Epigenetics Protocols

Author: Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592598285
File Size: 52,27 MB
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Recent advances in epigenetic research as well as the development of exciting new technologies have helped greatly in unraveling the many mysteries of nontraditional genetic processes. In Epigenetics Protocols, hands-on researchers describe state-of-the-art methods for epigenetic analysis, including recent breakthrough techniques that have great potential in the rapidly expanding field of non-Mendelian genetics. The authors provide techniques for the analysis of chromatin remodeling, such as histone acetylation and methylation. In addition, methods in newly developed and especially promising areas of epigenetics, such as telomere position effects, quantitative epigenetics, and ADP ribosylation are covered. There is also an updated analysis of techniques involving DNA methylation and its role in the modification, as well as the maintenance, of chromatin structure. Of special interest are potentially revolutionary techniques. These include methods for determining changes in native chromatin, methods of microarray analysis applied to epigenetics, and methylation-sensitive single-strand conformation techniques. The methods are suitable not only for studying fundamental biological processes, but also for investigating possible therapeutic interventions and such diseases as cancer. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, each one offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principle behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and easy to use, Epigenetics Protocols offers investigators readily reproducible techniques that will further promote progress in this critically important field.

Plant Epigenetics And Epigenomics

Author: Charles Spillane
Editor: Humana
ISBN: 9781071601785
File Size: 68,34 MB
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This second edition volume expands on the previous edition with a look at the latest techniques in plant epigenetics and epigenomic research. Chapters in this book cover topics such as whole genome methylome analysis; analysis of DNA methylation; chromatin analysis of metabolic gene clusters in plants; plant epigenetic stress memory induced by drought; small non-coding RNA analysis in seeds of forest tree species; and a discussion on epigenetics inheritance in plants. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Plant Epigenetics and Epigenomics: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers, and aims to advance this field of study by paving the way for integrating epigenetic mechanisms into models of plant function during development and evolution.

Personalized Epigenetics

Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128004363
File Size: 59,78 MB
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Personalized Epigenetics discusses the core translatability of epigenetics to health management of individuals who have unique variations in their epigenetic signatures that can guide both disorder and disease prevention and therapy. The book details inter-individual variability in the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA, and the diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic potential of the field, it also reviews the impact of the environment on epigenetic variations among individuals and the role of pharmacology and drug development in personalized epigenetics. Most importantly, the text covers personalized epigenetics from a disease-oriented perspective, presenting chapters that provide advances in widespread disorders or diseases, including diabetes, cancer, autoimmune disorders, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and pain management. Discusses the core translatability of epigenetics to health management of individuals who have unique variations in their epigenetic signatures Details inter-individual variability in the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA, and the consequent diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic potential of the field Reviews the impact of the environment on epigenetic variations among individuals and the roles of pharmacology and drug development Devotes several chapters to the advances made in widespread disorders or diseases, including diabetes, cancer, autoimmune disorders, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and pain management

Environmental Epigenetics

Author: L. Joseph Su
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1447166787
File Size: 15,67 MB
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This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Human Retrovirus Protocols

Author: Tuofu Zhu
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592599079
File Size: 29,97 MB
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A cutting-edge collection of basic and state-of-the-art methods optimized for investigating the molecular biology of this class of retrovirus. These readily reproducible techniques range from methods for the isolation and detection of human retroviruses to cutting-edge methods for exploring the interplay between the viruses and the host. Here, the researcher will find up-to-date techniques for the isolation and propagation of HIV, HTLV, and foamy virus from a variety of sources.

Flow Cytometry Protocols

Author: Teresa S. Hawley
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592597734
File Size: 25,89 MB
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This thoroughly revised and updated edition of a widely used practical guide to flow cytometry describes in step-by-step detail an array of time proven and cutting-edge techniques much needed in today's advanced laboratories. These readily reproducible methods deploy emerging flow cytometry technologies in many new applications, especially in the field of stem cells, functional genomics and proteomics, and microbiology. Here, the aspiring investigator will find methods for the characterization of stem/progenitor cells by monitoring the efflux of fluorescent dyes and the elucidation of signal transduction pathways using phospho-specific antibodies. There are also techniques for monitoring gene transfer and expression using fluorescent protein technology, high throughput screening for discovery of novel protein interactions, phenotypic and functional characterization of T cell subsets and precursors, and microbial flow cytometry, to highlight but some of the many useful procedures.

