe Didn T Work

Autore: Larry Elliott
Editore: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300235003
Grandezza: 40,96 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 6579

A timely and provocative account of why the euro has failed and why, as a result, the Union will unravel Examining key economic indicators and assessing the situation across Europe, two British journalists assess why the euro has failed—and what will happen when the European Union completely unravels. “This book is a must-read for anyone who cares about the future of Europe and progressive politics. Larry Elliott and Dan Atkinson correctly predicted the euro would prove a calamity. They are right today that the euro crisis is far from over. Their demand for a radical change of approach must be taken seriously—by policy makers and politicians alike.”—Ed Balls, UK Shadow Chancellor from 2011 to 2015 “[The book] offers useful insight into why so many people thought the euro was a good idea in the first place.”—Harvard Business Review

The Road To Somewhere

Autore: David Goodhart
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1849047995
Grandezza: 79,23 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 3070

The political era one is living through always feels messy and fragmented from the inside. But looking back from the future, the first two decades of the 21st century will come to be seen as the moment when the politics of culture and identity rose to challenge the previous politics of leftand right. David Goodhart's searing analysis considers this shift through his novel paradigm of the "nowhere" class and the "somewhere" class.Members of the "Nowhere" class dominate our culture and society. They tend to do well at school, then usually move from home to a boarding university in their late teens and on to a career in the professions that might take them to a capital city or even abroad for a year or two. Such people haveportable "achieved' identities, based on educational and career success, which makes them generally comfortable with new places and people. The"Somewhere" people are by definition more rooted and have ascribed identities based on group belonging and particular places, which is why they often find rapid change disturbing. One core group of Somewheres are often "left behind" - mainly older white working class men with little education.They have lost economically with the decline of well paid jobs for people with little education and culturally, too, with the disappearance of a distinctive working-class culture and the marginalization of their social conservatism in the public conversation. However Somewhere ambivalence aboutrecent social trends spreads far beyond this core group and is shared by many in all social classes.The broad ideology of Nowhere people can be characterized as "progressive individualism." By contrast, the Somewheres are more socially conservative by instinct. This book will contend that the Nowhere people have counted for too much in the past generation and populist parties, such as the TeaParty, have emerged in part as a democratic counter-balance to that dominance. In a democracy the Somewheres cannot, however, be ignored.

Decline And Fall

Autore: Tim Watkins
Grandezza: 41,73 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 8133

On 23 June 2016 the British people voted narrowly but decisively in favour of leaving the European Union. In the three and a half years since, the UK has been plunged into its most profound political crisis in living memory. While Brexit supporters tried to figure out what leaving the European Union actually meant, Remain activists sought any and every means available to overturn the result. For many, Brexit has come to be seen as the crisis of our age, but "Three E's" - energy, environment and economy -author Tim Watkins argues that Brexit is merely the latest, doomed, "solution" to the inherent contradiction of attempting to have infinite growth on a finite planet.Decline and Fall: The Brexit years is a commentary and compilation of contemporary essays and articles written throughout the Brexit years which sets the Brexit crisis within its proper context. In this wider predicament, Britain is unique in being the cradle of industrial civilisation from the mid-eighteenth century; the first country to experience relative industrial decline from the 1880s; the first to experience absolute decline in the aftermath of the Second World War; and very likely the first to collapse into some new grouping of post-industrial localised economies - beginning with the independence of Scotland and the semi-independence of Northern Ireland - As a very likely consequence of Britain's withdrawal from the European Union.Rooted in this materialist understanding of the economy, and drawing on the emerging energy-based economics, the essays and articles contained in Decline and Fall: The Brexit years proved to be prophetic. Essays and articles from 2015 warned that the pro-Remain left was complacent in assuming they would win the referendum. And in the weeks before the vote, the essays and articles pointed to a vote to leave the EU. In the years since, the essays and articles have tracked the tragi-comical antics of a political class that was desperate to deliver the impossible - a Brexit in which the UK left the EU but continued to operate as if nothing had changed. In 2019, as the Tory Party morphed into a version of UKIP 2.0, the essays and articles began to warn that the pro-Remain camp had become delusional and that Boris Johnson's Tories were on course for a huge electoral victory. As author Tim Watkins was to say on the day after the election - inauspiciously, Friday the thirteenth - "I take no delight in saying 'I told you so'."Britain officially left the European Union on 1 January 2020. Nothing much has changed because it is now in a 12-month "withdrawal period." There is, though, no going back. A year from now we will find out whether Brexit will be a manifestation of "the easiest trade deal in history" or the kind of economic collapse envisaged in "project fear." Either way - Decline and Fall: The Brexit Years argues - in the absence of a viable alternative to Britain's fast depleting North Sea oil and gas fields, the very best we can hope for is a manged re-localisation of the economy. This will very likely have accidental environmental benefits. But the Brexiteer's dream of restoring Great Britain to its former glory is no more than an old man's pipe dream.

