Grain Mills And Flour In Classical Antiquity

Author: L. A. Moritz
Editor: British Academy
ISBN: 9780198142218
Size: 15,87 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 534
Download

Beginning with a review of the milling implements and equipment of Greece and Rome, this study argues that the grain-mill underwent two fundamental changes in its history and that one of these - the invention of the rotary mill - took place in classical antiquity at a time much later than used to be believed. The second part of the study deals with the meal and flour used for bread, ending with a detailed analysis of the relevant evidence described in the eighteenth book of Pliny's Natural History .

Grain Mills And Flour In Classical Antiquity

Author: L. A. Moritz
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 13,52 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 982
Download


Food In The Ancient World From A To Z

Author: Andrew Dalby
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135954224
Size: 17,32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 898
Download

Sensual yet pre-eminently functional, food is of intrinsic interest to us all. This exciting new work by a leading authority explores food and related concepts in the Greek and Roman worlds. In entries ranging from a few lines to a couple of pages, Andrew Dalby describes individual foodstuffs (such as catfish, gazelle, peaches and parsley), utensils, ancient writers on food, and a vast range of other topics, drawn from classical literature, history and archaeology, as well as looking at the approaches of modern scholars. Approachable, reliable and fun, this A-to-Z explains and clarifies a subject that crops up in numerous classical sources, from plays to histories and beyond. It also gives references to useful primary and secondary reading. It will be an invaluable companion for students, academics and gastronomes alike.

Prehistory Of Agriculture

Author: Patricia C. Anderson
Editor: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1938770870
Size: 17,59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 132
Download

The twenty-eight contributors to this book show how experimental and ethnographic approaches are being used to shed new light on the process of domestication, and harvesting techniques, tools and technology in the period just before and just after the appearance of agriculture. The book takes an explicitly comparative approach, with chapters on SW Asia, Europe, Australia and Africa.

The Oxford Handbook Of Science And Medicine In The Classical World

Author: Paul Keyser
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190878827
Size: 20,53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 956
Download

With a focus on science in the ancient societies of Greece and Rome, including glimpses into Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China, The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World offers an in depth synthesis of science and medicine circa 650 BCE to 650 CE. The Handbook comprises five sections, each with a specific focus on ancient science and medicine. The second section covers the early Greek era, up through Plato and the mid-fourth century bce. The third section covers the long Hellenistic era, from Aristotle through the end of the Roman Republic, acknowledging that the political shift does not mark a sharp intellectual break. The fourth section covers the Roman era from the late Republic through the transition to Late Antiquity. The final section covers the era of Late Antiquity, including the early Byzantine centuries. The Handbook provides through each of its approximately four dozen essays, a synthesis and synopsis of the concepts and models of the various ancient natural sciences, covering the early Greek era through the fall of the Roman Republic, including essays that explore topics such as music theory, ancient philosophers, astrology, and alchemy. The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World guides the reader to further exploration of the concepts and models of the ancient sciences, how they evolved and changed over time, and how they relate to one another and to their antecedents. There are a total of four dozen or so topical essays in the five sections, each of which takes as its focus the primary texts, explaining what is now known as well as indicating what future generations of scholars may come to know. Contributors suggest the ranges of scholarly disagreements and have been free to advocate their own positions. Readers are led into further literature (both primary and secondary) through the comprehensive and extensive bibliographies provided with each chapter.

Ser E Limani

Author: George F. Bass
Editor: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9780890969472
Size: 15,23 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 334
Download

For almost a millennium, a modest wooden ship lay underwater off the coast of Serçe Limani, Turkey, filled with evidence of trade and objects of daily life. The ship, now excavated by the Institute of Nautical Archaeology at Texas A&M University, trafficked in both the Byzantine and Islamic worlds of its time. The ship is known as “the Glass Wreck” because its cargo included three metric tons of glass cullet, including broken Islamic vessels, and eighty pieces of intact glassware. In addition, it held glazed Islamic bowls, red-ware cooking vessels, copper cauldrons and buckets, wine amphoras, weapons, tools, jewelry, fishing gear, remnants of meals, coins, scales and weights, and more. This first volume of the complete site report introduces the discovery, the methods of its excavation, and the conservation of its artifacts. Chapters cover the details of the ship, its contents, the probable personal possessions of the crew, and the picture of daily shipboard life that can be drawn from the discoveries.