Gene Knockout Protocols

Author: Martin J. Tymms
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592592201
File Size: 50,59 MB
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As the major task of sequencing the human genome nears completion and the full complement of human genes are catalogued, the task of understanding the normal biological functions of genes and how their alteration leads to diseased states becomes more imperative. In Gene Knockout Protocols, highly skilled investigators with extensive experience in gene targeting and mouse genetics describe their best techniques for the design of targeting constructs and for genetic phenotype analysis. These proven methods contain step-by-step instructions, as well as notes on pitfalls to avoid, and emphasize techniques that are relevant to researchers carrying out gene targeting work. These include embryo transplantation, in vitro embryonic stem cell differentiation, creation of aggregation chimeras, mouse pathology, embryo cryopreservation, and transplantation. Issues such as the use of existing mouse mutation resources and the influence of genetic background and epigenetic effects upon phenotype are also covered. State-of-the-art and highly practical, Gene Knockout Protocols not only constitutes an invaluable source of readily reproducible techniques for those just entering the field of gene targeting, but also a key reference for all genetic researchers today.

Cancer Epigenetics For Precision Medicine

Author: Ramona G. Dumitrescu
Editor: Humana
ISBN: 9781493993833
File Size: 66,67 MB
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This volume discusses certain epigenetic changes recognized in early carcinogenic lesions and different tumors, as well as factors that alter the epigenome and epigenetic profile such as diet, alcohol, immunity, circadian rhythm, and more. The chapters in this book further delve into this field and cover topics such as epigenome-based precision medicine in lung cancer; interplay between genetic and epigenetic changes in breast cancer subtypes; genetic regulation of PDCD1 gene in cancer immunology; and pyrosequencing methylation analysis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and authoritative, Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource to help researchers and scientists identify these specific biomarkers and work towards the prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis of different cancers in the future.

Dictyostelium Discoideum Protocols

Author: Ludwig Eichinger
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597451444
File Size: 56,59 MB
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Dictyostelium discoideum Protocols presents the most useful and innovative techniques for studying fundamental biological processes. Divided into four major chapters, these protocols provide an introduction to the organism, basic methods and available molecular techniques, imaging and localization methods and the unique advantages of Dictyostelium as a model system.

Population Epigenetics

Author: Paul Haggarty
Editor: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493969012
File Size: 78,29 MB
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This detailed volume focuses on population epigenetics, which is of increasing interest to policy makers searching for explanations for complex epidemiological observations and conceptual models on which to base interventions. With a concentration on DNA methylation, the emphasis is on the most commonly studied epigenetic phenomenon that is most amenable to further study. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. /divAuthoritative and practical, Population Epigenetics: Methods and Protocols aims to aid population researchers in exploiting the latest insights into epigenetics to improve our understanding of the factors that influence human health and longevity.

Plant Epigenetics Methods And Protocols

Author: Igor Kovalchuk
Editor: Methods in Molecular Biology
ISBN: 9781493979561
File Size: 31,27 MB
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This volume provides a variety of protocols to analyze various epigenetic changes, including differential expression of non-coding RNAs, changes in DNA methylation, and histone modifications in plants. Chapters detail protocols with different degrees of complexity, and describe bioinformatics approaches for data processing and analysis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Plant Epigenetics: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field.

Epigenetics In Biology And Medicine

Author: Manel Esteller
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007077
File Size: 76,30 MB
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Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Cancer Epigenetics

Author: Ramona G. Dumitrescu
Editor: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781617796111
File Size: 56,39 MB
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The epigenetic regulation plays an important role in normal development and maintenance of tissue specific genes expression in humans and the disturbance of these patterns lead to changes involved in tumor formation. More recently, epigenetic changes have been observed in early stages of tumor development and together with the genetic alterations have been defined as abnormalities, necessary for cancer initiation and progression. In, Cancer Epigenetics: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers reviewed these epigenetics changes in different tumor types and described several technologies that are currently available to detect epigenetic changes. These technologies have lead to a better understanding of the processes in normal and cancerous cells. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, the chapters include the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results in the laboratory. Thorough and intuitive, Cancer Epigenetics: Methods and Protocols aids scientists in continuing to study epigenetic alterations used in clinical practice as biomarkers of early cancerous lesions or markers of progression and prognosis.

