Business And The State In Developing Countries

Autore: Sylvia Maxfield
Editore: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501731971
Grandezza: 73,83 MB
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Much of the debate about development in the past decade pitted proponents of unfettered markets against advocates of developmental states. Yet, in many developing countries what best explains variations in economic performance is not markets or states but rather the character of relations between business and government. The studies in Business and the State in Developing Countries identify a range of close, collaborative relations between bureaucrats and capitalists that enhance elements of economic performance and defy conventional expectations that such relations lead ineluctably to rent-seeking, corruption, and collusion. All based on extensive field research, the essays contrast collaborative and collusive relations in a wide range of developing countries, mostly in Latin America and Asia, and isolate the conditions under which collaboration is most likely to emerge and survive. The contributors highlight the crucial roles played by capable bureaucracies and strong business associations.

Regulatory Governance In Developing Countries

Autore: Martin Minogue
Editore: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1847203078
Grandezza: 34,47 MB
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Vista: 7315
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Provides a review of regulatory reforms in developing countries, with a particular focus on the strengths and weaknesses of the 'best practice' model of reform, the significance of institutions of regulatory governance, and the impact of post-privatisation governance on development and poverty reduction agendas.

Business State Relations In Brazil

Autore: Mahrukh Doctor
Editore: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1135010412
Grandezza: 17,75 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 2638
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In recent years, the spotlight of international attention on Brazil has often been in the area of logistics infrastructure—for example, on its capacity to deal with the high demand expected during the World Cup and the Olympics. However, neither competitiveness nor infrastructure concerns are new for Brazil. In the 1990s, Brazilian policy-makers adopted a series of liberalizing economic reforms that exposed the poor condition of logistics infrastructure and inadequate investment in Brazilian ports, roads, railways and airports. Over twenty years later, the implications of those reforms still colour Brazil’s prospects for development. Mahrukh Doctor’s book evaluates the political economy of reform in Brazil and the difficulty of implementing institutional modernization in the context of opposition from vested interests originating in the state and civil society. It focuses specifically on the Port Modernization Law, which aimed to augment the country's competitiveness by creating efficient and low cost ports. Based on primary research carried out over a period of twenty years using original qualitative data, Doctor’s analysis focuses on the difficulties in implementing this law and how those difficulties are symptomatic of the wider issues associated with lack of sufficient investment in infrastructure in Brazil. Using the case of the business lobby for port reform, the book examines the evolving nature of business-state relations and the process of institutional change in Brazil. Doctor particularly examines the building of consensus for reform and policy formulation in the port sector and the challenges of reform implementation and institutional modernisation. The analysis provides extensive insights and lessons related to the prospects for boosting competitiveness of Brazilian ports. The book concludes by suggesting a likely path for the evolution of corporatist institutions as well as the provision of adequate logistics infrastructure to support business success in Brazil. A unique work on the subject of port reform in Latin America that uses a hybrid analytical framework to understand reform in Brazil, this book is pertinent for a variety of subjects from Latin American Studies to political economy to economic-policy making.

Business And The State In Africa

Autore: Antoinette Handley
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521713719
Grandezza: 14,99 MB
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Vista: 4371
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The dominant developmental approach in Africa over the last twenty years has been to advocate the role of markets and the private sector in restoring economic growth. Recent thinking has also stressed the need for 'ownership' of economic reform by the populations of developing countries, particularly the business community. This book studies the business-government interactions of four African countries: Ghana, Zambia, South Africa and Mauritius. Employing a historical institutionalist approach, Antoinette Handley considers why and how business in South Africa and Mauritius has developed the capacity to constructively contest the making of economic policy while, conversely, business in Zambia and Ghana has struggled to develop any autonomous political capacity. Paying close attention to the mutually constitutive interactions between business and the state, Handley considers the role of timing and how ethnicised and racialised identities can affect these interactions in profound and consequential ways.

