Lasers In Analytical Atomic Spectroscopy

Author: Joseph Sneddon
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471186236
File Size: 34,62 MB
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This book will serve as an introduction to the potential of the laser in atomic spectroscopy. The book focuses primarily on the use of lasers in analytical atomic spectroscopy with optical detection, and also includes a chapter describing the use of lasers in inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The main section of the book provides detailed descriptions of the four major areas of laser application in analytical atomic spectroscopy, each discussed by an expert in the field: laser excited atomic fluorescence spectrometry (LEAFS); laser ablation for sample introduction, particularly in inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and ICP-MS; laser induced breakdown (emission) spectrometry (LIBS); and laser-enhanced ionization (LEI) spectrometry. Laser atomic spectroscopy is becoming a better known and accepted tool for microanalysis, and is just entering commercial use. In another 4-5 years, using lasers for atomic spectroscopy will be much more mainstream. No book to date concentrates specifically on lasers in atomic spectroscopy.

Progress In Analytical Atomic Spectroscopy

Author: C L Chakrabarti
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483190498
File Size: 58,63 MB
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Progress in Analytical Atomic Spectroscopy, Volume 3 presents the advancement in the study of the electromagnetic radiation that atoms absorb and emit. The book first explores the nuclear energy materials, and then discusses the thermodynamic study of gaseous monocyanides through electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. The multielement atomic fluorescence spectroscopy and the analytical atomic spectroscopy of metallurigical materials are then tackled. The text also looks into a theoretical approach to the analytical capabilities of atomic spectrometric techniques utilizing tunable lasers. The latter parts explain the analytical applications of spectra of diatomic molecules; the chemical reactions in atom reservoirs used in atomic absorption spectroscopy; and the Zeeman effect atomic absorption. The text will be helpful to those interested in analytical atomic spectroscopy.

Analytical Atomic Spectroscopy

Author: William Schrenk
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468408119
File Size: 54,52 MB
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This textbook is an outgrowth of the author's experience in teaching a course, primarily to graduate students in chemistry, that included the subject matter presented in this book. The increasing use and importance of atomic spectroscopy as an analytical tool are quite evident to anyone involved in elemental analysis. A number of books are available that may be considered treatises in the various fields that use atomic spectra for analytical purposes. These include areas such as arc-spark emission spectroscopy, flame emission spectroscopy, and atomic absorption spectroscopy. Other books are available that can be catalogued as "methods" books. Most of these books serve well the purpose for which they were written but are not well adapted to serve as basic textbooks in their fields. This book is intended to fill the aforementioned gap and to present the basic principles and instrumentation involved in analytical atomic spectro scopy. To meet this objective, the book includes an elementary treatment of the origin of atomic spectra, the instrumentation and accessory equipment used in atomic spectroscopy, and the principles involved in arc-spark emission, flame emission, atomic absorption, and atomic fluorescence. The chapters in the book that deal with the methods of atomic spectro scopy discuss such things as the basic principles involved in the method, the instrumentation requirements, variations of instrumentation, advantages and disadvantages of the method, problems of interferences, detection limits, the collection and processing of the data, and possible applications.

Analytical Atomic Spectrometry With Flames And Plasmas

Author: José A. C. Broekaert
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527606777
File Size: 30,81 MB
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This completely revised second edition of the standard work has been expanded by some twenty percent to include more information on the latest developments and new apparatus. In particular, sections have been added on microplasmas and new types of spectrometers, while that on the rapidly expanding field of speciations with practical examples from life and environmental sciences have been included. Still in one handy volume, the book covers all the important modern aspects of atomic fluorescence, emission and absorption spectroscopy as well as plasma mass spectroscopy in a readily comprehensible and practice-oriented manner. A thorough explanation of the physical, theoretical and technical basics, example applications including the concrete execution of analysis and comprehensive cross-references to the latest literature allow even newcomers easy access to the methodologies described.

