Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge

Author: Daniel Sui
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400745877
File Size: 14,51 MB
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The phenomenon of volunteered geographic information is part of a profound transformation in how geographic data, information, and knowledge are produced and circulated. By situating volunteered geographic information (VGI) in the context of big-data deluge and the data-intensive inquiry, the 20 chapters in this book explore both the theories and applications of crowdsourcing for geographic knowledge production with three sections focusing on 1). VGI, Public Participation, and Citizen Science; 2). Geographic Knowledge Production and Place Inference; and 3). Emerging Applications and New Challenges. This book argues that future progress in VGI research depends in large part on building strong linkages with diverse geographic scholarship. Contributors of this volume situate VGI research in geography’s core concerns with space and place, and offer several ways of addressing persistent challenges of quality assurance in VGI. This book positions VGI as part of a shift toward hybrid epistemologies, and potentially a fourth paradigm of data-intensive inquiry across the sciences. It also considers the implications of VGI and the exaflood for further time-space compression and new forms, degrees of digital inequality, the renewed importance of geography, and the role of crowdsourcing for geographic knowledge production.

Smart Cities Issues And Challenges

Author: Miltiadis Lytras
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128166398
File Size: 60,27 MB
Format: PDF
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In 15 similarly structured chapters, Transitioning to Smart Cities: Mapping Political, Economic, and Social Risks and Threats serves as a primer on smart cities, providing readers with no prior knowledge on smart cities with an understanding of the current smart cities debates. Gathering cutting-edge research and insights from academics, practitioners and policy-makers around the globe, Transitioning to Smart Cities identifies and discusses the nascent threats and challenges contemporary urban areas face, highlighting the drivers and ways of navigating these issues in an effective way. Uniquely providing a blend of conceptual academic analysis with empirical insights, Transitioning to Smart Cities produces policy recommendations that boost urban sustainability and resilience. With the multiplicity of qualitatively new issues and developments in these debates, Transitioning to Smart Cities offer an invaluable framework on current developments shaping today and tomorrow's urban Combines conceptual academic approaches with empirically-driven insights and best practices Offers new approaches and arguments from inter and multi-disciplinary perspectives Provides foundational knowledge and comparative insight from global case-studies that enable critical reflection and operationalization Generates policy recommendations that pave the way to debate and case-based planning

Data Action

Author: Sarah Williams
Editor:
ISBN: 0262044196
File Size: 33,11 MB
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"Data Action will offer a model for reading, collecting, visualizing, and putting data to work on civic change. Using arresting graphics and influential case studies, as well as incorporating cultural and historical context, Data Action presents a helpful corrective to standard practice. Historically, data has been used and manipulated to make policy decisions without input from the general public. Data Action asks advocates of big data to rethink how they work by laying out a methodology for more transparent and accountable data analysis. The tools outlined in this book will help anyone, not just government officials, but data scientists, civic activists and hackers, as well as all citizens reaching for more effective civic debates and policy reforms, to shape our environment, economy, public health, and quality of life, with greater transparency and democratic participation"--

Mobilities Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 2

Author: Celine Lutoff
Editor: ISTE Press - Elsevier
ISBN: 1785482904
File Size: 27,35 MB
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Mobilities Facing Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 2 covers our need to understand how the interaction of hydro-meteorological, social and development dynamics combine to bring improvement to or a worsening of both mobile and immobile exposure. The book provides a summary of the interdisciplinary work done over the past ten years. Residential mobility-the way in which the occupation of flood zones evolves over time-and its resulting immobile exposure are also at the heart of this work. In addition, the book explores how climate change and its relation to fast floods in various regions of the world, especially the Mediterranean, is creating extreme events. Provides a comprehensive understanding of residential and daily mobilities in extreme hydrometeorological situations Updates on mobility adaptation cycles in the face of extreme hydro-meteorological events

