Extreme Physics

Author: Jeff Colvin
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107019672
File Size: 32,51 MB
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Emphasising computational modeling, this introduction to the physics on matter at extreme conditions is invaluable for researchers and graduate students.

Extreme Physics

Author: Scientific American
Editor: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781404214064
File Size: 26,39 MB
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Collection of articles examining some of the latest work in the understanding of physics.

Beyond Extreme Physics

Author: Scientific American
Editor: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781404214026
File Size: 46,81 MB
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Collection of articles examining some of the latest work in the understanding of physics, including black holes and string theory.

Unified Field Theory Extreme Physics

Author: John Hildreth Atkins
Editor: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1847284396
File Size: 68,84 MB
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Atkins set out to prove that Einstein was wrong. What he ended up doing was showing that Isaac Newton was wrong, too (Wrong because the force of attraction does not exist). Science has been in a boondoggle of misdirection. Atkins is going to turn Physics, as we know it, on its collective ear by defining gravity, showing that the Ether exists, redefining black holes, showing that the speed of light is nearly infinite, redefining how the solar system works, and much, much more. This is science fact...not science fiction WOW

Extreme Physics

Author: Dan Green
Editor:
ISBN: 9781484405086
File Size: 27,11 MB
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Mixes science and art together in order to explain physics.

Extreme States Of Matter In Strong Interaction Physics

Author: Helmut Satz
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642239072
File Size: 80,39 MB
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The thermodynamics of strongly interacting matter has become a profound and challenging area of modern physics, both in theory and in experiment. Statistical quantum chromodynamics, through analytical as well as numerical studies, provides the main theoretical tool, while in experiment, high-energy nuclear collisions are the key for extensive laboratory investigations. The field therefore straddles statistical, particle and nuclear physics, both conceptually and in the methods of investigation used. This course-tested primer addresses above all the many young scientists starting their scientific research in this field, providing them with a general, self-contained introduction that emphasizes in particular the basic concepts and ideas, with the aim of explaining why we do what we do. To achieve this goal, the present text concentrates mainly on equilibrium thermodynamics: first, the fundamental ideas of strong interaction thermodynamics are introduced and then the main concepts and methods used in the study of the physics of complex systems are summarized. Subsequently, simplified phenomenological pictures, leading to critical behavior in hadronic matter and to hadron-quark phase transitions are introduced, followed by elements of finite-temperature lattice QCD leading to the important results obtained in computer simulation studies of the lattice approach. Next, the relation of the resulting critical behavior to symmetry breaking/restoration in QCD is clarified before the text turns to the study of the QCD phase diagram. The presentation of bulk equilibrium thermodynamics is completed by studying the properties of the quark-gluon plasma as new state of strongly interacting matter. The final chapters of the book are devoted to more specific topics which arise when nuclear collisions are considered as a tool for the experimental study of QCD thermodynamics.

Physics Of Asymmetric Continuum Extreme And Fracture Processes

Author: Roman Teisseyre
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540683607
File Size: 65,42 MB
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Our new monograph has been inspired by the former one, Earthquake Source Asymmetry, Structural Media, and Rotation Effects (R. Teisseyre, M. Takeo, and E. Majewski, eds, Springer 2006). Some problems, c- cerned primarily but not exclusively with the basic theoretical nature, have appeared to us as worthy of further analysis. Thus, in the present mo- graph we intend to develop new theoretical approaches to the theory of continua that go far beyond the traditional seismological applications. We also try to present the links between the experimental data, the observed rotational seismic waves, and their theoretical evaluation and description. In addition, we consider the basic point motions and deformations, and we intend to find the invariant forms to describe such point motions. We believe that there must exist the basic equations for all point motions and deformations, and we derive such relations within a frame of a continuum theory. Thus, in the considered standard asymmetric theory, we include relations not only for the displacement velocities but also for a spin motion and basic point deformations as well. We include here the axial point - formation and twist point deformation represented by the string-string and string-membrane motions. A twist vector is defined here as a vector p- pendicular to the string-string plane and representing its magnitude. It - comes an important counterpart to spin and a key to the presented theory. We show in the forthcoming chapters that the twist motion describes the oscillations of shear axes.

Basher Science Extreme Physics

Author: Simon Basher
Editor: Kingfisher
ISBN: 9780753469569
File Size: 80,15 MB
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In Basher's totally hip and quirky style, readers are introduced to the amazing research that is revolutionizing physics! From the pioneering experiments taking place in the Hadron Collider to NASAs deep-space exploration, Basher Science: Extreme Physics highlights the realm of miniscule things that was discovered in the early 1900s by scientists who were on the hunt for teeny-tiny parts of matter, the bits from which all larger things are made. This wild, uncertain world is bursting with crazy characters you're about to meet-you're gonna love them!

