Leftover Women

Author: Leta Hong Fincher
Editor: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1783607912
File Size: 33,83 MB
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‘Scattered with inspiring life-stories of courageous women.’ The Guardian In the early years of the People’s Republic, the Communist Party sought to transform gender relations. Yet those gains have been steadily eroded in China’s post-socialist era. Contrary to the image presented by China’s media, women in China have experienced a dramatic rollback of rights and gains relative to men. In Leftover Women, Leta Hong Fincher exposes shocking levels of structural discrimination against women, and the broader damage this has caused to China’s economy, politics, and development.

China S Leftover Women

Author: Sandy To
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317934199
File Size: 19,56 MB
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The term "sheng nu" ("leftover women") has been recently coined in China to describe the increasing number of women, especially highly educated professional women in their late twenties and over who have not married. This book explores this phenomenon, reporting on extensive research among "leftover women", research which reveals that the majority of women are keen to get married, contrary to the notion that traditional marriage has lost its appeal among the new generations of economically independent women. The book explains the reasons behind these women’s failures to get married, discusses the consequences for the future make-up of China’s population at the dawn of its modification of the one child policy, and compares the situation in China with that in other countries. The book provides practical solutions for educated women’s courtship dilemmas, and long term solutions for China’s partnering issues, gender relations, and marriage formation. The book also relates the ‘leftover women’ problem to theories of family, mate selection, feminism, and individualization.

Leftover Women Of China

Author: Chelsea Gabriela Tejada
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 53,88 MB
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Exam Prep For Leftover Women

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File Size: 73,62 MB
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Xiangqin

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Book Review Leftover Women The Resurgence Of Gender Inequality In China

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File Size: 61,60 MB
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The Psychology Of Women Under Patriarchy

Author: Holly F. Mathews
Editor: University of New Mexico Press
ISBN: 082636084X
File Size: 38,67 MB
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In the #MeToo era, US women continue to struggle with whether or not to report sexual harassment, while women living in parts of rural Pakistan and Mexico try to pursue educational and employment opportunities without directly refusing parental wishes for them to marry. Despite rapidly changing social and economic conditions worldwide, patriarchal practices remain remarkably widespread and persistent. Noting the need to move beyond a dichotomy of accommodation and resistance, the contributors to this volume draw upon field research and in-depth qualitative data from different parts of the world to explore the reasons for women’s varied psychological responses to patriarchy. These feminist scholars bridge preexisting divides between bio-psychological, sociological, and cultural perspectives to explain the ways that women’s desires, goals, and identities interact with culturally situated systems in order to develop more complex theories about the psychological underpinnings of patriarchy and to inform more socially progressive policies to improve the lives of women and men globally.

Boys Love Cosplay And Androgynous Idols

Author: Maud Lavin
Editor: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9888390805
File Size: 20,73 MB
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Chinese-speaking popular cultures have never been so queer in this digital, globalist age. The title of this pioneering volume, Boys’ Love, Cosplay, and Androgynous Idols: Queer Fan Cultures in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan already gives an idea of the colorful, multifaceted realms the fans inhabit today. Contributors to this collection situate the proliferation of (often online) queer representations, productions, fantasies, and desires as a reaction against the norms in discourses surrounding nation-states, linguistics, geopolitics, genders, and sexualities. Moving beyond the easy polarities between general resistance and capitulation, Queer Fan Cultures explores the fans’ diverse strategies in negotiating with cultural strictures and media censorship. It further outlines the performance of subjectivity, identity, and agency that cyberspace offers to female fans. Presenting a wide array of concrete case studies of queer fandoms in Chinese-speaking contexts, the essays in this volume challenge long-established Western-centric and Japanese-focused fan scholarship by highlighting the significance and specificities of Sinophone queer fan cultures and practices in a globalized world. The geographic organization of the chapters illuminates cultural differences and the other competing forces shaping geocultural intersections among fandoms based in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. “This important collection complicates our understanding of fan practices, showing how national and regional factors play an important role in how media texts and identities are understood. It also shows how the Chinese-speaking world is home to dense and often conflicting modes of audience reception of cultural texts deriving from Sinophone, Japanese, and Western contexts.” —Mark McLelland, University of Wollongong “An exciting anthology by a talented group of emergent scholars whose vibrant studies offer fresh insights on the diverse practices and transregional flows of queer fandom in the Chinese-speaking world. Local in its specificity and transnational in its scope, this book highlights the creativity of queer fan practices while critically locating them within the political and social structures that produce them.” —Helen Hok-Sze Leung, Simon Fraser University

