Fragile By Design

Author: Charles W. Calomiris
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691168350
Size: 19,17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Why are banking systems unstable in so many countries—but not in others? The United States has had twelve systemic banking crises since 1840, while Canada has had none. The banking systems of Mexico and Brazil have not only been crisis prone but have provided miniscule amounts of credit to business enterprises and households. Analyzing the political and banking history of the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Brazil through several centuries, Fragile by Design demonstrates that chronic banking crises and scarce credit are not accidents. Calomiris and Haber combine political history and economics to examine how coalitions of politicians, bankers, and other interest groups form, why they endure, and how they generate policies that determine who gets to be a banker, who has access to credit, and who pays for bank bailouts and rescues. Fragile by Design is a revealing exploration of the ways that politics inevitably intrudes into bank regulation.

Fragile Design A

Author: Tracie Peterson
Editor: Bethany House
ISBN: 0764226894
Size: 19,44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Arabella flees her Shaker upbringing for the independence in Lowell and soon finds both waiting love and grave danger. The Bells of Lowell Book 2.

Takagi Sugeno Fuzzy Systems Non Fragile H Infinity Filtering

Author: Xiao-Heng Chang
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642286321
Size: 12,96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Takagi-Sugeno Fuzzy Systems Non-fragile H-infinity Filtering investigates the problem of non-fragile H-infinity filter design for Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy systems. Given a T-S fuzzy system, the objective of this book is to design an H-infinity filter with the gain variations such that the filtering error system guarantees a prescribed H-infinity performance level. Furthermore, it demonstrates that the solution of non-fragile H-infinity filter design problem can be obtained by solving a set of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). The intended audiences are graduate students and researchers both from the fields of engineering and mathematics. Dr. Xiao-Heng Chang is an Associate Professor at the College of Engineering, Bohai University, Jinzhou, Liaoning, China.

Linear Systems

Author: Guang-Hong Yang
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466580364
Size: 13,55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Linear Systems: Non-Fragile Control and Filtering presents the latest research results and a systematic approach to designing non-fragile controllers and filters for linear systems. The authors combine the algebraic Riccati technique, the linear matrix inequality (LMI) technique, and the sensitivity analysis method to establish a set of new non-fragile (insensitive) control methods. This proposed method can optimize the closed-loop system performance and make the designed controllers or filters tolerant of coefficient variations in controller or filter gain matrices. A Systematic Approach to Designing Non-Fragile Controllers and Filters for Linear Systems The text begins with developments and main research methods in non-fragile control. It then systematically presents novel methods for non-fragile control and filtering of linear systems with respect to additive/multiplicative controller/filter gain uncertainties. The book introduces the algebraic Riccati equation technique to solve additive/multiplicative norm-bounded controller/filter gain uncertainty, and proposes a structured vertex separator to deal with the numerical problem resulting from interval-bounded coefficient variations. It also explains how to design insensitive controllers and filters in the framework of coefficient sensitivity theory. Throughout, the book includes numerical examples to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed design methods. More Effective Design Methods for Non-Fragile Controllers and Filters The design and analysis tools described will help readers to better understand and analyze parameter uncertainties and to design more effective non-fragile controllers and filters. Providing a coherent approach, this book is a valuable reference for researchers, graduate students, and anyone who wants to explore the area of non-fragile control and filtering.

Digital Controller Implementation And Fragility

Author: Robert Istepanian
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781852333904
Size: 19,19 MB
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In the usual process of control system design, the assumption is made that the controller is implemented exactly. This assumption is usually reasonable, since clearly, the plant uncertainty is the most significant source of uncertainty in the control system, while controllers are implemented with high-precision hardware. However, inevitably, there will be some amount of uncertainty in the controller, a fact that is largely ignored in existing modern advanced robust control techniques. If the controller is implemented by analogue means, there are some tolerances in the analogue components. More commonly, the controller will be implemented digitally, and consequently there will be uncertainty involved with the quantization in the analogue-digital conversion and rounding in the parameter representation and in the numerical computations. A failure to account for these uncertainties in the controller may result in a controller that is "fragile". A controller is fragile in the sense that very small perturbations in the coefficients of the designed controller destabilize the closed-loop control system. This book collects a number of articles which consider the problems of finite-precision computing in digital controllers and filters. Written by leading researchers, topics that the book covers include: - analysis of fragility and finite-precision effects; - design of optimal controller realizations; - design of non-fragile robust controllers; - design of low-complexity digital controllers; - analysis of quantization effects in fuzzy controllers.

