On The Justice And Justification Of Just War

Autore: Maren Lytje
Editore: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN: 9783631745250
Grandezza: 24,23 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 1636

This book addresses the concepts of sovereignty, justice and justification in relation to western warfare. It argues that ontological assumptions about human life underpin these concepts. This book focuses on these assumptions and shifts our attention away from the question of our right to kill and towards the question of the construction of life.

Walzer Just War And Iraq

Autore: Ronan O'Callaghan
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1317382439
Grandezza: 27,72 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 5926

In recent years questions of ethical responsibility and justice in war have become increasingly significant in international relations. This focus has been precipitated by United States (U.S.) led invasions in Afghanistan and Iraq. In turn, Western conceptions of ethical responsibility have been largely informed by human rights based understandings of morality. This book directly addresses the question of what it means to act ethically in times of war by drawing upon first-hand accounts of U.S. war fighting in Iraq during the 2003 invasion and occupation. The book focuses upon the prominent rights based justification of war of Michael Walzer. Through an in-depth critical reading of Walzer’s work, this title demonstrates the broader problems implicit to human rights based justifications of war and elucidates an alternative account of ethical responsibility: ethics as response. Putting forward a compelling case for people to remain troubled and engaged with questions of ethical responsibility in war, this work will be of great interest to students and scholars in a range of areas including international relations theory, ethics and security studies.

Justice And The Just War Tradition

Autore: Christopher J. Eberle
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1317297407
Grandezza: 45,18 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 9058

Justice and the Just War Tradition articulates a distinctive understanding of the reasons that can justify war, of the reasons that cannot justify war, and of the role that those reasons should play in the motivational and attitudinal lives of the citizens, soldiers, and statesmen who participate in war. Eberle does so by relying on a robust conception of human worth, rights, and justice. He locates this theoretical account squarely in the Just War Tradition. But his account is not merely theoretical: Justice and the Just War Tradition has a variety of practical aims, one of the most important of which is to serve as an aid to moral formation. The hope is that citizens, soldiers, and statesmen whose emotions and aspirations have been shaped by the Just War Tradition will be able to negotiate violent communal conflict in ways that respect the demands of justice. So Justice and the Just War Tradition articulates a theoretically satisfying and practically engaging account of the reasons that count in favor of war. Moreover, Eberle develops that account by engaging contemporary theorists, both philosophical and theological, by according due deference to venerable contributors to the Just War Tradition, and by integrating insights from military memoire, the history of war, and the author's experience of teaching ethics at the United States Naval Academy.

The Just War

Autore: Robert W. Tucker
Editore: Praeger
Grandezza: 71,82 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 1527

Just War In Religion And Politics

Autore: Jacob Neusner
Editore: University Press of America
ISBN: 0761860940
Grandezza: 69,78 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 517

The basis of this collection of essays is the reading of a common topic from different perspectives. Half of the book is devoted to the comparative study of religions and the courses are offered by religion professors. The other half is shaped by social science approaches and the seminars are given mainly by social science professors. We aim to compare and contrast not only positions, but also methods of learning. We examine theories of the just war in diverse cultural contexts and their disciplinary settings. Space is devoted to the study of papers prepared for this project by specialists in various disciplines, mainly but not exclusively faculty of Bard College and the United States Military Academy at West Point.

The Just War Myth

Autore: Andrew Fiala
Editore: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742562011
Grandezza: 43,63 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 5336

As war continues to be a primary topic in public debate, Andrew Fiala in The Just War Myth critically examines the concept of just war, arguing that actual wars never live up to the ideals of just war theory. The book provides a historical overview of the just war idea and also turns a critical eye on current events, including the idea of preemptive war, the use of torture, and the unreality of the Bush Doctrine.

Gender Justice And The Wars In Iraq

Autore: Laura Sjoberg
Editore: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739116104
Grandezza: 64,31 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 817

Sjoberg advocates replacing righteousness in just war thinking with dialogue and empathy for the good of human safety everywhere and concludes with alternative visions of Gulf War policies, inspired by feminist just war theory."--BOOK JACKET.