Xiangqin

Author: Jing Zheng
Editor: Open Dissertation Press
ISBN: 9781361379950
File Size: 20,84 MB
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This dissertation, "Xiangqin: Matchmaking for Shengnü ("leftover Women") in China" by Jing, Zheng, 郑静, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: "Shengnu" ("leftover women") has become a popular discourse in China during recent years. In existing literature and media coverage, discussion on shengnu often draws on population gender imbalance, western individualization theories, and women's "too picky" mating criteria. Seeing beyond these perspectives, this research aims to problematize the myth of shengnu by explicating how this social phenomenon indicates the changing gender landscape and emerging new femininity in modern China. The empirical study is based on in-depth interviews with 36 women regarding their lived experience of partner selection through xiangqin (matchmaking). Their experience of participating in commercial xiangqin (matchmaking websites, matchmaking fairs, high-end matchmaking clubs, marriage hunting, and matchmaking TV shows) and parents-arranged xiangqin are investigated. Findings in the research demonstrate that empowered by a series of social structural changes in reform-era China, modern women have rising expectations in partner selection and they possess greater control over intimate relationship. It is argued that xiangqin in contemporary China provides a stage for rising new Chinese femininity characterized by pragmatic idealism. To maximize their gain in the marriage market, from modern commercialized xiangqin to "old fashioned" parents-arranged xiangqin, modern Chinese women proactively seize every opportunity to approach potential partners. However, while engaging in xiangqin, the practice in which the purpose of partner selection is directly and pragmatically foregrounded, they have not given up the romantic pursuit in their relationship ideal. The central discourse of "gan jue (感觉feelings)" in their mating concerns suggests that they consciously avoid downgrading themselves as slaves of pragmatism and proudly distinguish themselves from women of pervious generations who satisfy with conventional pattern of intimacy that centers on "da huo guo ri zi (搭伙过日子making a mundane living together)." When dealing with intergenerational dynamics in partner selection, although they make conditional compromise pertaining to intimacy and resource flows between generations, they also demarcate their non-negotiable territory. This research helps to problematize the indefinable essence and transcendental nature in Western theorization of love; it also contributes to question existing literature that pragmatism and materialism dominate contemporary Chinese love culture under the context of market economy. It reveals that constraining cultural and structural forces still limit single women's bargaining power in current Chinese society; and modern Chinese women make different kinds of adjustments to expand their life opportunities. Through frankly articulating their materially grounded concerns in partner selection, they redefine romance in precarious social environment and stage new morality in post-socialist China. By sticking to a "bu cou huo (不凑合no compromise)" stance in their pursuit of love, they demonstrate their persistence and strength as modern Chinese women. Their relevant site-specific femininity performance also exemplifies the flexibility of modern women in achieving their life ambitions. Subjects: Femininity - China Single women - China Dating (Social customs) - China

The Leftover Girl

Author: Meg Hudson
Editor:
ISBN: 9780373704651
File Size: 66,53 MB
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The Leftover Girl by Meg Hudson released on Jun 24, 1991 is available now for purchase.

Lives Of Our Own

Author: Caroline Bird
Editor:
ISBN: 9780395652343
File Size: 58,42 MB
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Gathers stories of single women over fifty-five living productive, independent lives, and documents the types of discrimination faced by older women

Like Our Very Own

Author: Julie Berebitsky
Editor:
ISBN: 9780700610518
File Size: 62,15 MB
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"A fascinating chapter in American social and cultural history, Like Our Very Own offers compelling evidence of the role that adoption has played in our evolving efforts to define the meaning and nature of both motherhood and family."--BOOK JACKET.

