Glycosyl Hydrolases For Biomass Conversion

Author: Michael E. Himmel
Editor: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN:
File Size: 78,41 MB
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This book provides an up-to-date review of hydrolase structure and function relationships and the means by which these important enzymes can be better utilized. There is a focus on understanding cellulase and hemicellulase action - a strategy based in macromolecular modeling, site-directed mutagenesis, active site mapping, heterologous expression, and classical kinetic characterization. Discussions of new information about cellulase enzymes and systems highlight recent accomplishments and trends in the field of glycosyl hydrolase biochemistry, such as several new crystallographic structures of important cellulase and methods for improving activity by protein engineers.

Biomass Conversion

Author: Chinnappan Baskar
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642284183
File Size: 66,53 MB
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The consumption of petroleum has surged during the 20th century, at least partially because of the rise of the automobile industry. Today, fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas provide more than three quarters of the world's energy. Unfortunately, the growing demand for fossil fuel resources comes at a time of diminishing reserves of these nonrenewable resources. The worldwide reserves of oil are sufficient to supply energy and chemicals for only about another 40 years, causing widening concerns about rising oil prices. The use of biomass to produce energy is only one form of renewable energy that can be utilized to reduce the impact of energy production and use on the global environment. Biomass can be converted into three main products such as energy, biofuels and fine chemicals using a number of different processes. Today, it is a great challenge for researchers to find new environmentally benign methodology for biomass conversion, which are industrially profitable as well. This book focuses on the conversion of biomass to biofuels, bioenergy and fine chemicals with the interface of biotechnology, microbiology, chemistry and materials science. An international scientific authorship summarizes the state-of-the-art of the current research and gives an outlook on future developments.

Enzymes In Biomass Conversion

Author: Gary F. Leatham
Editor: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN:
File Size: 79,98 MB
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Offering recent worldwide developments, internationally known scientists report on enzymes that are potentially important to large-scale commercial biochemical processes, including fuel and chemical feedstock production, pulp and paper processing, waste degradation and processing, and food processing. Chapters cover basic knowledge of what enzymes are available, what their properties are, and how best to use them. Describes specific enzyme applications, methods of enzyme production, and characteristics of individual enzymes. Among the methods for producing and recovering enzymes described are enzyme cloning, liquid fermentation, enzyme immobilization, and enzyme cross-linking. Also presents alternate viewpoints on the question of lignin degradation and other controversial subjects.

Plant Biomass Conversion

Author: Elizabeth E. Hood
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0813816947
File Size: 15,36 MB
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A whole host of motivations are driving the development of the “renewables” industry— ranging from the desire to develop sustainable energy resources to the reduction of dangerous greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. All energy utilized on the earth is ultimately derived from the sun through photosynthesis—the only truly renewable commodity. As concerns regarding increasing energy prices, global warming and renewable resources continue to grow, so has scientific discovery into agricultural biomass conversion. Plant Biomass Conversion addresses both the development of plant biomass and conversion technology, in addition to issues surrounding biomass conversion, such as the affect on water resources and soil sustainability. This book also offers a brief overview of the current status of the industry and examples of production plants being used in current biomass conversion efforts.

Biomass Recalcitrance

Author: Michael Himmel
Editor: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN:
File Size: 44,49 MB
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This book examines the connection between biomass structure, ultrastructure, and composition, to resistance to enzymatic deconstruction, with the aim of discovering new cost-effective technologies for biorefineries. It contains chapters on topics extending from the highest levels of biorefinery design and biomass life-cycle analysis, to detailed aspects of plant cell wall structure, chemical treatments, enzymatic hydrolysis, and product fermentation options."--Pub. desc.

Biomass To Biofuels

Author: Alain A. Vertes
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119965497
File Size: 41,76 MB
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Focusing on the key challenges that still impede the realization of the billion-ton renewable fuels vision, this book integrates technological development and business development rationales to highlight the key technological.developments that are necessary to industrialize biofuels on a global scale. Technological issues addressed in this work include fermentation and downstream processing technologies, as compared to current industrial practice and process economics. Business issues that provide the lens through which the technological review is performed span the entire biofuel value chain, from financial mechanisms to fund biotechnology start-ups in the biofuel arena up to large green field manufacturing projects, to raw material farming, collection and transport to the bioconversion plant, manufacturing, product recovery, storage, and transport to the point of sale. Emphasis has been placed throughout the book on providing a global view that takes into account the intrinsic characteristics of various biofuels markets from Brazil, the EU, the US, or Japan, to emerging economies as agricultural development and biofuel development appear undissociably linked.