European Handbook Of Crowdsourced Geographic Information

Author: Cristina Capineri
Editor: Ubiquity Press
ISBN: 1909188808
File Size: 51,30 MB
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This book focuses on the study of the remarkable new source of geographic information that has become available in the form of user-generated content accessible over the Internet through mobile and Web applications. The exploitation, integration and application of these sources, termed volunteered geographic information (VGI) or crowdsourced geographic information (CGI), offer scientists an unprecedented opportunity to conduct research on a variety of topics at multiple scales and for diversified objectives. The Handbook is organized in five parts, addressing the fundamental questions: What motivates citizens to provide such information in the public domain, and what factors govern/predict its validity? What methods might be used to validate such information? Can VGI be framed within the larger domain of sensor networks, in which inert and static sensors are replaced or combined by intelligent and mobile humans equipped with sensing devices? What limitations are imposed on VGI by differential access to broadband Internet, mobile phones, and other communication technologies, and by concerns over privacy? How do VGI and crowdsourcing enable innovation applications to benefit human society? Chapters examine how crowdsourcing techniques and methods, and the VGI phenomenon, have motivated a multidisciplinary research community to identify both fields of applications and quality criteria depending on the use of VGI. Besides harvesting tools and storage of these data, research has paid remarkable attention to these information resources, in an age when information and participation is one of the most important drivers of development. The collection opens questions and points to new research directions in addition to the findings that each of the authors demonstrates. Despite rapid progress in VGI research, this Handbook also shows that there are technical, social, political and methodological challenges that require further studies and research.

Crowdsourced Geographic Information Use In Government

Author: Mordechai Haklay; Vyron Antoniou; Sofia Basiouka; Robert Soden; Peter Mooney
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
File Size: 80,86 MB
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The acceptance of volunteered geographic information (VGI) as a valued and useful source of information for governments is growing at all levels. Put simply, VGI is “crowdsourced” geographic information provided by a wide range of participants with varying levels of education, knowledge and skills (see Michael Goodchild’s writing for the original definition of the term). While a growing body of research demonstrates the reliability and accuracy of VGI when compared to official or government produced data sets, the progression towards their adoption and wider use is slow. There are a range of mechanisms and methods available for ensuring that crowdsourced information is fit for purpose so concerns about data quality are not the major reason for the lack of adoption. Instead, organizational practices, regulations and legal issues limit the rate of change. This report is based on a six-month study of the use of VGI by government and aims to provide a guide for the successful implementation of VGI.

Volunteered Geographic Information And The Future Of Geospatial Data

Author: Calazans Campelo, Cláudio Elízio
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522524479
File Size: 45,57 MB
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Geographic data is a valuable source of information in modern society. By utilizing alternative sources of this data, the availability and potential applications of geographic information systems can be increased. Volunteered Geographic Information and the Future of Geospatial Data is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on information gathering from volunteers, as opposed to official agencies and private companies, to compile geospatial data. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as regional landscape mapping, road safety, and land usage, this book is ideally designed for researchers, academics, students, professionals, and practitioners interested in the growing area of volunteered geographic information.

Qualitative Gis

Author: Meghan Cope
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1412945658
File Size: 71,45 MB
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Geographic Information Systems are an essential tool for analyzing and representing quantitative spatial data. Qualitative GIS explains the recent integration of qualitative research with Geographical Information Systems. Making reference to representation, analysis, and theory throughout, the text shows how to frame questions, collect data, analyze results, and represent findings in a truly integrated way. An important addition to the mixed methods literature, Qualitative GIS will be the standard reference for upper-level students and researchers using qualitative methods and Geographic Information Systems.

