Nanomedicine

Author: Thomas J Webster
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096443
Size: 17,26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Nanotechnology is at the forefront of advances in medicine. Nanomedicine: Technologies and applications provides an important review of this exciting technology and its growing range of applications. After an introduction to nanomedicine, part one discusses key materials and their properties, including nanocrystalline metals and alloys, nanoporous gold and hydroxyapatite coatings. Part two goes on to review nanomedicine for therapeutics and imaging, before nanomedicine for soft tissue engineering is discussed in part three, including organ regeneration, skin grafts, nanotubes and self-assembled nanomaterials. Finally, nanomedicine for bone and cartilage tissue engineering is the focus of part four, with electrically active biocomposites as smart scaffolds investigated, as is cartilage and bone tissue engineering, regeneration and replacement. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nanomedicine: Technologies and applications is an indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development and application of this exciting technology, whilst providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in this field. Provides an important review of nanomedicine technology and its growing range of applications Discusses key nanomedicine materials and their properties, including nanocrystalline metals and alloys, nanoporous gold and hydroxyapatite coatings Reviews nanomedicine for therapeutics and imaging and nanomedicine for soft tissue engineering

Bio Tribocorrosion In Biomaterials And Medical Implants

Author: Yu Yan
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098608
Size: 10,90 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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During their service life, most biomaterials and medical implants are vulnerable to tribological damage. In addition, the environments in which they are placed are often corrosive. The combination of triobology, corrosion and the biological environment has been named ‘bio-tribocorrosion’. Understanding this complex phenomenon is critical to improving the design and service life of medical implants. This important book reviews recent key research in this area. After an introduction to the topography of bio-tribocorrosion, Part one discusses different types of tribocorrosion including fatigue-corrosion, fretting-corrosion, wear-corrosion and abrasion-corrosion. The book also discusses the prediction of wear in medical devices. Part two looks at biological effects on tribocorrosion processes, including how proteins interact with material surfaces and the evolution of surface changes due to bio-tribocorrosion resulting from biofilms and passive films. Part three reviews the issue of bio-tribocorrosion in clinical practice, including dental applications and joint replacement as well the use of coatings and test methods for bio-tribocorrosion. With its international team of contributors, Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants is a standard reference for those researching and developing medical devices as well as clinicians in such areas as dentistry and orthopaedic surgery. Reviews recent research in bio-tribocorrosion and its role in improving the design and service life of medical implants Discusses types of bio-tribocorrosion including fatigue and wear corrosion Examines biological effects on bio-tribocorrosion processes including interaction of proteins with metal surfaces

Thin Film Coatings For Biomaterials And Biomedical Applications

Author: Hans J Griesser
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424768
Size: 17,73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications discusses the latest information on coatings, including their historic use by scientists who are looking to improve the properties and biological responses of the material-host interface. Thin films, in particular, are becoming more widely researched and used as an alternative to traditional sprayed coatings because they have a more uniform structure and therefore greater stability. This book provides readers with a comprehensive guide to thin film coatings and their application in the biomaterials field. Part One of the book details the fundamentals of thin films for biomedical application, while Part Two looks at the special properties of thin films, with a final section reviewing functional thin films and their usage in biomedical applications. Provides a comprehensive review on the fundamentals, properties, and functions of thin film coatings for biomaterials Covers a broad range of applications for implantable biomaterials Written by an international team of contributors who carefully tailor the presented information in a way that addresses industry needs

New Functional Biomaterials For Medicine And Healthcare

Author: Elena P. Ivanova
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782422668
Size: 18,19 MB
Format: PDF
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New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare provides a concise summary of the latest developments in key types of biomaterials. The book begins with an overview of the use of biomaterials in contemporary healthcare and the process of developing novel biomaterials; the key issues and challenges associated with the design of complex implantable systems are also highlighted. The book then reviews the main materials used in functional biomaterials, particularly their properties and applications. Individual chapters focus on both natural and synthetic polymers, metallic biomaterials, and bio-inert and bioactive ceramics. Advances in processing technologies and our understanding of materials and their properties have made it possible for scientists and engineers to develop more sophisticated biomaterials with more targeted functionality. New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare provides an ideal one-volume summary of this important field that represents essential reading for scientists, engineers, and clinicians, and a useful reference text for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Provides a concise summary of the latest developments in key types of biomaterials Highlights key issues and challenges associated with the design of complex implantable systems Chapters focus on both natural and synthetic polymers, metallic biomaterials, and bio-inert and bioactive ceramics

