Islamic Human Rights And International Law

Author: Glenn L. Roberts
Editor: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1581123477
File Size: 49,77 MB
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Traditional Islamic law has long been regarded as academic, local in nature, and relevant only as a measure of the inadequacy of women's rights in the family law regimes of a few Islamic states. In opposition, the author argues that the Sharia is both a quasi-regional customary international law capable of competing with prevailing customary international law, and brings its own international agenda of "Islamic human rights" that compete with and seek to displace "Western human rights." Rather than acknowledging the rights of Muslims qua Muslims internationally, aggressive proponents of an "American customary-law-of-human-rights school" have responded with a new militant doctrine of "instant customary law" to aid the U.S. in its "war on terror," targeting the Sharia wherever encountered, and risking a global "war on Islam."

Religion Human Rights And International Law

Author: Javaid Rehman
Editor: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 900415826X
File Size: 44,59 MB
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Freedom of religion is a subject, which has throughout human history been a source of profound disagreements and conflict. In the modern era, religious-based intolerance continues to provide lacerative and tormenting concern to the possibility of congenial human relationships. As the present study examines, religions have been relied upon to perpetuate discrimination and inequalities, and to victimise minorities to the point of forcible assimilation and genocide. The study provides an overview of the complexities inherent in the freedom of religion within international law and an analysis of the cultural-religious relativist debate in contemporary human rights law. As many of the chapters examine, Islamic State practices have been a major source of concern. In the backdrop of the events of 11 September 2001, a considerable focus of this volume is upon the Muslim world, either through the emergent State practices and existing constitutional structures within Muslim majority States or through Islamic diasporic communities resident in Europe and North-America.

Gender And Human Rights In Islam And International Law Equal Before Allah Unequal Before Man

Author: Shaheen Ali
Editor: Springer
ISBN:
File Size: 56,67 MB
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Muslims in the Islamic.

Religious Legal Traditions International Human Rights Law And Muslim States

Author: Kamran Hashemi
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 900416555X
File Size: 28,28 MB
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This book offers an exploration of aspects of the subject, Islam and Human Rights, which is the focus of considerable scholarship in recent years predominantly from Western scholars. Thus it is interesting and important to have the field addressed from a non -Western perspective and by an Iranian scholar. The study draws on Persian language literature that addresses both theological and legal dimensions of the theme. The work is also distinctive in that it tackles three areas that have been largely ignored in the literature. It undertakes a comparative study of the laws of several Muslim States with respect to religious freedom, minorities and the rights of the child. The study offers an optimistic vision of the fundamental compatibility of Islam and international human rights standards.

Women The Koran And International Human Rights Law

Author: Niaz A. Shah
Editor: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004152377
File Size: 14,74 MB
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Religion plays a pivotal role in the way women are treated around the world, socially and legally. This book discusses three Islamic human rights approaches: secular, non-compatible, reconciliatory (compatible), and proposes a contextual interpretive approach. It is argued that the current gender discriminatory statutory Islamic laws in Islamic jurisdictions, based on the decontextualised interpretation of the Koran, can be reformed through "Ijtihad": independent individual reasoning. It is claimed that the original intention of the Koran was to protect the rights of women and raise their status in society, not to relegate them to subordination. This Koranic intention and spirit may be recaptured through the proposed contextual interpretation which in fact means using an Islamic (or insider) strategy to achieve gender equality in Muslim states and greater compatibility with international human rights law. It discusses the negative impact of the so-called statutory Islamic laws of Pakistan on the enjoyment of women's human rights and robustly challenges their Koranic foundation. While supporting the international human rights regime, this book highlights the challenges to its universality: feminism and cultural relativism. To achieve universal application, genuine voices from different cultures and groups must be accommodated. It is argued that the women's human rights regime does not cover all issues of concern to women and has a weak implementation mechanism. The book argues for effective implementation procedures to turn women's human rights into reality.

