Heat Shock Proteins And The Cardiovascular System

Author: A.A. Knowlton
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461561779
File Size: 37,26 MB
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Heat shock proteins (HSP) were originally described in heat-shocked drosophila by Ritossa in the early 1960's. In the last 5 years it has become apparent that these heat shock proteins have important functions both in the normal cell and in the stressed cell. These proteins constitute an endogenous protective system; mutations in the heat shock proteins can be lethal, and there are no known organisms without heat shock proteins. The first observations on heat shock proteins and the heart were made in the 1980's and interest in these proteins increased over the decade. In the last few years there has been an exponential growth in number of papers published on heat shock proteins and the heart. Heat shock proteins have been implicated in a number of cardiovascular research areas including ischemia, hypertrophy, aging, and atherosclerosis, and this list is growmg. The purpose of this volume is to give an overview of our current understanding of the heat shock proteins in the cardiovascular system, and to summarize the approaches to the study of heat shock proteins in the heart. This volume assembles results from a number of different cardiovascular fields. and provides a comprehensive review of heat shock proteins in the cardiovascular system.

Heat Shock Proteins In Myocardial Protection

Author: Rakesh C. Kukreja
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498712665
File Size: 45,23 MB
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Myocardial ischemic syndromes pose a major medical problem and a significant economic health care concern. Reperfusion, although used in the clinical arena as essential to the survival of acutely ischemic heart muscle carries with it the risk of "reperfusion injury". Therefore the salvage of additional myocardium is highly desirable. Over a decade ago, it was shown that whole body heat shock activated a powerful endogenous protective mechanism that significantly improved myocardial salvage following prolonged ischemia and reperfusion injury in the heart. A characteristic feature of this heat shock response was the expression of a family of proteins known as heat shock proteins. Many of these proteins function as molecular chaperones, helping to refold proteins denatured as a consequence of lethal injuries and facilitating the synthesis of new proteins to replace those irreparably damaged. Altered expression of these proteins has been extensively documented in association with a diverse array of diseases such as ischemia and perfusion injury, cardiac hypertrophy, fever, inflammation, metabolic diseases, infection, cell and tissue trauma, aging, and cancer. Interestingly, some studies have now shown a direct correlation of the heat shock proteins produced and the degree of myocardial protection. This book is a thorough description of the current state of knowledge of the mechanisms of heat shock proteins induced cardiac protection at the cellular and molecular level, the controversies in this growing field and the potential of treating ischemic heart disease with overexpression of heat shock proteins in patients. The book will be especially useful for investigators interested in studying tissue injury and its protection with the overexpression of heat shock proteins.

Modulation Of Oxidative Stress In Heart Disease

Author: Sajal Chakraborti
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811389462
File Size: 43,87 MB
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This book highlights the multifaceted roles of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in modulating normal cellular and molecular mechanisms during the development of different types of heart disease. Each chapter in the book deals with the role that altered redox homeostasis plays in the pathophysiology of heart disease. In addition, the book explains how reactive oxidant species interact with their targets and provides novel strategies for attenuating oxidative stress-induced types of heart disease. The book not only covers ROS-induced response in heart disease at the cellular level, but also demonstrates that an imbalance of redox states has its roots in our genes, and explains the ways gene expression is regulated. In turn, it reviews potential sources of ROS, their pathological effects on the heart, and potential sites for therapeutic interventions.

Cyclic Nucleotide Signaling And The Cardiovascular System

Author: Thomas Brand
Editor: MDPI
ISBN: 3038429899
File Size: 19,25 MB
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Cyclic Nucleotide Signaling and the Cardiovascular System" that was published in JCDD

