Constructing Frames Of Reference

Author: Lewis R. Binford
Editor: University of California Press
ISBN: 0520303407
File Size: 27,82 MB
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Many consider Lewis Binford to be the single most influential figure in archaeology in the last half-century. His contributions to the "New Archaeology" changed the course of the field, as he argued for the development of a scientifically rigorous framework to guide the excavation and interpretation of the archaeological record. This book, the culmination of Binford's intellectual legacy thus far, presents a detailed description of his methodology and its significance for understanding hunter-gatherer cultures on a global basis. This landmark publication will be an important step in understanding the great process of cultural evolution and will change the way archaeology proceeds as a scientific enterprise. This work provides a major synthesis of an enormous body of cultural and environmental information and offers many original insights into the past. Binford helped pioneer what is now called "ethnoarchaeology"—the study of living societies to help explain cultural patterns in the archaeological record—and this book is grounded on a detailed analysis of ethnographic data from about 340 historically known hunter-gatherer populations. The methodological framework based on this data will reshape the paradigms through which we understand human culture for years to come.

In Pursuit Of The Past

Author: Lewis R. Binford
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520233395
File Size: 49,13 MB
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An overview of the famous archaeologist, Lewis Binford's theories. The chapters were originally presented as public lectures and the book was used for years in undergraduate archaeology and anthropology courses.

Archeology In Cultural Systems

Author: Sally R. Binford
Editor: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202364208
File Size: 63,87 MB
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Archeology shares with other anthropological sciences the goal of explaining differences and similarities among cultural systems. Sally R. Binford and Lewis R. Binford, therefore are concerned with theory and arguments which treat problems of the interrelationship of cultural variables with explanatory value. Archeology in Cultural Systems is devoted to four different aspects of archeology. This book progresses from theoretical-methodological discussions to specific consideration of archeological materials. It focuses on the analysis of archeological remains from a single site. Its concern is primarily with recognizing, measuring and explaining variability in the form and distribution of a site's cultural remains. The authors argue that internal variability derives from the composition and distribution of societal segments represented at the site. The work then shifts to study of archeological components (or their attributes) and seeks explanations for observed differences and similarities. A final section of the volume comments and discusses materials in the volume. Archeology in Cultural Systems is not a monolithic presentation of any particular school of archeological thought. There are common interests and many points of agreement among the authors, but there is also diversity of opinion on several points. These points are the focus of research here. Lewis R. Binford is professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of New Mexico. He is the author of In Pursuit of the Past: Decoding the Archaeological Record and Constructing Frames of Reference: An Analytical Method for Archaeological Theory Building Using Hunter-Gatherer and Environmental Data Sets. Sally R. Binford was professor of anthropology at the University of New Mexico. She is the author of Stone Tools and Human Behavior.

The Nature Of Organizational Leadership

Author: Stephen J. Zaccaro
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780787959937
File Size: 64,48 MB
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The quality of an organization's top leaders is a critical influence on its overall effectiveness and continuing adaptability. Yet, little current research examines leadership within the context of organizational structure, such as how leaders influence organizational performance in those key moments when an executive's action is critical to driving the organization forward. This book represents a significant contribution to the literature of leadership, combining a contextual approach to organizational leadership with an in-depth treatment of the cognitive, social, and affective dynamics underlying that leadership. The Nature of Organizational Leadership, using an interdisciplinary approach that draws from the work of scholars in both management and psychology, provides a much-need organizational perspective on the problems to confronted by top executive leaders and the requisite behaviors, attributes, and outcomes necessary to lead organizations effectively.

Dynamics Construction Of Machinery Equilibrium Of Structures And The Strength Of Materials

Author: George Finden Warr
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 44,64 MB
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Dynamics Construction Of Machinery Equilibrium Of Structures And The Strength Of Materials By G F Warr Being A Continuation Of The Treatises On Mechanics In The Library Of Useful Knowledge

Author: Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (LONDON)
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 50,42 MB
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Reference Systems

Author: International Astronomical Union. Colloquium
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 20,94 MB
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Handbook Of Child Psychology Theoretical Models Of Human Development

Author: William Damon
Editor: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471272885
File Size: 53,48 MB
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Part of the authoritative four-volume reference that spans the entire field of child development and has set the standard against which all other scholarly references are compared. Updated and revised to reflect the new developments in the field, the Handbook of Child Psychology, Sixth Edition contains new chapters on such topics as spirituality, social understanding, and non-verbal communication. Volume 1: Theoretical Models of Human Development, edited by Richard M. Lerner, Tufts University, explores a variety of theoretical approaches, including life-span/life-course theories, socio-culture theories, structural theories, object-relations theories, and diversity and development theories. New chapters cover phenomenology and ecological systems theory, positive youth development, and religious and spiritual development.