Toward An Islamic Reformation

Author: Abdullahi Ahmed An Na'im
Editor: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815650450
File Size: 52,58 MB
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Toward an Islamic Reformation is an ambitious attempt to modernize Islamic law, calling for reform of the historical formulations of Islamic law, commonly known as Shari'a that is perceived by many Muslims to be part of the Islamic faith. As a Muslim, Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im is sensitive to and appreciative of the delicate relationship between Islam as a religion and Islamic law. Nevertheless, he considers that the questions raised here must be resolved if the public law of Islam is to be implemented today. An-Na'im draws upon the teachings and writings of Sudanese reformer Mahmoud Mohamed Taha to provide what some have called the intellectual foundations for a total reinterpretation of the nature and meaning of Islamic public law.

Sharia Muslim States And International Human Rights Treaty Obligations

Author: Nisrine Abiad
Editor: BIICL
ISBN: 9781905221417
File Size: 13,86 MB
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This research â?? undertaken from a comparative perspective with a view to identifying any patterns followed by Islamic countries in making declarations and reservations to the main international human rights treaties â?? measures and analyzes to what extent Sharia affects the ratification and implementation of human rights norms by Muslim States. An analysis of the various roles of Sharia reveals different approaches in the use of Islamic considerations by Muslim States. At an international level, Sharia has always been used upon the ratification of international human rights treaties to limit the scope of the State's engagement. Internally, however, some recent examples of legislative amendments and judicial activities demonstrate that Sharia is and can be used to achieve a better translation of human rights norms into domestic practice.

Human Rights And Islam

Author: Abdullah Saeed
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1784716588
File Size: 64,69 MB
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Is there a basis for human rights in Islam? Beginning with an exploration of what rights are and how the human rights discourse developed, Abdullah Saeed explores the resources that exist within Islamic tradition. He looks at those that are compatible with international human rights law and can be garnered to promote and protect human rights in Muslim-majority states. A number of rights are given specific focus, including the rights of women and children, freedom of expression and religion, as well as jihad and the laws of war. Human Rights and Islam emphasises the need for Muslims to rethink problematic areas of Islamic thought that are difficult to reconcile with contemporary conceptions of human rights.

Women Islam And International Law

Author: Ekaterina Yahyaoui Krivenko
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004171444
File Size: 27,30 MB
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Islam and womena (TM)s human rights entertain an uneasy relationship. Much has been written on the subject. This volume addresses it from a new perspective. It attempts to define some basis for constructive dialogue and interaction in the context of international law and, more precisely, in the context of participation of many Muslim States in the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Having discovered a constructive potential in both Islam and womena (TM)s human rights, the author concentrates on the role which international law should play in promoting dialogue and constructive interaction. This is done mainly through analysis of the regime of reservations and of the practice of reservations developed in the context of Muslim Statesa (TM) participation in the CEDAW. The basic thesis defended is the following: Islam as articulated in the practice of States and womena (TM)s human rights, as reflected in international instruments, are both results of human activity. Their analysis in this study reveals more commonalities than one might expect. International law should be more attentive to their voices and more innovative in using these commonalities in order to promote constructive dialogue between them and thus help to improve the situation of women suffering from discrimination and inequalities.

The Organization Of Islamic Cooperation And Human Rights

Author: Marie Juul Petersen
Editor: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812251199
File Size: 23,16 MB
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Established in 1969, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an intergovernmental organization the purpose of which is the strengthening of solidarity among Muslims. Headquartered in Jeddah, the OIC today consists of fifty seven states from the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The OIC's longevity and geographic reach, combined with its self-proclaimed role as the United Nations of the Muslim world, raise certain expectations as to its role in global human rights politics. However, to date, these hopes have been unfulfilled. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Human Rights sets out to demonstrate the potential and shortcomings of the OIC and the obstacles on the paths it has navigated. Historically, the OIC has had a complicated relationship with the international human rights regime. Palestinian self-determination was an important catalyst for the founding of the OIC, but the OIC did not develop a comprehensive human rights approach in its first decades. In fact, human rights issues were rarely, if at all, mentioned at the organization's summits or annual conferences of foreign ministers. Instead, the OIC tended to focus on protecting Islamic holy sites and strengthening economic cooperation among member states. As other international and regional organizations expanded the international human rights system in the 1990s, the OIC began to pay greater attention to human rights, although not always in a manner that aligned with Western conceptions. This volume provides essential empirical and theoretical insights into OIC practices, contemporary challenges to human rights, intergovernmental organizations, and global Islam. Essays by some of the world's leading scholars examine the OIC's human rights activities at different levels—in the UN, the organization's own institutions, and at the member-state level—and assess different aspects of the OIC's approach, identifying priority areas of involvement and underlying conceptions of human rights. Contributors: Hirah Azhar, Mashood A. Baderin, Anthony Tirado Chase, Ioana Cismas, Moataz El Fegiery, Turan Kayaoglu, Martin Lestra, Ann Elizabeth Mayer, Mahmood Monshipouri, Marie Juul Petersen, Zeynep Şahin-Mencütek, Heiní Skorini, M. Evren Tok.

