Issues In Testing Business English

Author: Barry O'Sullivan
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521013305
File Size: 76,62 MB
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Demand is steadily growing for language tests with a specialized focus which will suit the needs of key professional domains as diverse as business, law, the airline industry, and teacher education. This book explores the testing of language for sepcific purposes (LSP) from a theoretical and a practical perspective, with a particular focus on the testing of English for business purposes. A range of tests - both past and present - is reviewed, and the development of business English testing at Cambridge ESOL is discussed. The description of the revision of the Business English Certificates (BEC) forms a major part of the book and offers a unique insight into an approach to large-scale ESP test development and revision.

Introducing Business English

Author: Catherine Nickerson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317439279
File Size: 67,76 MB
Format: PDF
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Introducing Business English provides a comprehensive overview of this topic, situating the concepts of Business English and English for Specific Business Purposes within the wider field of English for Special Purposes. This book draws on contemporary teaching and research contexts to demonstrate the growing importance of English within international business communication. Covering both spoken and written aspects of Business English, this book: examines key topics within Business English, including teaching Business English as a lingua franca, intercultural business interactions, blended learning and web-based communication; discusses the latest research on each topic, and possible future directions; features tasks and practical examples, a section on course design, and further resources. Written by two leading researchers and teachers, Introducing Business English is a must-read for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying Business English, Business English as a Lingua Franca, and English for Specific Business Purposes.

Aligning Tests With The Cefr

Author: Waldemar Martyniuk
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521176840
File Size: 12,88 MB
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The Council of Europe released a preliminary version of the Manual for Relating Language Examinations to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) in 2003. Over the next 5 years a wide range of institutions and individuals undertook case studies to pilot this draft version. Towards the close of the piloting phase, a two-day colloquium was held in Cambridge, UK enabling pracititioners and academics to reflect on and share their experiences of applying the Manual procedures. Insights from this colloquium informed the Manual revision project during 2008/2009. This volume features selected case studies presented at the Cambridge Colloquium in December 2007. They include the linking of a single test to the CEFR, the CEFR-linking of suites of examinations at different levels and large scale national projects undertaken by examination boards and specialist research institutes. Some studies focus on part of an examination, while others involve all test components. Some apply one or two of the procedures - familiarisation, specification, standardisation, and empirical validation. As well as describing their studies and reporting their findings. contributors reflect and comment on their experience of using the draft Manual. A clear and comprehensive introductory chapter explains the development of the CEFR and the draft Manual for linking tests, and discusses its relevance for the future. The volume will be of interest to examination boards, language test developers and educational policy-makers, as well as academic lecturers, researchers and graduate students interested in the principles and practice of aligning tests to the CEFR.

Business English

Author: Samson
Editor: Tata McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 0070667772
File Size: 45,44 MB
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The Handbook Of English For Specific Purposes

Author: Brian Paltridge
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118339827
File Size: 14,26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Featuring a collection of newly commissioned essays, edited by two leading scholars, this Handbook surveys the key research findings in the field of English for Specific Purposes (ESP). • Provides a state-of-the-art overview of the origins and evolution, current research, and future directions in ESP • Features newly-commissioned contributions from a global team of leading scholars • Explores the history of ESP and current areas of research, including speaking, reading, writing, technology, and business, legal, and medical English • Considers perspectives on ESP research such as genre, intercultural rhetoric, multimodality, English as a lingua franca and ethnography

Issues In Teaching Learning And Testing Speaking In A Second Language

Author: Mirosław Pawlak
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642383394
File Size: 46,64 MB
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The volume constitutes a state-of-the-art account of issues related to teaching, learning and testing speaking in a second language. It brings together contributions by Polish and international scholars which seek to create links between theory, research and classroom practice, report the findings of studies investigating the impact of linguistic, cognitive and affective factors on the development and use of speaking skills, and provide concrete pedagogic proposals for instruction and assessment in this area. As such, the book will be of interest not only to second language acquisition theorists and researchers, but also to foreign language teachers willing to enhance the quality of speaking instruction in their classrooms.

Business Education Index

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 68,88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Strategic Attention In Language Testing

Author: Dieter Thoma
Editor: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783631605806
File Size: 40,16 MB
Format: PDF
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Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Univ. of Mannheim, 2009.

