Metaphors In The History Of Psychology

Author: David E. Leary
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521421522
File Size: 20,25 MB
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Arguing that psychologists and their predecessors have invariably relied on metaphors in articulation, the contributors to this volume offer a new "key" to understanding a critically important area of human knowledge by specifying the major metaphors.

The Evolution Of The Sensitive Soul

Author: Simona Ginsburg
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262039303
File Size: 34,30 MB
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A new theory about the origins of consciousness that finds learning to be the driving force in the evolutionary transition to basic consciousness. What marked the evolutionary transition from organisms that lacked consciousness to those with consciousness—to minimal subjective experiencing, or, as Aristotle described it, “the sensitive soul”? In this book, Simona Ginsburg and Eva Jablonka propose a new theory about the origin of consciousness that finds learning to be the driving force in the transition to basic consciousness. Using a methodology similar to that used by scientists when they identified the transition from non-life to life, Ginsburg and Jablonka suggest a set of criteria, identify a marker for the transition to minimal consciousness, and explore the far-reaching biological, psychological, and philosophical implications. After presenting the historical, neurobiological, and philosophical foundations of their analysis, Ginsburg and Jablonka propose that the evolutionary marker of basic or minimal consciousness is a complex form of associative learning, which they term unlimited associative learning (UAL). UAL enables an organism to ascribe motivational value to a novel, compound, non-reflex-inducing stimulus or action, and use it as the basis for future learning. Associative learning, Ginsburg and Jablonka argue, drove the Cambrian explosion and its massive diversification of organisms. Finally, Ginsburg and Jablonka propose symbolic language as a similar type of marker for the evolutionary transition to human rationality—to Aristotle's “rational soul.”

The Oxford Handbook Of Cognitive Sociology

Author: Wayne H. Brekhus
Editor: Oxford Handbooks
ISBN: 0190273380
File Size: 54,97 MB
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In recent years there has been a growing interest in cognition within sociology and other social sciences. Within sociology this interest cuts across various topical subfields, including culture, social psychology, religion, race, and identity. Scholars within the new subfield of cognitive sociology, also referred to as the sociology of culture and cognition, are contributing to a rapidly developing body of work on how mental and social phenomena are interrelated and often interdependent. In The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Sociology, Wayne H. Brekhus and Gabe Igantow have gathered some of the most influential scholars working in cognitive sociology to present an accessible introduction to key research areas in a diverse field. While classical sociological and newer interdisciplinary approaches have been covered separately by scholars in the past, this volume alternatively presents a broad range of cognitive sociological perspectives. The contributors discuss a range of approaches for theorizing and analyzing the "social mind," including macro-cultural approaches, interactionist approaches, and research that draws on Pierre Bourdieu's major concepts. Each chapter further investigates a variety of cognitive processes within these three approaches, such as attention and inattention, perception, automatic and deliberate cognition, cognition and social action, stereotypes, categorization, classification, judgment, symbolic boundaries, meaning-making, metaphor, embodied cognition, morality and religion, identity construction, time sequencing, and memory. A comprehensive look at cognitive sociology's main contributions and the central debates within the field, the Handbook will serve as a primary resource for social researchers, faculty, and students interested in how cognitive sociology can contribute to research within their substantive areas of focus.

Metaphors Of Confinement

Author: Monika Fludernik
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019884090X
File Size: 48,33 MB
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Metaphors of Confinement: The Prison in Fact, Fiction, and Fantasy offers a historical survey of imaginings of the prison as expressed in carceral metaphors in a range of texts about imprisonment from Antiquity to the present as well as non-penal situations described as confining or restrictive. These imaginings coalesce into a 'carceral imaginary' that determines the way we think about prisons, just as social debates about punishment and criminals feed into the way carceral imaginary develops over time. Examining not only English-language prose fiction but also poetry and drama from the Middle Ages to postcolonial, particularly African, literature, the book juxtaposes literary and non-literary contexts and contrasts fictional and nonfictional representations of (im)prison(ment) and discussions about the prison as institution and experiential reality. It comments on present-day trends of punitivity and foregrounds the ethical dimensions of penal punishment. The main argument concerns the continuity of carceral metaphors through the centuries despite historical developments that included major shifts in policy (such as the invention of the penitentiary). The study looks at selected carceral metaphors, often from two complementary perspectives, such as the home as prison or the prison as home, or the factory as prison and the prison as factory. The case studies present particularly relevant genres and texts that employ these metaphors, often from a historical perspective that analyses development through different periods.

