Islamic Sufism In The West

Author: Aziz El Kobaiti Idrissi
Editor:
ISBN: 9781908892072
File Size: 46,93 MB
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Islamic Sufism in the West This book is a study of the phenomenon of Islamic Sufism in the West, which first began by adopting a universalist philosophical form with the Universalist Order of 'Inayat Khan. Its goal was to be in keeping with the intellectual and political landscape prevalent in the West in the early twentieth century, which used to see Sufism as disconnected from the Islamic religion. This view quickly came into conflict with the reality of Muslim Sufism which appeared with the foundation of the Western branches of the Darqawiyya Shadhiliya. The Western Shadhiliyya tariqas and their different branches took a leading role in changing the understanding of Sufi thought prevalent in the West and directed it and gradually moved it towards its true Islamic basis. One of the most conspicuous of these is the Western branch of the Habibiyya Darqawiyya order which originated in Morocco and brought to the West, particularly the Anglo-Saxon world, the Moroccan form of Sufism based on three elements: the Maliki school in fiqh - based on the practice of the people of Madina, the Ash'arite creed in theology - to which the people of the Sunna and Community hold - and the Path of al-Junayd in Sufism. Aziz EL Kobaiti Idrissi, Ph.D. Professor of Arabic Language and Sufi Literature at the Moroccan Ministry of National Education, he is the author of four books about Islamic Sufism in the West and Sufi Literature. He has participated in many international conferences in Morocco, the United States, Egypt, Spain, South Africa, Germany, and Macedonia. He is also the organizer of many sufi gatherings and conferences inside and outside Morocco.

Sufism In The West

Author: Jamal Malik
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134479816
File Size: 73,12 MB
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With the increasing Muslim diaspora in post-modern Western societies, Sufism – intellectually as well as sociologically – may eventually become Islam itself due to its versatile potential. Although Sufism has always provoked considerable interest in the West, no volume has so far been written which discusses this aspect of Islam in terms of how it is practised in Western societies. Bringing together leading international authorities to survey the history of Islamic mysticism in North America and Europe, this book elaborates the ideas and institutions which organize Sufism and folk-religious practices. The chapters cover: the orders and movements their social base organization and institutionalization recruitment-patterns in new environments channels of disseminating ideas, such as ritual, charisma, and organization reasons for their popularity among certain social groups the nature of their affiliation with the countries of their origin. Providing a fascinating insight into how Sufism operates within different spheres of society, Sufism in the West is essential reading for students and academics with research interests in Islam, Islamic history and social anthropology.

Sufis In Western Society

Author: Associate Professor Department for Social Sciences and Humanties Markus Dressler
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134105746
File Size: 13,74 MB
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In recent years Sufism has undergone something of a revival as a spiritual alternative to other manifestations of Islam. This book investigates the development of Sufism in Western societies, with a regional focus on North America and Europe. Exploring a number of issues relating to the dynamic tensions between religious globalization processes and specific sacred localities, this book looks at the formation of Sufi movements that have migrated from their place of origin to become global religious networks. Sufi groups are highly differentiated and often inaccessible, so the origins and development of Sufism in the West have not been widely studied. Employing a comparative approach based on regional fieldwork and case studies, this book addresses theoretical issues and gives a comprehensive analysis of distinct communities and the development of regional branches of Sufi orders, providing an international perspective on Sufism in the West. With contributions from well-known international experts on the topic, the book addresses Sufi orders in the context of the transnational networks in which they are operating and the constraints of the localities in which they live. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of religion, Islam and Sufism in particular.

Islamische Gelehrtenkultur In Nordindien

Author: Jamal Malik
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004107038
File Size: 49,25 MB
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This volume on Islamic scholarship provides new insights into the social and intellectual history of the complex learned culture in Muslim North India from the fifteenth to the twentieth centuries, by analyzing popular and pietist, traditionalist and reformist movements and institutions.

Sufism East And West

Author: Jamal Malik
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004393927
File Size: 19,76 MB
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Sufism East and West, edited by Jamal Malik and Saeed Zarrabi-Zadeh, investigates the redirection and dynamics of Sufism in the modern era, specifically from the perspective of cross-cultural exchange in the resonance spaces of “East” and “West.”

