Rational Choice Theory

Autore: Lina Eriksson
Editore: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 0230343791
Grandezza: 16,43 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6419

Few approaches in political science have generated so much controversy as rational choice theory. Some claim that the approach has made political science scientific. Its critics argue that it involves unrealistic assumptions about individual behaviour. While its tenets and benefits remain the subject of heated debate, rational choice theory is now established as a core approach in political science and one that is vital for contemporary students of the discipline to understand. With an impressive degree of clarity, the book introduces the philosophical foundations, the methodology and the key issues of rational choice theory. It shows how the approach has been constructively used to explain political phenomena and also reflects more broadly on how theories are developed and used in political science. Balanced and insightful, this important new text gives a nuanced and elegant evaluation of the potential and limits of rational choice theory.

Reality Therapy And Choice Theory Workbook

Editore: Kim Olver
Grandezza: 57,83 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 6515

Welfare Economics And Social Choice Theory

Autore: Allan M. Feldman
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038729368X
Grandezza: 18,60 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 6450

This book covers the main topics of welfare economics — general equilibrium models of exchange and production, Pareto optimality, un certainty, externalities and public goods — and some of the major topics of social choice theory — compensation criteria, fairness, voting. Arrow's Theorem, and the theory of implementation. The underlying question is this: "Is a particular economic or voting mechanism good or bad for society?" Welfare economics is mainly about whether the market mechanism is good or bad; social choice is largely about whether voting mechanisms, or other more abstract mechanisms, can improve upon the results of the market. This second edition updates the material of the first, written by Allan Feldman. It incorporates new sections to existing first-edition chapters, and it includes several new ones. Chapters 4, 6, 11, 15 and 16 are new, added in this edition. The first edition of the book grew out of an undergraduate welfare economics course at Brown University. The book is intended for the undergraduate student who has some prior familiarity with microeconomics. However, the book is also useful for graduate students and professionals, economists and non-economists, who want an overview of welfare and social choice results unburdened by detail and mathematical complexity. Welfare economics and social choice both probably suffer from ex cessively technical treatments in professional journals and monographs.

Rational Choice Theory

Autore: Peter Abell
Editore: Edward Elgar Pub
Grandezza: 66,36 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 1216

'Rational Choice Theory is a flourishing branch of economic sociology.'Modern sociological theory has to a considerable degree been fashioned in reaction to assumptions about human rationality. This important volume argues in favour of re-establishing rather relaxed assumptions of rationality as a basis for building theory. Although such theories often fail, they prove to be more successful in building predictive and deductive models of human affairs than any competing theoretical framework. The volume includes important and seminal articles drawn from economics, game theory, utility theory and finds application in the Marxist theory of class, group theory, organization theory and the theory of power relations.This landmark book will be an essential reference companion for any serious student or researcher in modern sociological theory.

Economic Choice Theory

Autore: John H. Kagel
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521454889
Grandezza: 47,81 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 9344

This book describes the authors' research program using laboratory animals to investigate individual choice theory in economics.

Rational Choice Theory

Autore: Margaret S. Archer
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1134546521
Grandezza: 18,45 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 1322

Rational Choice Theory is flourishing in sociology and is increasingly influential in other disciplines. Contributors to this volume are convinced that it provides an inadequate conceptualization of all aspects of decision making: of the individuals who make the decisions, of the process by which decisions get made and of the context within which decisions get made. The ciritique focuses on the four assumptions which are the bedrock of rational choice: rationality: the theory's definition of rationality is incomplete, and cannot satisfactorily incorporate norms and emotions individualism: rational choice is based upon atomistic, individual decision makers and cannot account for decisions made by ;couples', 'groups' or other forms of collective action process: the assumption of fixed, well-ordered preferences and 'perfect information' makes the theory inadequate for situations of change and uncertainty aggregation: as methodological individualists, rational choice theorists can only view structure and culture as aggregates and cannot incorporate structural or cultural influences as emergent properties which have an effect upon decision making. The critique is grounded in discussion of a wide range of social issues, including race, marriage, health and education.

