Voltaire Treatise On Tolerance

Autore: Voltaire
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521649698
Grandezza: 50,45 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 8416
Download

New English translation of several of the most important and characteristic texts of the Enlightenment.

On Tolerance

Autore: Frank Furedi
Editore: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 144111940X
Grandezza: 62,40 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 2164
Download

Outwardly, we live in an era that appears more open-minded, non-judgemental and tolerant than in any time in human history. The very term intolerant invokes moral condemnation. We are constantly reminded to understand the importance of respecting different cultures and diversities. In this pugnacious new book, Frank Furedi argues that despite the democratisation of public life and the expansion of freedom, society is dominated by a culture that not only tolerates but often encourages intolerance. Often the intolerance is directed at people who refuse to accept the conventional wisdom and who are stigmatised as 'deniers'. Frequently intolerance comes into its own in clashes over cultural values and lifestyles. People are condemned for the food they eat, how they parent and for wearing religious symbols in public. This book challenges the 'quiet mood of tolerance' towards morally stigmatised forms of behaviour. The author examines recent forms of 'unacceptable behaviour'. It will tease out the real motives and drivers of intolerance.

Treatise On Tolerance

Autore: Voltaire
Editore: e-artnow
ISBN: 8026850769
Grandezza: 23,19 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 8689
Download

This carefully crafted ebook: "Treatise on Tolerance” is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. Treatise on Tolerance was Voltaire's first major philosophical work in his battle against the infamous. The text aims at the rehabilitation of Jean Calas, a Protestant falsely accused and executed for murdering his son to prevent his conversion to Catholicism. In his Treatise, Voltaire calls for tolerance between religions and targets religious fanaticism, especially that of the Jesuits (under whom Voltaire received his early education), indicting all superstitions surrounding religions. François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made use of his works to criticize intolerance, religious dogma, and the French institutions of his day.

The Power Of Tolerance

Autore: Wendy Brown
Editore: Series Cultural Inquiry
ISBN: 3851327314
Grandezza: 55,39 MB
Formato: PDF, Docs
Vista: 8895
Download

We invoke the ideal of tolerance in response to conflict, but what does it mean to answer conflict with a call for tolerance? Is tolerance a way of resolving conflicts or a means of sustaining them? Does it transform conflicts into productive tensions or does it perpetuate underlying power relations? To what extent does tolerance hide its involvement with power and act as a form of de-politicization? Two major theoreticians of tolerance debate the uses and misuses of tolerance in a dialogue that is rich in critical and conceptual reflections on power, justice, discourse, rationality, and identity.

The Scope Of Tolerance

Autore: Raphael Cohen-Almagor
Editore: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415357586
Grandezza: 51,93 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 4015
Download

'The Scope of Tolerance' is an interdisciplinary study concerned with the limits of tolerance and the costs of freedom of expression in a democratic society.

Discourses Of Tolerance Intolerance In The European Enlightenment

Autore: Hans Erich Bödeker
Editore: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442691360
Grandezza: 13,61 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 2778
Download

The principle of tolerance is one of the most enduring legacies of the Enlightenment. However, scholarly works on the topic to date have been primarily limited to traditional studies based on a historical, 'progressive' view or to the critiques of contemporary writers such as Adorno, Horkheimer, Foucault, and MacIntyre, who believed that the core beliefs of the Enlightenment, including tolerance, could actually be used as vehicles of repression and control rather than as agents promoting individual and group freedom.This collection of original essays by a distinguished international group of contributors looks at the subject in a new light and from a number of angles, focusing on the concept of tolerance at the point where the individual, or group, converges or clashes with the state. The volume opens with introductory essays that provide essential background to the major shift in thinking in regard to tolerance that occurred during the eighteenth century, while considering the general problem of writing a history of tolerance. The remaining essays, organized around two central themes, trace the expansion of the discourses of tolerance and intolerance. The first group treats tolerance and intolerance in relation to the spheres of religious and political thought and practice. The second examines the extension of broad issues of tolerance and intolerance in the realms of race, gender, deviancy, and criminality. While offering an in-depth consideration of these complex issues in the context of the Enlightenment, the volume sheds light on many similar challenges facing contemporary society.

Religion And The Politics Of Tolerance

Autore: Marie Ann Eisenstein
Editore: Baylor University Press
ISBN: 1932792848
Grandezza: 58,23 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 2930
Download

Challenging a widespread belief that religious people are politically intolerant, Marie Ann Eisenstein offers compelling evidence to the contrary. In this surprising and significant book, she thoroughly re-examines previous studies and presents new research to support her argument that there is, in fact, a positive correlation between religious belief and practice and political tolerance in the United States. Eisenstein utilises sophisticated new analytical tools to re-evaluate earlier data and offers persuasive new statistical evidence to support her claim that religiousness and political tolerance do, indeed, mix -- and that religiosity is not the threat to liberal democracy that it is often made out to be.

