Complex Systems Theory

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ISBN: 9781157632757
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 60. Chapters: Complexity, Irreducible complexity, Unintended consequences, Complex system, System dynamics, Quorum sensing, Complex systems, Model of Hierarchical Complexity, Agent-based model, Social peer-to-peer processes, Holism in science, Computational sociology, Complex system biology, Complex adaptive system, Attractiveness principle, Systems science, DYNAMO, Complexity economics, System archetype, Fixes that fail, Simplexity, Complexity theory and organizations, High reliability organization, Human dynamics, Inverse consequences, System of systems engineering, Swarm Development Group, High- and low-level, UCL Faculty of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Social complexity, Pattern-oriented modeling, Structured criticality, David Orrell, Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences, System Dynamics Society, Generative systems, Complex response, Croatian Interdisciplinary Society, Homeokinetics, Self-dissimilarity, MATSim. Excerpt: Irreducible complexity (IC) is an argument by proponents of intelligent design that certain biological systems are too complex to have evolved from simpler, or "less complete" predecessors, through natural selection acting upon a series of advantageous naturally occurring, chance mutations. The argument is central to intelligent design, and is rejected by the scientific community, which overwhelmingly regards intelligent design as pseudoscience. Irreducible complexity is one of two main arguments intended to support intelligent design, the other being specified complexity. Biochemistry professor Michael Behe, the originator of the term irreducible complexity, defines an irreducibly complex system as one "composed of several well-matched, interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning." These...

Intelligent Design

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ISBN: 9781157658344
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 68. Chapters: Teleological argument, Irreducible complexity, Santorum Amendment, Timeline of intelligent design, Ra lian beliefs and practices, Fine-tuned Universe, Specified complexity, Intelligent designer, Clergy Letter Project, List of scientific societies explicitly rejecting intelligent design, Watchmaker analogy, Jewish reactions to intelligent design, Neo-creationism, Haldane's dilemma, Devolution, A Scientific Support for Darwinism, Flock of Dodos, Theistic realism, Universal probability bound, Walter Bradley, Ontogenetic depth. Excerpt: Intelligent design (or ID) is the proposition that "certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection." It is a form of neo-creationism and a contemporary adaptation of the traditional teleological argument for the existence of God, presented as a scientific hypothesis that avoids specifying the nature or identity of the intelligent designer. Its leading proponents are associated with the Discovery Institute, a politically conservative think tank, and believe the designer to be the Christian God. ID seeks to redefine science in a fundamental way that would invoke supernatural explanations, a viewpoint known as theistic science. It puts forward a number of arguments, the most prominent of which are irreducible complexity and specified complexity, in support of the existence of a designer. The scientific community rejects the extension of science to include supernatural explanations in favor of continued acceptance of methodological naturalism, and has rejected both irreducible complexity and specified complexity for a wide range of conceptual and factual flaws. Intelligent design was developed by a group of American creationists who revised their argument in the creation-evolution controvers...