Epigenetics Methods

Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128194154
File Size: 27,68 MB
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In recent years, the field of epigenetics has grown significantly, driving new understanding of human developmental processes and disease expression, as well as advances in diagnostics and therapeutics. As the field of epigenetics continues to grow, methods and technologies have multiplied, resulting in a wide range of approaches and tools researchers might employ. Epigenetics Methods offers comprehensive instruction in methods, protocols, and experimental approaches applied in field of epigenetics. Here, across thirty-five chapters, specialists offer step-by-step overviews of methods used to study various epigenetic mechanisms, as employed in basic and translational research. Leading the reader from fundamental to more advanced methods, the book begins with thorough instruction in DNA methylation techniques and gene or locus-specific methylation analyses, followed by histone modification methods, chromatin evaluation, enzyme analyses of histone methylation, and studies of non-coding RNAs as epigenetic modulators. Recently developed techniques and technologies discussed include single-cell epigenomics, epigenetic editing, computational epigenetics, systems biology epigenetic methods, and forensic epigenetic approaches. Epigenetics methods currently in-development, and their implication for future research, are also considered in-depth. In addition, as with the wider life sciences, reproducibility across experiments, labs, and subdisciplines is a growing issue for epigenetics researchers. This volume provides consensus-driven methods instruction and overviews. Tollefsbol and contributing authors survey the range of existing methods; identify best practices, common themes, and challenges; and bring unity of approach to a diverse and ever-evolving field. Includes contributions by leading international investigators involved in epigenetic research and clinical and therapeutic application Integrates technology and translation with fundamental chapters on epigenetics methods, as well as chapters on more novel and advanced epigenetics methods Written at verbal and technical levels that can be understood by scientists and students alike Includes chapters on state-of-the-art techniques such as single-cell epigenomics, use of CRISPR/Cas9 for epigenetic editing, and epigenetics methods applied to forensics

Nuclear Transfer Protocols

Author: Paul J. Verma
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597451541
File Size: 68,13 MB
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"Nuclear Transfer Protocols: Cell Reprogramming and Transgenesis" is a comprehensive review of nuclear transfer technology in vertebrates, aimed at reprogramming differentiated nuclei and effecting targeted gene transfer. The emphasis here is on providing readily reproducible techniques for the generation of cloned embryos and animals in a number of key research and commercially important vertebrates. Additional chapters provide alternative cutting-edge methods for nuclear transfer, such as zona-free nuclear transfer and post-fusion enucleation nuclear transfer.

Epigenetic Reprogramming During Mouse Embryogenesis

Author: Katia Ancelin
Editor: Humana
ISBN: 9781071609576
File Size: 73,71 MB
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This volume explores the latest techniques used to study and understand chromatin reprogramming in embryos and germ cells. Various culture systems are presented, which consist of invaluable tools to investigate many developmental processes. This book also looks at methods for direct examination of DNA, RNA, and proteins in embryos, along with low-input and single-cell assays for exploring these features at the genome-wide scale. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Epigenetics Reprogramming During Mouse Embryogenesis: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for any scientist and researcher looking to make new discoveries in this fascinating field of chromatin reprogramming.

