Data Science For Undergraduates

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309475597
File Size: 74,85 MB
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Data science is emerging as a field that is revolutionizing science and industries alike. Work across nearly all domains is becoming more data driven, affecting both the jobs that are available and the skills that are required. As more data and ways of analyzing them become available, more aspects of the economy, society, and daily life will become dependent on data. It is imperative that educators, administrators, and students begin today to consider how to best prepare for and keep pace with this data-driven era of tomorrow. Undergraduate teaching, in particular, offers a critical link in offering more data science exposure to students and expanding the supply of data science talent. Data Science for Undergraduates: Opportunities and Options offers a vision for the emerging discipline of data science at the undergraduate level. This report outlines some considerations and approaches for academic institutions and others in the broader data science communities to help guide the ongoing transformation of this field.

Envisioning The Data Science Discipline

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309465052
File Size: 45,77 MB
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The need to manage, analyze, and extract knowledge from data is pervasive across industry, government, and academia. Scientists, engineers, and executives routinely encounter enormous volumes of data, and new techniques and tools are emerging to create knowledge out of these data, some of them capable of working with real-time streams of data. The nation's ability to make use of these data depends on the availability of an educated workforce with necessary expertise. With these new capabilities have come novel ethical challenges regarding the effectiveness and appropriateness of broad applications of data analyses. The field of data science has emerged to address the proliferation of data and the need to manage and understand it. Data science is a hybrid of multiple disciplines and skill sets, draws on diverse fields (including computer science, statistics, and mathematics), encompasses topics in ethics and privacy, and depends on specifics of the domains to which it is applied. Fueled by the explosion of data, jobs that involve data science have proliferated and an array of data science programs at the undergraduate and graduate levels have been established. Nevertheless, data science is still in its infancy, which suggests the importance of envisioning what the field might look like in the future and what key steps can be taken now to move data science education in that direction. This study will set forth a vision for the emerging discipline of data science at the undergraduate level. This interim report lays out some of the information and comments that the committee has gathered and heard during the first half of its study, offers perspectives on the current state of data science education, and poses some questions that may shape the way data science education evolves in the future. The study will conclude in early 2018 with a final report that lays out a vision for future data science education.

Primer For Data Analytics And Graduate Study In Statistics

Author: Douglas Wolfe
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030474798
File Size: 44,78 MB
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This book is specially designed to refresh and elevate the level of understanding of the foundational background in probability and distributional theory required to be successful in a graduate-level statistics program. Advanced undergraduate students and introductory graduate students from a variety of quantitative backgrounds will benefit from the transitional bridge that this volume offers, from a more generalized study of undergraduate mathematics and statistics to the career-focused, applied education at the graduate level. In particular, it focuses on growing fields that will be of potential interest to future M.S. and Ph.D. students, as well as advanced undergraduates heading directly into the workplace: data analytics, statistics and biostatistics, and related areas.

Data Science Concepts And Techniques With Applications

Author: Usman Qamar
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811561338
File Size: 19,62 MB
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97 Things About Ethics Everyone In Data Science Should Know

Author: Bill Franks
Editor: O'Reilly Media
ISBN: 149207263X
File Size: 43,69 MB
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Most of the high-profile cases of real or perceived unethical activity in data science aren’t matters of bad intent. Rather, they occur because the ethics simply aren’t thought through well enough. Being ethical takes constant diligence, and in many situations identifying the right choice can be difficult. In this in-depth book, contributors from top companies in technology, finance, and other industries share experiences and lessons learned from collecting, managing, and analyzing data ethically. Data science professionals, managers, and tech leaders will gain a better understanding of ethics through powerful, real-world best practices. Articles include: Ethics Is Not a Binary Concept—Tim Wilson How to Approach Ethical Transparency—Rado Kotorov Unbiased ≠ Fair—Doug Hague Rules and Rationality—Christof Wolf Brenner The Truth About AI Bias—Cassie Kozyrkov Cautionary Ethics Tales—Sherrill Hayes Fairness in the Age of Algorithms—Anna Jacobson The Ethical Data Storyteller—Brent Dykes Introducing Ethicize™, the Fully AI-Driven Cloud-Based Ethics Solution!—Brian O’Neill Be Careful with "Decisions of the Heart"—Hugh Watson Understanding Passive Versus Proactive Ethics—Bill Schmarzo

Mathematics Of Data Science A Computational Approach To Clustering And Classification