Rational Choice Theory And Organizational Theory

Autore: Mary Zey
Editore: SAGE
ISBN: 9780803951365
Grandezza: 19,89 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 1030

This book addresses a question central to organizational analysis: Given the well-established differences between rational choice and organizational theories, what are the limits of fruitful dialogue and collaboration between the two fields? Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory is written in response to the neoclassical economic rational choice theories and organizational economic theories which have emerged in the past decade. Rational choice theory exemplifies a highly abstract, deductive approach characterized by the development of models based on deliberately, rigidly simplified assumptions. In contrast, Mary Zey argues that the empirical validity of the structure of organizations

Social Choice Theory

Autore: Jerry S. Kelly
Editore: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 366209925X
Grandezza: 79,22 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 2345

This is a textbook introducing selected topics in formal social choice theory. Social choice theory studies group choices that are based on information about preferences of members of the group (voting rules being one important special case). This involves economics, which provides the method of modelling individual decision making; political philosophy, which provides criteria about the allocation of decision-influencing power; and game theory, which provides a framework for thinking about the strategies individuals employ in trying to influence the group choice. The goal of this book is to take basic ideas like impossibility theorems, rights exercising and strategy proofness and give the student just enough technical background to be able to understand these ideas in a logically rigorous way. This is done through a set of 250 exercises that constitute the heart of the book and which differentiate this book from all other texts in social choice theory.

Pathologies Of Rational Choice Theory

Autore: Donald Green
Editore: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300066364
Grandezza: 48,28 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 7150

A critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. In this text, the authors assess this theory where it is believed to be most useful: the study of collective action, the behaviour of political parties, and phenomena such as voting cycles and prisoners' dilemmas.

Foundations Of Social Choice Theory

Autore: Jon Elster
Editore: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521389136
Grandezza: 54,73 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 6662

First published in 1986, this volume of essays offers an examination of the philosophical foundations of social choice theory, in its context as the outgrowth of welfare economics. The essays advance both criticisms and suggestions for alternative approaches.

Rational Choice Theory And Religion

Autore: Lawrence A. Young
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1134953496
Grandezza: 78,31 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 8264

Rational Choice Theory and Religion considers one of the major developments in the social scientific paradigms that promises to foster a greater theoretical unity among the disciplines of sociology, political science, economics and psychology. Applying the theory of rational choice--the theory that each individual will make her choice to maximize gain and minimize cost--to the study of religion, Lawrence Young has brought together a group of internationally renowned scholars to examine this important development within the field of religion for the first time.

Is Rational Choice Theory All Of Social Science

Autore: Mark I. Lichbach
Editore: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472024858
Grandezza: 37,33 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 2207

Advocates of rational choice theory in political science have been perceived by their critics as attempting to establish an intellectual hegemony in contemporary social science, to the detriment of alternative methods of research. The debate has gained a nonacademic audience, hitting the pages of the New York Times and the New Republic. In the academy, the antagonists have expressed their views in books, journal articles, and at professional conferences. Mark I. Lichbach addresses the question of the place of rational choice theory in the social sciences in general and in political science in particular. He presents a typology of the antagonists as either rationalist, culturalist, or structuralist and offers an insightful examination of the debate. He reveals that the rationalist bid for hegemony and synthesis is rooted in the weaknesses, not the strengths, of rationalist thought. He concludes that the various theoretical camps are unlikely to accept the claimed superiority of the rationalist approach but that this opposition is of value in itself to the social sciences, which requires multiple perspectives to remain healthy. With its penetrating examination of the assumptions and basic arguments of each of the sides to this debate, this book cuts through the partisan rhetoric and provides an essential roadmap for the future of the discipline. Mark I. Lichbach is Professor of Government and Politics, University of Maryland.

