Introduction To Paleobiology And The Fossil Record

Author: Michael Benton
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118685407
Size: 16,62 MB
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This book presents a comprehensive overview of the science of thehistory of life. Paleobiologists bring many analytical tools tobear in interpreting the fossil record and the book introduces thelatest techniques, from multivariate investigations of biogeographyand biostratigraphy to engineering analysis of dinosaur skulls, andfrom homeobox genes to cladistics. All the well-known fossil groups are included, includingmicrofossils and invertebrates, but an important feature is thethorough coverage of plants, vertebrates and trace fossils togetherwith discussion of the origins of both life and the metazoans. Allkey related subjects are introduced, such as systematics, ecology,evolution and development, stratigraphy and their roles inunderstanding where life came from and how it evolved anddiversified. Unique features of the book are the numerous case studies fromcurrent research that lead students to the primary literature,analytical and mathematical explanations and tools, together withassociated problem sets and practical schedules for instructors andstudents. “..any serious student of geology who does not pick thisbook off the shelf will be putting themselves at a hugedisadvantage. The material may be complex, but the text isextremely accessible and well organized, and the book ought to beessential reading for palaeontologists at undergraduate,postgraduate and more advanced levels—both in Britain as wellas in North America.” Falcon-Lang, H., Proc. Geol.Assoc. 2010 “…this is an excellent introduction to palaeontologyin general. It is well structured, accessibly written andpleasantly informative …..I would recommend this as astandard reference text to all my students withouthesitation.” David Norman Geol Mag 2010 Companion website This book includes a companion website at: ahref="http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/paleobiology"www.blackwellpublishing.com/paleobiology/a The website includes: · Anongoing database of additional Practical’s prepared bythe authors · Figuresfrom the text for downloading · Usefullinks for each chapter · Updatesfrom the authors

Bringing Fossils To Life

Author: Donald R. Prothero
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231536909
Size: 16,73 MB
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One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.

Bringing Fossils To Life An Introduction To Paleobiology

Author: Donald Prothero
Editor: McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math
ISBN:
Size: 10,59 MB
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This is the first text to combine both paleontology and paleobiology. Traditional textbooks treat these separately, despite the recent trend to combine them in teaching. It bridges the gap between purely theoretical paleobiology and purely descriptive invertebrate paleontology books. The text is targeted at undergraduate geology and biology majors, with the emphasis on organisms, rather than dead objects to be described and catalogued. Current ideas from modern biology, ecology, population genetics, and many other concepts will be applied to the study of the fossil record.

Vertebrate Palaeontology

Author: Michael Benton
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118407644
Size: 16,40 MB
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Vertebrate palaeontology is a lively field, with new discoveriesreported every week… and not only dinosaurs! This new editionreflects the international scope of vertebrate palaeontology, witha special focus on exciting new finds from China. A key aim is to explain the science. Gone are the days ofguesswork. Young researchers use impressive new numerical andimaging methods to explore the tree of life, macroevolution, globalchange, and functional morphology. The fourth edition is completely revised. The cladisticframework is strengthened, and new functional and developmentalspreads are added. Study aids include: key questions, research tobe done, and recommendations of further reading and web sites. The book is designed for palaeontology courses in biology andgeology departments. It is also aimed at enthusiasts who want toexperience the flavour of how the research is done. The book isstrongly phylogenetic, and this makes it a source of current dataon vertebrate evolution.

Avian Evolution

Author: Gerald Mayr
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119020727
Size: 11,32 MB
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Knowledge of the evolutionary history of birds has much improved in recent decades. Fossils from critical time periods are being described at unprecedented rates and modern phylogenetic analyses have provided a framework for the interrelationships of the extant groups. This book gives an overview of the avian fossil record and its paleobiological significance, and it is the only up-to-date textbook that covers both Mesozoic and more modern-type Cenozoic birds in some detail. The reader is introduced to key features of basal avians and the morphological transformations that have occurred in the evolution towards modern birds. An account of the Cenozoic fossil record sheds light on the biogeographic history of the extant avian groups and discusses fossils in the context of current phylogenetic hypotheses. This review of the evolutionary history of birds not only addresses students and established researchers, but it may also be a useful source of information for anyone else with an interest in the evolution of birds and a moderate background in biology and geology.