Epigenetics In Cancer

Author: Wiley
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118734394
File Size: 34,63 MB
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Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype, caused by mechanisms other than changes in the DNA sequence. Examples include DNA methylation and histone modification. These changes may remain through cell divisions and multiple generations. Epigenetic differences among individuals may account for some of the differences between monozygotic (identical) twins. Aberrant DNA methylation is also frequently associated with human aging and diseases, such as cancer. This collection of overviews and laboratory protocols provides crucial, distilled information about the roles of epigenetics in cancer development. The overviews are geared for research scientists who need to learn more about the current understanding of epigenetic variation in humans and how the processes of DNA methylation and histone modification are regulated. The protocols give step-by-step instructions on how to detect DNA methylation using various methods such as MAPit, CHARM (arrays) and methylation-specific PCR. This e-book — a curated collection from eLS, WIREs, and Current Protocols — offers a fantastic introduction to the fields of genetics, genomics, and oncogenesis for students or interdisciplinary collaborators. Table of Contents: Introduction Epigenetic Variation in Humans eLS Jon F. Wilkins Genetic and Epigenetic Heterogeneity in Cancer eLS Joshua B. Stevens, Batoul Y. Abdallah, Steven D. Horne, Guo Liu, Steven W. Bremer and Henry H. Heng Techniques & Applications Mediators and Dynamics of DNA Methylation WIREs Systems Biology and Medicine Robert Shoemaker, Wei Wang and Kun Zhang DNA Methylation Alterations in Multiple Myeloma as a Model for Epigenetic Changes in Cancer WIREs Systems Biology and Medicine Amy Sharma, Christoph J. Heuck, Melissa J. Fazzari, Jayesh Mehta, Seema Singhal, John M. Greally and Amit Verma Ink4?-Arf Locus in Cancer and Aging WIREs Developmental Biology Charles J. Sherr Protocols Simultaneous Single-Molecule Mapping of Protein-DNA Interactions and DNA Methylation by MAPit Current Protocols in Molecular Biology Carolina E. Pardo, Russell P. Darst, Nancy H. Nabilsi, Amber L. Delmas and Michael P. Kladde Comprehensive High-Throughput Arrays for Relative Methylation (CHARM) Current Protocols in Human Genetics Christine Ladd-Acosta, Martin J. Aryee, Jared M. Ordway and Andrew P. Feinberg Methylation-specific PCR Current Protocols in Human Genetics Bradford Coffee

Epigenetics And Human Health

Author: Alexander Haslberger
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352764475X
File Size: 69,57 MB
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After first introducing the concept of epigenetics, this handbook and ready reference provides an overview of the main research on epigenetics. It adopts a multidisciplinary approach, involving molecular biology, molecular epidemiology and nutritional science, with a special focus of the book is on disease prevention and treatment. Of interest to all healthcare-related professionals as well as nutritionists, and the medical community focusing on disease prevention.

Epigenetics Environment And Genes

Author: Sun Woo Kang
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1926895258
File Size: 61,37 MB
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Epigenetics refers to DNA and chromatin modifications that play an important role in the regulation of various genomic functions. This important book reviews human and cellular data that underline paradoxical findings with respect to the contribution of heredity and environment to phenotype. The contributors then reinterpret these experiments that incorporate epigenetic factors. Topics include DNA methylation, histone modifications, chromatin modifications, the role of epigenetic modifications and environment on gene expression, and integrating genomic medicine into clinical practice.

Toxicoepigenetics

Author: Shaun D. McCullough
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128124342
File Size: 28,53 MB
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Toxicoepigenetics: Core Principles and Applications examines the core aspects of epigenetics, including chromatin biology, DNA methylation, and non-coding RNA, as well as fundamental techniques and considerations for studying each of these mechanisms of epigenetic regulation. Although its integration into the field of toxicology is in its infancy, epigenetics have taken center stage in the study of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and neurodegeneration. Increasing the presence of epigenetics in toxicological research allows for a more in-depth understanding of important aspects of toxicology such as the role of the environment and lifestyle influencing the individual susceptibility to these effects and the trans-generational transmission of these health effects and susceptibilities. Methods chapters are included to help improve efficacy and efficiency of protocols in both the laboratory and the classroom. Toxicoepigenetics: Core Principles and Applications is an essential book for researchers and academics using epigenetics in toxicology research and study. Introduces the fundamental principles and practices for understanding the role of the epigenome in toxicology Presents the foundation of epigenetics for toxicologists with a broad range of backgrounds Discusses the incorporation of epigenetics and epigenomics into current toxicological studies and interpretation of epigenetic data in toxicological applications