Cellular Aging And Cell Death

Author: Nikki J. Holbrook
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471121237
File Size: 53,54 MB
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Cellular AGING AND CELL DEATH Edited by Nikki J. Holbrook, George R. Martin, and Richard A.Lockshin Cellular Aging and Cell Death provides a thorough understanding ofthe mechanisms responsible for cellular aging, covering the recentresearch on programmed cell death and senescence, and describingtheir role in the control of cell proliferation and the agingprocess. This one-of-a-kind book is the first to combine the twohottest research areas of cell biology into one comprehensivetext. Leading experts contribute to give readers an authoritativeoverview of the distinct fields of cellular aging and programmedcell death, as well as to demonstrate how both fields are criticalto understanding the aging process. They address the large andgrowing interest in apoptosis, especially with regard to themolecular signals that induce and regulate programmed cell death,and the role of apoptosis in a variety of age-associated diseasesand disabilities. Throughout the book, a strong emphasis is placedon the interrelationship of the molecular, cellular, andphysiological aspects of senescence. Individual chapters discuss such topics as the role and regulationof apoptosis in development, the potential impact of cell death onsuch postmitotic tissues as nerve and muscle, and suggest thatprogrammed cell death plays an important role in both pathologicaland nonpathological aspects of aging, including neurodegenerativediseases. One important chapter focuses on the most recent research involvingthe study of telomeres, whose reduction in length with age and celldivision may underlie cellular senescence. The subject of neuronalcell death is also put into the perspective of aging. Cellular Aging and Cell Death bridges the rapidly growing fields ofcellular aging and programmed cell death. This thorough, yetconcise book will be of particular interest to graduate studentsand researchers within the fields of cell and developmentalbiology, neurobiology, immunology, and physiology. Physicians andmedical students involved in the fields of gerontology andpathology will also find this an informative reference.

Cardiovascular Specific Gene Expression

Author: P.A.F.M. Doevendans
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401593213
File Size: 33,64 MB
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Improving our insights into the genetic predisposition to cardiovascular disease is one of the most important challenges in our field in the next millennium, not only to unravel the cause of disease but also to improve the selection of patients for particular treatments. Nowadays, for example, subjects with a cholesterol above a particular plasma level are exposed to a cholesterol lowering regime based upon the beneficial outcome of epidemiological studies which include subjects not prone to the disease, despite a plasma cholesterol above the accepted level. Identification of the patients who are genetically predisposed to the consequences of this disorder will reduce the number of subjects unnecessarily treated and, hence, the costs of health care. Because in most cardiovascular diseases the genetic component is a consequence of more than one gene defect, only limited progress has as yet been made in identifying subjects genetically at risk. For example, in hypertension only in less than 10% of the patients the genetic defect has been identified. It has been known for quite some time that in heart and blood vessels fetal genes are as high blood pressure and upregulated or induced when they are exposed to such disorders ischemia. Little is known about the function of these genes in the cardiac and vascular adaptation to these disorders; only guesses can be made.

Heat Shock Proteins And Whole Body Physiology

Author: Alexzander A. A. Asea
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048133819
File Size: 14,50 MB
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Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Physiology is an exciting new book in the Heat Shock Proteins series which provides the most up-to-date review on novel mechanisms insights into the important role played by heat shock proteins in human physiology. Written by leaders in the field of heat shock protein exercise physiology, neuroscience and aging, the chapters systematically and in a step wise fashion takes the reader through the fascinating mechanisms by which heat shock proteins modulate human disease and pathophysiology and provides answers as to its biological significance to the host. Section I, introduces the readers to the role played by heat shock proteins in various diseases and disorders (Heat Shock Proteins and Disease). Section II, addresses the role heat shock proteins play in psychological disorders including post traumatic stress disorders and learning (Heat Shock Proteins and Psychological Stress). Section III, present a detailed review of the role played by heat shock proteins in exercise physiology (Heat Shock Proteins and Exercise Physiology). This book is a must read for heat shock protein researchers, graduate and postgraduate fellows in the field of Medicine in general and specialities in Excersie Physiology, Neuroscience, Immunology, Aging and Pathology.

