Mousterian Lithic Technology

Author: Steven L. Kuhn
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400864038
File Size: 71,73 MB
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Human beings depend more on technology than any other animal--the use of tools and weapons is vital to the survival of our species. What processes of biocultural evolution led to this unique dependence? Steven Kuhn turns to the Middle Paleolithic (Mousterian) and to artifacts associated with Neanderthals, the most recent human predecessors. His study examines the ecological, economic, and strategic factors that shaped the behavior of Mousterian tool makers, revealing how these hominids brought technological knowledge to bear on the basic problems of survival. Kuhn's main database consists of assemblages of stone artifacts from four caves and a series of open-air localities situated on the western coast of the Italian peninsula. Variations in the ways stone tools were produced, maintained, and discarded demonstrate how Mousterian hominids coped with the problems of keeping mobile groups supplied with the artifacts and raw materials they used on a daily basis. Changes through time in lithic technology were closely tied to shifting strategies for hunting and collecting food. Some of the most provocative findings of this study stem from observations about the behavioral flexibility of Mousterian populations and the role of planning in foraging and technology. Originally published in 1995. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Lithics In Context

Author: A. J. Schofield
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 45,53 MB
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Toward A Behavioral Ecology Of Lithic Technology

Author: Todd A. Surovell
Editor: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816528103
File Size: 18,71 MB
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Modern humans and their hominid ancestors relied on chipped-stone technology for well over two million years and colonized more than 99 percent of the Earth's habitable landmass in doing so. Yet there currently exist only a handful of informal models derived from ethnographic observation, experiments, engineering, and "common sense" to explain variability in archaeological lithic assemblages. Because the fundamental processes of making, using, and discarding stone tools are, at root, exercises in problem solving, Todd Surovell asks what conditions favor certain technological solutions. Whether asking if a biface should be made thick or thin or if a flake should be saved or discarded, Surovell seeks answers that extend beyond a case-by-case analysis. One avenue for addressing these questions theoretically is formal mathematical modeling. Here Surovell constructs a series of models designed to link environmental variability to human decision making as it pertains to lithic technology. To test the models, Surovell uses data from the analysis of more than 40,000 artifacts from five Rocky Mountain and Northern Plains Folsom and Goshen complex archaeological sites dating to the Younger Dryas stadial (ca. 12,600-11,500 years BP). The primary result is the production of powerful new analytical tools useful to the interpretation of archaeological assemblages. Surovell's goal is to promote modeling and explore the general issues governing technological decisions. In this light, his models can be applied to any context in which stone tools are made and used.

The Mousterian In Mediterranean France

Author: Carolyn Szmidt
Editor: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
File Size: 78,82 MB
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Based on the author's thesis, this study analyses Neanderthal behaviour patterns in both a chronological and spatial sense, in Mediterranean France. Methdological issues of how to compare assemblages from the 79 Mousterian sites examined, how to assess variability in lithic and faunal assemblages and how to interpret patterns of behaviour are considered. The archaeological data from this area, dating from 35,000 to 118,000 years ago, is also compared to south-west France where significant differences are noted. Szmidt reveals the Neanderthals as using highly adaptable and flexible strategies.

The Lithic Assemblages Of Qafzeh Cave

Author: Erella Hovers
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198043416
File Size: 31,46 MB
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This book presents the first comprehensive description of the lithic assemblages from Qafzeh Cave, one of only two Middle Paleolithic sites in the Levant that has yielded multiple burials of early anatomically modern Homo sapiens (AMHs). The record from this region raises the question of possible long-term temporal overlap between early AMHs and Neanderthals. For this reason, Qafzeh has long been one of the pivotal sites in debates on the origins of AMHs and in attempts to compare and contrast the two species' adaptations and behavior. Although the hominin fossils from the site were published years ago, until now the associated archaeological assemblages were incompletely described, often leading to conflicting interpretations. This monograph includes a thorough technological analysis of the lithic assemblages, incorporated in their geological and sedimentological contexts. This description serves as a springboard for regional comparisons as well as a more general discussion about Middle Paleolithic behavior, which is relevant to important and as yet unresolved questions on the origins of "modern" behavior patterns. The volume includes a wide-ranging and up-to-date bibliography that provides the middle-range for discussing the ecological context and behavioral complexity of the Middle Paleolithic period, and ends with some thought-provoking conclusions about the dynamic human interactions that existed in the region during this time.