Author: Daniela Calvetti
Editor: SIAM
ISBN: 1611976375
File Size: 70,78 MB
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This textbook provides a solid mathematical basis for understanding popular data science algorithms for clustering and classification and shows that an in-depth understanding of the mathematics powering these algorithms gives insight into the underlying data. It presents a step-by-step derivation of these algorithms, outlining their implementation from scratch in a computationally sound way. Mathematics of Data Science: A Computational Approach to Clustering and Classification proposes different ways of visualizing high-dimensional data to unveil hidden internal structures, and nearly every chapter includes graphical explanations and computed examples using publicly available data sets to highlight similarities and differences among the algorithms. This self-contained book is geared toward advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in the mathematical sciences, engineering, and computer science and can be used as the main text in a semester course. Researchers in any application area where data science methods are used will also find the book of interest. No advanced mathematical or statistical background is assumed.

An Introduction To Data Science

Author: Jeffrey S. Saltz
Editor: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506377521
File Size: 39,43 MB
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An Introduction to Data Science is an easy-to-read, gentle introduction for advanced undergraduate, certificate, and graduate students coming from a wide range of backgrounds into the world of data science. After introducing the basic concepts of data science, the book builds on these foundations to explain data science techniques using the R programming language and RStudio® from the ground up. Short chapters allow instructors to group concepts together for a semester course and provide students with manageable amounts of information for each concept. By taking students systematically through the R programming environment, the book takes the fear out of data science and familiarizes students with the environment so they can be successful when performing advanced functions. The authors cover statistics from a conceptual standpoint, focusing on how to use and interpret statistics, rather than the math behind the statistics. This text then demonstrates how to use data effectively and efficiently to construct models, predict outcomes, visualize data, and make decisions. Accompanying digital resources provide code and datasets for instructors and learners to perform a wide range of data science tasks.

Modern Data Science With R

Author: Benjamin S. Baumer
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429575394
File Size: 76,82 MB
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From a review of the first edition: "Modern Data Science with R... is rich with examples and is guided by a strong narrative voice. What’s more, it presents an organizing framework that makes a convincing argument that data science is a course distinct from applied statistics" (The American Statistician). Modern Data Science with R is a comprehensive data science textbook for undergraduates that incorporates statistical and computational thinking to solve real-world data problems. Rather than focus exclusively on case studies or programming syntax, this book illustrates how statistical programming in the state-of-the-art R/RStudio computing environment can be leveraged to extract meaningful information from a variety of data in the service of addressing compelling questions. The second edition is updated to reflect the growing influence of the tidyverse set of packages. All code in the book has been revised and styled to be more readable and easier to understand. New functionality from packages like sf, purrr, tidymodels, and tidytext is now integrated into the text. All chapters have been revised, and several have been split, re-organized, or re-imagined to meet the shifting landscape of best practice.

Principles Of Managerial Statistics And Data Science

Author: Roberto Rivera
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119486416
File Size: 38,16 MB
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Introduces readers to the principles of managerial statistics and data science, with an emphasis on statistical literacy of business students Through a statistical perspective, this book introduces readers to the topic of data science, including Big Data, data analytics, and data wrangling. Chapters include multiple examples showing the application of the theoretical aspects presented. It features practice problems designed to ensure that readers understand the concepts and can apply them using real data. Over 100 open data sets used for examples and problems come from regions throughout the world, allowing the instructor to adapt the application to local data with which students can identify. Applications with these data sets include: Assessing if searches during a police stop in San Diego are dependent on driver’s race Visualizing the association between fat percentage and moisture percentage in Canadian cheese Modeling taxi fares in Chicago using data from millions of rides Analyzing mean sales per unit of legal marijuana products in Washington state Topics covered in Principles of Managerial Statistics and Data Science include:data visualization; descriptive measures; probability; probability distributions; mathematical expectation; confidence intervals; and hypothesis testing. Analysis of variance; simple linear regression; and multiple linear regression are also included. In addition, the book offers contingency tables, Chi-square tests, non-parametric methods, and time series methods. The textbook: Includes academic material usually covered in introductory Statistics courses, but with a data science twist, and less emphasis in the theory Relies on Minitab to present how to perform tasks with a computer Presents and motivates use of data that comes from open portals Focuses on developing an intuition on how the procedures work Exposes readers to the potential in Big Data and current failures of its use Supplementary material includes: a companion website that houses PowerPoint slides; an Instructor's Manual with tips, a syllabus model, and project ideas; R code to reproduce examples and case studies; and information about the open portal data Features an appendix with solutions to some practice problems Principles of Managerial Statistics and Data Science is a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students taking managerial Statistics courses, and a reference book for working business professionals.

