National Populism

Author: Roger Eatwell
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241312019
Size: 10,78 MB
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A crucial new guide to one of the most important and most dangerous phenomena of our time: the rise of populism in the West Across the West, there is a rising tide of people who feel excluded, alienated from mainstream politics, and increasingly hostile towards minorities, immigrants and neo-liberal economics. Many of these voters are turning to national populist movements, which pose the most serious threat to the Western liberal democratic system, and its values, since the Second World War. From the United States to France, Austria to the UK, the national populist challenge to mainstream politics is all around us. But what is behind this exclusionary turn? Who supports these movements and why? What does their rise tell us about the health of liberal democratic politics in the West? And what, if anything, should we do to respond to these challenges? Written by two of the foremost experts on fascism and the rise of the populist right, National Populism is a lucid and deeply-researched guide to the radical transformations of today's political landscape, revealing why liberal democracies across the West are being challenged-and what those who support them can do to help stem the tide.

Authoritarianism Fascism And National Populism

Author: Gino Germani
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000675866
Size: 10,80 MB
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This definitive contribution to social science literature describes German's general theory of authoritarianism in modem society, and applies it to authoritarian movements and regimes likely to merge out of the social mobilization of the middle and lower classes. Germani analyzes the nature, conditions, and determinants of authoritarianism in the context of Latin American political and social developments and compares it to European fascist movements.

Osteuropa Transformiert

Author: Tina Olteanu
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658178183
Size: 19,98 MB
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Der vorliegende Sammelband leistet einen interdisziplinären Beitrag zur Osteuropaforschung und analysiert vergangene sowie aktuelle Prozesse in der Region. Die Beiträge schlagen einen Bogen vom Staatssozialismus über die Transformation hin zum Nachdenken über alternative Entwicklungen. Was war der Staatssozialismus? Wie prägte der Transformationsprozess die Staaten Mittel- und Osteuropas? Welche emanzipativen Potenziale ermöglichten diese Prozesse? Angesichts aktueller Entwicklungen erscheint eine intensive Beschäftigung mit der Region wichtiger denn je. Das Buch ist zugleich die Festschrift zu Ehren von Prof. Dr. Dieter Segert, der die Osteuropaforschung durch seine vielschichtigen Zugänge geprägt hat.

Populism In Western Europe

Author: Teun Pauwels
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317653904
Size: 11,41 MB
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Despite the increasing academic interest in populism, we still lack understanding of individual factors contributing to populist voting. One of the main reasons for this is that populism is almost always attached to other ideologies which makes it difficult to isolate factors. This book draws on an innovative research design by comparing the reasons to vote for six populist parties which differ remarkably in terms of their host ideology in Belgium, The Netherlands, and Germany. The results show that populist voters are motivated by their dissatisfaction with the functioning of democracy and a desire for more direct democracy. Furthermore it appears that populist parties do not mobilize among one specific social group although deprived groups are generally more susceptible to populist voting. Finally, this study explored why some populist parties persist while others decline. Origins of party formation and how leaders organize their party internally seem the most important factors determining party persistence. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of populism, European politics and contemporary political theory.

Political Ideologies In Contemporary France

Author: Christopher Flood
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781855672383
Size: 13,66 MB
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Contributions contained in this volume discuss seven strains of political thought in France today: democratic socialism, communism, Gaullism and liberalism, national populism, ecologism, feminism, and multiculturalism. Contributors are primarily English scholars of French Studies and their contributions focus on the participants, strategy, and future prospects of each ideological tendency. Distributed by Books International. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Europe For The Europeans

Author: Christina Schori Liang
Editor: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409498255
Size: 17,21 MB
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For the last two decades the number of political organizations on the far right, neo-populist right and neo-conservative right has been growing. Along with the mounting electoral success for many of the parties there has also been a growing disenchantment with the political class which has led to a revolt against the current political 'establishment'. The events of September 11, 2001 and the 'War on Terror' have further aggravated tensions within the populations between those who feel they are the 'legitimate' citizens of the state and those who are considered 'outsiders'. The recent expansion of the EU's borders has also brought on fears of a surge of both legal and illegal immigration. All these factors have led to a growing number of cases of harassment and outbursts of violence aimed at asylum seekers and ethnic minorities in Europe. This book measures the effects of neo-populist groups on the current political establishment and illustrates how much political appeal neo-populist views have on making current political policy.

