Molecular Techniques In Crop Improvement

Author: Shri Mohan Jain
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401723567
File Size: 69,55 MB
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This book provides comprehensive information on the latest tools and techniques of molecular genetics and their applications in crop improvement. It thoroughly discusses advanced techniques used in molecular markers, QTL mapping, marker-assisted breeding, and molecular cytogenetics.

Induced Mutations And Molecular Techniques For Crop Improvement

Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Editor: Bernan Assoc
File Size: 27,25 MB
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Plant breeding: problems and current techniques; Seed quality; Apomixis and F1 hybrids; Plant pathology and disease resistance; Genome architecture, genome manipulation and comparative gene mapping; Methylation and gene expression; Molecular markers: Applicatrion of DNA based marker mutations for improvement of cereals and other sexually reproduced crop species; Use of novel DNA fingerprinting techniques for the detection and characterization of genetic variation in vegetatively propagated crops; Stress tolerance; Genetic transformation; Looking into the future: looking into model plants; Biotechnology in developing countries; Current application of mutation techniques; Molecular markers and genetic transformation for crop improvement; Mutation techniques and biotechnology for crop improvement.

Molecular Marker Systems In Plant Breeding And Crop Improvement

Author: Horst L?rz
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540740063
File Size: 77,99 MB
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Successful release of new and better crop varieties increasingly requires genomics and molecular biology. This volume presents basic information on plant molecular marker techniques from marker location up to gene cloning. The text includes a description of technical approaches in genome analysis such as comparison of marker systems, positional cloning, and array techniques in 19 crop plants. A special section focuses on converting this knowledge into general and specific breeding strategies, particularly in relation to biotic stress. Theory and practice of marker assisted selection for QTL, gene pyramiding and the future of MAS are summarized and discussed for maize, wheat, and soybean. Furthermore, approaches in silviculture on the examples of Fagus, Populus, Eucalyptus, Picea and Abies are presented. The volume ends with a comprehensive review of the patents relevant for using molecular markers and marker assisted selection.

Advancement In Crop Improvement Techniques

Author: Narendra Tuteja
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0128185821
File Size: 58,30 MB
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Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques presents updates on biotechnology and molecular biological approaches which have contributed significantly to crop improvement. The book discusses the emerging importance of bioinformatics in analyzing the vast resources of information regarding crop improvement and its practical application and utilization. Throughout this comprehensive resource, emphasis is placed on various techniques used to improve agricultural crops, providing a common platform for the utility of these techniques and their combinations. Written by an international team of contributors, this book provides an in-depth analysis of existing tools and a framework for new research. Reviews techniques used for crop improvement, from selection and crossing over, to microorganismal approaches Explores the role of conventional biotechnology in crop improvement Summarizes the combined approaches of cytogenetics and biotechnology for crop improvement, including the importance of molecular techniques in this process Focuses on the emerging role of bioinformatics for crop improvement

Molecular Plant Breeding And Genome Editing Tools For Crop Improvement

Author: Deka, Pradip Chandra
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1799843130
File Size: 18,87 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 9804

Plant breeders have used mutagenic agents to create variability for their use in crop improvement. However, application of mutagenic agents has its own drawbacks, such as non-specificity and random nature, simultaneous effect on large numbers of genes, and induction of chromosomal aberrations. To overcome these limitations, several genome editing systems have been developed with the aid of cutting-edge technology rooted in the expertise of several research fields. Molecular Plant Breeding and Genome Editing Tools for Crop Improvement is a pivotal reference source that provides an interdisciplinary approach to crop breeding through genetics. Featuring coverage of a broad range of topics including software, molecular markers, and plant variety identification, this book is ideally designed for agriculturalists, biologists, engineers, advocates, policymakers, researchers, academicians, and students.

Mutations In Vitro And Molecular Techniques For Environmentally Sustainable Crop Improvement

Author: M. Maluszynski
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401599963
File Size: 61,15 MB
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During the last thirty years, most increases in agricultural production were achieved through high input agrieulture in areas with fertile soils and sufficient water. Intensive methods of production with high levels of nitrogen fertilizer and pesticides were often accompanied by environmental degradation and in some instances by pollution of the food supply. However, rapid population growth has also led to increasing use of marginal lands, where adverse soil and climatic eonditions are serious constraints to food production. These areas are even more sensitive to ecological destabilization. Environmentally sound systems of food production and land use are essential for meeting the food security needs of developing countries. To do this, greater genetic variability is needed within the best crop genotypes available for the areas in need coupled with better management praetices and crop rotations. These requirements can only be realized if suitable crop varieties are bred. These should be varieties with a much shorter growing period, suitable for rotation, increased tolerance or resistance to diseases and pests as weil as to drought and salinity and other adverse soil and climatic conditions.