Metaphors Of Evil

Author: Hamida Bosmajian
Editor: Iowa City : University of Iowa Press
ISBN:
File Size: 80,94 MB
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Analyzes the intellectual and emotional defensiveness of contemporary German culture as revealed in the form and content of literary works written in the wake of the Holocaust. Examines autobiographies, novels, and poems in terms of their images of defensive rigidity and chaos; states that no literary form can possibly contain the lived experience. Discusses Siegfried Lenz's "Deutschstunde", Günter Grass' "Hundejahre", Uwe Johnson's "Jahrestage", Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter", Peter Weiss' "Die Ermittlung", Nelly Sachs' "Landscape of Screams", and Paul Celan's "Engführung".

Dramas Fields And Metaphors

Author: Victor Turner
Editor: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501732846
File Size: 54,32 MB
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In this book, Victor Turner is concerned with various kinds of social actions and how they relate to, and come to acquire meaning through, metaphors and paradigms in their actors' minds; how in certain circumstances new forms, new metaphors, new paradigms are generated. To describe and clarify these processes, he ranges widely in history and geography: from ancient society through the medieval period to modern revolutions, and over India, Africa, Europe, China, and Meso-America. Two chapters, which illustrate religious paradigms and political action, explore in detail the confrontation between Henry II and Thomas Becket and between Hidalgo, the Mexican liberator, and his former friends. Other essays deal with long-term religious processes, such as the Christian pilgrimage in Europe and the emergence of anti-caste movements in India. Finally, he directs his attention to other social phenomena such as transitional and marginal groups, hippies, and dissident religious sects, showing that in the very process of dying they give rise to new forms of social structure or revitalized versions of the old order.

Natural Metaphor

Author: Karen Seymour
Editor:
ISBN: 9781728629063
File Size: 79,56 MB
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On a quest for the roots of intelligence, Natural Metaphor: The Intelligent Evolution of Consciousness is both timely and timeless. Sourcing its inspiration in nature, both around and within us, Natural Metaphor draws from the scientific and theoretical insights that explain nature's form and dynamics, while deferring to the mystical seers who speak of its substance. As science probes ever deeper into the mysteries and complexities of the universe and its denizens, an underlying, unifying pattern emerges from beneath the sheath of outward disparity. This pattern is transcendent enough to reconcile the seeming opposition between science, with its meticulous observation of forms and processes, and spirituality, with its inwardly penetrating nature. Natural Metaphor crosses the bridge between diversity of form and the singular condition which underlies it, revealing all formal variations to be physically enacted metaphors of a single, indissoluble wholeness. While endlessly variable in contour and capacity, each participant in the ongoing project of manifestation is bound to every other by universal laws that are common to all. Beyond these all-inclusive principles, however, are higher laws, intelligently constructed, that emerge with each evolutionary venture into novelty and complexity, but which are still circumscribed by the same foundational parameters. Although not currently numbered among the primary forces of the universe, intelligence offers its subtle guidance at even the most elementary levels of complexity and evolution. Disclosing its adaptive logic through the physical vehicles it fashions and inhabits; the interactions that enjoin those forms into complex systems; and even the language that allows explicit disclosure of form's inner experience, intelligence is as paramount to evolution as physical law. Its function is to create the structure that is necessary to convey its ineffable foundation on an embodied journey through event and experience, whispering the same secret with a multitude of voices--that of their origin, consciousness itself.

Metaphors Of Conciousness

Author: Ronald S. Valle
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461338026
File Size: 19,60 MB
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As we move into the 1980s, there is an increasing awareness that our civilization is going through a profound cultural transformation. At the heart of this transformation lies what is often called a "paradigm shift"-a dramatic change in the thoughts, perceptions, and values which form a particular vision of reality. The paradigm that is now shifting comprises a large number of ideas and values that have dominated our society for several hundred years; values that have been associated with various streams of Western culture, among them the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century, The Enlightenment, and the Industrial Revolution. They include the belief in the scientific method as the only valid approach to knowledge, the split between mind and matter, the view of nature as a mechanical system, the view of life in society as a competitive struggle for survival, and the belief in unlimited material progress to be achieved through economic and technological growth. All these ideas and values are now found to be severely limited and in need of radical revision.

