Child Nurturance

Author: Hiram E. Fitzgerald
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461336058
Size: 18,37 MB
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The underlying theme uniting the papers of this volume is the quest for a further understanding of human behavior. The similarities between the behaviors of other primates and humans have captivated us even before a science arose. But what is the justification for making such comparisons? Comparisons, like classifications, can be made on any basis whatever. The aim in making any scientific comparison is the same as doing a classification. That is, one attempts to make the comparison on a "natural" basis. Natural, in this case, means that the comparison reflects processes that occur in nature. The fundamental paradigm for making natural comparisons in biology is based on evolutionary theory. The evolutionary paradigm is inherently one of comparisons between and within species. Conversely, it is impossible to begin to make cross species comparisons without making, implicitly at least, evolutionary arguments. But evolution is a complex construct of theories (Lewis, 1980), and comparisons can be made out of different theoretical bases. F or the sake of this discussion we can combine varieties of sub-theories into two categories: those having to do with descent with modification, and those concerned with the mechanics of evolutionary change--notably natural selection.

Child Nurturance

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Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 12,84 MB
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Child Nurturing In The 1980s

Author: Robert Boger
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475747632
Size: 12,27 MB
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Child Nurturing in the 1980s follows upon aseries of lectures presented at Michigan State University in conjunction with the uni versity's celebration of the International Year of the Child. The chapters, although far from an inc1usive set, outline childrearing perspectives, issues and concerns relevant to the 80s and beyond. The authors have used different styles ranging from empirical review to essay. The book is designed to provide those concerned with the nurturing of children in the United States with perceptions of what is and what could be. The initial chapter by Edward Zigler sets the stage for comments related to specific areas and modalities of child nurturing concerns for the decade. Some of the chapter authors are more futuristic than others in their perspective, but all have focused upon issues judged to be focal for those concerned with the nurturing of children in this culture during this period of our history • The book is not addressed specifically to those who would set policy or those who would implement it. Rather , it is hoped that it can be read with benefit by a wide range of individuals inc1uding but not limited to parents, faculty members, child care workers and child agency personnei. The editors wish to extend our appreciation to many individuals who made this effort possible. Funding of the IYC program was provided through the International Year of the Child Committee under the most able leadership of Andrew D. Hunt, M. D.

Understanding Children S Development

Author: Peter K. Smith
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118772989
Size: 19,79 MB
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Understanding Children's Development is the UK's best-selling developmental psychology textbook and has been widely acclaimed for its international coverage and rigorous research-based approach. This dynamic text emphasizes the practical and applied implications of developmental research. It begins by introducing the ways in which psychologists study developmental processes before going on to consider all major aspects of development from conception through to adolescence. New to the 6th Edition: Increased coverage in many areas, including ethics; children’s rights; participatory research methods; three models of human plasticity; breastfeeding and cognitive development; fostering; non-resident or absent fathers; parenting styles in China; effects of domestic violence on children; physical punishment, and child maltreatment; the development and fostering of emotional intelligence; homophobic bullying and cyberbullying; and developing intercultural competence through education. There are entirely new sections on immigration, acculturation, and friendships in multicultural settings; disruptive behaviour and oppositional defiant disorder; sexting; and adolescent bedtimes. The Adolescence chapter has been extensively revised, covering work on the social brain, insights from neuroscience, evolutionary perspectives on risk-taking and peer relationships, romantic development, and use of mobile phones and the internet.

The Sexual Abuse Of Children

Author: William T. O'Donohue
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317785037
Size: 20,94 MB
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The sexual abuse of children is now seen as an enormous problem; first, because there is an increasing awareness that it is more prevalent than previously thought, and second, because it gives rise to so many complex questions. How is sexual abuse to be defined? What are the effects of abuse? How can the victim be helped? How can abuse be prevented? These two comprehensive volumes cover a wide spectrum of basic and applied issues. Expert contributors -- including physicians, attorneys, psychologists, philosophers, social workers, and engineers -- address such relevant topics as epidemiology, animal models, legal reforms, feminist scholarship, child pornography, medical assessment, and diverse models of psychotherapeutic intention.

Constructing Social Theory

Author: David C Bell
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742574962
Size: 20,32 MB
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Constructing Social Theory discusses the nature of social theory and theoretical orientations. Organized by 43 theoretical orientations in seven domains: exchange, power, adaptation/reinforcement, social bond, altruism, functionalism, and identity, the text includes a tutorial on how to identify an appropriate theoretical orientation and create a theory given a particular research question.

Origins Of Nurturance

Author: Alan Fogel
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN:
Size: 15,70 MB
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First published in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

International Perspectives And Empirical Findings On Child Participation

Author: Tali Gal
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199367000
Size: 15,48 MB
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The 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has inspired advocates and policy makers across the globe, injecting children's rights terminology into various public and private arenas. Children's right to participate in decision-making processes affecting their lives is the acme of the Convention and its central contribution to the children's rights discourse. At the same time the participation right presents enormous challenges in its implementation. Laws, regulations and mechanisms addressing children's right to participate in decision-making processes affecting their lives have been established in many jurisdictions across the globe. Yet these worldwide developments have only rarely been accompanied with empirical investigations. The effectiveness of various policies in achieving meaningful participation for children of different ages, cultures and circumstances have remained largely unproven empirically. Therefore, with the growing awareness of the importance of evidence-based policies, it becomes clear that without empirical investigations on the implementation of children's right to participation it is difficult to promote their effective inclusion in decision making. This book provides a much-needed, first broad portrayal of how child participation is implemented in practice today. Bringing together 19 chapters written by prominent authors from the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia, and Israel, the book includes descriptions of programs that engage children and youth in decision-making processes, as well as insightful findings regarding what children, their families, and professionals think about these programs. Beyond their contribution to the empirical evidence on ways children engage in decision-making processes, the volume's chapters contribute to the theoretical development of the meaning of "participation," "citizenship," "inclusiveness," and "relational rights" in regards to children and youth. There is no matching to the book's scope both in terms of its breadth of subjects and the diversity of jurisdictions it covers. The book's chapters include experiences of child participation in special education, child protection, juvenile justice, restorative justice, family disputes, research, and policy making.

The Fair Society

Author: Peter Corning
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226116271
Size: 17,38 MB
Format: PDF
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We've been told, again and again, that life is unfair. But what if we're wrong simply to resign ourselves to this situation? Drawing on the evidence from our evolutionary history and the emergent science of human nature, this title shows that we have an innate sense of fairness.

Moral Development And Reality

Author: John C. Gibbs
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761923893
Size: 17,54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In Moral Development and Reality the author explores moral development through the theories of Kohlberg and Hoffman. The book should find a place not only as classroom reading, but also as a contribution to broader dialogues in the academic community on the question and nature of moral development and behaviour.