Western Sufism

Author: Mark Sedgwick
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199977666
File Size: 34,14 MB
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Western Sufism is sometimes dismissed as a relatively recent "new age" phenomenon, but in this book Mark Sedgwick argues that it has deep roots, both in the Muslim world and in the West. In fact, although the first significant Western Sufi organization was not established until 1915, the first Western discussion of Sufism was printed in 1480, and Western interest in Sufi thought goes back to the thirteenth century. Sedgwick starts with the earliest origins of Western Sufism in late antique Neoplatonism and early Arab philosophy, and traces later origins in repeated intercultural transfers from the Muslim world to the West, in the thought of the European Renaissance and Enlightenment, and in the intellectual and religious ferment of the nineteenth century. He then follows the development of organized Sufism in the West from 1915 until 1968, the year in which the first Western Sufi order based on purely Islamic models was founded. Western Sufism shows the influence of these origins, of thought both familiar and less familiar: Neoplatonic emanationism, perennialism, pantheism, universalism, and esotericism. Western Sufism is the product not of the new age but of Islam, the ancient world, and centuries of Western religious and intellectual history. Using sources from antiquity to the internet, Sedgwick demonstrates that the phenomenon of Western Sufism draws on centuries of intercultural transfers and is part of a long-established relationship between Western thought and Islam.

Pilgrimage Sciences And Sufism Islamic Art In The West Bank And Gaza

Author:
Editor: Museum With No Frontiers, MWNF (Museum Ohne Grenzen)
ISBN: 3902782110
File Size: 43,48 MB
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Islamic Sufi Networks In The Western Indian Ocean C 1880 1940

Author: Anne K. Bang
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004276548
File Size: 10,35 MB
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In the period c. 1880-1940, Sufism in East Africa was the vehicle both for conversion to Islam and for reform of Islamic practice. In this book, Sufi expansion is traced and situated within the wider framework of Islamic reform.

The Other Islam

Author: Stephen Schwartz
Editor: Harmony
ISBN: 0385526652
File Size: 63,51 MB
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This eye-opening, insightful exploration of Sufism, the spiritual tradition that has supported Islam for more than a thousand years, shows why it offers a promising foundation for reconciliation between the Western and Muslim worlds. Many Americans today identify Islam with maniacal hatred of the West. The Other Islam transforms this image and opens the way to finding common ground in our troubled times. Sufism, a blend of the mystical and rational tendencies within Islam, emerged soon after the revelation of Muhammad. A reforming movement against the increasing worldliness of Muslim society, it focuses on Islam’s spiritual dimension. Described as “Islam of the Heart,” Sufism has attracted adherents among both Sunni and Shi’a Muslims, as well as Jews, Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists. In The Other Islam, Stephen Schwartz traces the origins and history of Sufism, elucidates its teachings, and illustrates its links to the other religions. He comments on such celebrated Sufi poets and philosophers as Rumi and Al-Ghazali, and narrates their influence on the Kabbalah, on the descendants of the Jewish philosopher Maimonides, and on Christian mystics like Saint John of the Cross and Saint Teresa of Ávila as well as the American transcendentalists. Furthermore, Schwartz presents a fresh survey of Sufism in today’s Islamic world, anticipating an intellectual renaissance of the faith and alternatives to fundamentalism and tyranny in Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Iran.

Islamic Sufism

Author: Vāḥid Bak̲h̲sh Siyāl
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 26,51 MB
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Between East And West

Author: Müge Galin
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791433836
File Size: 25,75 MB
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Considers how Lessing's exposure to a particular aspect of tasawwuf, the classical Sufi Way, has shaped her work. Impresses upon the reader the degree to which Lessing is seriously offering her space-fiction utopias as plausible and even necessary alternatives to our present Western ways of life.

Islam South Asia And The West

Author: Francis Robinson
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
File Size: 79,73 MB
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Two of the more important developments in world history over the past two centuries have been the expansion of Western power and the revival of Islam. South Asia has played a central role in both processes, being the main focus of the imperialism of the British and an important site of the Muslim revival. These essays, which were written over the past ten years, confront some of the key issues raised by some modern developments in South Asia: the interactions between British power and Muslim revivalism in giving shape to the modern Muslim world; the role of knowledge in fashioning Muslim societies and the rise of the `ulama, to greater influence than ever before. It also explores the great shift from an other-worldly to a this-worldly piety amongst Muslims, the energy this has given the Muslim revival, and its meaning for relations between Islam and the West. The essays are rounded off by reviews of major contributions to the field over the period. Among the themes which emerge are: the influence both of orientalism and of Hindu revivalism on the world of scholarship, and the fact that the world is a better place when we remember the humanity we share. This book offers profound insights to those wishing to understand the background to the interactions of Islam, South Asia and the West in our time.