Business Politics And The State In Twentieth Century Latin America

Autore: Ben Ross Schneider
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521545006
Grandezza: 74,13 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 7001
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The Feasibility Of The Democratic Developmental State In The South

Autore: Daniel A. Omoweh
Editore: African Books Collective
ISBN: 2869785127
Grandezza: 37,57 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 6173
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The book examines the prospects of a democratic developmental state in Latin American, African and Asian countries, collectively referred to in this work as the global South. Practically, the state refers to the political leadership. Within this context, it interrogates the politics of the state and the unresolved critical issues it has engendered in the state-development discourse such as the need to re-conceptualize the developmental state, democratization, elections, inclusion, indigenous entrepreneurial and business class, political parties and cooperation among the countries of the South. It looks into the need to re-centre the sought state in the development process of the Southern countries after over two and a half decades of embracing neo-liberal policies and economic reforms that, rather than transform, sank the adjusted economies into deeper political, social and economic crises. It contends that the capacity of the state to overcome the market and democratic deficits resides with its democratic credentials. Finally, it suggests strategies that could lead to the rise of a democratic developmental state in the South.

Privatization In Developing Countries

Autore: Jacques Vangu Dinavo
Editore: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275950071
Grandezza: 65,30 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 7472
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This work concludes that privatization promotes economic development and democracy in developing countries. Several governments have opted for privatization to maximize consumer choice, to promote competition, and to improve the quality and efficiency of goods and services. Many governments in Asia, Africa, and Latin America are cautiously turning state-owned enterprises over to the private sector because of the benefits coming with a free market economy and free enterprise spirit. The case of Zaire shows the failure of state-owned enterprises to meet national economic, social, and political goals. The case of the Cameroon shows privatization at work in a developing country.

Business And Development Studies

Autore: Peter Lund-Thomsen
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1351670867
Grandezza: 61,63 MB
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Vista: 491
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Business and Development Studies: Issues and Perspectives provides a comprehensive collection of cutting-edge theoretical and empirical contributions to the emerging field of business and development studies. Compared to more traditional business-school accounts of business in developing countries which focus on the challenges and opportunities of doing business in developing countries, this anthology explores whether, how, and under what conditions business contributes to the achievement of economic, social, and environmental goals in developing countries. The book consolidates the current status of academic work on business and development, identifies state of the art in relation to this academic field, and establishes a future research agenda for ‘business and development studies’ as an emerging academic discipline within the social sciences. The book will be of interest to researchers and students, including economists, geographers, sociologists, political scientists, corporate social responsibility specialists, and development scholars who are seeking an in-depth overview of current debates about the role of business as a development agent in the Global South. The book is also of relevance to practitioners that are engaged in work with the private sector seeking to enhance the positive effects and minimize the negative economic, social, and environmental consequences of business activity in the Global South.

Designing Industrial Policy In Latin America Business State Relations And The New Developmentalism

Autore: B. Schneider
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 1137524847
Grandezza: 50,42 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 5866
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Development economists and practitioners agree that close collaboration between business and government improves industrial policy, yet little research exists on how best to organize that. This book examines three necessary functions–-information exchange, authoritative allocation, and reducing rent seeking–-across experiences in Latin America.

Taxation And State Building In Developing Countries

Autore: Deborah Brautigam
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139469258
Grandezza: 44,68 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 540
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There is a widespread concern that, in some parts of the world, governments are unable to exercise effective authority. When governments fail, more sinister forces thrive: warlords, arms smugglers, narcotics enterprises, kidnap gangs, terrorist networks, armed militias. Why do governments fail? This book explores an old idea that has returned to prominence: that authority, effectiveness, accountability and responsiveness is closely related to the ways in which governments are financed. It matters that governments tax their citizens rather than live from oil revenues and foreign aid, and it matters how they tax them. Taxation stimulates demands for representation, and an effective revenue authority is the central pillar of state capacity. Using case studies from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America, this book presents and evaluates these arguments, updates theories derived from European history in the light of conditions in contemporary poorer countries, and draws conclusions for policy-makers.