Archaeology Without Borders

Author: Laurie D. Webster
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 24,18 MB
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Archaeology without Borders presents new research by leading U.S. and Mexican scholars and explores the impacts on archaeology of the border between the United States and Mexico. Including data previously not readily available to English-speaking readers, the twenty-four essays discuss early agricultural adaptations in the region and groundbreaking archaeological research on social identity and cultural landscapes, as well as economic and social interactions within the area now encompassed by northern Mexico and the U.S. Southwest. Contributors examining early agriculture offer models for understanding the transition to agriculture, explore relationships between the spread of agriculture and Uto-Aztecan migrations, and present data from Arizona, New Mexico, and Chihuahua. Contributors focusing on social identity discuss migration, enculturation, social boundaries, and ethnic identities. They draw on case studies that include diverse artifact classes - rock art, lithics, architecture, murals, ceramics, cordage, sandals, baskets, faunal remains, and oral histories. Mexican scholars present data from Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, Michoacan, Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon. They address topics including Spanish-indigenous conflicts, archaeological history, cultural landscapes, and interactions among Mesoamerica, northern Mexico, and the U.S. Southwest. Laurie D. Webster is a visiting scholar in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arizona. Maxine E. McBrinn is a postdoctoral research scientist at the Field Museum in Chicago. Proceedings of the 2004 Southwest Symposium. Contributors include Karen R. Adams, M. Nicolás Caretta, Patricia Carot, John Carpenter, Jeffery Clark, Linda S. Cordell, William E. Doolittle, Suzanne L. Eckert, Gayle J. Fritz, Eduardo Gamboa Carrera, Leticia González Arratia, Arturo Guevara Sánchez, Robert J. Hard, Kelly Hays-Gilpin, Marie-Areti Hers, Amber L. Johnson, Steven A. LeBlanc, Patrick Lyons, Jonathan B. Mabry, A. C. MacWilliams, Federico Mancera, Maxine E. McBrinn, Francisco Mendiola Galván, William L. Merrill, Martha Monzón Flores, Scott G. Ortman, John R. Roney, Guadalupe Sanchez de Carpenter, Moisés Valadez Moreno, Bradley J. Vierra, Laurie D. Webster, and Phil C. Weigand.

Tools For Thinking And Problem Solving

Author: Moshe F. Rubinstein
Editor: Prentice Hall
ISBN:
File Size: 32,22 MB
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American Scientist

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ISBN:
File Size: 13,73 MB
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New Scientist

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ISBN:
File Size: 25,39 MB
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Pragmatics And Language Learning

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ISBN:
File Size: 33,37 MB
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Constructing Communities

Author: Bleda S. Düring
Editor: Peeters
ISBN:
File Size: 62,31 MB
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This study consists of a contextual analysis of a group of Central Anatolian Neolithic settlements that includes the sites of Aşıklı Höyük, Canhasan III, Çatalhöyük, Erbaba, and Canhasan I, and can be dated between 8500 and 5500 Calibrated BC. These settlements are characterised by a spatial organisation in which buildings are grouped in neighbourhood clusters and in which an estimated 30 to 40 households would have lived. These neighbourhoods lack streets, and the buildings within them were accessed from the roof level. The study explores the social significance of this form of organisation of settlement space at a number of levels. First, the nature of the individual buildings and how these related to household is investigated. Second, non-domestic features in these settlements, such as sub-floor burials, are contextualised in order to identify status differentiation between buildings. Third, the scale and composition of clustered neighbourhoods is studied, to arrive at a better understanding of their significance. Finally, the manner in which neighbourhoods in a settlement related to one another and the ways in which settlements were part of larger settlement systems is considered. In this manner new light is shed on the social structure of these Central Anatolian Neolithic communities.

Philosophy Of Education 1972 1973

Author: Far Western Philosophy of Education Society
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 60,19 MB
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Proceedings Of The Annual Meeting Of The Far Western Philosophy Of Education Society

Author: Far Western Philosophy of Education Society
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 45,12 MB
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Frames Of Reference And Direct Manipulation Based Navigation

Author: Asaf Friedman
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 10,90 MB
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The analysis showed that the lack of realism of these systems means that they do not offer a 'sense of reality' because of the user's inability to interact easily with the computer to navigate among represented objects. The user cannot: 1. Plan a course from a given location to a desired one; 2. Shift the direction of their gaze and focus attention to objects as they move across a path; 3. Move around an object keeping track of this change in relation to the surrounding objects; 4. Turn an object in front of the viewer in order to examine it. This lack of 'sense of reality' cannot be simply improved by adding attributed to the system that are more realistic - details, shadows, and reflections.

Belief In The Past

Author: David S Whitley
Editor: Routledge
ISBN:
File Size: 59,31 MB
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Human actions are often deeply intertwined with religion and can be understood in a strictly religious context. Yet, many volumes and articles pertaining to discussions of religion in the archaeological past have focused primarily on the sociopolitical implications of such remains. The authors in this volume argue that while these interpretations certainly have a meaningful place in understanding the human past, they provide only part of the picture. Because strictly religious contexts have often been ignored, this has resulted in an incomplete assessment of religious behavior in the past. This volume considers exciting new directions for considering an archaeology of religion, offering examples from theory, tangible archaeological remains, and ethnography.