Chemistry And Technology Of Cereals As Food And Feed

Author: Samuel A. Matz
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780442308308
Size: 13,51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 856
Download

This is a completely revised and updated edition of the comprehensive and widely used survey of cereal technology. The first section describes the botany, classification, structure, composition, nutritional importantance and uses of wheat, corn, oats, rye, sorghum, rice and barley, as well as six other grains. The book also details the latest methods of producing, cleaning, and storing these grains. The second section of the book offers current information on the technological and engineering principles of feed milling, flour milling, baking, malting, brewing, manufacturing breakfast cereals, snack food production, wet milling (starch and oil production from grains), rice processing, and other upgrading procedures applied to cereal grains. This section also explains the value and utilization of by-products and examines many rarely discussed processing methods. In addition, the book provides reviews of current knowledge on the dietary importance of cereal proteins, lipids, fibre, vitamins, minerals, and anti-nutrient factors, as well as the effects of processing methods on these materials.

Warfare And Agriculture In Classical Greece Revised Edition

Author: Victor Davis Hanson
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520921755
Size: 14,10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 974
Download

The ancient Greeks were for the most part a rural, not an urban, society. And for much of the Classical period, war was more common than peace. Almost all accounts of ancient history assume that farming and fighting were critical events in the lives of the citizenry. Yet never before have we had a comprehensive modern study of the relationship between agriculture and warfare in the Greek world. In this completely revised edition of Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece, Victor Davis Hanson provides a systematic review of Greek agriculture and warfare and describes the relationship between these two important aspects of life in ancient communities. With careful attention to agronomic as well as military details, this well-written, thoroughly researched study reveals the remarkable resilience of those farmland communities. In the past, scholars have assumed that the agricultural infrastructure of ancient society was often ruined by attack, as, for example, Athens was relegated to poverty in the aftermath of the Persian and later Peloponnesian invasions. Hanson's study shows, however, that in reality attacks on agriculture rarely resulted in famines or permanent agrarian depression. Trees and vines are hard to destroy, and grainfields are only briefly vulnerable to torching. In addition, ancient armies were rather inefficient systematic ravagers and instead used other tactics, such as occupying their enemies' farms to incite infantry battle. Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece suggests that for all ancient societies, rural depression and desolation came about from more subtle phenomena—taxes, changes in political and social structure, and new cultural values—rather than from destructive warfare.

The Origins Of Business Money And Markets

Author: Keith Roberts
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231526857
Size: 10,19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 469
Download

To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. In the first book to describe and explain these origins, Roberts depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice. Roberts's narrative begins before business, which he defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, he shows, the material conditions and concepts for the pursuit of profit did not exist, even though trade and manufacturing took place. The earliest business, he suggests, arose with the long distance trade of early Mesopotamia, and expanded into retail, manufacturing and finance in these command economies, culminating in the Middle Eastern empires. (Part One) But it was the largely independent rise of business, money, and markets in classical Greece that produced business much as we know it. Alexander the Great's conquests and the societies that his successors created in their kingdoms brought a version of this system to the old Middle Eastern empires, and beyond. (Part Two) At Rome this entrepreneurial market system gained important new features, including business corporations, public contracting, and even shopping malls. The story concludes with the sharp decline of business after the 3rd century CE. (Part Three) In each part, Roberts portrays the major new types of business coming into existence. He weaves these descriptions into a narrative of how the prevailing political, economic, and social culture shaped the nature and importance of business and the status, wealth, and treatment of business people. Throughout, the discussion indicates how much (and how little) business has changed, provides a clear picture of what business actually is, presents a model for understanding the social impact of business as a whole, and yields stimulating insights for public policy today.

Greek Sanctuaries

Author: Robin Hagg
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113480167X
Size: 17,89 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 975
Download

First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.