Living Systems

Author: Liat Margolis
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3764377003
Size: 11,87 MB
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The use of innovative new materials is an important trend in landscape architecture today. These materials include biodegradable geotextiles, super-absorbent polymers, and plants that react to changing soil conditions. This book presents the available materials and technologies in the context of practical applications.

Advances In Electromagnetic Fields In Living Systems

Author: James C. Lin
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387240241
Size: 13,37 MB
Format: PDF
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This comprehensive and topical volume presents a number of significant advances on many fronts in this area of research, particularly emphasizing current and future biomedical applications of electromagnetic fields.

Modeling Complex Living Systems

Author: Nicola Bellomo
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817645101
Size: 13,46 MB
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Develops different mathematical methods and tools to model living systems. This book presents material that can be used in such real-world applications as immunology, transportation engineering, and economics. It is of interest to those involved in modeling complex social systems and living matter in general.

A Legacy For Living Systems

Author: Jesper Hoffmeyer
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402067068
Size: 14,32 MB
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Gregory Bateson’s contribution to 20th century thinking has appealed to scholars from a wide range of fields dealing in one way or another with aspects of communication and epistemology. A number of his insights were taken up and developed further in anthropology, psychology, evolutionary biology and communication theory. But the large, trans-disciplinary synthesis that, in his own mind, was his major contribution to science received little attention from the mainstream scientific communities. This book represents a major attempt to revise this deficiency. Scholars from ecology, biochemistry, evolutionary biology, cognitive science, anthropology and philosophy discuss how Bateson's thinking might lead to a fruitful reframing of central problems in modern science. Most important perhaps, Bateson's bioanthropology is shown to play a key role in developing the set of ideas explored in the new field of biosemiotics. The idea that organismic life is indeed basically semiotic or communicative lies at the heart of the biosemiotic approach to the study of life. The only book of its kind, this volume provides a key resource for the quickly-growing substratum of scholars in the biosciences, philosophy and medicine who are seeking an elegant new approach to exploring highly complex systems.

Tropical Trees As Living Systems

Author: P. B. Tomlinson
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521142472
Size: 16,26 MB
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This book assesses the scientific knowledge of tropical tree biology set against a background of community ecology and forest structure.

Information Processing And Living Systems

Author: Vladimir B. Bajić
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 1860945635
Size: 11,34 MB
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Information processing and information flow occur in the course of an organism's development and throughout its lifespan. Organisms do not exist in isolation, but interact with each other constantly within a complex ecosystem. The relationships between organisms, such as those between prey or predator, host and parasite, and between mating partners, are complex and multidimensional. In all cases, there is constant communication and information flow at many levels.This book focuses on information processing by life forms and the use of information technology in understanding them. Readers are first given a comprehensive overview of biocomputing before navigating the complex terrain of natural processing of biological information using physiological and analogous computing models. The remainder of the book deals with "artificial" processing of biological information as a human endeavor in order to derive new knowledge and gain insight into life forms and their functioning. Specific innovative applications and tools for biological discovery are provided as the link and complement to biocomputing.Since "artificial" processing of biological information is complementary to natural processing, a better understanding of the former helps us improve the latter. Consequently, readers are exposed to both domains and, when dealing with biological problems of their interest, will be better equipped to grasp relevant ideas.

Living Systems

Author: Christa Sommerer
Editor: ACTAR Publishers
ISBN: 8492861797
Size: 19,96 MB
Format: PDF
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The works of Christa Sommerer (*Germany, 1964) and Laurent Mignonneau (*France, 1965) explore the relation between art, science and technology. Their projects have been branded as pioneering not only for their natural and intuitive development of diverse interactive interfaces, but also for the application of basic scientific principles from the fields of biology, artificial life, complexity science and nanotechnology. This book reviews their oeuvres and is a testament to the underlying scientific concepts. Sommerer and Mignonneau have shown in numerous exhibitions and are featured in digital art collections and museums around the world, including the ZKM in Karlsruhe, Germany, and the NTT-ICC InterCommunication Center in Tokyo, Japan. In 1994, they received one of the most pres- tigious media art awards, the Golden Nica from Ars Electronica. They currently lecture at the International Academy of Media Arts and Sciences in Japan and at the University of Arts and Industrial Design in Linz, Austria. The book includes texts by two professors of art and science, Suzanne Witzgall and Ricard Sole.

Principles Of Quantitative Living Systems Science

Author: James R. Simms
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306469669
Size: 14,69 MB
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In 1978, when the book Living Systems was published, it contained the prediction that the sciences that were concerned with the biological and social sciences would, in the future, be stated as rigorously as the “hard sciences” that study such nonliving phenomena as temperature, distance, and the interaction of chemical elements. Principles of Quantitative Living Systems Science, the first of a planned series of three books, begins an attempt to fulfill that prediction. The view that living things are similar to other parts of the physical world, differing only in their complexity, was explicitly stated in the early years of the twentieth century by the biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy. His ideas could not be published until the end of the war in Europe in the 1940s. Von Bertalanffy was strongly opposed to vitalism, the theory current among biologists at the time that life could only be explained by recourse to a “vital principle” or God. He c- sidered living things to be a part of the natural order, “systems” like atoms and molecules and planetary systems. Systems were described as being made up of a number of interrelated and interdependent parts, but because of the interrelations, the total system became more than the sum of those parts. These ideas led to the development of systems movements, in both Europe and the United States, that included not only biologists but scientists in other fields as well. Systems societies were formed on both continents.

Molecular And Biological Physics Of Living Systems

Author: R.K. Mishra
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780792304708
Size: 17,51 MB
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The living organisms and systems possess extraordinary properties of programmed development, differentiation, growth, response, movement, duplication of key molecules and in m any cases higher mental functions. But the organisms are physical objects so they must follow laws of physics yet they do not seem to obey them. Physicists cannot easily persuade themselves to accept this as finally true. Non-living objects are governed by these laws of physics and they can explain these properties. However, in the living systems too phenomena encountered like coupled non-linear interactions, manybody effects, cooperativity, coherence, phase transitions, reversible metastable states are being understood better with the aid of powerful theoretical and experimental techniques and hope is raised that these may let us understand the mysteriousness of life. Contributors to this volume are a small fraction of rapidly growing scientific opinion that these aspects of living bodies are to be expected in a hitherto inadequately suspected state of matter which is in the main directed by these physical properties pushed almost to limit. This state of matter, the living matter, deserves to be called The Living State. Mishra proposes that given hydrogenic orbitals, atoms showing easy hybridisability and multiple valances, molecules with low-lying electronic levels, "loosestructure", and a metabolic pump in thermodynamically open system, various fundamental properties of living state can emerge automatically. Structurally these are all known to be present.

Humans As Self Constructing Living Systems

Author: Donald H. Ford
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 042965815X
Size: 19,35 MB
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Originally published in 1987, the purpose of this title was to develop a conceptual framework for understanding individual humans as complex, functional entities. It was felt that a sound developmental theory of human personality and behaviour would help synthesize existing scientific and clinical information into a coherent representation of a person as a functional unit, guide future research, and facilitate the work of the health and human services professions. The volume is aimed at a multidisciplinary-multiprofessional audience.