Capitalist Diversity On Europe S Periphery

Author: Dorothee Bohle
Editor: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801465222
File Size: 68,89 MB
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With the collapse of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance in 1991, the Eastern European nations of the former socialist bloc had to figure out their newly capitalist future. Capitalism, they found, was not a single set of political-economic relations. Rather, they each had to decide what sort of capitalist nation to become. In Capitalist Diversity on Europe's Periphery, Dorothee Bohle and Béla Geskovits trace the form that capitalism took in each country, the assets and liabilities left behind by socialism, the transformational strategies embraced by political and technocratic elites, and the influence of transnational actors and institutions. They also evaluate the impact of three regional shocks: the recession of the early 1990s, the rolling global financial crisis that started in July 1997, and the political shocks that attended EU enlargement in 2004. Bohle and Greskovits show that the postsocialist states have established three basic variants of capitalist political economy: neoliberal, embedded neoliberal, and neocorporatist. The Baltic states followed a neoliberal prescription: low controls on capital, open markets, reduced provisions for social welfare. The larger states of central and eastern Europe (Poland, Hungary, and the Czech and Slovak republics) have used foreign investment to stimulate export industries but retained social welfare regimes and substantial government power to enforce industrial policy. Slovenia has proved to be an outlier, successfully mixing competitive industries and neocorporatist social inclusion. Bohle and Greskovits also describe the political contention over such arrangements in Romania, Bulgaria, and Croatia. A highly original and theoretically sophisticated typology of capitalism in postsocialist Europe, this book is unique in the breadth and depth of its conceptually coherent and empirically rich comparative analysis.

Osteuropa Transformiert

Author: Tina Olteanu
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658178183
File Size: 56,69 MB
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Der vorliegende Sammelband leistet einen interdisziplinären Beitrag zur Osteuropaforschung und analysiert vergangene sowie aktuelle Prozesse in der Region. Die Beiträge schlagen einen Bogen vom Staatssozialismus über die Transformation hin zum Nachdenken über alternative Entwicklungen. Was war der Staatssozialismus? Wie prägte der Transformationsprozess die Staaten Mittel- und Osteuropas? Welche emanzipativen Potenziale ermöglichten diese Prozesse? Angesichts aktueller Entwicklungen erscheint eine intensive Beschäftigung mit der Region wichtiger denn je. Das Buch ist zugleich die Festschrift zu Ehren von Prof. Dr. Dieter Segert, der die Osteuropaforschung durch seine vielschichtigen Zugänge geprägt hat.

Diversity Of Patchwork Capitalism In Central And Eastern Europe

Author: Ryszard Rapacki
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429616198
File Size: 47,44 MB
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This book is a comparative study which sheds a new empirical and theoretical light on the nature of post-communist capitalism in 11 EU new member countries of Central and Eastern Europe, or CEE11. Extending and modifying a well-established conceptual framework for comparative capitalism rooted in new institutional economics and economic sociology, it offers a better explanation for transition-specific and path-dependent factors inherent to systemic transformation. Based on a vast dataset, the book therefore illuminates the (dis)similarities among the institutional architectures in the EU countries. Thus, the book argues that the evolving capitalism in Central and Eastern Europe exhibits strong symptoms of institutional ambiguity or a "patchwork" nature which makes it a distinct category from any of the co-existing models of Western European capitalism. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of comparative political economy, Eastern European politics, post-communist studies and more broadly to researchers in the fields of economics, European politics and the wider social sciences. It will also be of significance to journalists, policymakers, members of international organizations and consultancies with an interest in Central and Eastern Europe and in European integration.