Knowledge And Networks

Author: Johannes Glückler
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319450239
File Size: 18,49 MB
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This book discusses a core question in many fields of the social sciences, namely how to create, share and adopt new knowledge. It creates an original space for conversation between two lines of research that have developed largely in parallel for a long time: social network theory and the geography of knowledge. This book considers that relational thinking has become increasingly important for scholars to capture societal outcomes by studying social relations and networks, whereas the role of place, space and spatial scales has been somewhat neglected outside an emergent geography of knowledge. The individual contributions help integrate network arguments of connectivity, geographical arguments of contiguity and contextuality into a more comprehensive understanding of the ways in which people and organizations are constrained by and make use of space and networks for learning and innovation. Experts in the fields of geography, sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management and organizational studies develop conceptual models and propose empirical research that illustrates the ways in which networks and geography play together in processes of innovation, learning, leadership, and power. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Environment Planning

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 62,14 MB
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Temporary Knowledge Ecologies

Author: Harald Bathelt
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1782548092
File Size: 57,28 MB
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Temporary Knowledge Ecologies investigates and theorizes the nature, rise and evolution of trade fair knowledge ecologies in the Asia-Pacific region. It provides a comprehensive overview of trade fairs in this key world region applying a comparative pe

Culture And Identity In Knowledge Organization

Author: Clément Arsenault
Editor: Ergon Verlag
ISBN:
File Size: 61,89 MB
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This volume contains: Proceedings of the Tenth International ISKO Conference 5-8 August 2008 Montreal, Canada.

Survey Review

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 50,77 MB
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Knowledge Management And Innovation

Author: Pierre Barbaroux
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1848218818
File Size: 28,11 MB
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This book explores the relationships between knowledge management (KM) processes and innovation management. The geographical extension of markets and intensification of competition have led firms to experiment with novel approaches to innovation. New organizational forms emerged in which firms collaborate with various stakeholders to create, absorb, integrate and protect knowledge. This book explores how knowledge management processes evolve with firms’ implementation of interactive, collaborative and open innovation models and it identifies the various knowledge types and processes involved throughout the different phases of the innovation process. The authors provide operational typologies for understanding innovative firms’ capabilities and knowledge management practices and also discuss the main properties of four models of interactive innovation, namely open innovation, user-centric innovation, community-based innovation and crowdsourcing.

Knowledge Graph And Semantic Computing Knowledge Computing And Language Understanding

Author: Xiaodan Zhu
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811519560
File Size: 47,23 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th China Conference on Knowledge Graph and Semantic Computing, CCKS 2019, held in Hangzhou, China, in August 2019. The 18 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 140 submissions. The papers cover wide research fields including the knowledge graph, the semantic Web, linked data, NLP, information extraction, knowledge representation and reasoning.

Geographic Information Systems Gis For Disaster Management

Author: Brian Tomaszewski
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482211688
File Size: 58,44 MB
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Geographic Information Systems (GIS) provide essential disaster management decision support and analytical capabilities. As such, homeland security professionals would greatly benefit from an interdisciplinary understanding of GIS and how GIS relates to disaster management, policy, and practice. Assuming no prior knowledge in GIS and/or disaster management, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Disaster Management guides readers through the basics of GIS as it applies to disaster management practice. Using a hands-on approach grounded in relevant GIS and disaster management theory and practice, this textbook provides coverage of the basics of GIS. It examines what GIS can and can’t do, GIS data formats (vector, raster, imagery), and basic GIS functions, including analysis, map production/cartography, and data modeling. It presents a series of real-life case studies that illustrate the GIS concepts discussed in each chapter. These case studies supply readers with an understanding of the applicability of GIS to the full disaster management cycle. Providing equal treatment to each disaster management cycle phase, the book supplies disaster management practitioners and students with coverage of the latest developments in GIS for disaster management and emerging trends. It takes a learning-by-examples approach to help readers apply what they have learned from the examples and disaster management scenarios to their specific situations. The book illustrates how GIS technology can help disaster management professionals, public policy makers, and decision-makers at the town, county, state, federal, and international levels. Offering software-neutral best practices, this book is suitable for use in undergraduate- or graduate-level disaster management courses. Offering extensive career advice on GIS for disaster management from working professionals, the book also includes a GIS for disaster management research agenda and ideas for staying current in the field.