Biomaterials And Medical Tribology

Author: J Paulo Davim
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092200
Size: 17,87 MB
Format: PDF
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Medical tribology can be defined as the science of tribological phenomena in the human body, both those that naturally occur in the tissues or organs and those that arise after implantation of an artificial device, while biomaterials are inert substances designed to be incorporated into living systems. Biomaterials and medical tribology brings together a collection of high quality articles and case studies focussing on new research and developments in these two important fields. The book provides details of the different types of biomaterial available and their applications, including nanoparticles for biomedical applications, synergism effects during fiction and fretting corrosion experiments, application of biomedical-grade titanium alloys in trabecular bone and artificial joints, fatigue strengthening of an orthopaedic Ti6AI4V alloy, wear determination on retrieved metal-on-metal hip arthoplasty, natural articular joints, the importance of bearing porosity in engineering and natural lubrication, tribological characterization of human tooth enamel, and finally, liposome-based carrier systems and devices used for pulmonary drug delivery. Biomaterials and medical tribology is an essential reference for materials scientists, engineers, and researchers in the field of medical tribology. The title also provides an overview for academics and clinicians in this area.

Bioactive Materials In Medicine

Author: X. Zhao
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092936
Size: 17,79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Bioactive materials play an increasingly important role in the biomaterials industry, and are used for a range of applications, including artificial organs, drug delivery systems, nanomedicine, and biosensors. Bioactive materials in medicine reviews the current status and ongoing development of bioactive materials for medical applications. Following an introduction to bioactive materials in medicine, part one covers the process of designing bioactive materials, including chapters on molecular design, nanotechnology, and tissue engineering. Part two focuses on the different applications of bioactive materials in medicine, with chapters discussing applications in orthopaedics, in the circulatory system,and as antibacterials. The final chapters focus on the uses of these materials in gene therapy, plastic surgery and body reconstruction, and in drug delivery systems. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Bioactive materials in medicine is an essential reference for researchers and designers in industry, as well as those with an academic interest in the subject. Discusses the current status and ongoing development of bioactive materials for medical applications Explores the process of designing bioactive materials, including molecular design, nanotechnology, and tissue engineering Assesses different applications of bioactive materials in medicine featuring applications in orthopaedics, in the circulatory system,and as antibacterials

Biomaterials And Devices For The Circulatory System

Author: Terence Gourlay
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857090550
Size: 14,17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 162
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Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in the world today. Thanks to major advances in circulatory biomaterials and medical devices over the past few decades, many complications of this prevalent disease can be managed with great success for prolonged periods. Biomaterials and devices for the circulatory system reviews the latest developments in this important field and how they can be used to improve the success and safety in this industry. Part one discusses physiological responses to biomaterials with chapters on tissue response, blood interface and biocompatibility. Part two then reviews clinical applications including developments in valve technology, percutaneous valve replacement, bypass technologies and cardiovascular stents. Part three covers future developments in the field with topics such as nanomedicine, cardiac restoration therapy, biosensor technology in the treatment of cardiovascular disease and vascular tissue engineering. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors Biomaterials and devices for the circulatory system is a vital reference for those concerned with bioengineering, medical devices and clinicians within this critical field. Reviews the latest developments in this important field and how they can be used to improve success and safety in the industry Both current clinical advances as well as future innovation are assessed taking a progressive view of the role of biomaterials in medical applications An examination of the physiological responses to biomaterials features tissue responses to implanted materials and strategies to improve the biocompatibility of medical devices