Islamic Society And The West

Author: Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 36,11 MB
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South Asian Sufis

Author: Clinton Bennett
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441135898
File Size: 67,87 MB
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Often described as the soul of Islam, Sufism is one of the most interesting yet least known facet of this global religion. Sufism is the softer more inclusive and mystical form of Islam. Although militant Islamists dominate the headlines, the Sufi ideal has captured the imagination of many. Nowhere in the world is the handprint of Sufism more observable than South Asia, which has the largest Muslim population of the world, but also the greatest concentration of Sufis. This book examines active Sufi communities in Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh that shed light on the devotion, and deviation, and destiny of Sufism in South Asia. Drawn from extensive work by indigenous and international scholars, this ethnographical study explores the impact of Iran on the development of Sufi thought and practice further east, and also discusses Sufism in diaspora in such contexts as the UK and North America and Iran's influence on South Asian Sufism.

Global Sufism

Author: Francesco Piraino
Editor: Hurst & Company
ISBN: 178738134X
File Size: 49,23 MB
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Sufism is a growing and global phenomenon, far from the declining relic it was once thought to be. This book brings together the work of fourteen leading experts to explore systematically the key themes of Sufism's new global presence, from Yemen to Senegal via Chicago and Sweden. The contributors look at the global spread and stance of such major actors as the Ba 'Alawiyya, the 'Afropolitan' Tijaniyya, and the Gülen Movement. They map global Sufi culture, from Rumi to rap, and ask how global Sufism accommodates different and contradictory gender practices. They examine the contested and shifting relationship between the Islamic and the universal: is Sufism the timeless and universal essence of all religions, the key to tolerance and co-existence between Muslims and non-Muslims? Or is it the purely Islamic heart of traditional and authentic practice and belief? Finally, the book turns to politics. States and political actors in the West and in the Muslim world are using the mantle and language of Sufism to promote their objectives, while Sufis are building alliances with them against common enemies. This raises the difficult question of whether Sufis are defending Islam against extremism, supporting despotism against democracy, or perhaps doing both.

Islam And The West

Author: Robert Van de Weyer
Editor: John Hunt Publishing
ISBN:
File Size: 22,79 MB
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This text explores the long history of hostility between Islam and the West, as well as the profound intellectual and cultural influences they have on one another. In light of this history and in the wake of the September 11th attack, the author looks at the future, and offers a vision of a new political and religious world order.

Hamdard Islamicus

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 71,39 MB
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Quarterly journal of studies and research in Islam.

Women Embracing Islam

Author: Karin van Nieuwkerk
Editor: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 9780292773769
File Size: 40,30 MB
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Many Westerners view Islam as a religion that restricts and subordinates women in both private and public life. Yet a surprising number of women in Western Europe and America are converting to Islam. What attracts these women to a belief system that is markedly different from both Western Christianity and Western secularism? What benefits do they gain by converting, and what are the costs? How do Western women converts live their new Islamic faith, and how does their conversion affect their families and communities? How do women converts transmit Islamic values to their children? These are some of the questions that Women Embracing Islam seeks to answer. In this vanguard study of gender and conversion to Islam, leading historians, sociologists, anthropologists, and theologians investigate why non-Muslim women in the United States, several European countries, and South Africa are converting to Islam. Drawing on extensive interviews with female converts, the authors explore the life experiences that lead Western women to adopt Islam, as well as the appeal that various forms of Islam, as well as the Nation of Islam, have for women. The authors find that while no single set of factors can explain why Western women are embracing Islamic faith traditions, some common motivations emerge. These include an attraction to Islam's high regard for family and community, its strict moral and ethical standards, and the rationality and spirituality of its theology, as well as a disillusionment with Christianity and with the unrestrained sexuality of so much of Western culture.

Islam Modernism And The West

Author: Youssef Courbage
Editor: I.B. Tauris
ISBN:
File Size: 13,80 MB
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The long-standing notion that ""Islamic affairs"" are removed from, and inevitably clash with, ""Western affairs"" has, since the publication of Samuel Huntingdon's Clash of Civilizations, taken on a new life. In this context a critical reassessment of history and a reconsideration of fundamental questions have become more urgent. In this book, leading scholars from the Muslim world and Europe look both at the existing ground for this project and consider new avenues of thought and research.

Outline Of Sufism

Author: William Stoddart
Editor: World Wisdom, Inc
ISBN: 1936597020
File Size: 80,60 MB
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Followed by many millions of Muslims throughout the world, Sufism is the heart of Islamic spirituality. However, not only is there still in the West a widespread ignorance of Islam and Sufism, there is also, thanks to the “Islamic” terrorists, a widespread hostility. This book offers a succinct, yet comprehensive overview of Sufism's fundamental doctrines and spiritual practices. Stoddart highlights Sufism's intricate symbolism and explains the central role of the invocation of the Name of God in Sufi spiritual practice. An appendix includes central Koranic, Prophetic, and traditional Sufi sayings.