Private Business In Developing Countries

Autore: Guy Pierre Pfeffermann
Editore: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821311301
Grandezza: 43,41 MB
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Vista: 4164
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After decades of growing state involvement in development, and many years of government hostility to private foreign investment, things have been changing over the past few years, and business prospects in the developing countries have taken a distinct turn for the better. This paper deals with this historic improvement which is part of the world wide efforts at structural adjustment. It addresses the question of what lies in store for private business. Particular attention is paid to recent trends in foreign direct investment and to privatization efforts.

Contemporary Economic Issues In Developing Countries

Autore: John Baffoe-Bonnie
Editore: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275974541
Grandezza: 80,46 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 6242
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Important lessons in economic policy in developing nations are provided here as contributors evaluate the effectiveness of various domestic scenarios and the recommendations of international organizations such as the World Bank. Their findings highlight the issue of inadequate social capability as a critical factor in understanding the lack of economic development in many developing countries. They suggest that contemporary theory tends to pinpoint necessary but insufficient conditions for the successful implementation of development strategies for these countries.

International Trade And Developing Countries

Autore: Amrita Narlikar
Editore: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415375351
Grandezza: 19,73 MB
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Vista: 3878
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This work analyses the subject of bargaining coalitions of developing countries in the GATT and WTO. It traces, explains and theorises on the formation and successes (or otherwise) of coalitions from 1982 to 2001.

State Directed Development

Autore: Atul Kohli
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521545259
Grandezza: 68,36 MB
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Vista: 5022
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Why have some developing country states been more successful at facilitating industrialization than others? An answer to this question is developed by focusing both on patterns of state construction and intervention aimed at promoting industrialization. Four countries are analyzed in detail - South Korea, Brazil, India, and Nigeria - over the twentieth century. The states in these countries varied from cohesive-capitalist (mainly in Korea), through fragmented-multiclass (mainly in India), to neo-patrimonial (mainly in Nigeria). It is argued that cohesive-capitalist states have been most effective at promoting industrialization and neo-patrimonial states the least. The performance of fragmented-multiclass states falls somewhere in the middle. After explaining in detail as to why this should be so, the study traces the origins of these different state types historically, emphasizing the role of different types of colonialisms in the process of state construction in the developing world.

Understanding Business Systems In Developing Countries

Autore: Gurli Jakobsen
Editore: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761994367
Grandezza: 63,21 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 7377
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The contributors to this volume challenge the assumptions of classical business economics about the universal nature of the firm. They show how the embeddedness of firms in the larger societal context of nations impacts on their ability to adjust to the current forms of international competition. The key theoretical approach highlighted in this book is the concept of a "business system" as defined by Richard Whitley and his associates. This book begins with an elaboration of this approach in a paper by Richard Whitley. The remaining papers critically assess this approach, both theoretically and empirically.

Globalization Economic Development And The Role Of The State

Autore: Ha-Joon Chang
Editore: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842771433
Grandezza: 51,62 MB
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Vista: 5863
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The role of the state in the economy has always been a controversial issue in public debate, but it has become more so in the last quarter of a century with the rise of neoliberal thinking that preaches the virtues of unregulated markets and recommends de-regulation, opening-up, and privatisation. This push for a minimal, pro-business state, especially in developing countries, has been further intensified with both the rise of globalisation and the many radical neoliberal 'reforms' implemented, often under pressure from multilateral agencies (such as the IMF, the World Bank, and the WTO). In this book, the author highlights the failure of neoliberalism, especially in developing countries, or what he terms 'the intellectual bankruptcy of neoliberalism', which, he believes, 'stems ultimately from its failure to base its discourse on a balanced and sophisticated theory of the inter-relationship between the market, the state, and other institutions'. He also tries to construct a credible alternative theoretical framework to neoliberalism, informed by a balanced understanding of empirical evidence. The issues covered concern a rather wide range of domestic and international policy issues - including trade policy, privatisation, transnational corporations, and intellectual property rights.

