Of God And Gods

Author: Jan Assmann
Editor: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299225537
File Size: 43,39 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 9891

For thousands of years, our world has been shaped by biblical monotheism. But its hallmark—a distinction between one true God and many false gods—was once a new and radical idea. Of God and Gods explores the revolutionary newness of biblical theology against a background of the polytheism that was once so commonplace. Jan Assmann, one of the most distinguished scholars of ancient Egypt working today, traces the concept of a true religion back to its earliest beginnings in Egypt and describes how this new idea took shape in the context of the older polytheistic world that it rejected. He offers readers a deepened understanding of Egyptian polytheism and elaborates on his concept of the “Mosaic distinction,” which conceives an exclusive and emphatic Truth that sets religion apart from beliefs shunned as superstition, paganism, or heresy. Without a theory of polytheism, Assmann contends, any adequate understanding of monotheism is impossible. Best Books for General Audiences, selected by the American Association of School Librarians, and Best Books for Special Interests, selected by the Public Library Association

God And The Gods

Author: John Greco
Editor: iUniverse
ISBN: 1475995970
File Size: 40,30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 1354

God and the Gods presents the results of a personal journey to uncover the multifaceted pieces of information not covered in national news and hidden from the public for reasons unknown. Volumes of additional information—with stories and artifacts—that are off limits to mankind. Th is manuscript touches merely a few of the many secrets that society is hiding for its own benefit. They are small pieces of a multidimensional puzzle in unraveling the real origin of mankind—something that could change the history of who we are and where we came from. Author John Greco opens our eyes to the possibilities that have accumulated over the years through the facts, findings, and scientific studies of the human body, religious proof, and archaeological discoveries being made throughout the world today. The Bible is fact, in most cases, but there is much more to know. The truth is out there, and most of it is staring us in the face every day. We as humans, who worship a God we cannot see, need to look in the right places and tie the many pieces of this amazing puzzle together. God and the Gods gives you the opportunity to question the basic teachings of all religions, including their exclusions, and begin to consider what the answers truly are. The city of Troy was a myth until it was found. The truth is out there and waiting to be discovered.

God Versus Gods

Author: Reuven Chaim Klein
Editor: Mosaica Press
ISBN: 1946351466
File Size: 18,93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 630

Religion Of The Gods

Author: Kimberley Christine Patton
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199723287
File Size: 62,65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 8762

In many of the world's religions, both polytheistic and monotheistic, a seemingly enigmatic and paradoxical image is found--that of the god who worships. Various interpretations of this seeming paradox have been advanced. Some suggest that it represents sacrifice to a higher deity. Proponents of anthropomorphic projection say that the gods are just "big people" and that images of human religious action are simply projected onto the deities. However, such explanations do not do justice to the complexity and diversity of this phenomenon. In Religion of the Gods, Kimberley C. Patton uses a comparative approach to take up anew a longstanding challenge in ancient Greek religious iconography: why are the Olympian gods depicted on classical pottery making libations? The sacrificing gods in ancient Greece are compared to gods who perform rituals in six other religious traditions: the Vedic gods, the heterodox god Zurvan of early Zoroastrianism, the Old Norse god Odin, the Christian God and Christ, the God of Judaism, and Islam's Allah. Patton examines the comparative evidence from a cultural and historical perspective, uncovering deep structural resonances while also revealing crucial differences. Instead of looking for invisible recipients or lost myths, Patton proposes the new category of "divine reflexivity." Divinely performed ritual is a self-reflexive, self-expressive action that signals the origin of ritual in the divine and not the human realm. Above all, divine ritual is generative, both instigating and inspiring human religious activity. The religion practiced by the gods is both like and unlike human religious action. Seen from within the religious tradition, gods are not "big people," but other than human. Human ritual is directed outward to a divine being, but the gods practice ritual on their own behalf. "Cultic time," the symbiotic performance of ritual both in heaven and on earth, collapses the distinction between cult and theology each time ritual is performed. Offering the first comprehensive study and a new theory of this fascinating phenomenon, Religion of the Gods is a significant contribution to the fields of classics and comparative religion. Patton shows that the god who performs religious action is not an anomaly, but holds a meaningful place in the category of ritual and points to a phenomenologically universal structure within religion itself.

