Norms Of Protection

Author: Angus Francis
Editor: UN
ISBN: 9789280812183
File Size: 56,35 MB
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A series of humanitarian tragedies in the 1990s (Somalia, Rwanda, Srebrenica, Kosovo) demonstrated the failure of the international community to protect civilians in the context of complex emergencies. These brought to life two norms of protection - Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and Protection of Civilians (POC) - both deeply rooted in the empathy that human beings have for the suffering of innocent people. Both norms raise concerns of misinterpretation and misuse. They are developing - sometimes in parallel, sometimes diverging and sometimes converging - with varying degrees of institutionalisation and acceptance. This book engages in a profound comparative analysis of the norms and aims to serve policy-makers at various levels; practitioners with protective roles; academics and researchers; civil society and R2P and POC advocates

International Norms And Standards For The Protection Of National Minorities

Author: Björn Arp
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9004165835
File Size: 47,45 MB
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A broad network of bilateral treaties for the protection of national minorities has been set up during the past fifteen years. They complement and further develop the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and other multilateral instruments. Some texts are genuine international treaties, while others are non-binding political documents. The present book brings all these texts together in a reliable English translation, which offers practitioners and researchers easy access to and supplies knowledge on the present state of development of the conventional and customary sources of law in this field. The introductory study helps further understanding of the legal character of the texts and explains how to work with these often complex and interrelated sources of law.

Competing Norms In The Law Of Marine Environmental Protection

Author: Henrik Ringbom
Editor: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041106995
File Size: 79,68 MB
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The number of global instruments affecting the law of marine environmental protection--both `soft' and `hard' law--grows constantly. Regional organizations have become increasingly concerned with matters affecting traditional freedoms of the seas. As a result, the law in this area has rapidly expanded, often creating competing or conflicting rules. Competing Norms in the Law of Marine Environmental Protection contains edited versions of the papers presented at a conference in the andÅland Islands, Finland, in August 1996, convened by the Department of Law of andÅbo Akademi University, Finland. It provides a detailed examination of current legal issues relating to the variety of rules and rule-makers in the field of marine environmental protection. It then goes further, relating the recent developments to international law in a wider context. The legal regime regulating ship safety and pollution prevention provides an excellent illustration of contemporary trends of international law in general and of the law of the sea and international environmental law in particular.

Innocent Women And Children

Author: Dr R Charli Carpenter
Editor: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 140949568X
File Size: 59,60 MB
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Examining the influence of gender constructs on the international regime protecting war-affected civilians, R. Charli Carpenter examines how in practice belligerents, advocates and humanitarian players interpret civilian immunity so as to leave adult civilian men and older boys at grave risk in conflict zones. Providing a wealth of ground-breaking case studies, the author argues that in order to understand the way in which laws of war are implemented and promoted in international society we must understand how gender ideas affect the principle of civilian immunity. Each case study demonstrates the importance of assumptions about gender relations in shaping international politics, and in developing a framework for incorporating an attention to gender into the often gender-blind scholarship on international norms. As such, this book will be of interest to international relations theorists and to human rights scholars, students and activists alike.

The Access Of Individuals To International Justice

Author: Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199580952
File Size: 28,95 MB
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The Author examines the considerable advances undergone by the right of access to justice in the domain of the international protection of the rights of the human person in recent years. The right of access to justice is understood, lato sensu, as encompassing not only the formal access to a tribunal or judge, but also the guarantees of due process of law, the right to a fair trial, and to reparations (whenever they are due), and the faithful execution ofjudgments.The evolving international case-law on the matter is examined in detail, including cases concerning victims in situations of the utmost adversity (e.g., abandoned or

The Jurisdynamics Of Environmental Protection

Author: Jim Chen
Editor: Environmental Law Institute
ISBN: 9781585760718
File Size: 59,36 MB
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On November 1 and 2, 2002, the University of Minnesota Law School and the University of Minnesota''s Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment, and the Life Sciences sponsored a symposium in honor of Professor Daniel A. Farber's contributions to environmental law. The resulting symposium, The Pragmatic Ecologist: Environmental Protection as a Jurisdynamic Experience, was published in volume 87 of the Minnesota Law Review. The Environmental Law Institute has now combined the proceedings of The Pragmatic Ecologist with additional contributions from many other leading scholars.

New Norms And Knowledge In World Politics

Author: Preslava Stoeva
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135196729
File Size: 34,77 MB
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This book examines the process of norm development and knowledge creation in international politics, and assesses these processes in case studies on protection from torture, intellectual property rights and climate change. Drawing on the theories of constructivism and the sociology of scientific knowledge, author Preslava Stoeva demonstrates that international norms are a product of a sequence of closures and consensus reached at different social levels. She contends that it is this process which makes norms permeate the social and political fabric of international relations even before they become official principles of state behaviour. Proposing a theoretical model which indicates the stages of the development of norms, she studies the roles that various actors play in that process, together with the interplay of various types of power. Through this endeavour, this book succeeds in providing the reader with a better understanding of the social processes that lead to normative change in international relations. New Norms and Knowledge in World Politics will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of international relations, comparative politics, globalization, sociology and anthropology.

Social And Legal Norms

Author: Matthias Baier
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317054105
File Size: 79,11 MB
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In an era where new areas of life and new problems call for normative solutions while the plurality of values in society challenge the very basis for normative solutions, this book looks at a growing field of research on the relations between social and legal norms. New technologies and social media offer new ways to communicate about normative issues and the centrality of formal law and how normativity comes about is a question for debate. This book offers empirical and theoretical research in the field of social and legal norms and will inspire future debate and research in terms of internationalization and cross-national comparative studies. It presents a consistent picture of empirical research in different social and organizational areas and will deepen the theoretical understanding regarding the interplay between social and legal norms. Including chapters written from four different aspects of normativity, the contributors argue that normativity is a result of combinations between law in books, law in action, social norms and social practice. The book uses a variety of different international examples, ranging from Sweden, Uzbekistan, Colombia and Mexico. Primarily aimed at scholars in sociology of law, socio-legal studies, law and legal theory, the book will also interest those in sociology, political science and psychology.