Embers Of Empire In Brexit Britain

Autore: Stuart Ward
Editore: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350113824
Grandezza: 13,51 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 6556

While the British Empire is long gone, it survives as a recurring flashpoint in heated debates about the present and future of Britain and the nations over which Britain once ruled. Embers of Empire in Brexit Britain turns a critical eye to the widely-held notion that the long shadow of the imperial past has much to answer for, and asks to what extent should the residual after-effects of Britain's colonial empire be taken at face value? From the 'Rhodes must fall' controversy and contested anniversaries to immigration scares and the question of what Britishness is in a post-imperial world, an eclectic mix of expert researchers, writers and commentators consider the legacy of the British empire in the battle over Brexit. As the United Kingdom haggles its way out of the European Union and casts about for an alternative future, this volume shows how the memory of the empire is still as potent a political force as ever.

Brexit And The Political Economy Of Fragmentation

Autore: Jamie Morgan
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1351271237
Grandezza: 30,12 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 985

Brexit means Brexit and other meaningless mantras have simply confirmed that confusion and uncertainty have dominated the early stages of this era defining event. Though there has been a lack of coherent and substantive policy goals from the UK government, this does not prevent analysis of the various causes of Brexit and the likely constraints on and consequences of the various forms Brexit might take. Is Brexit a last gasp of neoliberalism in decline? Is it a signal of the demise of the EU? Is it possible that the UK electorate will get what they thought they voted for (and what was that)? Will a populist agenda run foul of economic and political reality? What chance for the UK of a brave new world of bespoke trade treaties straddling a post-geography world? Is the UK set to become a Singapore-lite tax haven? What is the difference between a UK-centric and a UK-centred point of view on Brexit? Will Brexit augment disintegrative tendencies in the European and world economy? These are some of the questions explored in this timely set of essays penned by some of the best known names in political economy and international political economy. The chapters in this book originally published as a special issue in Globalizations.

The European Labour Mobility

Autore: Rodrigue Bienvenue Nanfack
Editore: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 366834910X
Grandezza: 40,58 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 7131

Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Sociology - Individual, Groups, Society, grade: 2.4, Ruhr-University of Bochum (Lehrstuhl für Sozialpolitik und Öffentliche Finanzen), course: Labour Mobility: An Economic Perspective, language: English, abstract: In December 2015, the EU Referendum Act received the Royal Assent and became more probable. This legislation gave Britain the possibility to organize a Referendum about UK ́s continuing the membership in the European Union. The United Kingdom held a referendum on June 1975 to become a member of the European Union and in that year, this referendum was called Common Market referendum and EEC membership. The electorate expressed significant support for the EEC membership, with up to 67 per cent in favour on a 65% turnout. After the EU Referendum Act made the referendum more probable, business and individuals started considering the potential impact of the UK leaving the EU, often referred to as a "Brexit". Former Prime Minister David Cameron with his government started negotiating with the EU representatives about a possible way to give more power back to the UK Government. The negotiations were about some potential changes to the UK ́s existing EU membership; new terms have been agreed or more clarity received. The UK ́s relationship with the EU has been controversial ever since the Treaty of Rome established the later. Indeed, public opinion polls since 1992 demonstrate a majority opinion amongst the UK electorate that remains critical of the EU, with a not insignificant number desiring withdrawal. Even successive governments and British establishment e.g. Lord Hanley, 3 July 1995, House of Lords claimed the huge benefit of remaining in the EU, the public opinion wasn ́t really pro EU.

