Matter And Methods At Low Temperatures

Author: Frank Pobell
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 366208578X
Size: 13,22 MB
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The aim of this book is to provide information about performing experi ments at low temperatures, as well as basic facts concerning the low tem perature properties of liquid and solid matter. To orient the reader, I begin with chapters on these low temperature properties. The major part of the book is then devoted to refrigeration techniques and to the physics on which they are based. Of equal importance, of course, are the definition and measurement of temperature; hence low temperature thermometry is extensively discussed in subsequent chapters. Finally, I describe a variety of design and construction techniques which have turned out to be useful over the years. The content of the book is based on the three-hour-per-week lecture course which I have given several times at the University of Bayreuth between 1983 and 1991. It should be particularly suited for advanced stu dents whose intended masters (diploma) or Ph.D. subject is experimental condensed matter physics at low temperatures. However, I believe that the book will also be of value to experienced scientists, since it describes sev eral very recent advances in experimental low temperature physics and technology, for example, new developments in nuclear refrigeration and thermometry.

The Principles Of Thermodynamics

Author: N.D. Hari Dass
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466512091
Size: 17,69 MB
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This text presents the conceptual and technical developments of the subject without unduly compromising on either the historical or logical perspective. It also covers the tremendous range of scientifically deep and technologically revolutionary applications of thermodynamics. The text explains how thermodynamics evolved from a few basic laws that were amazingly successful and with tremendous range, without even knowing about the atomic structure of matter or the laws governing the behavior of atoms.

Cryocoolers 11

Author: Ronald G. Jr. Ross
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306465671
Size: 15,79 MB
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Composed of papers written by leading engineers and scientists in the field, this valuable collection reports the most recent advances in cryocooler development, contains extensive performance test results and comparisons, and relates the latest experience in integrating cryocoolers into advanced applications.

Low Temperature Detectors For Neutrinos And Dark Matter

Author: Klaus Pretzl
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642729592
Size: 10,87 MB
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For the last few years astrophysicists and elementary particle physicists have been working jointly on the following fascinating phenomena: 1. The solar neutrino puzzle and the question: What happens to the neutrinos on their way from the sun to the earth? 2. The growing evidence that our universe is filled with about 10 times more matter than is visible and the question: What is dark matter made of? 3. The supernovae explosions and the question: What do neutrinos tell us about such explosions and vice versa? The experimental investigation of these phenomena is difficult and involves unconventional techniques. These are presently under development, and bring together such seemingly disparate disciplines as astrophysics and elementary particle physics on the one hand and superconductivity and solid-state physics on the other. This book contains the proceedings of a workshop held in March 1987 at which the above subjects and their experimental investigation were discussed. The proposed experimental methods are very new. They involve frontier developments in low temperature and solid-state physics. The book should be useful to researchers and students who actively work on these subjects or plan to enter the field. It also offers the non-expert reader with some physics background a good survey of the activities in this field.

Experimental Techniques In Low Temperature Physics

Author: Guy White
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780198514275
Size: 13,26 MB
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Cryogenics (low-temperature physics) has become important in everyday life through its use in satellite communications, medical diagnosis, natural gas transport, infrared surveillance, etc. This book explains the how and why of cooling systems, liquid nitrogen, liquid helium, and the approach to absolute zero. It will be of value to physics graduate students, as well as to engineers and biologists facing low-temperature problems.

Matter At Low Temperatures

Author: P. V. E. McClintock
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 14,50 MB
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Low Temperature Detectors For Neutrinos And Dark Matter Ii

Author: Luis Gonzalez-Mestres
Editor: Atlantica Séguier Frontières
ISBN: 9782863320594
Size: 19,84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Topics And Methods In Condensed Matter Theory

Author: Michele Cini
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540707271
Size: 19,15 MB
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This book provides course material in theoretical physics intended for undergraduate and graduate students specializing in condensed matter. The book derives from teaching activity, offering readable and mathematical treatments explained in sufficient detail to be followed easily. The main emphasis is always on the physical meaning and applicability of the results. Many examples are provided for illustration; these also serve as worked problems. Discussion extends to atomic physics, relativistic quantum mechanics, elementary QED, electron spectroscopy, nonlinear optics, and various aspects of the many-body problem. Methods such as group representation theory, Green’s functions, the Keldysh formalism and recursion techniques were also imparted.

Cold Adapted Organisms

Author: Rosa Margesin
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540649731
Size: 11,94 MB
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Major parts of the oceans and lands of our planet are permanently, or temporarily, exposed to temperatures below 10 C. Microorganisms, plants and animals living under these conditions have adapted to their environments in such a way that metabolic processes, reproduction and survival strategies are optimal for their natural biotopes. This book presents the most recent knowledge of the ecology and the physiology of cold-adapted microorganisms, plants and animals, and explains the mechanisms of cold-adaptation on the enzymatic and molecular level, including results from the first crystal structures of enzymes of cold-adapted organisms.

The Mass Of Galaxies At Low And High Redshift

Author: Ralf Bender
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540002055
Size: 20,55 MB
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Measuring the masses of galaxies as a function of redshift is perhaps one of the most challenging open issues in current astronomical research. The evolution of the baryonic and dark matter components of galaxies is not only a critical test of the hierarchical formation paradigm, but ultimately also provides new clues on the complex interplay between star formation, the cooling and heating of gas and galaxy merging processes. This book reviews current techniques to measure the baryonic (stellar) and dark masses of nearby galaxies, and focusses on ongoing attempts to measure theses same quantities in galaxies at higher and higher redshifts. It also gives room to future perspectives, with special emphasis on new survey projects and satellite missions.