Human Rights Islam

Author: Ahmed E. Souaiaia
Editor:
ISBN: 9780595751099
File Size: 45,41 MB
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Even though there has been a number of works dealing with human rights and religion already, this work is different in that it avoids being a commentary or an interpreter of what the religious communities think or don't think when it comes to human rights. It allows the documents and the adherents to speak for themselves. It will be left to the reader to comment and process the information. The author's role in this work is merely to establish a context when needed and bridge the gaps when necessary. It is only at the end of the presentation of the religious and secular documents on human rights that this author will provide a critique that is intended to engage other interested parties into a debate. There is a wealth of information and I trust that this authentic information can only enhance our perspective on this matter. All views were introduced here: the Qur'anic discourse, the Prophetic tradition, the Muslim scholars' interpretation, modern humanism perspectives, international law documents, independent scholars' findings, and the official and non-official declarations by the UN and other organizations are all presented herein. stance on human rights, we have included a variety of opinions: from the views of the Shi'ite Muttaheri, to the opinions of the influential Sunni lawyer al-Mawdudi, to the conclusions of an independent working group of Muslims scholar who produced the Universal Islamic declaration of Human Rights; every opinion that has some traction in the Muslim streets has been included here for examination. Although this work was produced primarily as a textbook for students and interested individuals from the public, there is a challenging theory that ought to stimulate further discussion of human rights schemes, organs, and implementation mechanism.

Islamic Law And International Human Rights Law

Author: Anver M. Emon
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191645702
File Size: 75,28 MB
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The relationship between Islamic law and international human rights law has been the subject of considerable, and heated, debate in recent years. The usual starting point has been to test one system by the standards of the other, asking is Islamic law 'compatible' with international human rights standards, or vice versa. This approach quickly ends in acrimony and accusations of misunderstanding. By overlaying one set of norms on another we overlook the deeply contextual nature of how legal rules operate in a society, and meaningful comparison and discussion is impossible. In this volume, leading experts in Islamic law and international human rights law attempt to deepen the understanding of human rights and Islam, paving the way for a more meaningful debate. Focusing on central areas of controversy, such as freedom of speech and religion, gender equality, and minority rights, the authors examine the contextual nature of how Islamic law and international human rights law are legitimately formed, interpreted, and applied within a community. They examine how these fundamental interests are recognized and protected within the law, and what restrictions are placed on the freedoms associated with them. By examining how each system recognizes and limits fundamental freedoms, this volume clears the ground for exploring the relationship between Islamic law and international human rights law on a sounder footing. In doing so it offers a challenging and distinctive contribution to the literature on the subject, and will be an invaluable reference for students, academics, and policy-makers engaged in the legal and religious debates surrounding Islam and the West.

Religion And Human Rights

Author: John Witte, Jr.
Editor: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199733457
File Size: 79,14 MB
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This volume examines the relationship between religion and human rights in seven major religious traditions, as well as key legal concepts, contemporary issues, and relationships among religion, state, and society in the areas of human rights and religious freedom.