The Flower God

Author: Simon Husband
ISBN: 9781794522572
File Size: 69,70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 5891

The stories of the Greek Gods are, undoubtedly, the most well known of all mythologies. Unlike other traditions however, there is no story of how it all ended. There is no Ragnarok for Artemis and Zeus. This is the story of how it all ended. It doesn't all end in a great battle, a blaze of glory, as perhaps was befitting. The fate of the Gods is decided in a trial, a trial in front of a jury of the unborn. The Flower God is the story of a cuckoo, one who has unwittingly fed off the Gods and whose sympathy for their faded grandeur leads him to seek a way back to the restoration of their former glory. His weapon of choice is a disenchanted luddite: a man fighting against the relentless march of scientific and technological progress. It is an illegal means to an end as all contact with humanity by the Gods is long since banned. Nonetheless he sets the ball rolling and sets in motion a sequence of events that causes divisions between the Gods, leads to a trial of strength between Zeus and Hades, recalls back to the bosom of the Gods those who have long since hosen to live amongst humanity and draws in the powers against whom even the Gods are impotent. The contact with Barrow (the mortal) brings to a head the status of the once all powerful Gods in a trial in which they are forced to defend their right to eternity through a public exposure of their deeper nature (as seen in a series of stories unknown to humanity). The trial runs its course and in the end it is the evidence of the luddite which will determine whether the Gods themselves will be consigned to fade away into nothingness or to share the hope of eternity with the mortals over whom they once reigned. The story itself follows both the paths of Barrow and the Gods, until their meeting in the trial at the hands of the unborn. It contains a number of sub stories as told by the Gods and others. Short plays, short stories, poetry and aphorisms are littered throughout the main plot to add a flavour of the Greek myths to this, the final myth. All fans of Greek mythology, indeed any mythology, will thoroughly enjoy this book and can finally put to rest in their mind the question of 'Whatever happened to the Greek Gods?'

Where The Gods Are

Author: Mark S. Smith
Editor: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300209223
File Size: 64,96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 553

6. The Royal City and Its Gods -- Epilogue: Ancient Theorizing About Anthropomorphism and Space -- Notes -- Subject Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Y -- Z -- Index of Modern Authors -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z -- Index of Ancient Sources

From Gods To God

Author: Baruch Halpern
Editor: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161499029
File Size: 59,97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 9113

The birth of the West stems from the rejection of tradition. All our evidence for this influence comes from the Axial period, 800-400 BCE. Baruch Halpern explores the impact of changing cosmologies and social relations on cultural change in that era, especially from Mesopotamia to Israel and Greece, but extending across the Mediterranean, not least to Egypt and Italy. In this volume he shows how an explosion of international commerce and exchange, which can be understood as a Renaissance, led to the redefinition of selfhood in various cultures and to Reformation. The process inevitably precipitated an Enlightenment. This has happened over and over in human history and in academic or cultural fields. It is the basis of modernization, or Westernization, wherever it occurs, and whatever form it takes.

Two Gods In Heaven

Author: Peter Schäfer
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691199892
File Size: 59,20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 8701

A book that challenges our most basic assumptions about Judeo-Christian monotheism Contrary to popular belief, Judaism was not always strictly monotheistic. Two Gods in Heaven reveals the long and little-known history of a second, junior god in Judaism, showing how this idea was embraced by rabbis and Jewish mystics in the early centuries of the common era and casting Judaism's relationship with Christianity in an entirely different light. Drawing on an in-depth analysis of ancient sources that have received little attention until now, Peter Schäfer demonstrates how the Jews of the pre-Christian Second Temple period had various names for a second heavenly power—such as Son of Man, Son of the Most High, and Firstborn before All Creation. He traces the development of the concept from the Son of Man vision in the biblical book of Daniel to the Qumran literature, the Ethiopic book of Enoch, and the Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria. After the destruction of the Second Temple, the picture changes drastically. While the early Christians of the New Testament took up the idea and developed it further, their Jewish contemporaries were divided. Most rejected the second god, but some—particularly the Jews of Babylonia and the writers of early Jewish mysticism—revived the ancient Jewish notion of two gods in heaven. Describing how early Christianity and certain strands of rabbinic Judaism competed for ownership of a second god to the creator, this boldly argued and elegantly written book radically transforms our understanding of Judeo-Christian monotheism.

Black God

Author: Dr. Supreme Understanding
Editor: Supreme Design Publishing
File Size: 19,83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 6791

Psalm 82

Author: Brian Godawa
Editor: Embedded Pictures
ISBN: 9781942858409
File Size: 74,54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 1671

Best-selling Christian author Brian Godawa examines Psalm 82 to reveal its fascinating storyline of the Sons of God who surround God's throne. They are given the Gentile nations, but they rule unjustly, and are judged by Messiah, who strips them of immortality and takes back the earth.

Women Are Gods

Author: James Grant
Editor: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1436375479
File Size: 12,20 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 1513

The Power Of God And The Gods Of Power

Author: Daniel L. Migliore
Editor: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 0664231640
File Size: 59,35 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 320

In this accessible and enlightening book, Daniel Migliore offers a study of the nature of God's power. Migliore calls for a reassessment of our understanding of the power of God and, through his exploration of historical and biblical references, provides his own analysis of God's power. A complete understanding of the power of God, Migliore argues, will profoundly affect how we live and how we exert power as individuals and as nations.