Is The European Union Capable Of Integrating Diverse Models Of Capitalism

Author: Alison Johnston
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000373819
File Size: 45,19 MB
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The 2009 European sovereign debt crisis and the EU’s policy response to it have prompted scholars to re-think whether diverse national models of capitalism can thrive within the European Union (EU). Are some national economic systems better suited to adapt to European integration than others, and if so, why? Contributions within this volume provide a qualified yes to these questions raised, concluding that the EU favors export-led growth models while it penalizes and discourages domestic consumption-oriented growth paths, particularly those that are financed by debt-accumulation. The book questions whether the EU is capable of integrating these diverse capitalist regimes. This volume adds a comparative capitalism perspective to EU integration scholarship in order to demonstrate that ever-closer union is not capable of accommodating diversity in national economic institutions. Chapters in this volume provide an innovative framework for understanding what factors related to European integration impede the economic and political integration of diverse European market economies. While recent comparative capitalism literature highlights that European monetary integration has favored export-led growth regimes, contributions in this volume outline that the EU’s prioritization of export-led growth over domestic-demand led growth is present in other facets of integration, including EU accession, financial integration, the free movement of people, fiscal governance and the Europe 2020 growth strategy. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of New Political Economy.

Osteuropa Transformiert

Author: Tina Olteanu
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658178183
File Size: 21,43 MB
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Der vorliegende Sammelband leistet einen interdisziplinären Beitrag zur Osteuropaforschung und analysiert vergangene sowie aktuelle Prozesse in der Region. Die Beiträge schlagen einen Bogen vom Staatssozialismus über die Transformation hin zum Nachdenken über alternative Entwicklungen. Was war der Staatssozialismus? Wie prägte der Transformationsprozess die Staaten Mittel- und Osteuropas? Welche emanzipativen Potenziale ermöglichten diese Prozesse? Angesichts aktueller Entwicklungen erscheint eine intensive Beschäftigung mit der Region wichtiger denn je. Das Buch ist zugleich die Festschrift zu Ehren von Prof. Dr. Dieter Segert, der die Osteuropaforschung durch seine vielschichtigen Zugänge geprägt hat.

Eui Review

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ISBN:
File Size: 45,86 MB
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The Place Of Europe In American History

Author: Maurizio Vaudagna
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 51,64 MB
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The Making Of A Transnational Capitalist Class

Author: William K. Carroll
Editor: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781848134430
File Size: 29,18 MB
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Throughout the world, there has been a growing wave of interest in global corporate power and the rise of a transnational capitalist class, triggered by economic and political transformations that have blurred national borders and disembedded corporate business from national domiciles. Using social network analysis, William Carroll maps the changing field of power generated by elite relations among the world's largest corporations and related political organizations. Carroll provides an in-depth analysis that spans the three decades of the late 20th and early 21st century, when capitalist globalization attained unprecedented momentum, propelled both by the transnationalization of accumulation and by the political paradigm of transnational neoliberalism. This has been an era in which national governments have deregulated capital, international institutions such as the World Trade Organization and the World Economic Forum have gained prominence, and production and finance have become more fully transnational, increasing the structural power of capital over communities and workers. Within this context of transformation, the book charts the making of a transnational capitalist class, reaching beyond national forms of capitalist class organization into a global field, but facing spirited opposition from below in an ongoing struggle that is also a struggle over alternative global futures.

The Modern World System I

Author: Immanuel Wallerstein
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520267575
File Size: 57,52 MB
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"The Modern World System", Immanuel Wallerstein's influential multivolume reinterpretation of global history, traces the emergence and development of the modern world from the sixteenth century to the twentieth. -- From publisher's description.