Women And Forestry

Author: C. Sudhakar
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 53,97 MB
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Study with reference to Anantapur and Guntūr District of Andhra Pradesh.

Leftover In China The Women Shaping The World S Next Superpower

Author: Roseann Lake
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 039325464X
File Size: 75,54 MB
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Factory Girls meets The Vagina Monologues in this fascinating narrative on China’s single women—and why they could be the source of its economic future. Forty years ago, China enacted the one-child policy, only recently relaxed. Among many other unintended consequences, it resulted in both an enormous gender imbalance—with a predicted twenty million more men than women of marriage age by 2020—and China’s first generations of only-daughters. Given the resources normally reserved for boys, these girls were pushed to study, excel in college, and succeed in careers, as if they were sons. Now living in an economic powerhouse, enough of these women have decided to postpone marriage—or not marry at all—to spawn a label: "leftovers." Unprecedentedly well-educated and goal-oriented, they struggle to find partners in a society where gender roles have not evolved as vigorously as society itself, and where new professional opportunities have made women less willing to compromise their careers or concede to marriage for the sake of being wed. Further complicating their search for a mate, the vast majority of China’s single men reside in and are tied to the rural areas where they were raised. This makes them geographically, economically, and educationally incompatible with city-dwelling “leftovers,” who also face difficulty in partnering with urban men, given the urban men’s general preference for more dutiful, domesticated wives. Part critique of China’s paternalistic ideals, part playful portrait of the romantic travails of China’s trailblazing women and their well-meaning parents who are anxious to see their daughters snuggled into traditional wedlock, Roseann Lake’s Leftover in China focuses on the lives of four individual women against a backdrop of colorful anecdotes, hundreds of interviews, and rigorous historical and demographic research to show how these "leftovers" are the linchpin to China’s future.

The Urban Reader

Author: Susan Neunzig Cahill
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 28,12 MB
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Ageing Forms And Practice

Author: Susan A. McDaniel
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 79,19 MB
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Her Infinite Variety

Author: Morton M. Hunt
Editor: New York : Harper & Row
ISBN:
File Size: 51,65 MB
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The Antioch Review

Author: John Donald Kingsley
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 54,78 MB
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What Every Woman Ought To Know About Love And Marriage

Author: Joyce Brothers
Editor:
ISBN: 9781873913031
File Size: 59,43 MB
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Does Being Leftover Matter

Author: Zihan Wang
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 58,64 MB
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ABSTRACT: This study examines women's online dating profiles at different age ranges and answers the primary question- is there a correlation between women's self-descriptions in the popular online dating website, Jiayuan.com, and their age? In recent years, Chinese females are under great pressure to get married between the ages of 25 and 30. If a female does not have a stable relationship that is working towards long-term commitment, she starts to feel like a "leftover woman." And, there are different levels of "leftover-ness" between the ages of 25 and 40. In 2007, "sheng nv" or "leftover woman" was added to the Chinese lexicon by China's Ministry of Education. A leftover woman was defined as a "highly educated, highly paid and highly independent modern woman who has high standards towards their life partner and therefore did not get married at a relevant younger age." With this background, this study examines how social pressures associated with the "leftover" identity influences the Chinese female's attitude towards self. To do so, I analyze personal profiles on the most popular Chinese online dating website. Based on the Concept of Possible Selves (Markus and Nurius, 1986), and Uncertainty Reduction Theory (Berger and Calabrese, 1975), this study suggests the cultural perceptions of "leftover woman" are both right and wrong. Women do not show significant differences in breadth and depth of self-disclosure among age groups, from young to old. But comparing younger women with women in older age groups, older women do reveal more motivation in their profiles. Moreover, women's requirements for potential partners are also different among age groups.