Data Science And Machine Learning

Author: Dirk P. Kroese
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000730778
File Size: 31,23 MB
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"This textbook is a well-rounded, rigorous, and informative work presenting the mathematics behind modern machine learning techniques. It hits all the right notes: the choice of topics is up-to-date and perfect for a course on data science for mathematics students at the advanced undergraduate or early graduate level. This book fills a sorely-needed gap in the existing literature by not sacrificing depth for breadth, presenting proofs of major theorems and subsequent derivations, as well as providing a copious amount of Python code. I only wish a book like this had been around when I first began my journey!" -Nicholas Hoell, University of Toronto "This is a well-written book that provides a deeper dive into data-scientific methods than many introductory texts. The writing is clear, and the text logically builds up regularization, classification, and decision trees. Compared to its probable competitors, it carves out a unique niche. -Adam Loy, Carleton College The purpose of Data Science and Machine Learning: Mathematical and Statistical Methods is to provide an accessible, yet comprehensive textbook intended for students interested in gaining a better understanding of the mathematics and statistics that underpin the rich variety of ideas and machine learning algorithms in data science. Key Features: Focuses on mathematical understanding. Presentation is self-contained, accessible, and comprehensive. Extensive list of exercises and worked-out examples. Many concrete algorithms with Python code. Full color throughout. The Authors: Dirk P. Kroese, PhD, is a Professor of Mathematics and Statistics at The University of Queensland. He has published over 120 articles and five books in a wide range of areas in mathematics, statistics, data science, machine learning, and Monte Carlo methods. He is a pioneer of the well-known Cross-Entropy method—an adaptive Monte Carlo technique, which is being used around the world to help solve difficult estimation and optimization problems in science, engineering, and finance. Zdravko Botev, PhD, is an Australian Mathematical Science Institute Lecturer in Data Science and Machine Learning with an appointment at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. He is the recipient of the 2018 Christopher Heyde Medal of the Australian Academy of Science for distinguished research in the Mathematical Sciences. Thomas Taimre, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer of Mathematics and Statistics at The University of Queensland. His research interests range from applied probability and Monte Carlo methods to applied physics and the remarkably universal self-mixing effect in lasers. He has published over 100 articles, holds a patent, and is the coauthor of Handbook of Monte Carlo Methods (Wiley). Radislav Vaisman, PhD, is a Lecturer of Mathematics and Statistics at The University of Queensland. His research interests lie at the intersection of applied probability, machine learning, and computer science. He has published over 20 articles and two books.

Roundtable On Data Science Postsecondary Education

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030967770X
File Size: 43,24 MB
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Established in December 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Roundtable on Data Science Postsecondary Education was charged with identifying the challenges of and highlighting best practices in postsecondary data science education. Convening quarterly for 3 years, representatives from academia, industry, and government gathered with other experts from across the nation to discuss various topics under this charge. The meetings centered on four central themes: foundations of data science; data science across the postsecondary curriculum; data science across society; and ethics and data science. This publication highlights the presentations and discussions of each meeting.

Data Science And Digital Business

Author: Fausto Pedro García Márquez
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319956515
File Size: 69,79 MB
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This book combines the analytic principles of digital business and data science with business practice and big data. The interdisciplinary, contributed volume provides an interface between the main disciplines of engineering and technology and business administration. Written for managers, engineers and researchers who want to understand big data and develop new skills that are necessary in the digital business, it not only discusses the latest research, but also presents case studies demonstrating the successful application of data in the digital business.

