Ladoga And Onego Great European Lakes

Author: Leonid Rukhovets
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783540681441
File Size: 80,27 MB
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Lakes Ladoga and Onego are the greatest lakes in Europe. With a surface area of 17891 km2 and a volume of 902 km3, the former is one of the top fifteen world’s freshwater lakes and is only slightly smaller than Lake Ontario. Lake Onego’s surface area is 9600 km2 and it has a volume of 292 km3. The watershed of Lake Ladoga (258000 km2) extends through Northwestern European Russia and the eastern part of Finland, including the large Lakes Ilmen and Saimaa, and together these Great European Lakes are an important link in the Caspian-Baltic-White Sea waterway system. Their ecological state affects the water quality of the Neva River, the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea. Thus any changes affect the operational use, environmental protection and management of water resources of a wide area and concern such issues as drinking, recreation, transport and energy. The anthropogenic impact on the Lake Onego ecosystem is mostly determined by the sewage waters of the Petrozavodsk and Kondopoga industrial centres, while the river inflow makes the most impact on Lake Ladoga. Although the anthropogenic stress on the water ecosystems of the Great European Lakes has decreased over the last 15 years, there has been some simultaneous evidence of global warming. There is not enough current data to identify the climate-induced changes in lake ecosystems, but there is proof that the main cause of lacustrine ecosystem changes is determined by anthropogenic factors.

Ladoga And Onego Great European Lakes

Author: Leonid Rukhovets
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540681450
File Size: 21,38 MB
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Lakes Ladoga and Onego are the greatest lakes in Europe. With a surface area of 17891 km2 and a volume of 902 km3, the former is one of the top fifteen world’s freshwater lakes and is only slightly smaller than Lake Ontario. Lake Onego’s surface area is 9600 km2 and it has a volume of 292 km3. The watershed of Lake Ladoga (258000 km2) extends through Northwestern European Russia and the eastern part of Finland, including the large Lakes Ilmen and Saimaa, and together these Great European Lakes are an important link in the Caspian-Baltic-White Sea waterway system. Their ecological state affects the water quality of the Neva River, the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea. Thus any changes affect the operational use, environmental protection and management of water resources of a wide area and concern such issues as drinking, recreation, transport and energy. The anthropogenic impact on the Lake Onego ecosystem is mostly determined by the sewage waters of the Petrozavodsk and Kondopoga industrial centres, while the river inflow makes the most impact on Lake Ladoga. Although the anthropogenic stress on the water ecosystems of the Great European Lakes has decreased over the last 15 years, there has been some simultaneous evidence of global warming. There is not enough current data to identify the climate-induced changes in lake ecosystems, but there is proof that the main cause of lacustrine ecosystem changes is determined by anthropogenic factors.

Nonlinear Internal Waves In Lakes

Author: Kolumban Hutter
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642234385
File Size: 80,91 MB
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Internal wave dynamics in lakes (and oceans) is an important physical component of geophysical fluid mechanics of ‘quiescent’ water bodies of the Globe. The formation of internal waves requires seasonal stratification of the water bodies and generation by (primarily) wind forces. Because they propagate in basins of variable depth, a generated wave field often experiences transformation from large basin-wide scales to smaller scales. As long as this fission is hydrodynamically stable, nothing dramatic will happen. However, if vertical density gradients and shearing of the horizontal currents in the metalimnion combine to a Richardson number sufficiently small (

Travaux

Author: International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology
Editor:
ISBN:
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Russian Universities Colleges Directory

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File Size: 38,33 MB
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Directory Of Water Related International Cooperation

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File Size: 74,89 MB
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Fauna And Flora Of The Rivers Lakes And Reservoirs Of The U S S R

Author: V. I. Zhadin
Editor: Jerusalem : Israel Program for Scientific Translations; [available from the Office of Technical Services, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington]
ISBN:
File Size: 63,52 MB
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Enclosed Seas And Large Lakes Of Eastern Europe And Middle Asia

Author: A. F. Mandych
Editor:
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File Size: 32,24 MB
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Russia The Eurasian Republics And Central Eastern Europe

Author: Minton F. Goldman
Editor: McGraw-Hill Companies
ISBN: 9780072505764
File Size: 62,79 MB
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This volume provides introductory essays, background information, and statistics on the region of Russia, the Eurasian Republics and Central/Eastern Europe. A collection of world press articles, topically arranged, complements the background information.

Finnish Review Of East European Studies

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Anatolia

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Red Data Book Of East Fennoscandia

Author: Heikki Kotiranta
Editor: Ministry of Environment
ISBN:
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Zoosystematica Rossica

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Socializing In Russian

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Russia And The Near Abroad

Author: John Tomikel
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File Size: 22,42 MB
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The most comprehensive look at modern Russia available. Covers all major cities, industries, economics, landscapes, transportation. 8 1/2 X 11, 224 pages, over 100 illustrations. Also includes chapters on the former Soviet republics & their moves to democracy & a market economy. Guaranteed. Allegheny Press, Elgin, PA 16413. 814-664-8504.

Russia And Her Neighbors

Author: John Tomikel
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 79,31 MB
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Russia's shift to an incipient democracy & a market economy has not come without cost. RUSSIA & HER NEIGHBORS analyzes the geographical & social conditions that exist in the former Soviet Union. Russia's energy situation, her industrial & agricultural potential, her vast but largely untapped natural resources, her serious environmental problems & the outlook for her future are all examined. Problems in the fourteen break away republics, the civil war in Georgia, the warring factions in Azerbaijan & Armenia, as well as the ethnic conflicts throughout the former Soviet Empire are documented. The book also draws parallels between the United States & its former Cold War enemy. The text is accompanied by 20 large maps, 33 photos, & three graphs. CIA documents & private Russian sources are utilized in addition to more conventional references. RUSSIA & HER NEIGHBORS will be a valuable contribution to understanding Russia for years to come. Size 8 1/2 X 11, 160 pages. Library binding $24.95, trade paperback $19.95. ALLEGHENY PRESS, P.O. Box 220, Elgin, PA 16413.

The U S S R And Eastern Europe

Author: Economist Intelligence Unit (Great Britain)
Editor:
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File Size: 43,35 MB
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