Advances In Applied Microbiology

Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080546360
File Size: 49,89 MB
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Advances in Applied Microbiology offers intensive reviews of the latest techniques and discoveries in this rapidly moving field. The editors are recognized experts and the format is comprehensive and instructive. This volume contains 12 comprehensive reviews, including: Uses of Trichoderma spp. to alleviate or remediate soil and water pollution; Lincosamides, chemical structure, biosynthesis, mechanism of action, resistance and applications; Polysaccharide breakdown by anaerobic microogranisms inhabiting the mammalian gut; and Novel aspects of signaling in Streptomyces development. * This series has been in constant publication since 1959 * An ISI impact factor of 1.0 in 2002 * This volume contains 12 comprehensive reviews of current research in applied microbiology

Bioenergy Research Revisiting Latest Development

Author: Manish Srivastava
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9813346159
File Size: 58,43 MB
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Index Of Conference Proceedings

Author: British Library. Document Supply Centre
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 43,53 MB
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Solid Substrate Cultivation

Author: H.W. Doelle
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 47,50 MB
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The book deepens the understanding of the solid substrate culture technique in order to widen the engineering base needed to encourage its practical use. Theories of practical relevance are explained in detail.

Annual Review Of Plant Biology

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 13,32 MB
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Journal

Author: American Chemical Society
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 63,78 MB
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Trichoderma Reesei Cellulases And Other Hydrolases

Author: Pirkko Suominen
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 28,79 MB
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Bibliography Of Agriculture With Subject Index

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 63,62 MB
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Biofuels

Author: Jonathan R. Mielenz
Editor: Humana
ISBN:
File Size: 22,82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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With the dwindling supplies of fossil fuels and growing concerns regarding climate changes due to green house gasses from these fuels, public opinion has swung dramatically towards favoring the development of renewable energy sources. In Biofuels: Methods and Protocols, career-long experts explore a full range of methods for bioenergy covering important topics such as biomass production and delivery to the biorefinery, detailed biochemical characterization, as well as biotechnological techniques for converting plant matter into fuels and chemicals. Time is of the essence in this field, and this volume aims to provide direction and assistance to the growing cadre of researchers endeavoring to develop new sources of bioenergy with a solid, easy-to-use collection of tried-and-true methods which will save time and effort in the field and the laboratory. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include brief introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary equipment, materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible field and laboratory protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding common pitfalls. Timely and authoritative, Biofuels: Methods and Protocols seeks to help scientists and engineers as they develop and optimize bioenergy technologies needed to drastically change the course of our energy future as soon as possible.

Recovering Energy From Waste

Author: Velma I. Grover
Editor: Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
File Size: 47,59 MB
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The driving forces of energy degradation, according to the UN Environmental Program, are "the poverty of the majority and excessive consumption by the minority." These 22 contributed chapters blend analyses of renewable energy technologies (e.g., biomass, bioreactors, electrokinetic soil processing); cases studies of successes and failures from developing and developed countries; and considerations of climate, human health, and socioeconomic impacts. Grover, a natural resources consultant in Hamilton, Ontario, introduces the issues that fellow Canadian Marshall McLuhan alluded to in his observation that "The new clothing of the planet is garbage." Other introductory chapters present waste-to-energy and energy-from-waste perspectives. Replete with data tables and figures. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Biosciences

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 43,43 MB
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Microbial Biotechnology In Agriculture And Aquaculture Vol 1

Author: R C Ray
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN:
File Size: 23,86 MB
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In agriculture, microbial biotechnology covers a wide array of subjects ranging from biofertilizers to biological control of pests and diseases; from biological N 2 -fixation to lignocellulose degradation; from production of biomass and biofuels to genetically engineered plants. Similarly, microbial biotechnology in aquaculture touches several aspects such as biofilms, bioprocessing of biomaterials (metabolites, enzymes, proteins, exopolysaccharides, etc.), application of biofertilizers, probiotics, bio-remediation of contaminated water, etc. This book is an attempt to highlight the significant aspects of the vast subject area like application of microbial biotechnology in agriculture and aquaculture.

Applied And Environmental Microbiology

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 54,32 MB
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Computer Simulations Of Cellulose I Beta

Author: Catherine Elizabeth Skopec
Editor: Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International
ISBN:
File Size: 15,21 MB
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Water was found to be highly structured above the surfaces of cellulose extending many layers into the bulk solvent. Differences were found in the water structuring by the two surfaces simulated. Water was observed to localize at positions near the O2, O3, and O6 groups of the glucose molecules in the cellulose crystal.