Unity In Diversity

Author: Michael Herslund
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 33,29 MB
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"The overall themes of this book are past and present changes in European cooperation. Two such changes were at the top of the agenda in the summer of 2004: the Eastern enlargement and the constitutional treaty. A way to interpret these changes is to look at them as manifestations of the two core concepts, 'diversity' and 'unity'. The combination of the concept of unity with the apparently contrasting notion of diversity - the two extremes of a scale seems to amount to a contradiction. But that is exactly the nature of European cooperation. How to overcome this contradiction and make it fruitful and productive is the challenge faced by the nations of Europe in the 21st Century. The different chapters address different aspects of this challenge: from the problems faced by new member states of Central Europe, via the long and tortuous road towards a common European constitution and popular Euro-scepticism, to the role of Europe in the world as mirrored by its relations with the United States of America. Enlargement and constitutional treaty are the two keywords of the European Union in the 21st century. And they incarnate the two notions of 'diversity' and 'unity'. They both constitute major changes in the architecture of the European Union. The first change - enlargement - is a major step towards the overall goal of uniting all of Europe, of making the map of the Union congruent with that of geographical Europe. What began as a mere economic cooperation between six West European countries now almost covers the whole continent from the Atlantic to the Russian border. The chapters are the written versions of six of the lectures given at an international summer university under the theme ""Europe and the European Union - a Scenario for the Future"", held at Copenhagen Business School. The seminar was organized as a cooperation between the Centre for the Study of Europe at CBS and the European Studies Program at MalmË? University under the auspices of the Oeresund University."

The Political Economy Of Basic Human Needs

Author: Bruce Edward Moon
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 75,56 MB
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This volume reflects a new emphasis in development economics on conditions that promote the realization of human potential. Moon defines development goals as attainment of basic needs and the reduction of absolute poverty. He evaluates the effects of the state and political system, as well as the role of the military in relation to these goals, and makes a careful distinction between absolute poverty of basic-needs deprivation and the relative poverty associated with income inequality. Asserting that "the normative case for concern with the poor is unassailable, universal, and compelling," the author insists that "the provision of basic needs may be necessary for rapid growth." The volume includes a discussion of methodological premises in an appendix. ISBN 0-8014-2448-8: $45.00.

Capitalist Accumulation And Revolutionary Accumulation

Author: John Gerald Borrego
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 51,26 MB
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Capitalism In The Age Of Globalization

Author: Samir Amin
Editor: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781856494670
File Size: 68,51 MB
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Samir Amin is one of the world's most profound thinkers about the changing nature of capitalism, North-South relations and issues of development. In this book, he provides us with a powerful understanding of the new and very different era which capitalism has now entered with the collapse of the Soviet model, the triumph of the market and accelerating globalization. His sophisticated analysis brings within its ambit the increasingly differentiated regions of the South, the former Eastern bloc countries, as well as Western Europe. He also integrates his economic arguments about the nature of the crisis with political arguments based on his vision of human history not as simply determined by material realities, but as the product of social responses to those realities. His innovative analysis of the rise of ethnicity and fundamentalism as consequences of the failure of ruling classes in the South to alter the unequal terms of globalization is particularly compelling. And his deconstruction of the Bretton Woods institutions as the managerial mechanisms protecting the profitability of capital has profound implications for the likelihood of their being reformed in any meaningful way. Looking ahead, Amin rejects the apparent inevitability of globalization in its present polarising form, and instead asserts the need for each society to negotiate the terms of its inter-dependence with the rest of the global economy.

Innovation Agglomeration And Regional Competition

Author: Charlie Karlsson
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
File Size: 18,25 MB
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Providing a state-of-the-art overview of research on regional competition and co-operation, this title attempts to fully develop the understanding of the new role of regions and their behaviour, addressing questions such as how and why do regions compete.

Developments In Sociology

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ISBN:
File Size: 30,48 MB
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File Size: 24,81 MB
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United In Diversity

Author: Ekavi Athanassopoulou
Editor: I.B. Tauris
ISBN:
File Size: 63,78 MB
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At a time when the European Union is further expanding and countries, such as Turkey are being accepted for eventual membership, the question of what is meant by a unified Europe and how that might be achieved has never been more pressing. Europe is more than a system of rules and political institutions that regulate European citizenship: it is also a space of political traditions, political experiences and cultural memories. Can political integration ever be realised without an understanding and acceptance of the complexity of the political cultures that make up Europe ? In this important volume, European scholars from a diversity of backgrounds explore the issues that must be addressed if the challenge of an integrated Europe is to be successfully met.