State Business Relations And Economic Development In Africa And India

Autore: Kunal Sen
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 113512907X
Grandezza: 29,98 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 1356
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When the state and business interact effectively they can promote a more efficient allocation of scarce resources, appropriate industrial policy and a more effective and prioritised removal of key obstacles to growth, than when the two sides fail to co-operate or engage in harmful collusion. This book, based on original empirical research undertaken in Africa and India, addresses what constitutes the effectiveness of state-business relations, what explains their formation and evolution over time and whether effective state-business relations matter for economic performance. Analysing the effects of state-business relations on economic performance at both the macro and micro levels, the book concludes that where effective state-business relations are established – either through formal or informal institutional patterns and relationships – the growth effects are generally positive. Establishing, sustaining and renewing effective state-business relations are political processes. The better organized the business community and the government are for purposes of such relations, the more effective state-business relations will be in negotiating growth enhancing policies. The book is of interest to researchers in the fields of development studies, management, economics and political science.

The Political Economy Of Nation Building

Autore: Mack Ott
Editore: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412847427
Grandezza: 62,54 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 8892
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Donor nations may advise and counsel, but the creation of a liberal nation state falls to its own people. They must create laws, exercise their liberties, provide freedom of belief and expression, and protect individual property rights. No nation becomes or remains free unless its people build, use, and defend these institutions, and protect them with understanding, vigilance, and effort. The Political Economy of Nation Building reviews the effects of political structures on the evolution and stability of liberalism in developing nations and considers the outlook for their success. Discussing the origins and applications of the modern liberal state from an explicitly Anglo- and Euro-centric view, Mack Ott addresses the origins of the rule of law and innovations that led to the rise of a market economy, separation of faith and governance, and the autonomy of finance—key components of the liberal state. He then addresses the emergence of sustained economic growth, a bridge between the liberal infrastructure and its application during the construction of a nation. Ott examines budget policy and laws, and accurate and timely economic and financial statistical reporting that assure donors that the recipient government is operating within the constraints of law. He addresses the beneficial effects of privatization of state-owned industry, examines the costs and benefits of nurturing non-governmental associations, and concludes with a review of transparent fiscal and monetary policies and the importance of non-interference in financial markets by the state.

Comparative Case Studies On Entrepreneurship In Developed And Developing Countries

Autore: Ofori-Dankwa, Joseph
Editore: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466675349
Grandezza: 55,94 MB
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Vista: 3467
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Lauded as a driver of economic growth, entrepreneurship and small business ventures have become increasingly attractive to countries looking to boost employment rates, productivity, and innovation. The manifestation of entrepreneurship varies from country to country, and what works for one may not work for the next. Comparative Case Studies on Entrepreneurship in Developed and Developing Countries presents the challenges and opportunities that entrepreneurs in different countries face at various developmental stages. Through in-depth studies, this premier reference work seeks to provide examples of successful applications of an elusive concept that has helped many countries move up the developmental ladder, a topic relevant to researchers and academicians working in social and behavioral sciences, economists, and business professionals.

Business Regulation And Non State Actors

Autore: Ananya Mukherjee Reed
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1136459367
Grandezza: 69,77 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 9166
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This volume assesses the achievements and limitations of a new set of non-state or multistakeholder institutions that are concerned with improving the social and environmental record of business, and holding corporations to account. It does so from a perspective that aims to address two limitations that often characterize this field of inquiry. First, fragmentation: articles or books typically focus on one or a handful of cases. Second, the development dimension: what does such regulation imply for developing countries and subaltern groups in terms of well-being, empowerment and sustainability? This volume examines more than 20 initiatives or institutions associated with different regulatory and development approaches, including the business-friendly corporate social responsibility (CSR) agenda, ‘corporate accountability’ and ‘fair trade’ or social economy.