Foundations Of Human Sociality

Author: Joseph Patrick Henrich
Editor: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199262047
File Size: 21,59 MB
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What motives underlie the ways humans interact socially? Are these the same for all societies? Are these part of our nature, or influenced by our environments? Over the last decade, research in experimental economics has emphatically falsified the textbook representation of Homo economicus. Hundreds of experiments suggest that people care not only about their own material payoffs, but also about such things as fairness, equity, and reciprocity. However, this research left fundamental questions unanswered: Are such social preferences stable components of human nature, or are they modulated by economic, social, and cultural environments? Until now, experimental research could not address this question because virtually all subjects had been university students. Combining ethnographic and experimental approaches to fill this gap, this book breaks new ground in reporting the results of a large cross-cultural study aimed at determining the sources of social (non-selfish) preferences that underlie the diversity of human sociality. In this study, the same experiments carried out with university students were performed in fifteen small-scale societies exhibiting a wide variety of social, economic, and cultural conditions. The results show that the variation in behaviour is far greater than previously thought, and that the differences between societies in market integration and the importance of cooperation explain a substantial portion of this variation, which individual-level economic and demographic variables could not. The results also trace the extent to which experimental play mirrors patterns of interaction found in everyday life. The book includes a succinct but substantive introduction to the use of game theory as an analytical tool, and to its use in the social sciences for the rigorous testing of hypotheses about fundamental aspects of social behaviour outside artificially constructed laboratories. The editors also summarize the results of the fifteencase studies in a suggestive chapter about the scope of the project.

Roots Of Human Sociality

Author: Nicholas J. Enfield
Editor: Berg Publishers
ISBN: 9781845203948
File Size: 62,80 MB
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Exploring the underlying properties of social interaction viewed from across many disciplines, this work examines their origin in infant development and in human evolution.

The Foundations Of Behavioral Economic Analysis

Author: Sanjit Dhami
Editor:
ISBN: 0198847254
File Size: 44,55 MB
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This fourth volume of The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis covers behavioral game theory. It is an essential guide for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students seeking a concise and focused text on this important subject, and examines the evidence on classical game theory and several models of behavioral game theory, including level-k and cognitive hierarchy models, quantal response equilibrium, and psychological gametheory.This updated extract from Dhami's leading textbook allows the reader to pursue subsections of this vast and rapidly growing field and to tailor their reading to their specific interests inbehavioural economics.

The Moral Psychology Handbook

Author: John M. Doris
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199582149
File Size: 77,66 MB
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The Moral Psychology Handbook offers a survey of contemporary moral psychology, integrating evidence and argument from philosophy and the human sciences. The chapters cover major issues in moral psychology, including moral reasoning, character, moral emotion, positive psychology, moral rules, the neural correlates of ethical judgment, and the attribution of moral responsibility. Each chapter is a collaborative effort, written jointly by leading researchers in thefield.

Roots Of Human Sociality

Author: Nicholas J. Enfield
Editor: Bloomsbury Academic
ISBN: 9781845203931
File Size: 51,38 MB
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The book attempts for the first time to explore the underlying properties of social interaction viewed from across many disciplines, and examines their origin in infant development and in human evolution. Are interaction patterns in adulthood affected by cultural differences in childhood upbringing? Apes, unlike human infants of only twelve months, fail to understand pointing and the intention behind it. Nevertheless apes can imitate and analyze complex behavior--how do they do it? Deaf children brought up by speaking parents invent their own languages. How might adults deprived of a fully organized language communicate? The book makes the case that the study of these sorts of phenomena holds the key to understanding the foundations of human social life. The conclusion: our unique brand of social interactions at the root of what makes us human.

When Conversation Lapses

Author: Elliott M. Hoey
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190947659
File Size: 62,29 MB
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Silence takes on meaning based on the contexts of its occurrence. This is especially true in social interactions: consider the difference between silence after "lemme think," and silence after "will you marry me?" This book examines a particular form of silence, the conversational lapse. These regularly appear in conversations when all interactants pass up the opportunity to speak, and are moments when talk seems to falter or give way to matters extraneous to the conversation. What are these silences for the participants who, by virtue of not speaking, allowed them to develop? Elliott M. Hoey here offers the first in-depth analysis of lapses in conversation. Using methods from Conversation Analysis, the author explores hundreds of lapses in naturally occurring social occasions with each chapter focusing on a different aspect of how participants produce and locate order in lapses. Particular emphasis is given to how lapses emerge, what people do during the silence, and how they restart conversation afterwards. This research uncovers participants' methods for organizing lapses in their everyday affairs such that those silences are rendered as understandable periods of non-talk. By articulating participants' understandings of when and where talk is relevant, necessary, or appropriate, the research brings into focus the borderlines between talk-in-interaction and other realms of social life. This book shows lapses to be a particular and fascinating kind of silence with unique relevancies for the social situations of which they are a part.