Evolutionary Paleobiology Of Behavior And Coevolution

Author: A.J. Boucot
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483290816
Size: 16,35 MB
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This book is the culmination of many years of research by a scientist renowned for his work in this field. It contains a compilation of the data dealing with the known stratigraphic ranges of varied behaviors, chiefly animal with a few plant and fungal, and coevolved relations. A significant part of the data consists of ``frozen behavior'', i.e. those in which an organism has been preserved while actually ``doing'' something, as contrasted with the interpretations of behavior of an organism deduced from functional morphology, important as the latter may be. The conclusions drawn from this compilation suggest that both behaviors and coevolved relations appear infrequently, following which there is relative fixity of the relation, i.e., two rates of evolution, very rapid and essentially zero. This conclusion complies well with the author's prior conclusion that community evolution followed the same rate pattern. In fact, communities are regarded here, as in large part, expressions of both behavior and coevolved relations, rather than as random aggregates controlled almost wholly by varied, unrelated physical parameters tracked by organisms, i.e., the concept that communities have no biologic reality, being merely statistical abstractions. The book is illustrated throughout with more than 400 photographs and drawings. It will be of interest to ethologists, evolutionists, parasitologists, paleontologists, and palaeobiologists at research and post-graduate levels.

The Primate Fossil Record

Author: Walter Carl Hartwig
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521663151
Size: 10,51 MB
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Essential volume presenting all primate fossils discovered so far in a comprehensive reference volume.

Fossils In The Making

Author: Anna K. Behrensmeyer
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226041537
Size: 15,55 MB
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One of the first interdisciplinary discussions of taphonomy (the study of how fossil assemblages are formed) and paleoecology (the reconstruction of ancient ecosystems), this volume helped establish these relatively new disciplines. It was originally published as part of the influential Prehistoric Archeology and Ecology series. "Taphonomy is plainly here to stay, and this book makes a first class introduction to its range and appeal."—Anthony Smith, Interdisciplinary Science Reviews

Paleontology

Author: Derek Turner
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139497782
Size: 12,32 MB
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In the wake of the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, paleontologists continue to investigate far-reaching questions about how evolution works. Many of those questions have a philosophical dimension. How is macroevolution related to evolutionary changes within populations? Is evolutionary history contingent? How much can we know about the causes of evolutionary trends? How do paleontologists read the patterns in the fossil record to learn about the underlying evolutionary processes? Derek Turner explores these and other questions, introducing the reader to exciting recent work in the philosophy of paleontology and to theoretical issues including punctuated equilibria and species selection. He also critically examines some of the major accomplishments and arguments of paleontologists of the last 40 years.

Dinosaur Paleobiology

Author: Stephen L. Brusatte
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470656581
Size: 14,51 MB
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The study of dinosaurs has been experiencing a remarkable renaissance over the past few decades. Scientific understanding of dinosaur anatomy, biology, and evolution has advanced to such a degree that paleontologists often know more about 100-million-year-old dinosaurs than many species of living organisms. This book provides a contemporary review of dinosaur science intended for students, researchers, and dinosaur enthusiasts. It reviews the latest knowledge on dinosaur anatomy and phylogeny, how dinosaurs functioned as living animals, and the grand narrative of dinosaur evolution across the Mesozoic. A particular focus is on the fossil evidence and explicit methods that allow paleontologists to study dinosaurs in rigorous detail. Scientific knowledge of dinosaur biology and evolution is shifting fast, and this book aims to summarize current understanding of dinosaur science in a technical, but accessible, style, supplemented with vivid photographs and illustrations. The Topics in Paleobiology Series is published in collaboration with the Palaeontological Association, and is edited by Professor Mike Benton, University of Bristol. Books in the series provide a summary of the current state of knowledge, a trusted route into the primary literature, and will act as pointers for future directions for research. As well as volumes on individual groups, the series will also deal with topics that have a cross-cutting relevance, such as the evolution of significant ecosystems, particular key times and events in the history of life, climate change, and the application of a new techniques such as molecular palaeontology. The books are written by leading international experts and will be pitched at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers in both the paleontological and biological sciences. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/brusatte/dinosaurpaleobiology.