Progress In Analytical Atomic Spectroscopy

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ISBN:
File Size: 51,80 MB
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Handbook Of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Author: David A. Cremers
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470093005
File Size: 43,65 MB
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Starting from fundamentals and moving through a thorough discussion of equipment, methods, and techniques, this text provides a unique reference source for this important new analysis method. The authors use a combination of tutorial discussions ranging from basic principles up to more advanced descriptions along with extensive figures and photographs to clearly explain topics addressed in the text. It is intended that the data tables will be located within the Education section of SpectroscopyNOW.com Provides a thorough but understandable discussion of the basic principles, instrumentation, methodology, and sampling procedures of the method based on atomic emission spectroscopy. Presents a discussion of the many advantages of the method along with limitations, to provide the reader a balanced overview of capabilities of the method Presents an overview of some real-world applications of the method Provides an up-to-date list of references to LIBS literature and a unique list of element detection limits using a uniform analysis method

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

Author: Mike S. Lee
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118180720
File Size: 47,30 MB
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Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.

Advances In Atomic Spectroscopy

Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080550835
File Size: 71,71 MB
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Volume 7 continues the tradition of previous volumes in this series by presenting cutting-edge and current advances in atomic spectroscopy. This volume focuses on the application of atomic spectroscopy particularly ICPMS, with an emphasis in the area of clinical and biological samples New techniques such as double focusing and field-flow fractionation ICP-MS are presented. Other areas such as laser induced breakdown spectrometry and new applications of graphite furnace AAS are included. A major theme of many of the chapters is speciation, which is the hottest topic in elemental determination at present. · Focuses on cutting-edge advances in atomic spectroscopy · Contributors are leaders in their fields · Can be used in conjunction with the other books in the series or as a stand-alone title

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectrometry

Author: Yong-Ill Lee
Editor: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781560728399
File Size: 55,74 MB
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When the output from a pulsed laser is forced onto a small spot of a sample, optically induced plasma, called laser-induced plasma (LIP) is formed at the surface. The plasma is formed when the laser power density exceeds the breakdown threshold value of the surface. The plasma can be used in sampling but is proposed as a source for atomic emission spectrometry (AES). In this case the technique is referred to as laser induced breakdown (emission) spectrometry (LIBS). The spectrally and temporally resolved detection and subsequent determination of the specific atomic emission reveals analytical information about the elemental composition of the sample, including solids, liquids and gases. This book is devoted to the analytical technique of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry. An introduction covering some basic principles of atomic emission spectrometry, analytical performance characteristics, and a comparison to more conventional techniques provides background information for the reader. The book is then conveniently divided into three parts: the first part described the instrumentation required and options available, the second part on fundamental studies of the laser plasma, and the third part on applications. Finally the future development of LIBS is presented.

Analytical Aspects Of Atomic Laser Spectrochemistry

Author: Kay Niemax
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9783718648900
File Size: 21,12 MB
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The development of a reliable, continuously tunable laser has produced a strong revival in atomic and molecular spectroscopy, allowing the more precise measurement of spectral wavelengths of transitions, the performance of various sorts of Doppler-free high-resolution spectroscopy and the collection of spectral information with high sensitivity from a small ensemble of particles. This review discusses the possibilities of the method and its inherent problems. Tunable lasers must be made easier to operate, more stable and less expensive. It is suggested that the semiconductor diode laser could be the solution to these problems, if it is properly developed.

Spectroscopic Investigations Of Plasma Emission Induced During Laser Material Processing

Author: David Diego Vallejo
Editor: epubli
ISBN: 384427880X
File Size: 75,16 MB
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This thesis describes the use of LIBS as a monitoring technique of laser processing

Laser Photoionization Spectroscopy

Author: Vladilen Letokhov
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323154085
File Size: 34,92 MB
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Laser Photoionization Spectroscopy discusses the features and the development of photoionization technique. This book explores the progress in the application of lasers, which improve the characteristics of spectroscopic methods. Organized into 12 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the fundamentals of the method for atoms and molecules. This text then examines the photoionization spectroscopy, which is based on the laser resonant excitation of particles into high-lying quantum states that are easy to detect by ionization. Other chapters explain the various basic schemes of multistep excitation, which can be used for resonance photoionization of molecules. This book discusses as well the different applications of the resonance photoionization technique in atomic and molecular spectroscopy. The final chapter considers the two well-known types of microscopy, namely, wave and corpuscular. This book is a valuable resource for chemists, physicists, analysts, and geochemists who are interested in laser spectroscopy techniques to solve nontrivial problems.