Information Technology And Computer Application Engineering

Author: Hsiang-Chuan Liu
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315813289
Size: 10,49 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This proceedings volume brings together some 189 peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Conference on Information Technology and Computer Application Engineering, held 27-28 August 2013, in Hong Kong, China. Specific topics under consideration include Control, Robotics, and Automation, Information Technology, Intelligent Computing and Telecommunication, Computer Science and Engineering, Computer Education and Application and other related topics. This book provides readers a state-of-the-art survey of recent innovations and research worldwide in Information Technology and Computer Application Engineering, in so-doing furthering the development and growth of these research fields, strengthening international academic cooperation and communication, and promoting the fruitful exchange of research ideas. This volume will be of interest to professionals and academics alike, serving as a broad overview of the latest advances in the dynamic field of Information Technology and Computer Application Engineering.

Design Patterns In Java

Author: Steven John Metsker
Editor: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 9780321629944
Size: 16,23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Design Patterns in Java™ gives you the hands-on practice and deep insight you need to fully leverage the significant power of design patterns in any Java software project. The perfect complement to the classic Design Patterns, this learn-by-doing workbook applies the latest Java features and best practices to all of the original 23 patterns identified in that groundbreaking text. Drawing on their extensive experience as Java instructors and programmers, Steve Metsker and Bill Wake illuminate each pattern with real Java programs, clear UML diagrams, and compelling exercises. You'll move quickly from theory to application–learning how to improve new code and refactor existing code for simplicity, manageability, and performance. Coverage includes Using Adapter to provide consistent interfaces to clients Using Facade to simplify the use of reusable toolkits Understanding the role of Bridge in Java database connectivity The Observer pattern, Model-View-Controller, and GUI behavior Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI) and the Proxy pattern Streamlining designs using the Chain of Responsibility pattern Using patterns to go beyond Java's built-in constructor features Implementing Undo capabilities with Memento Using the State pattern to manage state more cleanly and simply Optimizing existing codebases with extension patterns Providing thread-safe iteration with the Iterator pattern Using Visitor to define new operations without changing hierarchy classes If you're a Java programmer wanting to save time while writing better code, this book's techniques, tips, and clear explanations and examples will help you harness the power of patterns to improve every program you write, design, or maintain. All source code is available for download at http://www.oozinoz.com.

Working Differently In Fragile And Conflict Affected Situations

Author: Asian Development Bank
Editor: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9290929286
Size: 15,82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This handbook aims to help Asian Development Bank staff and other development practitioners to more effectively plan, design, and implement projects in fragile and conflict-affected settings. The practical examples provided in this handbook have been drawn from the collective tacit knowledge of ADB's operational staff. These practical examples include innovative, flexible, streamlined, and simplified approaches to project processing and implementation that are relevant to fragile situations.

Designing For Cultrue

Author: Fred Feddes
Editor: 010 Publishers
ISBN: 9064506221
Size: 13,91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Designing Architecture

Author: Andrew Pressman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136331298
Size: 15,48 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 163
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Designing Architecture is an indispensable tool to assist both students and young architects in formulating an idea, transforming it into a building, and making effective design decisions. This book promotes integrative and critical thinking in the preliminary design of buildings to inspire creativity, innovation, and design excellence. This compendium of individual wisdom and collective experience offers explicit guidance to students and young professionals on how to approach, analyze, and execute specific tasks; develop and refine a process to facilitate the best possible design projects; and create meaningful architectural form. Here the design process – from orchestrating client participation to finalizing schematic design – is explored and illuminated. The following material is presented to make the book a useful didactic tool for professional development: explicit strategies for doing design rather than simply reviewing principles and precedents creative ideas in approaching and framing problems in design terms specific methods to translate ideas to culturally significant, socially responsive, and environmentally sensitive buildings techniques to integrate all levels of cognition from analysis to epiphany counsel on developing a personalized process for engaging design projects case studies augment the text and chronicle fascinating applications of the design process. The essence of this book lies in an integrated and holistic approach to each unique project as well as fostering curiosity and exploration – a departure from algorithms, easy generalities, or a formula for design. Designing Architecture will inspire readers to elevate the quality of preliminary designs and unravel some of the mystery of creating the most beautiful, responsive, and responsible architectural design possible.