Finland At War

Author: Vesa Nenye
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472815289
Size: 16,39 MB
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In the aftermath of the Winter War Finland found itself drawing ever closer to Nazi Germany and eventually took part in Operation Barbarossa in 1941. For the Finns this was a chance to right the wrongs of the Winter War, and having reached suitable defensive positions, the army was ordered to halt. Years of uneasy trench warfare followed, known as the Continuation War, during which Finland desperately sought a way out, German dreams of victory were dashed and the Soviet Union built the strongest army in the world. In the summer of 1944, the whole might of the Red Army was launched against the Finnish defences on the narrow Karelian Isthmus. Over several weeks of fierce fighting, the Finns managed to halt the Soviet assault. With Stalin forced to divert his armies to the race to Berlin an armistice agreement was reached, the harsh terms of which forced the Finns to take on their erstwhile German allies in Lapland. Featuring never-before-seen photographs and first-hand accounts, this second volume of a two-part study details the high price Finland had to pay to retain its independence and freedom.

Finland At War 1939 45

Author: Philip Jowett
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782001565
Size: 10,83 MB
Format: PDF
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In the face of Soviet invasion in 1939–40, and once again in 1941–44, the armies raised by Finland – a tiny nation of only 4 million people astonished the world by their effective resistance. At the end of both these campaigns – the Winter War, and the Continuation War – the fiercely patriotic defiance of vastly stronger Soviet forces by Marshal Mannerheim's soldiers won their country a unique prize: although forced to accept harsh terms, Finland was never occupied by the Red Army, and retained its independence. This book explains and illustrates, for the first time in English, the organization, uniforms, equipment and tactics of Finland's defenders.

Finland At War 1939 45

Author: Urban Gardini
Editor:
ISBN: 9789185657636
Size: 11,73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The History Of Finland

Author: Jason Edward Lavery
Editor: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313328374
Size: 19,67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Examines Finland's history from prehistoric times to the Age of Independence and present day Finland.

1809 Und Die Folgen

Author: Jan Hecker-Stampehl
Editor: BWV Verlag
ISBN: 383051882X
Size: 20,73 MB
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Das Jahr 1809 markiert für Finnland einen der wichtigsten Wendepunkte seiner neueren Geschichte; es begann die lange Reise zur Unabhängigkeit 1917. Den Hintergrund für die Ereignisse von 1809 bilden die Kriegskonstellationen der Napoleonischen Zeit in Europa, in die auch Finnland verwickelt wurde. Als Ergebnis des >Finnischen Krieges

European Cultural Memory Post 89

Author: Conny Mithander
Editor: Rodopi
ISBN: 9401208891
Size: 16,93 MB
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This volume is the first comprehensive mapping of how practices of cultural memory in post-communist countries and other late newcomers to the European Union have been affected due to the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of communism. The essays cover Austria, the Czech Republic, Finland, the unified Germany, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden as well as Europe’s significant Other, Russia. The practices analysed range from films, novels and theatre to museums and state organizations such as memory institutes and pedagogical campaigns.

Travels Through Sweden Finland And Lapland To The North Cape In The Years 1798 And 1799

Author: Giuseppe Acerbi
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 12,32 MB
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A Woman In The Shadow Of The Second World War

Author: Helena Hall
Editor: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1473842948
Size: 17,22 MB
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Helena Hall's daily diary of the war years, from 1940 to 1945, is one of the most vivid, detailed and evocative personal records of the Second World War as it was experienced by people living in an English village. In her journal she describes her everyday activities alongside momentous national and international events. The war overshadows her narrative. Each daily entry gives us an insight into the extraordinary impact of the conflict on local lives, and shows how much energy and commitment ordinary people put into the war effort. This edited edition of her previously unpublished diary, written without embellishment or hindsight, shows how she heard about the war and how she reacted to it, and how it was reported and understood. It allows the reader today to connect directly with the wartime past and to see events clearly, as they were seen at the time.

The Foreign Office And Finland

Author: Craig Gerrard
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134269897
Size: 14,78 MB
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The book looks at the ways in which the Northern Department of the Foreign Office approached matters pertaining to Finland in the years 1938-1940, concentrating on the particular issues of the proposed refortification of the Åland Islands, Finnish rearmament and aid to Finland during the Winter War with the Soviet Union. At the beginning of this period, the Northern Department officials aimed at giving support to Finland while, at the same time, attempting to create an environment where Finland and the Soviet Union could reach agreement, thus keeping Finland out of the German sphere of influence.

Dictators At War And Peace

Author: Jessica L. P. Weeks
Editor: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801455235
Size: 19,49 MB
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Why do some autocratic leaders pursue aggressive or expansionist foreign policies, while others are much more cautious in their use of military force? The first book to focus systematically on the foreign policy of different types of authoritarian regimes, Dictators at War and Peace breaks new ground in our understanding of the international behavior of dictators. Jessica L. P. Weeks explains why certain kinds of regimes are less likely to resort to war than others, why some are more likely to win the wars they start, and why some authoritarian leaders face domestic punishment for foreign policy failures whereas others can weather all but the most serious military defeat. Using novel cross-national data, Weeks looks at various nondemocratic regimes, including those of Saddam Hussein and Joseph Stalin; the Argentine junta at the time of the Falklands War, the military government in Japan before and during World War II, and the North Vietnamese communist regime. She finds that the differences in the conflict behavior of distinct kinds of autocracies are as great as those between democracies and dictatorships. Indeed, some types of autocracies are no more belligerent or reckless than democracies, casting doubt on the common view that democracies are more selective about war than autocracies.