Causatives And Causation

Author: Jae Jung Song
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317888448
File Size: 23,31 MB
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Causatives and Causation is the first comprehensive study of causative constructions found in the world's languages. This important new research, based on a data base of more than 600 languages, not only investigates fully the richness and variety of causative types, but also presents an alternative perspective to the traditional typological approach. The new typology enables a better understanding of how the human mind cognizes causation and how this is reflected in language. Causatives and Causation is also an important attempt to integrate language typology with diachrony by constructing a diachronic model of causative affixes on the basis of this new typology. Drawing on the theoretical insight of Role and Reference Grammar, this book provides a case study of the causative constructions in Korean, providing additional support for both the proposed new typology and the diachronic model. It also examines the pragmatic foundations of causatives, an important but previously unexplored area of study.

The Grammar Of Causation And Interpersonal Manipulation

Author: Masayoshi Shibatani
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027297223
File Size: 45,50 MB
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This volume presents fifteen original papers dealing with various aspects of causative constructions ranging from morphology to semantics with emphasis on language data from Central and South America. Informed by a better understanding of how different constructions are positioned both synchronically (e.g., on a semantic map) and diachronically (e.g., through grammaticalization processes), the volume affords a comprehensive up-to-date perspective on the perennial issues in the grammar of causation such as the distribution of competing causative morphemes, the meaning distinctions among them, and the overall form-meaning correlation. Morphosyntactic interactions of causatives with other phenomena such as incorporation and applicativization receive focused attention as such basic issues as the semantic distinction between direct and indirect causation and the typology of causative constructions.

Causatives And Transitivity

Author: Bernard Comrie
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027230269
File Size: 57,80 MB
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This volume brings together 18 typological studies of causative and related constructions (transitivity, voice, other expressions of cause) by 19 scholars from North America, Western Europe, and Russia. The inspirations for the volume is the pioneering work on causative constructions by the Leningrad Typology Group; several of the contributors have close connections to the charter members of that group, others have appreciated this work from a distance. The volume as a whole is based on the concept of causative constructions as embracing both morphology and syntax, with an important semantic component as well. In addition to general studies concerning the morpho syntactic and semantic typology and the history of causative constructions and relations to other phenomena, the following individual languages are treated in detail: Russian, English, Dutch, Svan, Even, Korean, Yukaghir, Alutor, Aleut, Haruai, Dogon, Athabaskan languages. The volume will be of interest to typologists, to other linguists interested in causative constructions and transitivity relations, and to all who are interested in the linguistic expression of causal relations.

Causation In Grammatical Structures

Author: Bridget Copley
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191652199
File Size: 18,43 MB
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This book brings together research on the topic of causation from experts in the fields of linguistics, philosophy, and psychology. It seeks to arrive at a more sophisticated understanding both of how causal concepts are expressed in causal meanings, and how those meanings in turn are organized into structures. Chapters address some of the most exciting current issues in the field, including the relata of causal relations; the representation of defeasible causation within verb phrases and at the level of modality; the difference between direct and indirect causal chains; and the representation of these chains in syntax. The book examines data from a wide variety of languages, such as Tohono O'odham, Finnish, Tagalog, Vietnamese, Hindi, and Karachay-Balkar, and will be of interest to syntacticians and semanticists, as well as psycholinguists and philosophers, from graduate level upwards.

The Causatives Of Malagasy

Author: Charles Randriamasimanana
Editor:
ISBN:
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Causation And Syntactic Decomposition Of Events

Author: Minjeong Son
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 30,79 MB
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A growing number of recent studies on verbal meaning have demonstrated that positing a direct mapping between the (lexical/logical) semantics and the syntax with respect to event structure can advance our understanding of numerous linguistic phenomena (e.g., Hale and Keyser 1993; Borer 1994; Travis 1994). This work presents additional empirical support for a theory of syntactic decomposition of events by demonstrating that certain facts in Korean and Indonesian can only be explained by decomposing verbs into smaller syntactic pieces that reflect subparts of a complex event structure. The theory of syntactic decomposition of predicates follows from a number of syntactic and semantic facts with regard to adverbial modification. For instance, scope ambiguity of 'again' is used as a diagnostic for the syntactic and semantic decomposition and for the existence of a result-state-denoting constituent (von Stechow 1996). By replicating the 'again' test, I argue that all morphological causatives in Korean are decomposed into roots and a causative head, regardless of whether the causative head is overtly realized in the morphology. The syntactic decomposition approach to the formation of morphological causatives ultimately leads to a unified syntactic account of morphological causatives in Korean, contrary to previous claims that such unification is not possible. The theory of syntactic decomposition also makes it possible to draw a generalization about the function of the verbal suffix -kan in Standard Indonesian. The suffix -kan gives an impression that it is multiply ambiguous since it occurs in a number of different constructions. However, by adopting the view that the syntax directly reflects event structure, I propose that all -kan constructions share the same event structure. Furthermore, I show that -kan is a morphological reflex of a result head that is contained in the event structure of a given -kan construction. This work further raises a question regarding whether encoding of event structure, in particular, causation, in the syntax is invariant across languages. Detailed examination of morphological causatives in Korean and Standard Indonesian indicates that although both languages form causative verbs by means of an overt morpheme, they nevertheless differ in terms of which semantic component of causation is reflected in the morpho-syntax.