Core Shell Nanostructures For Drug Delivery And Theranostics

Author: Maria Focarete
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081021992
Size: 20,76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Core-Shell Nanostructures for Drug Delivery and Theranostics: Challenges, Strategies and Prospects for Novel Carrier Systems contains valuable chapters that deal with the fundamentals of nanotechnology for drug delivery, recent developments and research in core-shell nanoparticles for drug-delivery and theranostic applications, and the potential and applications of core-shell nanofiber. This book is a highly valuable resource for scientists interested in the design and development of innovative drug delivery systems, researchers and graduate/postdoctoral students engaged in biomaterials for drug delivery, and R&D managers in the biomaterials and pharmaceutical industry. Focuses on core-shell nanoparticles and nanofiber for innovative applications, including cancer therapy, controlled release and multi-drug release Considers future prospects and potential new applications of core-shell nanostructures for drug delivery and theranostics Explains the principles and essential concepts of nanotechnology for drug delivery systems

Porous Silicon For Biomedical Applications

Author: Hélder A. Santos
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857097156
Size: 20,65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Porous silicon has a range of properties, making it ideal for drug delivery, cancer therapy, and tissue engineering. Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications provides a comprehensive review of this emerging nanostructured and biodegradable biomaterial. Chapters in part one focus on the fundamentals and properties of porous silicon for biomedical applications, including thermal properties and stabilization, photochemical and nonthermal chemical modification, protein-modified porous silicon films, and biocompatibility of porous silicon. Part two discusses applications in bioimaging and sensing, and explores the optical properties of porous silicon materials; in vivo imaging assessment and radiolabelling of porous silicon; and nanoporous silicon biosensors for DNA sensing and for bacteria detection. Finally, part three highlights drug loading and characterization of porous silicon materials, tumor targeting and imaging, and porous silicon scaffolds for functional tissue engineering, stem cell growth, and osteodifferentiation. With its acclaimed editor and international team of expert contributors, Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications is a technical resource and indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development, and application of porous silicon and other biomaterials, while providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in the field. Comprehensive review of porous silicon focusing on the fabrication and properties of this emerging material Specifically discusses drug delivery and orthopedic applications of porous silicon Aimed at materials researchers and scientists in the biomaterials industry – particularly those concerned with drug delivery and orthopedics

Biomaterials For Artificial Organs

Author: Michael Lysaght
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857090844
Size: 15,42 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 972
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The worldwide demand for organ transplants far exceeds available donor organs. Consequently some patients die whilst waiting for a transplant. Synthetic alternatives are therefore imperative to improve the quality of, and in some cases, save people’s lives. Advances in biomaterials have generated a range of materials and devices for use either outside the body or through implantation to replace or assist functions which may have been lost through disease or injury. Biomaterials for artificial organs reviews the latest developments in biomaterials and investigates how they can be used to improve the quality and efficiency of artificial organs. Part one discusses commodity biomaterials including membranes for oxygenators and plasmafilters, titanium and cobalt chromium alloys for hips and knees, polymeric joint-bearing surfaces for total joint replacements, biomaterials for pacemakers, defibrillators and neurostimulators and mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valves. Part two goes on to investigate advanced and next generation biomaterials including small intestinal submucosa and other decullarized matrix biomaterials for tissue repair, new ceramics and composites for joint replacement surgery, biomaterials for improving the blood and tissue compatibility of total artificial hearts (TAH) and ventricular assist devices (VAD), nanostructured biomaterials for artificial tissues and organs and matrices for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors Biomaterials for artificial organs is an invaluable resource to researchers, scientists and academics concerned with the advancement of artificial organs. Reviews the latest developments in biomaterials and investigates how they can be used to improve the quality and efficiency of artificial organs Discusses commodity biomaterials including membranes for oxygenators and cobalt chromium alloys for hips and knees and polymeric joint-bearing surfaces for total joint replacements Further biomaterials utilised in pacemakers, defibrillators, neurostimulators and mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valve are also explored