Engineering Structures Under Extreme Conditions

Author: Adnan Ibrahimbegović
Editor: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586034795
File Size: 70,19 MB
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Exam Prep Flash Cards For Basher Science Extreme Physics

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 32,91 MB
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Extreme Laser Radiation Physics And Fundamental Applications Effect Of Roughness Deterministic And Random Errors In Film Thickness On The Reflecting Properties Of Aperiodic Mirrors For The Euv Range

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Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 41,85 MB
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Abstract: By the example of three aperiodic multilayer Mo/Si mirrors (AMM) for the wavelength ranges 17–21 nm, 24–29 nm, and 28–33 nm we have studied numerically the effect of the linearly determinisctic and random fluctuations of the film thickness and the interlayer roughness on the spectral dependences of the reflection coefficient. The simulation results are used to solve the inverse problem of reconstructing the interlayer roughness and the thickness of individual films from the measured dependences of the extreme UV radiation reflection coefficients. It is shown that the 'asymmetry' of the boundaries affects the magnitude and slope of the reflection coefficient plateau. Random fluctuations of the film thickness with the variance of 1%–2% weakly influence the reflection characteristics of AMMs and allow reliable reconstruction of the thickness of individual films. The fluctuations with the variance 8%–10% allow the estimation of individual thicknesses, but the reflection curve in this case strongly differs from the desirable one. Larger fluctuations do not allow the reconstruction of the AMM structure. The basic criteria for high-quality AMM synthesis are formulated.

The Physics Of The Early Universe

Author: Eleftherios Papantonopoulos
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540227120
File Size: 55,47 MB
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The Physics of the Early Universe is an edited and expanded version of the lectures given at a recent summer school of the same name. Its aim is to present an advanced multi-authored textbook that meets the needs of both postgraduate students and young researchers interested in, or already working on, problems in cosmology and general relativity, with emphasis on the early universe. A particularly strong feature of the present work is the constructive-critical approach to the present mainstream theories, the careful assessment of some alternative approaches, and the overall balance between theoretical and observational considerations. As such, this book will also benefit experienced scientists and nonspecialists from related areas of research.

Extreme States Of Matter

Author: Vladimir E. Fortov
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642164644
File Size: 50,21 MB
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With its many beautiful colour pictures, this book gives fascinating insights into the unusual forms and behaviour of matter under extremely high pressures and temperatures. These extreme states are generated, among other things, by strong shock, detonation and electric explosion waves, dense laser beams, electron and ion beams, hypersonic entry of spacecraft into dense atmospheres of planets, and in many other situations characterized by extremely high pressures and temperatures. Written by one of the world's foremost experts on the topic, this book will inform and fascinate all scientists dealing with materials properties and physics, and also serve as an excellent introduction to plasma-, shock-wave and high-energy-density physics for students and newcomers seeking an overview.

Gauge Theories In Particle Physics

Author: I.J.R. Aitchison
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849387753
File Size: 80,29 MB
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Gauge Theories in Particle Physics, Volume 1: From Relativistic Quantum Mechanics to QED, Third Edition presents an accessible, practical, and comprehensive introduction to the three gauge theories of the standard model of particle physics: quantum electrodynamics (QED), quantum chromodynamics (QCD), and the electroweak theory. For each of them, the authors provide a thorough discussion of the main conceptual points, a detailed exposition of many practical calculations of physical quantities, and a comparison of these quantitative predictions with experimental results. For this two-volume third edition, much of the book has been rewritten to reflect developments over the last decade, both in the curricula of university courses and in particle physics research. Substantial new material has been introduced that is intended for use in undergraduate physics courses. New introductory chapters provide a precise historical account of the properties of quarks and leptons, and a qualitative overview of the quantum field description of their interactions, at a level appropriate to third year courses. The chapter on relativistic quantum mechanics has been enlarged and is supplemented by additional sections on scattering theory and Green functions, in a form appropriate to fourth year courses. Since precision experiments now test the theories beyond lowest order in perturbation theory, an understanding of the data requires a more sophisticated knowledge of quantum field theory, including ideas of renormalization. The treatment of quantum field theory has therefore been considerably extended so as to provide a uniquely accessible and self-contained introduction to quantum field dynamics, as described by Feynman graphs. The level is suitable for advanced fourth year undergraduates and first year graduates. These developments are all contained in the first volume, which ends with a discussion of higher order corrections in QED; the second volume is devoted to the non-Abelian gauge theories of QCD and the electroweak theory. As in the first two editions, emphasis is placed throughout on developing realistic calculations from a secure physical and conceptual basis.