On Interpreting Construction Schemas

Author: Nicole Delbecque
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110198652
File Size: 59,25 MB
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This volume addresses the constructional variability with transitive and causative verbs from the point of view of their respective action and motion patterns. Drawing on the theoretical advances registered in cognitive approaches to language (Cognitive Grammar, Construction Grammar and space semantics), the papers substantiate new interpretations and adduce empirical evidence from various languages to refine or adjust existing analyses of transitivity and causation. The different contributions all address the crucial question of how concrete and abstract notions of human behavior drive linguistic expressions. Cognitive linguists consider that linguistic competence functions in terms of complex conceptual units: the native speaker knows and manipulates conceptual blocks without paying further attention to their constitutive parts or their internal organization. However, as this volume illustrates, the role of the constitutive parts and their internal organization cannot simply be reduced to zero. A multidimensional approach to construction schemas is at stake. That is, the speaker applies proper embodied subroutines to build a coherent meaning, but the construction schemas are also rooted in the linguistic patterns the speaker and hearer are familiar with. The volume is primarily intended for scholars working within cognitive-semantic research at large. Given its theoretical and applied character (in the sense of giving empirical evidence for specific problems in the grammar), the volume will also be of great interest to anyone concerned with syntactic processes, construction grammar or with the cognitive structure of discourse. The descriptive and theoretical insights indeed dwell on areas that are currently dealt with in modern linguistics.

The Evolution Of English Periphrastic Causatives Contributions To A General Theory Of Linguistic Variation And Change

Author: Naomi S. Baron
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 52,66 MB
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Studies In The Languages Of The Volta Basin Proceedings Of The Annual Colloquium Of The Legon Trondheim Linguistics Project 12 13 January 2004

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A Bibliovect Guide To The Literature In English And Theoretical Syntax

Author: Lawrence R. Smith
Editor: St. John's, Nfld. Canada ; New Canaan, Conn. : Information Reduction Research
ISBN:
File Size: 77,61 MB
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A Functional Account Of Marathi S Voice Phenomena

Author: Prashant Pardeshi
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004292527
File Size: 13,54 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive account of the formal and semantic aspects of the two most prominent voice phenomena in Marathi, viz. the passive and the causative in the functional-typological framework.

Arosi Grammar

Author: Arthur Capell
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 35,90 MB
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Foundations Of Language

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 40,64 MB
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Causatives In Minimalism

Author: Mercedes Tubino Blanco
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027255628
File Size: 33,94 MB
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This monograph studies issues of current minimalist concern, such as whether differences in the expression of argument and syntactic structure can all be attributed to the parameterization of specific functional heads. In particular, this book studies in-depth the extent to which variation in the expression of causation, available both intra- and crosslinguistically, can be accounted for by appealing only to the microparameterization of the causative head, Cause, as previously argued for by linguists such as Pylkkanen. It concludes that the microparameterization of Cause may explain some major characteristics associated with causatives, but it cannot be regarded as the only explanation behind variation in these structures. The book includes relevant discussion on argument structure and looks in detail at languages, such as the Uto-Aztecan Hiaki, that have not received much attention before. It is mostly intended for an audience interested in theoretical approaches to argument structure and variation."

Studies In Korean Morpho Syntax

Author: Jaehoon Yeon
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 47,72 MB
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Discusses issues in Korean morpho-syntax from a functional-typological perspective. This book analyses Korean data from a cross-linguistic perspective, showing how cross-linguistic generalisations can contribute to an understanding of the structures in individual languages.

Causative Factors And Countermeasures For Rural And Suburban Pedestrian Accidents

Author: Richard L. Knoblauch
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 35,15 MB
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Verbs Of Change Causation And Time

Author: Dorit Abusch
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 62,63 MB
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