Mutagenesis Cytotoxicity And Crop Improvement

Author: Tariq Ahmad Bhat
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 152756438X
File Size: 51,11 MB
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Induced mutagenesis is a common and promising method for the screening of new crops with improved production methods, and has made a tremendous contribution to crop improvement. Now, as the techniques of molecular biology become more widely adopted by plant breeders, this comprehensive summary sets mutation breeding within a contemporary context and relates it to other breeding techniques. This book opens a new chapter of inducing mutations at the gene level, and details techniques that can be used to harvest and exploit such mutation to improve the productivity of crops, particularly cereals, grains and vegetables. The chapters within this volume are supported by diagrams, tables and graphs to make the content more comprehensible. The book will be extremely useful for advanced undergraduates, graduates, postgraduate students, and research scientists of botany, agriculture, horticulture, genetics, biotechnology, biochemistry and agronomy.

Molecular Plant Breeding

Author: Yunbi Xu
Editor: CABI
ISBN: 1845936248
File Size: 53,81 MB
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Recent advances in plant genomics and molecular biology have revolutionized our understanding of plant genetics, providing new opportunities for more efficient and controllable plant breeding. Successful techniques require a solid understanding of the underlying molecular biology as well as experience in applied plant breeding. Bridging the gap between developments in biotechnology and its applications in plant improvement, Molecular Plant Breeding provides an integrative overview of issues from basic theories to their applications to crop improvement including molecular marker technology, gene mapping, genetic transformation, quantitative genetics, and breeding methodology.

Plant Breeding

Author: H.K. Jain
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400710402
File Size: 23,68 MB
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The Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding was established in 1941 in recognition of the growing contribution of improved crop varieties to the country's agriculture. Scientific plant breeding had started inIndia soon after the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of heredity. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute set up in 1905 and a number of Agricultural Colleges in different parts of the country carried out some of the earliest work mostly inthe form of pure-line selections. In subsequent years, hybridization programmes in crops like wheat, rice, oilseeds, grain legumes, sugarcane and cotton yielded a large number of improved cultivars with significantly higher yields. A turning point came in the 1960s with the development of hybrids in several crops including inter-specific hybrids in cotton. And when new germplasm with dwarfing genes became available in wheat and rice from CIMMYT and IRRI, respectively,Indian plant breeders quickly incorporated these genes into the genetic background of the country's widely grown varieties with excellent grain quality and other desirable traits. This was to mark the beginning of modem agriculture in India as more and more varieties were developed, characterized by a high harvest index and response to modem farm inputs like the inorganic fertilizers . India's green revolution which has led to major surpluses offood grains and othercommodities like sugar and cotton has been made possible by the work of one of the largest groups of plant breeders working in a coordinated network.

Crop Improvement

Author: Neelam Setia
Editor: I. K. International Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 9788189866785
File Size: 72,50 MB
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The research in agricultural sciences is taking great strides with advancement in methodologies and techniques. It, therefore, becomes important to maintain pace as well as update oneself on the recent happenings in agricultural research. The present book is an effort to compile the recent information involving different articles pertaining to genomics, physiology, biochemistry, diseases and abiotic stresses. Thus, the chapters provide information on ''omics'' of plants that covers genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, molecular techniques for crop improvement, gene silencing, marker-assisted selection for crops, biotechnology and genetic engineering for developing stress tolerant crops, elicitor biotechnology, salt stress effects, heavy metal stress and phytoremediation, genetics of wheat rust resistance, improvement of Brassicas, nutritional aspects of cereals and genetic transformation of fruit crops. The book would be useful to the students and scientists working in the areas of agricultural research, and would provide current knowledge of diverse research areas through the reviews written by subject experts

Abiotic Stresses

Author: M. Ashraf
Editor: CRC Press
File Size: 58,97 MB
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'Abiotic Stress' explores innovative methods of breeding new varieties of major crops with resistance to environmental stresses that limit crop production worldwide, such as drought, salinity, flooding & mineral deficiency.