Welcome To Trumplandia

Author: Tiberiu Dianu
Editor:
ISBN:
Size: 11,87 MB
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Welcome to Trumplandia: National Populism in America is a collection of essays written between May 2016 and October 2019 about the transformation of America, a united nation that has become more divided than ever. Some pundits predict that if things don't change another civil war could occur. Have we reached a point of no return? Hopefully, America is mature enough to learn from its mistakes and avoid incurring further scars as its history continues to unfold."Tiberiu Dianu is a specialist in law, politics and post-communist societies... His latest book, titled Trumplandia, is a welcome addition towards understanding current events, Washington's international policy, and the present American society; a society polarized and divided as it has not been since the Civil War... Mr. Dianu makes in-depth assessments of important events in today's America and achieves not only fine descriptions, but as an expert in the field proves to have a 'gut feeling' for them. For example, the author understands, and at the same time feels, the meaning of rising patriotism and nationalism as a shield against a yet not fully understood impact of globalization."NICHOLAS DIMA, PhD, Adjunct Professor and Research Associate, Nelson Institute, James Madison University, Virginia.Tiberiu Dianu (born in 1961) is a native of Romania and a US citizen. Tiberiu has practiced law in Romania (as a corporate lawyer, judge, senior counselor at the Ministry of Justice, university professor and senior legal researcher), and in the United States (as a legal expert for the judiciary). His publications include several books and book chapters (published in Romania, the Netherlands and the United States) and a host of articles in law, politics, and post-communist societies (published in over 100 journals and blogs worldwide). Tiberiu currently lives and works in Washington, DC.

Marion Butler And American Populism

Author: James L. Hunt
Editor: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807862509
Size: 14,67 MB
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Exploring the life and leadership of Populist Marion Butler (1863-1938), James Hunt offers new insight into the challenges of American reform politics. The son of North Carolina farmers and a graduate of the University of North Carolina, Butler displayed an early proclivity for agrarian reform. By age twenty-eight he led the Farmers' Alliance of North Carolina; two years later he was elected president of the national Alliance. Butler served in the U.S. Senate as a Populist from 1895 to 1901 and was chairman of the national Populist Party during the critical presidential elections of 1896 and 1900. In 1896 he helped engineer the remarkable collaboration in which Populist Tom Watson ran for vice president alongside Democratic presidential nominee William Jennings Bryan. Departing from earlier portrayals of Butler as a political opportunist, Hunt shows him to be a genuine reformer who upheld Populist tenets in the face of enormous opposition from Democrats, Republicans, and even members of his own party. A dynamic individual with enormous capacity to mobilize and motivate, Butler sought throughout his career to convert his reform ideals, through politics, into law. His long and, ultimately, losing efforts illuminate the limitations of Populism as an ideology and as a political movement.

Discursive Construction Of National Identity

Author: Ruth Wodak
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748637354
Size: 10,63 MB
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How do we construct national identities in discourse? Which topics, which discursive strategies and which linguistic devices are employed to construct national sameness and uniqueness on the one hand, and differences to other national collectives on the other hand? The Discursive Construction of National Identity analyses discourses of national identity in Europe with particular attention to Austria.In the tradition of critical discourse analysis, the authors analyse current and on-going transformations in the self-and other definition of national identities using an innovative interdisciplinary approach which combines discourse-historical theory and methodology and political science perspectives. Thus, the rhetorical promotion of national identification and the discursive construction and reproduction of national difference on public, semi-public and semi-private levels within a nation state are analysed in much detail and illustrated with a huge amount of examples taken from many genres (speeches, focus-groups, interviews, media, and so forth). In addition to the critical discourse analysis of multiple genres accompanying various commemorative and celebratory events in 1995, this extended and revised edition is able to draw comparisons with similar events in 2005. The impact of socio-political changes in Austria and in the European Union is also made transparent in the attempts of constructing hegemonic national identities.

The Haider Phenomenon In Austria

Author: Ruth Wodak
Editor: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412824934
Size: 13,78 MB
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Austria does not often make political headlines. It has at least twice in recent years: in 1986, when the "Waldheim Affair" was debated worldwide, and in 1999, when the Austrian Freedom Party (FPOe) under Joerg Haider received 27 percent of the vote in national elections. Established by former Nazis for former Nazis, the FPOe entered the mainstream of Austrian politics when it became part of a coalition government. This volume explores whether its rise is a uniquely Austrian phenomenon or corresponds to broader social and political changes in Europe. Parallels to Haider's party can be found in other European countries. Its anti-immigration agenda and rhetoric are similar to those of the French FN, the Belgian Vlaams Bloc, and the Italian Lega Nord. And its anti-European Union posture is similar to the sentiments of the "anti-Maastrich" wing of the British conservative party. However, European reaction to the FPOe's rise derives not only from its policies, but its linkage to past suspicions that the Austrians have not learned the lessons of history as had the Germans. The FPOe's success strengthened that impression. In response, 14 European Union governments downgraded their bilateral relations with the Austrian government to a purely technical level. Although the sanctions were lifted in September 2000, the spotlight is still very much on Austria, and concern about the FPOe remains high. This important volume contains eleven chapters by internationally prominent scholars from a broad spectrum of the social sciences. Its cross-disciplinary approach provides perspective on the Haider phenomenon, its rhetoric, and its impact on daily life in Austria. It also analyzes the influence of right-wing populism on politics, culture, and society, and its implications in Austria as well as elsewhere in Europe. The Haider Phenomenon will be of interest to historians, political scientists, those in European studies, and scholars in contemporary political extremism. Ruth Wodak is professor of applied linguistics and discourse analysis at the University of Vienna and director of the research center, "Discourse, Politics, Identity," at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Anton Pelinka is professor of political science at the University of Innsbruck and director of the Institute of Conflict Research Vienna.