Human Rights In Islamic Law

Author: Tahir Mahmood
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 74,52 MB
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International Human Rights And Islamic Law

Author: Mashood A. Baderin
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191021822
File Size: 66,73 MB
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This volume examines the important question of whether or not international human rights and Islamic law are compatible. It asks whether Muslim States can comply with international human rights law whilst adhering to Islamic law. The traditional arguments on this subject are examined and responded to from both international human rights and Islamic legal perspectives. The volume engages international human rights law in theoretical dialogue with Islamic law, facilitating an evaluation of the human rights policy of modern Muslim States. International Human Rights and Islamic Law formulates a synthesis between these two extremes, and argues that although there are differences of scope and application, there is no fundamental incompatibility between these two bodies of law. Baderin argues that their differences could be better addressed if the concept of human rights were positively established from within the themes of Islamic law, rather than by imposing it upon Islamic law as an alien concept. Each article of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, as well as relevant articles of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women are analysed in the light of Islamic law. The volume concludes that it is possible to harmonise the differences between international human rights law and Islamic law through the adoption of the 'margin of appreciation' doctrine by international human rights treaty bodies and the utilization of the Islamic law doctrines of 'maqâsid al-sharî'ah' (the overall objective of Sharî'ah) and 'maslahah' (welfare) by Muslim States in their interpretation and application of Islamic law respectively. Baderin asserts that Islamic law can serve as an important vehicle for the guarantee and enforcement of international human rights law in the Muslim world, and the volume concludes with recommendations to that effect.

Religious Minorities Islam And The Law

Author: Al Khanif
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000168565
File Size: 73,37 MB
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This book examines the legal conundrum of reconciling international human rights law in a Muslim majority country and identifies a trajectory for negotiating the protection of religious minorities within Islam. The work explores the history of religious minorities within Islam in Indonesia, which contains the world’s largest Muslim population, as well as the present-day ways by which the government may address issues through reconciling international human rights law and Islamic law. Given the context of multiple sets of religious norms in Indonesia, this is a complicated endeavour. In addition to amending and enacting human rights norms, the government is also negotiating with the long history of Islamisation in Indonesia. Particularly relevant is the practice of customary law, which puts the rights of community over individualism. This practice directly affects the rights of religious minorities within Islam. Readers, especially those conducting research, will also be provided with information and references which are relevant to the field of human rights, especially in relation to religious minorities and international law. The book will be a valuable resource for academics and researchers in the fields of International Human Rights Law, Law and Religion, and Islamic Studies.

Introduction To Human Rights And International Humanitarian Law

Author: Carlson Anyangwe
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 35,46 MB
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International Human Rights And Islamic Law

Author: Mashood Baderin
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198738039
File Size: 45,91 MB
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Are human rights and Islamic law compatible? Can Muslim States comply with international human rights law whilst adhering to Islamic law? In this fully updated volume, international human rights law is placed in dialogue with Islamic law, facilitating an evaluation of the human rights policy of modern Muslim States through an analysis of each article of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and relevant articles of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in light of the Islamic legal tradition. International Human Rights and Islamic Law formulates a synthesis between what can be perceived as two extremes, arguing that although there are differences of scope and application, there is no fundamental incompatibility between these two bodies of law. This volume concludes that it is possible to harmonize the differences between international human rights law and Islamic law through the adoption of the 'margin of appreciation' doctrine by international human rights treaty bodies and the utilization of the Islamic law doctrines of 'maqasid al-shari'ah' (the overall objective of Shari'ah) and 'maslahah' (welfare) by Muslim States in their interpretation and application of Islamic law respectively. Baderin asserts that Islamic law can serve as an important vehicle for the guarantee and enforcement of international human rights law in the Muslim world.

International Law Today

Author: Anthony A. D'Amato
Editor: West Academic
ISBN:
File Size: 26,23 MB
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Political and military leaders invariably seek the advice of their own international law experts as they engage in foreign-policy interactions and bargaining over vital issues of international concern such as nuclear proliferation, bringing war criminals to justice, the use of torture, the war on terrorism, human rights, global warming, environmental degradation, and the future of the nation-state itself. These are among the "headline" topics explored in International Law Today. The essays in this Handbook offer a window onto the world of international discourse. They are written by scholar-practitioners of international law who were selected not only for their acclaimed expertise but also for the clarity and accessibility of their writing.