Principles And Procedures Of Plant Breeding

Author: G. S. Chahal
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849313219
File Size: 26,21 MB
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Covering traditional and emerging breeding procedures, this book explores the scientific bases and details of breeding plants. It puts a special emphasis on the further refinements possible in the light of the latest developments in molecular biology. Specific breeding methods in self and cross-pollinated crops, their genetic basis and scope of further refinements, concepts and techniques of tissue culture, molecular biology and production of transgenic plants, commonly used experimental designs in plant breeding, seed production, and implications of plant breeder's rights are other highlights.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author: Jules Janick
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471254461
File Size: 12,53 MB
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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. At a time when methods of molecular biology are leading to genetically engineered crops, and when the supply of wild varieties of many crops are threatened, this series provides the most current and important information available on the subject.

Nuclear Techniques In Food And Agriculture 1986 1996

File Size: 20,36 MB
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Plant Improvement And Somatic Cell Genetics

Author: Indra Asil
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323156509
File Size: 59,54 MB
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Plant Improvement and Somatic Cell Genetics includes all but one of the papers presented at two symposia held during the XIII International Botanical Congress in Sydney, Australia, on August 21-28, 1981. ""Frontiers in Plant Breeding"" and ""Cell Culture and Somatic Cell Genetics in Plant Biology"" highlight the ways in which plant breeding techniques can improve crops. The book explores the potentials as well as the limitations of plant breeding, and cellular and molecular techniques in plant improvement. Comprised of 14 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the potential applications of exotic germplasm for tomato and cereal crop improvement. It continues with a discussion of multiline breeding, breeding of crop plants that can tolerate soil stresses, combining genomes by means of conventional methods, use of embryo culture in interspecific hybridization, use of haploids in plant improvement, and somaclonal variation and somatic hybridization as new techniques for plant improvement. The reader is also introduced to plant cell culture, as well as somatic cell genetics of cereals and grasses, somatic cell fusion for inducing cytoplasmic exchange, uses of cell culture mutants, genetic transformation of plant cells by experimental procedures in the context of plant genetic engineering, and use of molecular biology techniques for recognition and modification of crop plant genotypes. This book will be a useful resource for scientists and plant breeders interested in applying somatic cell genetics for crop improvement.

Practical Applications Of Plant Molecular Biology

Author: Robert J. Henry
Editor: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9780412732201
File Size: 74,79 MB
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Practical Applications of Plant Molecular Biology is an important new title which covers the major techniques and how they are applied to a range of vitally important areas. Divided broadly into four sections, this book covers key subjects including the identification of plants and plant pathogens using molecular techniques, the estimation of genetic variation in plants, the use of molecular markers in plant improvement and the use of plant transformation techniques for the improvement of quality and the introduction of resistance. Also included is a comprehensive listing and description of the most frequently used techniques and a set of appendices covering useful topics of reference for the reader. All undergraduates studying plant sciences, molecular biology, biotechnology and agricultural sciences would benefit from having access to this title as would those studying for upper-level Masters courses concentrating on the disciplines covered. This book also provides an invaluable source of reference for professionals in agriculture, plant breeding, crop protection and improvement, biotechnology and molecular biology.

Biotechnologies Of Crop Improvement Volume 2

Author: Satbir Singh Gosal
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331990650X
File Size: 30,73 MB
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During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Somaclonal Variation And Induced Mutations In Crop Improvement

Author: S.M. Jain
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792348627
File Size: 55,96 MB
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Genetic variability is an important parameter for plant breeders in any con ventional crop improvement programme. Very often the desired variation is un available in the right combination, or simply does not exist at all. However, plant breeders have successfully recombined the desired genes from cultivated crop gerrnplasm and related wild species by sexual hybridization, and have been able to develop new cultivars with desirable agronomie traits, such as high yield, disease, pest, and drought resistance. So far, conventional breeding methods have managed to feed the world's ever-growing population. Continued population growth, no further scope of expanding arable land, soil degradation, environ mental pollution and global warrning are causes of concern to plant biologists and planners. Plant breeders are under continuous pressure to improve and develop new cultivars for sustainable food production. However, it takes several years to develop a new cultivar. Therefore, they have to look for new technologies, which could be combined with conventional methods to create more genetic variability, and reduce the time in developing new cultivars, with early-maturity, and improved yield. The first report on induced mutation of a gene by HJ. Muller in 1927 was a major mi1estone in enhancing variation, and also indicated the potential applica tions of mutagenesis in plant improvement. Radiation sources, such as X-rays, gamma rays and fast neutrons, and chemical mutagens (e. g. , ethyl methane sulphonate) have been widely used to induce mutations.

Molecular Breeding Of Forage Crops

Author: German Spangenberg
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792368816
File Size: 42,51 MB
Format: PDF
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Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium, Molecular Breeding of Forage Crops, Lorne and Hamilton, Victoria, Australia, November 19-24, 2000