Analytical Chemistry In Archaeology

Author: A. M. Pollard
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139459341
File Size: 56,59 MB
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This book is an introductory manual that explains the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and that reviews their application to archaeology. It explains key terminology, outlines the procedures to be followed in order to produce good data, and describes the function of the basic instrumentation required to carry out those procedures. The manual contains chapters on the basic chemistry and physics necessary to understand the techniques used in analytical chemistry, with more detailed chapters on Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, Neutron Activation Analysis, X-ray Flourescence, Electron Microscopy, Infra-red and Raman Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry. Each chapter describes the operation of the instruments, some hints on the practicalities, and a review of the application of the technique to archaeology, including some case studies. With guides to further reading on the topic, it is an essential tool for practitioners, researchers and advanced students alike.

Maskless Patterning On Cvd Diamond Films By Excimer Laser

Author: Jong-kook Park
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 27,70 MB
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Sample Introduction In Atomic Spectroscopy

Author: J. Sneddon
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 044459910X
File Size: 43,78 MB
Format: PDF
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A comprehensive and detailed description of the most widely used sample introduction techniques in atomic spectroscopy is presented in this volume. Comprising twelve separate chapters, the book describes the theory in detail, and gives an account of techniques and selected applications of sample introduction systems. The first chapter is a general overview on sample introduction. The remaining eleven chapters are each devoted to a specific sample introduction and deal with the basic principles, describe the system, advantages, disadvantages and selected applications. Systems described are: pneumatic nebulization, electrothermal vaporization, laser ablation, impaction/electrostatic precipitation, slurry atomization, ultrasonic and thermospray nebulization, hydride generation, chromatographic, spark and arc, low-pressure discharges, flow injection analysis and direct solid introduction. Each chapter is suitable for a separate discussion. Being a unique textbook in this field, Sample Introduction in Atomic Spectroscopy should prove invaluable for courses at graduate level.

Laser Technologies For Environmental Monitoring And Ecological Applications And Laser Technologies For Medicine

Author: Martin Frentz
Editor: Society of Photo Optical
ISBN:
File Size: 16,69 MB
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Author: Andrzej W. Miziolek
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458310
File Size: 55,41 MB
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Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is an emerging technique for determining elemental composition. With the ability to analyse solids, liquids and gases with little or no sample preparation, it is more versatile than conventional methods and is ideal for on-site analysis. This is a comprehensive reference explaining the fundamentals of the LIBS phenomenon, its history and its fascinating applications across eighteen chapters written by recognized leaders in the field. Over 300 illustrations aid understanding. This book will be of significant interest to researchers in chemical and materials analysis within academia and industry.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Author: Reinhard Noll
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642206689
File Size: 55,57 MB
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This book is a comprehensive source of the fundamentals, process parameters, instrumental components and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The effect of multiple pulses on material ablation, plasma dynamics and plasma emission is presented. A heuristic plasma modeling allows to simulate complex experimental plasma spectra. These methods and findings form the basis for a variety of applications to perform quantitative multi-element analysis with LIBS. These application potentials of LIBS have really boosted in the last years ranging from bulk analysis of metallic alloys and non-conducting materials, via spatially resolved analysis and depth profiling covering measuring objects in all physical states: gaseous, liquid and solid. Dedicated chapters present LIBS investigations for these tasks with special emphasis on the methodical and instrumental concepts as well as the optimization strategies for a quantitative analysis. Requirements, concepts, design and characteristic features of LIBS instruments are described covering laboratory systems, inspections systems for in-line process control, mobile systems and remote systems. State-of-the-art industrial applications of LIBS systems are presented demonstrating the benefits of inline process control for improved process guiding and quality assurance purposes.

Ultraviolet Spectroscopy And Uv Lasers

Author: Prabhakar Misra
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824744063
File Size: 36,96 MB
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This volume presents a complete and thorough examination of advances in the instrumentation, evaluation, and implementation of UV technology for reliable and efficient data acquisition and analysis. It provides real-world applications in expanding fields such as chemical physics, plasma science, photolithography, laser spectroscopy, astronomy and atmospheric science.

Energy Research Abstracts

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ISBN:
File Size: 30,36 MB
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Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.