Advances In Clinical Chemistry

Author:
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123870261
File Size: 65,24 MB
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Volume 54 in the internationally acclaimed Advances in Clinical Chemistry contains chapters submitted from leading experts from academia and clinical laboratory science. Authors are from a diverse field of clinical chemistry disciplines and diagnostics, ranging from basic biochemical exploration to cutting-edge microarray technology. Leading experts from academia and clinical laboratory science Volume emphasizes novel laboratory advances with application to clinical laboratory diagnostics and practical basic science studies

Myocardial Viability

Author: A.E. Iskandrian
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401140804
File Size: 78,53 MB
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AMI E. ISKANDRIAN & ERNST E. VAN DER WALL The first edition of this book was published in 1994. Since then important advances have occurred in the field of myocardial viability. This, coupled with increasing interest by the scientific community in the broader issues of its relevance to patient care, suggested to us the need to write the second edition. We are most fortunate to have the help of a distinguished group of experts who have helped shape the field; we appreciate their commitments and contributions. Almost all chapters have been radically modified. Chapter 1 deals with pathophysiology of myocardial hibernation and stunning; Chapter 2 with apoptosis; Chapter 3 with the role of positron emission tomography; Chapters 4 and 5 with the role of single photon emission computed tomography with thallium-201 and technetium agents, respectively; Chapter 6 with the role of SPECT fatty acid imaging; Chapter 7 with the role of SPECT FDG imaging; Chapter 8 with the role of cardiac catheterization angiography; Chapter 9 with the role of echocardiography; Chapter 10 with the role of magnetic resonance imaging; and Chapter 11 with clinical applications. Finally, Chapter 12 provides a short summary.

Encyclopaedia Of Occupational Health And Safety

Author: Jeanne Mager Stellman
Editor: International Labour Organization
ISBN: 9789221098171
File Size: 57,55 MB
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A Cardioprotective Role For The Small Heat Shock Protein Alpha B Crystallin In Ischemia Reperfusion Injury

Author: Lisa Eileen Morrison
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 67,28 MB
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Health Illness And Optimal Aging Second Edition

Author: Carolyn M. Aldwin, Ph.D.
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826193471
File Size: 15,45 MB
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"Aldwin and Gilmer have supplied an interesting textual model for examining health, illness, and aging. Their homogenized approach to aging research is refreshing and insightful."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly "Clearly written at a level for college students, this is an excellent resource on aging...Highly recommended.--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries Spanning the biological and psychosocial aspects of aging, this upper-level undergraduate and graduate text integrates current findings in biology, psychology, and the social sciences to provide comprehensive, multidisciplinary coverage of the aging process. This new edition incorporates the tremendous amount of research that has come to light since the first edition was published. From a physical perspective, the text examines age-related changes and disease-related processes, the demography of the aging population, aging theories, and how to promote optimal aging. Coverage of the psychosocial aspects of aging encompasses mental health, stress and coping, spirituality, and caregiving in later years. The authors address demographic, theoretical, and methodological issues on aging, including a worldwide overview of aging demographics. The book reviews biological and psychosocial theories and offers much-needed information on longitudinal design and statistics as they relate to aging research. It discusses the aging of the major organ systems, the brain and sensory systems, and the endocrine and immune systems; basic anatomy and physiology; normal, impaired, and optimal aging; and functional health. Psychosocial factors that affect health are addressed, including the interplay between physical health and mental health, stress, coping, and social support. The text also covers current issues in social gerontology, including such promising new trends as gerontechnology and Green Houses, and provides information on health promotion programs. New to the Second Edition: Information involving retirement, volunteer opportunities, housing, and adaptation to health changes Coverage of economics and aging, including information on social security and other retirement income and the future of Medicare and Medicaid Significant new information about the regulatory systems Revised and updated chapters on death and dying and optimal aging Discussions on two models of optimal aging and valuable tips for its promotion URLs to relevant websites for additional information

The Biology Of Heat Shock Proteins And Molecular Chaperones

Author: Richard I. Morimoto
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 64,93 MB
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Summer Issues And Accidents An Issue Of Critical Care Nursing Clinics E Book

Author: Stephen D. Krau
Editor: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455771503
File Size: 62,77 MB
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This issue of Critical Care Nursing Clinics, Guest Edited by Stephen D. Krau, PhD, RN, CNE, from Vanderbilt University, will focus on Summer Trauma. Article topics will include Tick bites, Rabies, Snake bites, West Nile Virus, Spider bites, Allergic Reactions to Bee and Wasp Stings, Heat Exhaustation and Stroke, Near Drowning, and Musculoskeletal Injuries.