War Ethics And Justice

Autore: Annika Bergman-Rosamond
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1135246009
Grandezza: 23,98 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 3260

This edited volume addresses the key issues of ethics, war and international relations in the post-9/11 world. There is a lively debate in contemporary international relations concerning the relationship between statist obligations to one’s own political community and cosmopolitan duties to distant others. This volume contributes to this debate by investigating aspects of the ethics of national military and security and intelligence policies in the post-9/11 environment. The discursive transformation of national militaries into ‘forces for good’ became normalized as the Cold War subsided. While the number of humanitarian military interventions and operations rose considerably in the immediate post-Cold War period, the advent of the ‘war on terror’ raised questions about exactly what we mean by ethical behaviour in terms of military and security policies. This volume interrogates this key question via a focus that is both distinctive and illuminating – on national military ethics; femininities, masculinities and difference; and intelligence ethics. The key objectives are to demonstrate the important linkages between areas of international relations that are all too often treated in isolation from one another, and to investigate the growing tension between cosmopolitan and communitarian conceptions of intelligence and security and the use of armed force. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, ethics, gender studies, intelligence studies, and international relations in general. Mark Phythian is Professor of Politics in the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Leicester. He is the author or editor/co-editor of ten books. Annika Bergman-Rosamond is Senior Researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies in Copenhagen.

Just War Theory

Autore: Thom Brooks
Editore: BRILL
ISBN: 9004242023
Grandezza: 59,50 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 6625

Just War Theory raises some of the most pressing and important philosophical issues of our day. This book brings together some of the most important essays in this area written by leading scholars and offering significant contributions to how we understand just war theory.

International Ethics

Autore: Mark R. Amstutz
Editore: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742535831
Grandezza: 57,16 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 5167

This text presents the concepts, theories, methods, and traditions of ethical analysis and then applies them to case studies in the areas of human rights, military force, foreign intervention, economic statecraft, and global political justice.

The Sword Of Justice

Autore: James A. Barry
Editore: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275960926
Grandezza: 36,95 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 3488

An insight into the ethics of international coercion from a perspective of the just war tradition.

Blessed Are The Peacemakers

Autore: Lisa Sowle Cahill
Editore: Fortress Press
ISBN: 1506457797
Grandezza: 38,11 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 2203

This book is a contribution to the Christian ethics of war and peace. It advances peacebuilding as a needed challenge to and expansion of the traditional framework of just war theory and pacifism. It builds on a critical reading of historical landmarks from the Bible through Augustine, Aquinas, the Reformers, Christian peace movements, and key modern figures like Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Reinhold Niebuhr, and recent popes. Similar to just-war theory, peacebuilding is committed to social change and social justice but includes some theorists and practitioners who accept the use of force in extreme cases of self-defense or humanitarian intervention. Unlike just-war theorists, they do not see the justification of war as part of the Christian mission. Unlike traditional pacifists, they do see social change as necessary and possible and, as such, requiring Christian participation in public efforts. Cahill argues that transformative Christian social participation is demanded by the gospel and the example of Jesus, and can produce the avoidance, resolution, or reduction of conflicts. And yet obstacles are significant, and expectations must be realistic. Decisions to use armed force against injustice, even when they meet the criteria of just war, will be ambiguous and tragic from a Christian perspective. Regarding war and peace, the focus of Christian theology, ethics, and practice should not be on justifying war but on practical and hopeful interreligious peacebuilding.

The Moral Target

Autore: F.M. Kamm
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199897522
Grandezza: 75,73 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 6913

This title comprises essays that discuss aspects of war and other conflicts in the light of nonconsequentialist ethical theory. The topics include the relation between conditions that justify starting war and those that justify stopping it, the treatment of combatants and noncombatants in war, and much more.

The Ashgate Research Companion To Ethics And International Relations

Autore: Professor Patrick Hayden
Editore: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409499197
Grandezza: 80,15 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 5420

This indispensable research companion widens the perspective of moral consideration in international relations from 'ethics and international relations' to 'ethics in international relations', redressing the (mis)perception that ethical concepts, principles, norms and rules are not in part constitutive of the international system and the agents acting within that system.

Ethics And The Use Of Force

Autore: Dr James Turner Johnson
Editore: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409489329
Grandezza: 45,85 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 300

Highlighting the just war tradition in historical perspective, this valuable study looks at contemporary implications drawn out in the context of several important contemporary debates: within the field of religion, including both Christian and Islamic thought; within the field of debate related to the international law of armed conflicts; within the field of policy relating to the use of armed force where the issue is just war thinking vs. realism; and debates over pressing contemporary issues in the ethics of war which cross disciplinary lines. James Turner Johnson has been writing on just war tradition since 1975, developing the historical understanding of just war and seeking to draw out its implications for contemporary armed conflict. He is frequently asked to lecture on topics drawn from his work. This current book brings together a number of essays which reflect his recent thinking on understanding how and why just war tradition coalesced in the first place, how and why it has developed as it has, and relating contemporary just war reasoning to the historical tradition of just war.