Taschenbuch Zur Photogrammetrie Und Fernerkundung

Author: Jörg Albertz
Editor:
ISBN: 9783879073849
File Size: 23,30 MB
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Inhalt · Standardwerk seit über 30 Jahren · Strukturierter Aufbau · Anschauliche Darstellung Dieses Werk ist ein "Klassiker". Seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Auflage 1972 erfreute sich das Taschenbuch einer weiten Verbreitung. Mit seinen zahlreichen Abbildungen, Formeln, Tabellen und Kurztexten zur Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung - alle zweisprachig: deutsch und englisch - ist es das ideale Nachschlagewerk für Studierende, Wissenschaftler und Praktiker. Mit der 5. Auflage wird der Inhalt komplett neu bearbeitetet und erweitert. Neu hinzugekommen sind u. a. die Themenbereiche "Digitale Photogrammetrie" sowie "Hoch- und höchstaufgelöste Satelliten- und Sensorsysteme". Außerdem werden alle mathematischen, optischen, photogrammetrischen und fernerkundlichen Grundlagen auf den neuesten Stand der Technik gebracht. Abgerundet wird das Taschenbuch durch ein umfangreiches Abkürzungs- und Stichwortverzeichnis.

Future U S Workforce For Geospatial Intelligence

Author: National Research Council
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309268648
File Size: 35,76 MB
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We live in a changing world with multiple and evolving threats to national security, including terrorism, asymmetrical warfare (conflicts between agents with different military powers or tactics), and social unrest. Visually depicting and assessing these threats using imagery and other geographically-referenced information is the mission of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). As the nature of the threat evolves, so do the tools, knowledge, and skills needed to respond. The challenge for NGA is to maintain a workforce that can deal with evolving threats to national security, ongoing scientific and technological advances, and changing skills and expectations of workers. Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence assesses the supply of expertise in 10 geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) fields, including 5 traditional areas (geodesy and geophysics, photogrammetry, remote sensing, cartographic science, and geographic information systems and geospatial analysis) and 5 emerging areas that could improve geospatial intelligence (GEOINT fusion, crowdsourcing, human geography, visual analytics, and forecasting). The report also identifies gaps in expertise relative to NGA's needs and suggests ways to ensure an adequate supply of geospatial intelligence expertise over the next 20 years.

Geospatial Challenges In The 21st Century

Author: Kostis Koutsopoulos
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030047504
File Size: 28,43 MB
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This book focuses on 21st century geospatial technologies (GT). It highlights their broad range of capabilities and their essential role in effectively addressing and resolving critical everyday issues, such as environment, sustainability, climate change, urban planning, economy, culture and geopolitics. Featuring chapters written by leading international scientists, it discusses the application of GT tools and demonstrates that the problems requiring such tools transcend national boundaries, cultures, political systems and scientific backgrounds on a global scale. In addition, it enhances readers’ spatial understanding of, and geographical reasoning in connection with, societal issues. The book will appeal to scientists, teachers and students of geography, the earth sciences and related areas, as well as decision-makers interested in the application and capabilities of geospatial technologies and new, spatial methods for addressing important issues.

Mapping

Author: Jeremy W. Crampton
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444356739
File Size: 60,98 MB
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Mapping: A Critical Introduction to Cartography and GIS is an introduction to the critical issues surrounding mapping and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) across a wide range of disciplines for the non-specialist reader. Examines the key influences Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and cartography have on the study of geography and other related disciplines Represents the first in-depth summary of the “new cartography” that has appeared since the early 1990s Provides an explanation of what this new critical cartography is, why it is important, and how it is relevant to a broad, interdisciplinary set of readers Presents theoretical discussion supplemented with real-world case studies Brings together both a technical understanding of GIS and mapping as well as sensitivity to the importance of theory