The Structure Of Social Learning

Author: Charles McKinney Efferson
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 47,35 MB
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Foundations Of Health Service Psychology

Author: Timothy P. Melchert
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128164263
File Size: 60,86 MB
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Foundations of Health Service Psychology 2e describes a comprehensive science-based approach to the clinical practice of psychology. It systematically applies scientific advances in understanding human psychology to updating the conceptual frameworks used for education, practice, and research in health service psychology. This new edition includes significant elaboration on recent research. Neural and behavioral science research regarding many aspects of cognition, emotion, and behavior has strengthened substantially over the past decade as has the role of evolutionary theory for understanding why humans are "designed” the way we are. The movement toward integrated primary care has also advanced considerably. These and other topics are updated significantly in this new edition. The new edition is also reorganized to streamline the presentation. Presents a unified conceptual framework for health service psychology Overviews the whole treatment process from a biopsychosocial approach, from intake through outcomes assessment Includes major advances in both the science and practice of psychology Avoids highly technical language so that students and practitioners from across the field can easily follow the discussion

Relationship Thinking

Author: N. J. Enfield
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199338736
File Size: 17,68 MB
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In Relationship Thinking, N. J. Enfield outlines a framework for analyzing social interaction and its linguistic, cultural, and cognitive underpinnings by focusing on human relationships. This is a naturalistic approach to human sociality, grounded in the systematic study of real-time data from social interaction in everyday life. Many of the illustrative examples and analyses in the book are a result of the author's long-term field work in Laos. Enfield promotes an interdisciplinary approach to studying language, culture, and mind, building on simple but powerful semiotic principles and concentrating on three points of conceptual focus. The first is human agency: the combination of flexibility and accountability, which defines our possibilities for social action and relationships, and which makes the fission and fusion of social units possible. The second is enchrony: the timescale of conversation in which our social relationships are primarily enacted. The third is human sociality: a range of human propensities for social interaction and enduring social relations, grounded in collective commitment to shared norms. Enfield's approach cuts through common dichotomies such as 'cognitive' versus 'behaviorist', or 'public' versus 'private', arguing instead that these are indispensable sides of single phenomena. The result is a set of conceptual tools for analyzing real-time social interaction and linking it with enduring relationships and their social contexts. The book shows that even - or perhaps especially - the most mundane social interactions yield rich insights into language, culture, and mind.

Journal Of Economic Literature

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 70,81 MB
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You Re My Friend Today But Not Tomorrow

Author: Junehui Ahn
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 75,92 MB
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Group Decision Making In Humans And Animals

Author: Larissa Conradt
Editor:
ISBN: 9780854037360
File Size: 15,22 MB
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Human Nature

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 13,78 MB
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Contesting The Commons

Author: Carolyn K. Lesorogol
Editor: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472050249
File Size: 57,75 MB
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Over centuries, African pastoralist societies have crafted institutions that enable them to survive in their harsh, semi-arid environment. Effectively managing communally held land has been one key to their success and a cornerstone of their social organization. Over the last two decades, however, a number of pastoralist communities have sought to transform their land tenure systems from communal to private ownership. In Contesting the Commons, Carolyn K. Lesorogol draws on eighteen months of fieldwork and ten previous years of work and residence among the Samburu to ask: What accounts for this challenge to an important, well-adapted, and seemingly highly functional institution? What are the effects of privatization of land on household well-being, individual behavior, and social relations? How can understanding the trajectory of institutional change in this case help us comprehend the dynamic processes of social transformation in general? "Contesting the Commons is one of the best books that I have read on the politics of land and social order in Africa. Lesorogol offers a creative and nuanced approach to questions of property rights and social norms. This is a very impressive addition to the general literature on institutional change." ---Jack Knight, Sidney W. Soeurs Professor of Government, Department of Political Science, Washington University in St. Louis Carolyn K. Lesorogol is Assistant Professor of Sociocultural Anthropology at George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis. She was a consultant for the National Science Foundation project, "The Roots of Human Sociality: An Ethno-Experimental Exploration of Economic Norms in 16 Small-Scale Societies," from 2001-2004, and she has also received a National Science Foundation grant and a Fulbright-Hays grant.

The Social Bond

Author: Werner Stark
Editor: New York : Fordham University Press
ISBN: 9780823210053
File Size: 62,57 MB
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Capacity Building In Economics Education And Research

Author: François Bourguignon
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821365953
File Size: 66,72 MB
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This book presents papers from the conference on 'Scaling up the Success of Capacity Building in Economic Education and Research, ' which took place in Budapest at the Central European University campus. It includes contributions from key researchers, academics and policy makers from Europe, the United States, and developing countries that identify and brainstorm on capacity building challenges

The American Economic Review

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ISBN:
File Size: 13,11 MB
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Includes annual List of doctoral dissertations in political economy in progress in American universities and colleges; and the Hand book of the American Economic Association.

Papers And Proceedings Of The Annual Meeting Of The American Economic Association

Author: American Economic Association
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 69,80 MB
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Battleground Science And Technology

Author: Sal P. Restivo
Editor: Greenwood
ISBN:
File Size: 65,33 MB
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The modern world is filled with debate and controversy, and science and technology - the most characteristic features of the modern world - are not immune. Science and technology are implicated in many if not all of the issues, troubles, and problems students are likely to come across in their classes and in their everyday lives. Science and technology serve as a primary pathway to understanding front page headlines on everything from war to AIDS, and from oil exploration to global warming. Battleground: Science and Technology examines the most hot-button issues involving science and technology and provides a balanced assessment of the arguments on all sides of the often strident debates. - Publisher.