Irreducible Complexity

Author: Chen-Hanson Ting
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ISBN: 9781096059783
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eForth - Contents - 1.1 Moore's Law Marches On Moore's Law marches on, and more and more circuits are crowded into microcontrollers. In the last 15 years, I had programmed many ARM chips, and had watched with amazement the progress of the ARM chips. My approach had always been to port an eForth system onto the chips and tried to make the best use of the chips. Here are some of the ARM chips I put eForth on. 2001: Nintendo's GameBoyAdvance had an ARM7TDMI chip in it. It had 32 KB of RAM. No flash. It had lots of external flash and RAM for games. 2004: ADuC7024 from Analog Devices had 62 KB of flash and 8 KB of RAM, and lots of IO devices, including ADC and DAC. I built a ForthStamp based on it, a really nice single chip stamp size computer. 2008: AT91SAM7x256 from Atmel. It had 64 KB of flash and 16 KB of RAM, and lots of IO devices. A couple of years ago, I told my friends in the Silicon Valley FIG and Taiwan FIG that I had to really retire from Forth programming. I did, and worked peacefully on translating Bach's cantatas from German to Chinese, and putting Tang poems into Schubert's songs, and many other things I had neglected all the years. Then, last month, a friend in Taiwan FIG sent me this ForthDuino Board, which was used to control a laser cutting machine to make PC boards. It had footprints of IO sockets of Arduino board and MSP430 LaunchPad. It is intended to suck in all applications from Arduino and LaunchPad. I was told that the ARM chip on ForthDuino is the same one used in the STM32F4Discovery Kit. Looking up the STM32F407 chip, I was shocked to see so much memory, and so many IO devices. 1 MB of flash and 192 KB of RAM. It is a Wow chip, and in desperate need of a good eForth system. So. I re-open my workbench, unpacked my tools, download all necessary IDE and programming toolchains. But, the world has changed since I stopped watching. Keil is still there, but its toolchain became uVision5. STM32F4 is no longer an ARM chip. It is a Cortex M4 chip. There is no ARM in STM32F4. All that's left is a THUMB, and a really big THUMB. The first shock was that I could not use the ARM directive in the assembler. The assembler generated lots of error messages if you do ARM. It is much happier if you use the THUMB directive. Then, the RSC instruction disappeared. Reading the ARM assembler manual carefully, I found that ARM.Holdings is phasing out the ARM instruction set, and replacing it with the THUMB2 instruction set. It gave up the beautiful RISC architecture, and reverted to the ugly CISC architecture we all despised. I missed the simple serial COM port in PC. The USB is so much harder to deal with. You don't know what's going on. You must have faith on the USB drivers given to you. There is no simple example to guide me, to start my exploration. The Demo project provided with STAM32F4-Discovery Kit is a huge package with 7 folders and 31 files. There is no clear entry point. I spent 3 weeks wandering around in the hardware and software maze, looking for an entry point. The great breakthrough came when I realized that I only had to set up the reset vector correctly, everything would work smoothly from that point on. Throw away all the header files, init files, device driver files. I only need one assembly file to do what I have to do. Since STM32F4 is no longer an ARM7 chip. It is not necessary to keep the name in my eForth implementations. I planned and completed 3 versions of eForth for this chip: STM32eforth v7.01 The eForth dictionary resides in flash memory, and executes from flash memory. It is upgraded to align with the eForth2 model, with subroutine tread model and fully optimized for performance. STM32eforth v7.10 The eForth dictionary resides in flash memory. Flash memory is remapped to the virtual memory in Page 0. eForth executes from Page 0 memory.

Irreducible Complexity

Author: Michael J. Behe
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Reports Of The National Center For Science Education

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General Tax Reform Objectives And Approaches To Tax Reform And Simplification

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First Things

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The Splendor Of Love

Author: Walter Schu
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ISBN: 9781892875181
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Irreducible Complexity As A Nexus For An Interdisciplinary Dialogue Between Machine Logic Molecular Biology And Theology

Author: Mark Lloyd Dickson
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Irreducible complexity -- Neo Darwinism -- Biblical theology -- Design -- Evolution -- Molecular biology -- Engineering -- Interdisciplinary dialogue -- Mechanism -- Machine -- Metaphor -- Naturalism -- Narrative -- Entailment -- Neo-Darwinisme -- Bybelse teologie -- Ontwerp -- Evolusie -- Molekul?ere biologie -- Ingenieurswese -- Interdissiplin?ere dialoog -- Meganisme -- Metafoor -- Naturalisme -- Vertelling -- Beperking.

South African Journal Of Science

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Traipsing Into Evolution

Author: David K. DeWolf
Editor: Discovery Inst
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This book is is a legal critique of of the factual and legal flaws in Judge John E. Jones III's Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School Board (2005), a controversial district court decision about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools. - Publisher.

No Free Lunch

Author: William A. Dembski
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742512979
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Darwin's greatest accomplishment was to show how life might be explained as the result of natural selection. But does Darwin's theory mean that life was unintended? William A. Dembski argues that it does not. As the leading proponent of intelligent design, Dembski reveals a designer capable of originating the complexity and specificity found throughout the cosmos. Scientists and theologians alike will find this book of interest as it brings the question of creation firmly into the realm of scientific debate. The paperback is updated with a new Preface by the author.

Unintelligent Design

Author: Mark Perakh
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Physicist Perakh critically reviews recent trends towards harmonizing religion and science, and shows that all such approaches are little more than tailoring evidence to fit the desired theory.

The Catholic World Report

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The Edge Of Evolution

Author: Michael J. Behe
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0743296222
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The author of Darwin's Black Box draws on new findings in genetics to pose an argument for intelligent design that refutes Darwinian beliefs about evolution while offering alternative analyses of such factors as disease, random mutations, and the human struggle for survival. Reprint. 40,000 first printing.

Perspectives On Science And Christian Faith

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Intelligent Thought

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In reverence to the force of scientific truth, join fifteen preeminent thinkers whose clear, accessible, and passionate essays reveal the fact and power of evolution, and the beauty of the scientific endeavor.