Consciousness

Author: Giuseppe Trautteur
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 61,49 MB
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Metaphors Of Learning And Teaching

Author: Sara G. Armstrong
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 25,22 MB
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Metaphors Of Aging In Science And The Humanities

Author: Gary M. Kenyon
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN:
File Size: 24,98 MB
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Theoria Et Historia Scientiarum

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 17,46 MB
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Mysticism And Experience

Author:
Editor:
ISBN: 1498599389
File Size: 26,63 MB
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"This book embarks on scholarly investigations of mystical phenomena, including shamanism, near-death experiences, and the paranormal. Contributors address queries such as why religious experiences are ineffable, what the explanatory mechanisms of altered states of consciousness are, and how literature and art express the mystical"--

Studies In Philosophical Criticism And Construction

Author: Sydney Herbert Mellone
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 25,87 MB
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Radical Nature

Author: Christian De Quincey
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 69,39 MB
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Do animals have souls? Do worms and insects feel pain or pleasure? Can trees feel anything at all? Ever wondered where in the great unfolding of evolution consciousness first appeared? If questions like these intrigue you, you are in good company because they touch on the deepest mystery in modern philosophy and science: How are minds and bodies related? How does consciousness fit into the physical world? These are not just idle speculations. How we answer such questions can dramatically affect the way we live our lives, treat the natural world and other people, and even how we relate to our own bodies. In Radical Nature, philosopher Christian de Quincey explores how mind and matter are related, and he proposes a radical and surprising answer: Consciousness goes all the way down! Through animals, plants, even single cells ... in fact, all the way down the great chain of being to molecules, atoms, and beyond. Drawing on both ancient and modern knowledge, de Quincey shows us that the universe teems with consciousness through and through. "Matter itself tingles with the spark of spirit," he says. "And therefore nature, in all its forms and glory, is sacred to its deepest roots." Radical Nature takes you on a mind-stretching journey in this remarkable story of philosophy and science in search of a soul. -- Back cover.

Global Metaphors

Author: Jo-Anne Pemberton
Editor: Pluto Press (UK)
ISBN:
File Size: 52,70 MB
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Investigates the rhetoric of globalisation, comparing inter-war and contemporary debates.

Jesus And The Metaphors Of God

Author: Bernard J. Lee
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 36,91 MB
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"Jesus and the Metaphors of God is the second of a richly significant three-volume study of the Jewish origins of Christianity and their relevance to Christian identity today. In Volume 1, The Galilean Jewishness of Jesus, Lee explores the Galilean Jewish character of Jesus and of Christian beginnings. Jesus and the Metaphor of God, Volume 2, explores the layers of God-meanings in the New Testament as they are found encoded in several major metaphors: Ruach/Spirit; Dabhar/Word; Sophia/Wisdom; Logos/Word. Whenever God-meanings shift, explains Lee, so does the christological meaning of Jesus as the Christ of God." "Jesus and the Metaphors of God is a ground-breaking study of these multiple layers of God-meanings and an important contribution to understanding how culturally conditioned metaphors function throughout the Christian scriptures." "This truly significant work makes a well-argued and distinctive contribution to the theology of the New Testament and the Jewish-Christian dialogue."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Cognitive Psychology

Author: Robert L. Solso
Editor: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN:
File Size: 35,14 MB
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New Technology for Solso/MacLin/MacLin's "Cognitive Psychology, Seventh Edition" CogSim is a multimedia simulation resource that can be used as a supplement to your course in Cognitive Psychology to engage students and to reinforce learning. With simulations designed to illustrate the key concepts in Cognitive Psychology, CogSim helps students to better understand and retain information from your course. Powered by "CourseCompass(TM)," CogSim also contains a complete suite of course management tools to help you administer your course. In addition to exciting simulations, students have unlimited access to "Research Navigator(TM)," Allyn & Bacon's online database of journals and periodicals to help them research important topics in psychology. "Research Navigator(TM)" contains peer reviewed journals and magazines, as well as archived editions of "The New York Times" and the "Financial Times." Simulations in CogSim How Good Is Your Cognitive Map? Distinguishing Dependent and Independent Variables. Distinguishing Figure from Ground. Experiencing the Stroop Effect. The Serial Position Curve. The Mind's Organization of Conceptual Knowledge. Lexical Bias in Slips of the Tongue. How Good Is Your Memory for Stories? Intuition and Discovery in Problem Solving. Anchoring and Adjustment in Problem Solving. For more information, contact your local Allyn & Bacon publisher's representative today!