How Wars End

Author: Dan Reiter
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400831032
File Size: 58,13 MB
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Why do some countries choose to end wars short of total victory while others fight on, sometimes in the face of appalling odds? How Wars End argues that two central factors shape war-termination decision making: information about the balance of power and the resolve of one's enemy, and fears that the other side's commitment to abide by a war-ending peace settlement may not be credible. Dan Reiter explains how information about combat outcomes and other factors may persuade a warring nation to demand more or less in peace negotiations, and why a country might refuse to negotiate limited terms and instead tenaciously pursue absolute victory if it fears that its enemy might renege on a peace deal. He fully lays out the theory and then tests it on more than twenty cases of war-termination behavior, including decisions during the American Civil War, the two world wars, and the Korean War. Reiter helps solve some of the most enduring puzzles in military history, such as why Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, why Germany in 1918 renewed its attack in the West after securing peace with Russia in the East, and why Britain refused to seek peace terms with Germany after France fell in 1940. How Wars End concludes with a timely discussion of twentieth-century American foreign policy, framing the Bush Doctrine's emphasis on preventive war in the context of the theory.

How Wars End

Author: Vladimir Sevruk
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 44,23 MB
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Sovjetrussisk militærhistorie, krigshistorie, 2. Verdenskrig, kampene om Berlin i 1945 - russiske øjenvidneberetninger og krigsskildringer fra de blodige kampe om Berlin i april-maj 1945 som slutningen på 2. Verdenskrig.

How Wars End

Author: Gideon Rose
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1416590552
File Size: 48,97 MB
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Argues that the failure of the United States to create successful peace settlements when ending the major wars of the twentieth century has only led to subsequent conflicts and new wars which attempt to resolve the issues of the previous war.

How Wars End

Author: William Thornton Rickert Fox
Editor: Sage Publications
ISBN:
File Size: 43,13 MB
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How Wars End

Author: Larry Bailey
Editor: Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press
ISBN:
File Size: 59,64 MB
Format: PDF
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How Wars End

Author: Glyn Alexander Duggan
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 77,26 MB
Format: PDF
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Why Wars End

Author: David J. Oberst
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 42,23 MB
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Although war termination is an essential part of military strategy, the subject has received relatively little attention. Despite a burst of interest spurred by the U.S. experience in Vietnam, there is no generally accepted theory to explain the process of ending a war. Beginning with a discussion of the ways in which wars have ended, this paper reviews a number of theoretical propositions that have been advanced to explain the conditions necessary for two countries at war to cease hostilities. It views war termination as a rational decision process in which the, participants weigh the potential gains of continuing the war against risks and costs. This general proposition is developed into a detailed expected utility model in which the probabilities and utilities of possible settlements and the costs of continuing the war are the key variables. A variety of other factors such as public support and mobilization potential that have been suggested as being key factors influencing war termination decisions are then examined. It is concluded that the impact of all relevant factors can be reflected through their effect on the three basic variables of probability, utility and cost. The paper concludes by offering some observations of how the expected utility model could be employed as an analytic framework for developing war termination strategies.

The War To End All Wars

Author: Edward M. Coffman
Editor: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813146445
File Size: 11,54 MB
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The War to End All Wars is considered by many to be the best single account of America's participation in World War I. Covering famous battles, the birth of the air force, naval engagements, the War Department, and experiences of the troops, this indispensable volume is again available in paperback for students and general readers.

Fragment Earth 002 Wars End English Edition

Author:
Editor: Robert Skyler
ISBN:
File Size: 62,63 MB
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The Final Wars End

Author: S a Asthana
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 59,31 MB
Format: PDF
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The destruction that started in The Final Wars BEGIN & continued in The Final Wars RAGE now comes to its thrilling conclusion in The Final Wars END, the last chapter of the Final Wars TRILOGY.

How Wars End

Author: Alan John Percivale Taylor
Editor: Hamish Hamilton
ISBN:
File Size: 34,30 MB
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Et sjældent behandlet emne om hvad der bringer en krig til ophør, og om hvordan freden samtidig kan lægge kimen til nye krige.