From Gods To God

Author: Avigdor Shinan
Editor: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0827611447
File Size: 22,92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 8078

The ancient Israelites believed things that the writers of the Bible wanted them to forget: myths and legends from a pre-biblical world that the new monotheist order needed to bury, hide, or reinterpret. Ancient Israel was rich in such literary traditions before the Bible reached the final form that we have today. These traditions were not lost but continued, passed down through the ages. Many managed to reach us in post-biblical sources: rabbinic literature, Jewish Hellenistic writings, the writings of the Dead Sea sect, the Aramaic, Greek, Latin, and other ancient translations of the Bible, and even outside the ancient Jewish world in Christian and Islamic texts. The Bible itself sometimes alludes to these traditions, often in surprising contexts. Written in clear and accessible language, this volume presents thirty such traditions. It voyages behind the veil of the written Bible to reconstruct what was told and retold among the ancient Israelites, even if it is “not what the Bible tells us.”

The Myths And Gods Of India

Author: Alain Daniélou
Editor: Inner Traditions / Bear & Co
ISBN: 9780892813544
File Size: 67,17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 3656

Examines the significance of the most prominent Hindu deities and discusses the philosophy of polytheism and the representation and worship of the deities

Gods Goddesses And Images Of God In Ancient Israel

Author: Othmar Keel
Editor: Augsburg Fortress Pub
File Size: 28,34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 3891

Winner of Biblical Archaeology Society Award—Best Scholarly Book on Archaeology How were male and female deities understood in ancient Canaan and Israel? Did Yahweh, the God of Israel, ever have a divine consort or partner? How was the Yahweh cult affected by religious and political features of Egypt, Assyria, and Canaan? Vindicating the use of symbols and visual remains to investigate ancient religion, the authors reconstruct the emergence and development of the Yahweh cult in relation to its immediate neighbors and competitors.

Coping With The Gods

Author: Henk Versnel
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004204903
File Size: 37,91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 8026

Abandoning monolithic approaches and embracing the possibility of inconsistencies and incongruities in Greek thought, behaviour, and culture, this book investigates how ancient Greeks could validate the complementarity of dissonant, if not contradictory, representations in e.g.polytheism, theodicy, divine omnipotence and ruler cult.

King Arthur And The Gods Of The Round Table

Author: David Dom
Editor: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1291366520
File Size: 61,57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 6459

Did King Arthur really exist? The oldest manuscripts refer to him as a "Lord of Battle" who emerged soon after the Roman Empire crumbled. But what would be the origin of all these stories that turned a war leader into a king, an emperor, a legend... even a god? What if Arthur was really a deity similar to Zeus and Odin, with his roots in the rich Celtic mythology of the British Isles? A study of Arthurian myths reveals Britain's most legendary king as an ancient Sun God, known by many different names in the myths of Wales and Ireland. Even his Knights of the Round Table, and his sister Morgan le Fay can all be identified as ancient Gods and Goddesses of earth, sea and sky. Their survival in Arthurian legend stands as a shining testament of a story far more ancient, but by no means lost to us...

The Gods And Other Lectures

Author: Robert Green Ingersoll
File Size: 30,32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 1258

When Watchers Ruled The Nations

Author: Brian Godawa
ISBN: 9781942858829
File Size: 64,43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 9945

Egyptian Mythology

Author: Geraldine Pinch
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195170245
File Size: 19,10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 5590

From stories of resurrected mummies and thousand-year-old curses to powerful pharaohs and the coveted treasures of the Great Pyramids, ancient Egypt has had an unfaltering grip on the modern imagination. Now, in Egyptian Mythology, Geraldine Pinch offers a comprehensive introduction that untangles the mystery of Egyptian Myth. Spanning Ancient Egyptian culture--from 3200 BC to AD 400--Pinch opens a door to this hidden world and casts light on its often misunderstood belief system. She discusses the nature of myths and the history of Egypt, from the predynastic to the postpharaonic period. She explains how Egyptian culture developed around the flooding of the Nile, or the "inundation," a phenomenon on which the whole welfare of the country depended, and how aspects of the inundation were personified as deities. She explains that the usually cloudless skies made for a preoccupation with the stars and planets. Indeed, much early Egyptian mythology may have developed to explain the movement of these celestial bodies. She provides a timeline covering the seven stages in the mythical history of Egypt and outlining the major events of each stage, such as the reign of the sun God. A substantial A to Z section covers the principal themes and concepts of Egyptian mythology as well as the most important deities, demons, and other characters. For anyone who wants to know about Anubis, the terrifying canine god who presided over the mummification of bodies and guarded burials, or Hathor, the golden goddess who helped women to give birth and the dead to be reborn, or an explanation of the nun, the primeval ocean from which all life came, Egyptian Mythology is the place to look.