Quo Vadis Quantum Mechanics

Author: Avshalom C. Elitzur
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540266690
File Size: 19,34 MB
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Each contribution is an article in itself, and great effort has been made by the authors to be lucid and not too technical. A few brief highlights of the round-table discussions are given between the chapters. Topics include: Quantum non-locality, the measurement problem, quantum insights into relativity, cosmology and thermodynamics, and possible bearings of quantum mechanics to biology and consciousness. Authors include Yakir Aharanov and Anton Zeilinger, plus Nobel laureates Anthony J. Leggett (2003) and Gerardus ‘t Hooft (1999). Foreword written by Sir Roger Penrose, best-selling author (The Emperor's New Mind) and world-renowned mathematical physicist.

Nonlinear Mathematical Physics And Natural Hazards

Author: Boyka Aneva
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331914328X
File Size: 47,18 MB
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This book is devoted to current advances in the field of nonlinear mathematical physics and modeling of critical phenomena that can lead to catastrophic events. Pursuing a multidisciplinary approach, it gathers the work of scientists who are developing mathematical and computational methods for the study and analysis of nonlinear phenomena and who are working actively to apply these tools and create conditions to mitigate and reduce the negative consequences of natural and socio-economic disaster risk. This book summarizes the contributions of the International School and Workshop on Nonlinear Mathematical Physics and Natural Hazards, organized within the framework of the South East Europe Network in Mathematical and Theoretical Physics (SEENET MTP) and supported by UNESCO. It was held at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences from November 28 to December 2, 2013. The contributions are divided into two major parts in keeping with the scientific program of the meeting. Among the topics covered in Part I (Nonlinear Mathematical Physics towards Critical Phenomena) are predictions and correlations in self organized criticality, space-time structure of extreme current and activity events in exclusion processes, quantum spin chains and integrability of many-body systems, applications of discriminantly separable polynomials, MKdV-type equations, and chaotic behavior in Yang-Mills theories. Part II (Seismic Hazard and Risk) is devoted to probabilistic seismic hazard assessment, seismic risk mapping, seismic monitoring, networking and data processing in Europe, mainly in South-East Europe. The book aims to promote collaboration at the regional and European level to better understand and model phenomena that can cause natural and socio-economic disasters, and to contribute to the joint efforts to mitigate the negative consequence of natural disasters. This collection of papers reflects contemporary efforts on capacity building through developing skills, exchanging knowledge and practicing mathematical methods for modeling nonlinear phenomena, disaster risk preparedness and natural hazards mitigation. The target audience includes students and researchers in mathematical and theoretical physics, earth physics, applied physics, geophysics, seismology and earthquake danger and risk mitigation.

Great Experiments In Physics

Author: Morris H. Shamos
Editor: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048613962X
File Size: 74,56 MB
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Starting with Galileo's experiments with motion, this study of 25 crucial discoveries includes Newton's laws of motion, Chadwick's study of the neutron, Hertz on electromagnetic waves, and more.

A Text Book Of Physics

Author: George Albert Wentworth
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 71,69 MB
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Extreme Laser Radiation Physics And Fundamental Applications Improvement Of Hot Electron And Gamma Ray Yields By Selecting Preplasma Thickness For A Target Irradiated By A Short Laser Pulse

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Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 20,62 MB
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Abstract: The dependences of the temperature and the number of hot electrons on the size of the plasma corona of a thin foil target irradiated by a short relativistically intense laser pulse are investigated by three-dimensional numerical simulations. For a 30-fs long laser pulse with an energy of 300 mJ we have determined the optimal preplasma size which maximises the yield of forward-accelerated electrons capable of generating gamma-ray photons several MeV in energy. A study is made of gamma-ray generation by such laser-accelerated electrons in the bombardment of a converter target placed behind the laser target; the brightness of this gamma-ray source is shown to range up to 10 15 photons s -1 mrad -2 mm -2 × (0.1% BW) -1 .

Learning Elementary Physics With Online Support

Author: V. K. Sally
Editor: Goyal Brothers Prakashan
ISBN:
File Size: 70,13 MB
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Thoroughly revised and upgraded as per the latest syllabus. Written in a very simple and easy-to-understand language. All the topics in the syllabus have been systematically covered and graded in the text by first introducing the basic concepts and then gradually going deeper into the topic.