At War S End

Author: Roland Paris
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521541978
File Size: 49,33 MB
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Sample Text

Jubilation At Wars End

Author: Anne Beggs Sunter
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 44,45 MB
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Acccount of Ballarat involvement during World War II.

Ethics Beyond War S End

Author: Eric Patterson
Editor: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589018974
File Size: 12,23 MB
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The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have focused new attention on a perennial problem: how to end wars well. What ethical considerations should guide war’s settlement and its aftermath? In cases of protracted conflicts, recurring war, failed or failing states, or genocide and war crimes, is there a framework for establishing an enduring peace that is pragmatic and moral? Ethics Beyond War’s End provides answers to these questions from the just war tradition. Just war thinking engages the difficult decisions of going to war and how war is fought. But from this point forward just war theory must also take into account what happens after war ends, and the critical issues that follow: establishing an enduring order, employing political forms of justice, and cultivating collective forms of conciliation. Top thinkers in the field—including Michael Walzer, Jean Bethke Elshtain, James Turner Johnson, and Brian Orend—offer powerful contributions to our understanding of the vital issues associated with late- and post conflict in tough, real-world scenarios that range from the US Civil War to contemporary quagmires in Afghanistan, the Middle East, and the Congo.

The War To End All Wars

Author: Gunnar Dedio
Editor: Lyons Press
ISBN: 9781493007547
File Size: 50,35 MB
Format: PDF
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Brutal and cataclysmic, the First World War irrevocably changed the face of not just Europe, but the world and the very nature of war itself. On the centenary of its onset, The War to End All Wars gives a startling and intimate view of life during wartime, through never-before-seen color photographs chronicling each year of the conflict. Previously unpublished, these extraordinary photographs come from the newly discover collection on August Fuhrmann, Germany's first media tycoon. The early color photographs, hand colored on porcelain plates are compellingly beautiful and haunting. Accompanied by personal diaries these words and images convey an intimate portrayal of a previously hidden world. From the horrors of the trenches to the challenges on the home front, these images of suffering and despair, hope and strength, convey the impact of the Great War in a new and profound way. Designed as the companion volume to a three-part BBC documentary, The War to End All Wars cast the experience of the world's first modern, mechanized war in an entirely new light.

At War S End

Author: Rony V. Diaz
Editor:
ISBN: 9789719447016
File Size: 10,86 MB
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Special Issue How Do Wars End

Author: Martin Mennecke
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 42,34 MB
Format: PDF
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Every War Must End

Author: Fred Charles Iklé
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231136679
File Size: 16,62 MB
Format: PDF
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As recent events in Iraq have once again demonstrated, it is much easier to start a war than it is to end it. "Every War Must End," which Colin Powell credits in his autobiography as shaping his thinking on how to end the first Gulf War, analyzes the many critical obstacles to ending a war-an aspect of military strategy that is frequently and tragically overlooked. Ikle considers examples from twentieth-century history, particularly strategies that effectively "won the peace," including the Allied policy in Germany and Japan after World War II. In the new preface to his classic work, Ikle explains how U.S. military strategy and tactics have delayed, and indeed jeopardized, a successful end to hostilities.

What Makes A War End

Author: Harold Augustin Calahan
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 55,61 MB
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Democracy And War

Author: Errol Anthony Henderson
Editor: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588260765
File Size: 79,28 MB
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Errol Henderson critically examines what has been called the closest thing to an empirical law in world politics, the concept of the democratic peace. Henderson tests two versions of the democratic peace proposition (DPP) - that democracies rarely if ever fight one another, and that democracies are more peaceful in general than nondemocracies - using exactly the same data and statistical techniques as their proponents. In effect hoisting the thesis on its own petard, he finds that the ostensible democratic peace has in fact been the result of a confluence of several processes during the post-World War II era. It seems clear, Henderson maintains, that the presence of democracy is hardly a guarantor of peace - and under certain conditions, it may even increase the probability of war. Henderson convincingly refutes the democratic peace proposition - using exactly the same data and techniques as its proponents.