Language Issues

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 41,70 MB
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Issues In Computer Adaptive Testing Of Reading Proficiency

Author: Micheline Chalhoub-Deville
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521653002
File Size: 75,99 MB
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The focus of this book is computer based assessment of the receptive skills.

A Modular Approach To Testing English Language Skills

Author: Roger Hawkey
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521013321
File Size: 52,40 MB
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Documents the development of the Cambridge ESOL Certificates in English Language Skills (CELS), a suite of modular examinations first offered in 2002. As a context for how CELS was conceived, developed, constructed, validated and managed, the book traces the history of exams which have influenced CELS. The Royal Society of Arts (RSA), later UCLES (University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate) Communicative Use of English as a Foreign Language examinations (CUEFL) was one such influence, as were the Certificates in Communication Skills in English (CCSE), these exams being a development of the CUEFL. The University of Oxford Delegacy of Local Examinations (UODLE) examinations, taken over by UCLES in 1995, were a further influence on CELS. UODLE itself had worked in partnership with the Association of Recognised Language Schools (ARELS) Examinations Trust, the Oxford EFL reading and writing exams for many years offered in tandem with the ARELS Oral English exams.

Issues In Language Testing

Author: J. Charles Alderson
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 50,90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A symposium focusing on problems in the assessment of foreign or second language learning brought seven applied linguists together to discuss three areas of debate: communicative language testing, testing of English for specific purposes, and general language proficiency assessment. In each of these areas, the participants reviewed selected papers on the topic, reacted to them on paper, and discussed them as a group. The collected papers, reactions, and discussion reports on communicative language testing include the following: "Communicative Language Testing: Revolution or Evolution" (Keith Morrow) and responses by Cyril J. Weir, Alan Moller, and J. Charles Alderson. The next section, on testing of English for specific purposes, includes: "Specifications for an English Language Testing Service" (Brendan J. Carroll) and responses by Caroline M. Clapham, Clive Criper, and Ian Seaton. The final section, on general language proficiency, includes: "Basic Concerns in Test Validation" (Adrian S. Palmer and Lyle F. Bachman) and "Why Are We Interested in General Language Proficiency'?" (Helmut J. Vollmer), reactions of Arthur Hughes and Alan Davies, and the subsequent response of Helmut J. Vollmer. (MSE)

Testing And Evaluation In Business Education

Author: Mathilde Hardaway
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 16,12 MB
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Get Down To Business English

Author: Geert Jacobs
Editor: ACCO
ISBN: 9789033458286
File Size: 14,86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 22,60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Allocating Federal Funds For State Programs For English Language Learners

Author: National Research Council
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309186587
File Size: 79,75 MB
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As the United States continues to be a nation of immigrants and their children, the nation's school systems face increased enrollments of students whose primary language is not English. With the 2001 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), the allocation of federal funds for programs to assist these students to be proficient in English became formula-based: 80 percent on the basis of the population of children with limited English proficiency1 and 20 percent on the basis of the population of recently immigrated children and youth. Title III of NCLB directs the U.S. Department of Education to allocate funds on the basis of the more accurate of two allowable data sources: the number of students reported to the federal government by each state education agency or data from the American Community Survey (ACS). The department determined that the ACS estimates are more accurate, and since 2005, those data have been basis for the federal distribution of Title III funds. Subsequently, analyses of the two data sources have raised concerns about that decision, especially because the two allowable data sources would allocate quite different amounts to the states. In addition, while shortcomings were noted in the data provided by the states, the ACS estimates were shown to fluctuate between years, causing concern among the states about the unpredictability and unevenness of program funding. In this context, the U.S. Department of Education commissioned the National Research Council to address the accuracy of the estimates from the two data sources and the factors that influence the estimates. The resulting book also considers means of increasing the accuracy of the data sources or alternative data sources that could be used for allocation purposes.

The Encyclopedia Of Education

Author: Lee C. Deighton
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 39,24 MB
Format: PDF
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English Journal

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 50,61 MB
Format: PDF
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Linguistics And Language Behavior Abstracts

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 61,87 MB
Format: PDF
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Teach Business English

Author: Sylvie Donna
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107376238
File Size: 65,63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides a practical introduction to Business English for new and experienced teachers, and deals with a range of issues from needs analysis and course planning to testing and evaluation.