Data Analytics In Biomedical Engineering And Healthcare

Author: Kun Chang Lee
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128193158
File Size: 49,21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Data Analytics in Biomedical Engineering and Healthcare explores key applications using data analytics, machine learning, and deep learning in health sciences and biomedical data. The book is useful for those working with big data analytics in biomedical research, medical industries, and medical research scientists. The book covers health analytics, data science, and machine and deep learning applications for biomedical data, covering areas such as predictive health analysis, electronic health records, medical image analysis, computational drug discovery, and genome structure prediction using predictive modeling. Case studies demonstrate big data applications in healthcare using the MapReduce and Hadoop frameworks. Examines the development and application of data analytics applications in biomedical data Presents innovative classification and regression models for predicting various diseases Discusses genome structure prediction using predictive modeling Shows readers how to develop clinical decision support systems Shows researchers and specialists how to use hybrid learning for better medical diagnosis, including case studies of healthcare applications using the MapReduce and Hadoop frameworks

The Data Science Design Manual

Author: Steven S. Skiena
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319554441
File Size: 65,92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This engaging and clearly written textbook/reference provides a must-have introduction to the rapidly emerging interdisciplinary field of data science. It focuses on the principles fundamental to becoming a good data scientist and the key skills needed to build systems for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data. The Data Science Design Manual is a source of practical insights that highlights what really matters in analyzing data, and provides an intuitive understanding of how these core concepts can be used. The book does not emphasize any particular programming language or suite of data-analysis tools, focusing instead on high-level discussion of important design principles. This easy-to-read text ideally serves the needs of undergraduate and early graduate students embarking on an “Introduction to Data Science” course. It reveals how this discipline sits at the intersection of statistics, computer science, and machine learning, with a distinct heft and character of its own. Practitioners in these and related fields will find this book perfect for self-study as well. Additional learning tools: Contains “War Stories,” offering perspectives on how data science applies in the real world Includes “Homework Problems,” providing a wide range of exercises and projects for self-study Provides a complete set of lecture slides and online video lectures at www.data-manual.com Provides “Take-Home Lessons,” emphasizing the big-picture concepts to learn from each chapter Recommends exciting “Kaggle Challenges” from the online platform Kaggle Highlights “False Starts,” revealing the subtle reasons why certain approaches fail Offers examples taken from the data science television show “The Quant Shop” (www.quant-shop.com)

Strengthening Data Science Methods For Department Of Defense Personnel And Readiness Missions

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309450810
File Size: 70,48 MB
Format: PDF
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The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel & Readiness), referred to throughout this report as P&R, is responsible for the total force management of all Department of Defense (DoD) components including the recruitment, readiness, and retention of personnel. Its work and policies are supported by a number of organizations both within DoD, including the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC), and externally, including the federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) that work for DoD. P&R must be able to answer questions for the Secretary of Defense such as how to recruit people with an aptitude for and interest in various specialties and along particular career tracks and how to assess on an ongoing basis service members' career satisfaction and their ability to meet new challenges. P&R must also address larger-scale questions, such as how the current realignment of forces to the Asia-Pacific area and other regions will affect recruitment, readiness, and retention. While DoD makes use of large-scale data and mathematical analysis in intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and elsewhereâ€"exploiting techniques such as complex network analysis, machine learning, streaming social media analysis, and anomaly detectionâ€"these skills and capabilities have not been applied as well to the personnel and readiness enterprise. Strengthening Data Science Methods for Department of Defense Personnel and Readiness Missions offers and roadmap and implementation plan for the integration of data analysis in support of decisions within the purview of P&R.

Big Data At Work

Author: Scott Tonidandel
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317702697
File Size: 53,10 MB
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The amount of data in our world has been exploding, and analyzing large data sets—so called big data—will become a key basis of competition in business. Statisticians and researchers will be updating their analytic approaches, methods and research to meet the demands created by the availability of big data. The goal of this book is to show how advances in data science have the ability to fundamentally influence and improve organizational science and practice. This book is primarily designed for researchers and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology, management and statistics.

Probability And Statistics For Data Science

Author: Ankit Rathi
Editor:
ISBN: 9781795009041
File Size: 14,69 MB
Format: PDF
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As the title says, this book covers all the topics for probability & statistics in context of data science. While working on data science projects, I tried to look for a reference book which can give reader holistic view of probability & statistics useful for data science, but I could not find everything at one place. So every time, I used to look for the term or topic at various places and then used to relate it in context of data science. At the end, I started writing about these topics in my blog (https://medium.com/@rathi.ankit) as my notes on probability & statistics which were well received by data science community.This book is for people who are working in data science field and want to learn probability and statistics quickly. It is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate students in computer science, mathematics, statistics, and related disciplines.The approach I have taken here is not to reinvent the wheel, so I try to give an intuitive understanding of each topic and if the user wants to dig further on that topic, he can refer to the companion GitHub notebook of this book, scan the QR code given in the book to get the link.