War In The Twentieth Century

Autore: Richard Brian Miller
Editore: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 9780664253233
Grandezza: 72,93 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 8138

A timely anthology by Christian ethicists and ecclesial groups who are concerned with the justice of war in the 20th century. Seeking to sharpen our moral literacy about the ethics of war, Pope Pius XII, the Niebuhrs, and U.S. Catholic and Methodist bishops address ethical issues relevant to modern warfare--obliteration bombing, selective conscientious objection, and nuclear deterrence.

From Just War To Modern Peace Ethics

Autore: Heinz-Gerhard Justenhoven
Editore: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110291924
Grandezza: 23,12 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 8116

This book rewrites the history of Christian peace ethics. Christian reflection on reducing violence or overcoming war has roots extending back to ancient Roman philosophy, and it eventually decisively influenced the formation of modern international law. This study traces the development of the tradition from Cicero, Augustine and Thomas Aquinas to early modern thinkers including Vitoria, Suarez, Martin Luther, Hugo Grotius and Immanuel Kant. These sources influenced modern peace ethics’ cosmopolitanism and international law-based approach, as can be found in the late Pope John Paul II’s peace teaching.

The Ethics Of War

Autore: Saba Bazargan
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199376158
Grandezza: 60,81 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 4487

Just War theory - as it was developed by the Catholic theologians of medieval Europe and the jurists of the Renaissance - is a framework for the moral and legal evaluation of armed conflicts. To this day, Just War theory informs the judgments of ethicists, government officials, international lawyers, religious scholars, news coverage, and perhaps most importantly, the public as a whole. The influence of Just War theory is as vast as it is subtle - we have been socialized into evaluating wars largely according to the principles of this medieval theory, which, according to the eminent philosopher David Rodin, is "one of the few basic fixtures of medieval philosophy to remain substantially unchallenged in the modern world". Some of the most basic assumptions of Just War Theory have been dismantled in a barrage of criticism and analysis in the first dozen years of the 21st century. "The Ethics of War" continues and pushes past this trend. This anthology is an authoritative treatment of the ethics and law of war by both the eminent scholars who first challenged the orthodoxy of Just War theory, as well as by new thinkers. The twelve original essays span both foundational and topical issues in the ethics of war, including an investigation of: whether there is a "greater-good" obligation that parallels the canonical lesser-evil justification in war; the conditions under which citizens can wage war against their own government; whether there is a limit to the number of combatants on the unjust side who can be permissibly killed; whether the justice of the cause for which combatants fight affects the moral permissibility of fighting; whether duress ever justifies killing in war; the role that collective liability plays in the ethics of war; whether targeted killing is morally and legally permissible; the morality of legal prohibitions on the use of indiscriminate weapons; the justification for the legal distinction between directly and indirectly harming civilians; whether human rights of unjust combatants are more prohibitive than have been thought; the moral repair of combatants suffering from PTSD; and the moral categories and criteria needed to understand the proper justification for ending war.

Political Practices And International Order

Autore: Stefan Heuser
Editore: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 382580920X
Grandezza: 15,49 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 7111

International order is one of the most challenging issues in political ethics today, and its place within the multifaceted fleld of politics is frequently debated. The diverse phenomena resulting from 'globalisation' - particularly in the wake of the end of the so-called Cold War - urge us to think about our 'world' in terms of a single political entity. Besides the existing international institutions, however, it is still open to question what this entity should be and what concrete political practices should correspond to it. In the essays collected in this book, political scientists, sociologists, philosophers, theologians and policy advisors explore how political practices can be institutionally localised without necessarily becoming incorporated into structures of governance. Political ethics, as presented in this book, seeks to address the particular practices of power, justice, and peace of citizens themselves, and to assess their relevance for the shaping of international insti

Religion And Justice In The War Over Bosnia

Autore: G. Scott Davis
Editore: Routledge
ISBN: 1136667997
Grandezza: 24,31 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 4803

This volume brings together a distinguished group of thinkers, working in ethics, religion and history, to explore moral and religious issues that underlie the violence in Bosnia. ********************************************************* This volume brings together a distinguished group of thinkers to explore the moral and religious issues that underlie the violence and atrocities in Bosnia. From diverse academic and philosophical perspectives, the works of Jean Bethke Elshtain, James Turner Johnson, Michael Sells, John Kelsay, and G. Scott Davis will inform not just scholars of ethics, politics and religion, but everyone concerned with the prospects for justice in the post Cold War world.