A Primer In Social Choice Theory

Autore: Wulf Gaertner
Editore: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191569879
Grandezza: 74,20 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 2241

Processes of collective decision making are seen throughout modern society. How does a government decide on an investment strategy within the health care and educational sectors? Should a government or a community introduce measures to combat climate change and CO2 emissions, even if others choose not too? Should a country develop a nuclear capability despite the risk that other countries may follow their lead? This introductory text explores the theory of social choice. Social choice theory provides an analysis of collective decision making. The main aim of the book is to introduce students to the various methods of aggregating the preferences of all members of a given society into some social or collective preference. Written as a primer suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduates, this text will act as an important starting point for students grappling with the complexities of social choice theory. With all new chapter exercises this rigorous yet accessible primer avoids the use of technical language and provides an up-to-date discussion of this rapidly developing field.

Choice And Religion

Autore: Steve Bruce
Editore: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198295846
Grandezza: 65,88 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 644

The orthodox view is that the democracies of the western world have become increasingly secular over the twentieth century. Fewer and fewer people have chosen to believe, and the church has declined markedlyas religion has changed from being part of an identity ascribed at birth to being a matter of personal choice. Choice and Religion provides a detailed critique of the 'rational choice' approach to religion to demonstrate that industrialisation has secularised the western world and that diversity,far from making religion more popular by allowing individuals to maximize their returns, undermines it. The claim that diversity and competition promote religion is refuted with evidence from a wide variety of western societies. Bruce examine the Nordic countries and the ex-communist states ofeastern Europe to explore the consequences of different sorts of state regulation, and to show that ethnicity is a more powerful determinate of religious change than market structures. Where religion matters, it is not because individuals are maximising their returns, it is because it defines groupidentity and is heavily implicated in social conflict.

Discrete Choice Theory Of Product Differentiation

Autore: Simon P. Anderson
Editore: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262011280
Grandezza: 68,25 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 9834

"The discrete choice approach provides an ideal framework for describing the demands for differentiated products and can be used for studying most product differentiation models in the literature. By introducing extra dimensions of product heterogeneity, the framework also provides richer models of firm location and product selection."--BOOK JACKET.

The Choice Theory Of Contracts

Autore: Hanoch Dagan
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107135982
Grandezza: 78,78 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 1437

The Choice Theory of Contracts is an engaging landmark that shows, for the first time, how freedom matters to contract.

Choice Theory Report

Autore: Coaching for Excellence
Editore: Kim Olver
ISBN: 0977438864
Grandezza: 67,87 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 9288

A five (5) page report explaining Choice Theory, a concept developed by William Glasser. Choice Theory is an explanation of human behavior and Theory has five basic components the basic human needs, the quality world, the perceived world, the comparing place and total behavior. This report gives a more detailed explanation of these five components.

Rational Choice Theory And Large Scale Data Analysis

Autore: Hans-peter Blossfeld
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1000308952
Grandezza: 63,57 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 1748

The relationship between rational choice theory and large-scale data analysis has become an important issue for sociologists. Though rational choice theory is well established in both sociology and economics, its influence on quantitative empirical sociology has been surprisingly limited. This book examines why there is hardly a link between the t

Fuzzy Social Choice Theory

Autore: Michael B. Gibilisco
Editore: Springer
ISBN: 3319051768
Grandezza: 59,62 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 6825

This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the social choice literature and shows, by applying fuzzy sets, how the use of fuzzy preferences, rather than that of strict ones, may affect the social choice theorems. To do this, the book explores the presupposition of rationality within the fuzzy framework and shows that the two conditions for rationality, completeness and transitivity, do exist with fuzzy preferences. Specifically, this book examines: the conditions under which a maximal set exists; the Arrow’s theorem; the Gibbard-Satterthwaite theorem and the median voter theorem. After showing that a non-empty maximal set does exists for fuzzy preference relations, this book goes on to demonstrating the existence of a fuzzy aggregation rule satisfying all five Arrowian conditions, including non-dictatorship. While the Gibbard-Satterthwaite theorem only considers individual fuzzy preferences, this work shows that both individuals and groups can choose alternatives to various degrees, resulting in a social choice that can be both strategy-proof and non-dictatorial. Moreover, the median voter theorem is shown to hold under strict fuzzy preferences but not under weak fuzzy preferences. By providing a standard model of fuzzy social choice and by drawing the necessary connections between the major theorems, this book fills an important gap in the current literature and encourages future empirical research in the field.