Introduction To Data Science For Social And Policy Research

Author: Jose Manuel Magallanes Reyes
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110836411X
File Size: 35,20 MB
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Real-world data sets are messy and complicated. Written for students in social science and public management, this authoritative but approachable guide describes all the tools needed to collect data and prepare it for analysis. Offering detailed, step-by-step instructions, it covers collection of many different types of data including web files, APIs, and maps; data cleaning; data formatting; the integration of different sources into a comprehensive data set; and storage using third-party tools to facilitate access and shareability, from Google Docs to GitHub. Assuming no prior knowledge of R and Python, the author introduces programming concepts gradually, using real data sets that provide the reader with practical, functional experience.

R For Political Data Science

Author: Francisco Urdinez
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000204472
File Size: 40,24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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R for Political Data Science: A Practical Guide is a handbook for political scientists new to R who want to learn the most useful and common ways to interpret and analyze political data. It was written by political scientists, thinking about the many real-world problems faced in their work. The book has 16 chapters and is organized in three sections. The first, on the use of R, is for those users who are learning R or are migrating from another software. The second section, on econometric models, covers OLS, binary and survival models, panel data, and causal inference. The third section is a data science toolbox of some the most useful tools in the discipline: data imputation, fuzzy merge of large datasets, web mining, quantitative text analysis, network analysis, mapping, spatial cluster analysis, and principal component analysis. Key features: Each chapter has the most up-to-date and simple option available for each task, assuming minimal prerequisites and no previous experience in R Makes extensive use of the Tidyverse, the group of packages that has revolutionized the use of R Provides a step-by-step guide that you can replicate using your own data Includes exercises in every chapter for course use or self-study Focuses on practical-based approaches to statistical inference rather than mathematical formulae Supplemented by an R package, including all data As the title suggests, this book is highly applied in nature, and is designed as a toolbox for the reader. It can be used in methods and data science courses, at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. It will be equally useful for a university student pursuing a PhD, political consultants, or a public official, all of whom need to transform their datasets into substantive and easily interpretable conclusions.

Data Science In Higher Education

Author: Jesse Lawson
Editor:
ISBN: 9781515206460
File Size: 19,83 MB
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Be the Change your Institution Needs What are leaders in research saying about Data Science in Higher Education? "Where has this book been all these years? This is THE starting point for researchers looking for a leg up in today's college environment. Two parts discussion, one part methodology, and one part witty humor. I love it!" "Buy this book for your analysts. They and your college will thank you." "This is the only book on data science specific for higher education research that covers both theory and practice. I'm not a programmer at all, and I found this book very enjoyable. You wont regret it -- I know I don't!" "When our department was tasked with coming up with a predictive 'machine-learning' model, we hired Jesse to help us. His charisma and knowledge are unmatched, and this book only helps to breathe fresh life into issues in research today that are all too often swept under the rug." Discover the tools to take your institution to the next level! Data Science in higher education is the process of turning raw institutional data into actionable intelligence. With this introduction to foundational topics in machine learning and predictive analytics, ambitious leaders in research can develop and employ sophisticated predictive models to better inform their institution's decision-making process. You don't need an advanced degree in math or statistics to do data science. With the open-source statistical programming language R, you'll learn how to tackle real-life institutional data challenges (with actual institutional data!) by going step-by-step through different case studies. Topics include: Simple, Multiple, & Logistic Regression Techniques, and Naive Bayes Classifiers Best Practices for Data Scientists in Higher Education Narrative-style stories, gotchas, and insights from actual data science jobs at colleges and universities "Forget the textbooks. This is a book on data science written for institutional researchers *by* an institutional researcher. You need this book."------------------------------------------ Data Science is the art of carefully picking through that pile of book pages and putting together a complete book. It's the art of developing a narrative for your data, so that all the raw information that your institution warehouses and reports in bar charts and histograms is replaced with actionable intelligence. Here's what we know: Data science can and should be an integral part of college and university operations. Institutional effectiveness should be working side-by-side with faculty and educators to collect, clean, and mine through data of current and past students' behaviors in order to better empower counseling and advisement services (whether virtual or otherwise). Data itself should be considered an asset to an institution, and the data mining process a necessary function of institutional operations. So how do we do it? It starts with a solid perspective and great research tools. With Data Science in Higher Education you'll learn about and solve real-world institutional problems with open-source tools and machine learning research techniques. Using R, you'll tackle case studies from real colleges and develop predictive analytical solutions to problems that colleges and universities face to this day.