Choice

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 56,54 MB
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Antiquity

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ISBN:
File Size: 38,93 MB
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Includes section "Reviews."

Middle Palaeolithic Occupation And Technology In Northwestern Greece

Author: Dimitra Papagianni
Editor: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
File Size: 23,13 MB
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Studies of the Middle Palaeolithic in Northwestern Greece have relied heavily on evidence from rockshelter sites and a single open-air site, Asprochaliko. Papagianni's study aims to redress this and focuses on lithic assemblages recovered from open-air sites in the Epirus and Corfu areas. The results of her analysis are used to make inferences on industrial variability, regional adaptations, technological developments and, ultimately, the human baehaviour associated with these.

Technology In Archaeology

Author: Mikkel Sørensen
Editor: Aarhus Universitetsforlag
ISBN:
File Size: 71,58 MB
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The aim of this publication is to stress that cultural, social and cognitive aspects today are important goals and perspectives of technological studies, and that technological studies can contribute vitally to the interpretation of our prehistory. There is today a strong new trend among a young generation of archaeologists towards using the study of technology. This trend focuses on the understanding of the material process -- and sees these processes as logical responses and changes reflecting human behaviour and cognition. Thus, in some ways, this trend is in opposition to former morphological and static studies of artefacts. The book consists of ten case studies, which employ the study of technology as a primary methodology, and discuss issues and problems concerning the methods, results and perspectives of this methodology. The materials analysed in the studies are made from bone, stone and textiles, while the archaeological contexts are ranging from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Viking Age. This publication is a result of the workshop "The study of technology as a method for gaining insight into social and cultural aspects of prehistory", held at the National Museum of Denmark, the 3-4 November 2005.

Lithics Down Under

Author: Christopher Clarkson
Editor: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
File Size: 60,44 MB
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This monograph takes a new look at various aspects of stone artefact analysis that reveal important and exciting new information about the past, and in particular Australian perspectives on lithics. The ten papers making up this volume tackle a number of issues that have long been at the heart of archaeology's problematic relationship with stone artefacts, including our understanding of the dynamic nature of past stoneworking practices, the utility of traditional classificatory schemes, and ways to unlock the vast amount of information about the strategic role of lithic technology that resides in stone artefact assemblages. The dominant theme of this monograph is the pursuit of new ways of characterising the effects of manufacturing and susbsistence behaviour on stone artefact assemblages.

Lithic Technological Systems And Evolutionary Theory

Author: Nathan Goodale
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107026466
File Size: 61,74 MB
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This collection of essays brings together several different evolutionary perspectives to demonstrate how lithic technological systems are a byproduct of human behavior. The essays cover a range of topics, including human behavioral ecology, cultural transmission, phylogenetic analysis, macroevolution, and various applications of evolutionary ecology.

The Archaeology Of The Wadi Al Hasa West Central Jordan 002

Author: Nancy R. Coinman
Editor:
ISBN: 9780936249155
File Size: 27,21 MB
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The Mousterian Legacy

Author: Erik Trinkaus
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 31,12 MB
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Lithic Technological Organization And Paleoenvironmental Change

Author: Erick Robinson
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319644076
File Size: 66,71 MB
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The objective of this edited volume is to bring together a diverse set of analyses to document how small-scale societies responded to paleoenvironmental change based on the evidence of their lithic technologies. The contributions bring together an international forum for interpreting changes in technological organization - embracing a wide range of time periods, geographic regions and methodological approaches.​ ​As technology brings more refined information on ancient climates, the research on spatial and temporal variability of paleoenvironmental changes. In turn, this has also broadened considerations of the many ways that prehistoric hunter-gatherers may have responded to fluctuations in resource bases. From an archaeological perspective, stone tools and their associated debitage provide clues to understanding these past choices and decisions, and help to further the investigation into how variable human responses may have been. Despite significant advances in the theory and methodology of lithic technological analysis, there have been few attempts to link these developments to paleoenvironmental research on a global scale.

Quaternaria Nova

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 58,76 MB
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Lithics In The Scandinavian Late Bronze Age

Author: Anders Högberg
Editor: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
File Size: 31,78 MB
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This volume examines the large flint knife blade asking why these artefacts were so common in the late Bronze Age of southern Scandinavia, a time which is supposed to be characterised by the transition from bronze to iron technology.

The Early Upper Paleolithic Beyond Western Europe

Author: P. Jeffrey Brantingham
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520238510
File Size: 53,31 MB
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