In Limbo Brexit Testimonies From Eu Citizens In The Uk

Autore: Elena Remigi
Editore: Byline Books
ISBN: 9781912395002
Grandezza: 77,29 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 393

Imagine you left your native country because you wanted to explore your neighbouring world and embrace the European dream.... In Limbo is a collection of personal accounts by EU citizens living in Britain which reveals the practical and emotional turmoil they have experienced since the 2016 Referendum on the UK's membership of the EU.


Autore: Joshua Levine
Editore: HarperCollins
ISBN: 0062740318
Grandezza: 27,71 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 7220

New York Times Bestseller The epic true story of Dunkirk—now a major motion picture, written and directed by Christopher Nolan, and starring Kenneth Branagh, Tom Hardy, and Mark Rylance In 1940, the Allies had been beaten back by the Nazis across France to the northern port of Dunkirk. In the ultimate race against time, more than 300,000 Allied soldiers were daringly evacuated across the Channel. This moment of German aggression was used by Winston Churchill as a call to Franklin Roosevelt to enter the war. Now, Joshua Levine, the film's official historian, explores the real lives of those soldiers, bombed and strafed on the beaches for days on end, without food or ammunition; the civilians whose boats were overloaded; the airmen who risked their lives to buy their companions on the ground precious time; and those who did not escape.

Brexit Why Is It Such A Divisive And Emotive Issue

Autore: Anna Hosseini
Editore: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3346222896
Grandezza: 51,43 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 8304

Seminar paper from the year 2019 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 1,7, University of Newcastle upon Tyne (School of Philosophical Studies & Combined Honours), course: Introduction to British Culture, language: English, abstract: This essay examines the question why Brexit is such a divisive and emotive issue for the British society nowadays. Since the outcome of the referendum in 2016, the British society is divided into three parts. One of them is the generation, the social class and the last one is geography. These three parts illustrate through numbers and statistics how the decision to leave the European Union was made. The discussion in this essay is divided into four main parts. The first part explains the historical background of Great Britain and the European Union, the second part represents the supporters of Brexit and reasons for leaving the European Union. The third part is about the effects of the outcome which concern the whole British society and fourth illustrate some problems which can appear after Great Britain leaving the EU.

The Protestant Advocate

ISBN: 9780371707494
Grandezza: 17,17 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 406

Europe And The Decline Of Social Democracy In Britain

Autore: Adrian Williamson
Editore: Boydell Press
ISBN: 9781783274437
Grandezza: 12,10 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 409

This book explores Britain's gradual disenchantment with both social democracy and the EEC/EU, culminating in the 2016 vote for Brexit. It offers a much-needed historical perspective to the current political crisis in Britain.


Autore: David Allen Green
Editore: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198799436
Grandezza: 62,23 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 8679

In the referendum of 23 June 2016, the UK voted to leave the European Union. However, in constitutional terms, nothing has changed. The Leave side won but Brexit has not been triggered. The UK remains a member of the EU. No formal negotiations have been held; no exit terms have been decided. Despite demands by leading EU figures, the EU cannot force the UK to send the formal Article 50 notification that would begin the process of leaving. It is even conceivable that no notification will ever be sent. The UK's prime minister has declared that 'Brexit means Brexit' -- but the UK government is struggling to grapple with the problems of Brexit, and there is no obvious way out. How did this situation come about? What options does the UK now have? What does a Brexit mean for the UK and the EU, and for the UK's crucial relationships with overseas partners such as the US? This book offers an accessible and unbiased guide to Brexit: the issues and events that led to the vote, the political turmoil that has resulted from it, and the crisis the UK now faces. It examines key debates over 'sovereignty', immigration, and UK contributions to the EU, which led to the Leave vote. It explains the controversy surrounding Article 50 of the EU treaty: what is the process necessary for leaving the EU, and how might the UK approach the monumental task of disentangling its legal system from the EU? It scrutinises the exit strategies being weighed up the UK government, and the fraught negotiations over free movement of people and access to the single market. What might the exit agreement look like? What are the implications of 'hard' Brexit or 'soft' Brexit-or no Brexit at all? The book is a key reference for anyone seeking to understand the important and complex issues of Brexit, and its wide-ranging consequences.