Effects Of Pregnancy Estrogen And Shear Stress On Heat Shock Proteins In The Ovine Uterine Artery

Author: Masaya Hayashi
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 24,57 MB
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Heart Failure A Companion To Braunwald S Heart Disease E Book

Author: Douglas L. Mann
Editor: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437703631
File Size: 73,68 MB
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Dr. Douglas L. Mann, one of the foremost experts in the field, presents the 2nd Edition of Heart Failure: A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease. This completely reworked edition covers the scientific and clinical guidance you need to effectively manage your patients and captures the dramatic advances made in the field over the last five years. Now in full color, this edition features eleven new chapters, including advanced cardiac imaging techniques, use of biomarkers, cell-based therapies and tissue engineering, device therapies, and much more. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Compatible with Kindle®, nook®, and other popular devices. Use this Braunwald’s companion as the definitive source to prepare for the ABIM’s new Heart Failure board exam. Access the fully searchable contents of the book online at Expert Consult. This edition includes 67 new authors, who are experts in the field of heart failure Stay on the cutting edge with new chapters on: The latest practice guidelines for medical and device therapy Hemodynamic assessment of heart failure Contemporary medical therapy for heart failure patients with reduced and preserved ejection fraction Biomarkers in heart failure Pulmonary hypertension Management of co-morbidities in heart failure Mechanical cardiac support devices Get up to speed with the latest clinical trials, as well as how they have influenced current practice guidelines Explore what’s changing in key areas such as basic mechanisms of heart failure, genetic screening, cell and gene therapies, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure prevention, co-morbid conditions, telemedicine/remote monitoring, and palliative care

The Cumulative Book Index

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 70,60 MB
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A world list of books in the English language.

Medicine Science In Sports Exercise Volume 33

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 35,34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Signaling In The Heart

Author: José Marín-García
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441994615
File Size: 50,14 MB
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Signal transduction pathways are at the core of most biological processes and are critical regulators of heart physiology and pathophysiology. The heart is both a transmitter and dynamic receptor of a variety of intracellular and extracellular stimuli, playing a critical role of an integrator of diverse signaling mechanisms. Alterations in signaling pathways are contributing factors in the development and progression of a broad spectrum of diseases, ranging from dysrhythmias and atherosclerosis to hypertension and the metabolic syndrome. Targeting specific components of these signaling pathways has been shown to be effective in preclinical studies with significant therapeutic impact. This book brings together current knowledge in cardiovascular cell signal transduction mechanisms, advances in novel therapeutic approaches to improve cardiac function, and discussion of future directions. Presented from a post-genomic perspective, this exciting book introduces important new ideas in cardiovascular systems biology. It is an invaluable reference for cardiology researchers and practitioners.

Preventive Cardiology A Companion To Braunwald S Heart Disease E Book

Author: Roger Blumenthal
Editor: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437737854
File Size: 17,58 MB
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Endorsed by the American Society for Preventive Cardiology! Preventive Cardiology - a new Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease - addresses the prevention and risk stratification of cardiovascular disease so that you can delay the onset of disease and moderate the effects and complications. Drs. Roger Blumenthal, JoAnne Foody, and Nathan Wong discuss the full range of relevant considerations, including the epidemiology of heart disease, risk assessment, risk factors, multiple risk factor-based prevention strategies, and developments in genetics and personalized medicine. This authoritative reference gives you the clinically relevant information you need for the effective prevention of cardiovascular disease. Recognize the factors for prevention and risk stratification around cardiovascular disease and effectively delay the onset of disease and moderate the effects and complications, even for individual who are genetically predisposed. Effectively navigate full range of considerations in prevention from epidemiology of heart disease, biology of atherosclerosis and myocardial infraction, risk assessment—established risk factors and emerging risk factors, multiple risk factor-based prevention strategies, and future directions—through genetics, personalized medicine, and much more. Tap into the expertise of prominent leaders in cardiovascular disease prevention with guidance from Drs. Roger Blumenthal—longtime director of the Framingham Heart Study—JoAnne Foody, and Nathan Wong. Gain a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of disease and the rationale for management through discussions of basic science. Apply current clinical practice guidelines to ensure optimal outcomes in both primary and secondary prevention.