Mainstreaming Gender In Social Protection For The Informal Economy

Author: Naila Kabeer
Editor: Commonwealth Secretariat
ISBN: 9780850928402
File Size: 80,71 MB
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Explores the gendered dimensions of risk, vulnerability and insecurity and hence the need for a gender perspective in the design of social protection measures. This book provides an understanding of the constraints and barriers that confine women to more poorly remunerated, more casual and more insecure forms of waged and self-employment.

Intellectual Property Law

Author: Jay Dratler, Jr.
Editor: Law Journal Press
ISBN: 9781588520548
File Size: 20,70 MB
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This book discusses the TRIPs Agreement, the Madrid Protocol and other international conventions, and compares the basic principles of U.S.

Radiation Protection Norms

Author: European Nuclear Energy Agency
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 17,87 MB
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Gender Social Protection Strategies In The Informal Economy

Author: Naila Kabeer
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317809904
File Size: 11,49 MB
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The vast majority of the world’s working women, particularly those from low-income households in developing countries, are located in the informal economy in activities that are casual, poorly paid, irregular and outside the remit of formal social security and protective legislation. This book examines the constraints and barriers which continue to confine women to these forms of work and what this implies for their ability to provide for themselves and their families and to cope with insecurity. It develops a framework of analysis that integrates gender, life course and livelihoods perspectives in order to explore the interactions between gender inequality, household poverty and labour market forces that help to produce gender-differentiated experiences of risk and vulnerability for the working poor. Drawing on practical experiences from the field, It uses this framework to demonstrate the relevance of a gender-analytical approach to the design and evaluation of a range of social protection measures that are relevant to women at different stages of their life course. These include conditional and unconditional social transfers to reduce child labour and promote children’s education, child care support for working women, financial services for the poor, employment generation through public works and different measures for old age security. The book stresses the importance of an organised voice for working women if they are to ensure that employers, trade unions and governments respond to their need for socio-economic security. Finally, the book synthesises the main lessons that emerge from the discussion and the linkages between social protection strategies and the broader macro-economic framework. A book that will be of interest to a wide range of readers—those in the fields of economics, sociology and gender studies, as also activists and policy-makers.

Fundamental Rights Contract Law And The Protection Of The Weaker Party

Author: Olha O. Cherednychenko
Editor: sellier. european law publ.
ISBN: 3866530439
File Size: 33,20 MB
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Recoge : I. The relations between fundamental rights and private law against the background of the public/private divide. -- II. The protection of the weaker party against risky financial transactions by means of fundamental rights. Synthesis and assessment.

Protecting Community Rights Over Traditional Knowledge Implications Of Customary Laws And Practices Emerging Case Study Findings And Recommendations

Author:
Editor: IIED
ISBN: 1843697718
File Size: 67,35 MB
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Environmental Protection Of International Watercourses Under International Law

Author: Dr Owen McIntyre
Editor: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409493393
File Size: 72,91 MB
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McIntyre's work explains the legal means by which requirements of environmental protection influence the determination of a reasonable and equitable regime for allocating rights to riparian states to utilize shared freshwater resources.

Data Protection And The Media

Author: Council of Europe. Committee of Experts on Data Protection
Editor: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9789287119377
File Size: 27,66 MB
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Nationality Law In The Western Hemisphere

Author: Olivier Willem Vonk
Editor: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004276416
File Size: 72,67 MB
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In Nationality Law in the Western Hemisphere, Olivier Vonk provides the first comprehensive overview in English of the current grounds for acquisition and loss of citizenship of all thirty-five countries in the Americas and the Caribbean.

International Judicial Control Of Environmental Protection

Author: Yasuhiro Shigeta
Editor: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041131515
File Size: 66,66 MB
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It is widely understood today that nothing is more urgently needed than international agreement on the scale, application, and enforcement of environmental law. This outstanding book - a major contribution to the debate - demonstrates that existing international judicial bodies have already taken giant steps toward overcoming the insufficiency of international law enforcement with standards, compliance mechanisms, and new law development in the field of environmental law. The author not only presents a detailed analysis of a wealth of relevant case law, but also outlines a model suggesting that a commitment to international judicial control can be used to contain deviance within acceptable limits, ensure harmonized interaction among regimes, and clarify the meaning and application of environmental norms.

United States Bilateral Free Trade Agreements

Author: Mohamed Ramadan Hassanien
Editor: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041132813
File Size: 58,40 MB
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Summary: Trade between the United States and the eighteen countries of the Middle East and North Africa continues to grow at a steady pace, especially with countries which have signed trade agreements with the United States.

Environmental Crime And Corruption In Russia

Author: Sally Stoecker
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134583680
File Size: 49,72 MB
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Environmental devastation, a significant consequence of industrial activity in Soviet times, continues to be a major problem in Russia. Specific problems include radioactive pollutants from inadequately monitored nuclear plants, illegal logging and wildlife poaching which have grown into hugely profitable businesses for criminal gangs, and toxic waste from unsanctioned and poorly controlled metallurgical, petroleum and agricultural chemical industries. This book presents a wide ranging assessment of the environmental problems faced by Russia and of the crime and corruption which contribute to them. It also discusses the attitude of the Russian government which seems to view environmental protection as something for rich countries, something to be postponed until Russia is on the same economic footing as wealthier Scandinavian and western European countries. It concludes, gloomily, that the problems are getting worse and that little is being done to tackle them.