Tolerance And The Curriculum

Autore: Geir Afdal
Editore: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 9783830967040
Grandezza: 41,26 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 5431
Download


Tolerance In The Twenty First Century

Autore: Gerson Moreno-Riaño
Editore: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739108680
Grandezza: 42,36 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 7360
Download

Tolerance in the 21st Century investigates some of the key philosophical and practical dilemmas surrounding the implementation and realization of tolerance in the 21st century. In particular, this well thought-out volume investigates the political, social, moral, religious, global, and philosophical issues integral to discussions of tolerance in our current era. The work delves into new areas assessing the problems posed for tolerance by such factors as identity, war, community, the Internet, and gender. Each essay is written by expert scholars who seek to share their particular expertise with some of the most important and essential questions concerning tolerance. Editor Gerson Moreno-Riano has collected essays that ask not only where we are now in the study of tolerance but also seek to make a positive contribution to the study of tolerance by suggesting what can and should be done to further policies and practices of tolerance as well as investigating the limits of tolerance. Tolerance in the 21st Century is certain to delight scholars of political and democratic theory, political participation and citizenship, and American politics.

Effects Of Acute And Chronic Hypohydration On Tolerance To Gz Acceleration In Man

Autore:
Editore:
ISBN:
Grandezza: 26,66 MB
Formato: PDF, Kindle
Vista: 5410
Download


Tolerance

Autore: Lars Tønder
Editore: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199315825
Grandezza: 26,83 MB
Formato: PDF
Vista: 6303
Download

In Tolerance, Lars Tønder offers a thought-provoking theory on what tolerance means in pluralistic societies. Tønder begins by showing the limitations of the way democratic theory currently understands tolerance: either as a form of restraint or as benevolence, but always divorced from what it is that the tolerant person really senses. According to Tønder, what is missing from current theories of tolerance is the idea of pain, or the lived experience of what it means to become tolerant. Introducing what he calls a "sensorial orientation to politics" and a "theory of active tolerance," he argues that the act of becoming tolerant (and the reasoning it entails) depends on sensing the world in an expansive manner attentive to the new and unforeseen. In order to illustrate, he engages with a number of theorists, from Seneca, Spinoza, Nietzsche, Merleau-Ponty, and Marcuse to Locke, Kant and Mill, and he draws upon a wide range of examples, including the 2005 controversy over the Danish cartoons of Muhammad, Sacher-Masoch's Venus in Furs, Dave Chappelle's comedy, and methods of torture used in the war on terror. Tolerance is at once a sweeping account of the history of political thought and an invitation to rethink the meaning of tolerance within the sensorial conditions that define twenty first century democratic politics.

The Intolerance Of Tolerance

Autore: D. A. Carson
Editore: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802831702
Grandezza: 22,76 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 9726
Download

The author uses anecdotes and quotes to help illustrate his argument that tolerance has gone beyond simply putting up with another's differences and still disagreeing with him or her and instead now has more to do with completely refraining from saying others are wrong, in a book that offers the author's personal Christian perspective on the issue.

Tolerance Graphs

Autore: Martin Charles Golumbic
Editore: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521827584
Grandezza: 72,78 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 4393
Download

The study of algorithmic graph theory and structured families of graphs is an important branch of discrete mathematics. It finds numerous applications, from data transmission through networks to efficiently scheduling aircraft and crews, as well as contributing to breakthroughs in genetic analysis and studies of the brain. Especially important have been the theory and applications of new intersection graph models such as generalizations of permutation graphs and interval graphs. One of these is the study of tolerance graphs and tolerance orders. This book contains the first thorough study of tolerance graphs and related topics, indeed the authors have included proofs of major results previously unpublished in book form. It will act as a springboard for researchers, and especially graduate students, to pursue new directions of investigation. With many examples and exercises it is also suitable for use as the text for a graduate course in graph theory.

The Expansion Of Tolerance

Autore: Jonathan Irvine Israel
Editore: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9053569022
Grandezza: 26,42 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Vista: 2875
Download

Of all the European powers, the Dutch were considered the most tolerant of minority religious practices in their colonies. In The Expansion of Tolerance, a pair of historians examines this unusual sensitivity in the case of the seventeenth-century Dutch colonies of Brazil. Jonathan Israel demonstrates that religious tolerance under Dutch rule in Brazil was unprecedented. Catholics and Jews coexisted peacefully with the Protestant majority and were allowed freedom of conscience and unfettered private worship. Stuart Schwartz then considers the Dutch example in light of the Portuguese colonies in Brazil, revealing that the Portuguese were surprisingly tolerant as well. This collaboration will be of interest to anyone studying colonial history or the history of religious tolerance.

Political Tolerance And American Democracy

Autore: John L. Sullivan
Editore: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226779928
Grandezza: 36,28 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 6710
Download

This path-breaking book reconceptualizes our understanding of political tolerance as well as of its foundations. Previous studies, the authors contend, overemphasized the role of education in explaining the presence of tolerance, while giving insufficient weight to personality and ideological factors. With an innovative methodology for measuring levels of tolerance more accurately, the authors are able to explain why particular groups are targeted and why tolerance is an inherently political concept. Far from abating, the degree of intolerance in America today is probably as great as it ever was; it is the targets of intolerance that have changed.

Diversity And Tolerance In Socio Legal Contexts

Autore: Ms Anne Wagner
Editore: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409496570
Grandezza: 70,53 MB
Formato: PDF, Mobi
Vista: 4003
Download

Why is there so much resistance to recent issues of tolerance and diversity? Despite efforts of the international community to encourage open-mindedness, recent attempts at international, political and economic integration have shown that religious, cultural and ethnic tolerance and diversity remain under threat. The contributions in the volume reflect the growing importance of these issues and why resistance is so widespread. Part I addresses the relationship between the language of law and its power, whilst Part II explores the interplay of tolerance and diversity under visual, legislative and interpretative perspectives. This collection as a whole offers a combination of varied perspectives on the analysis, application and exploitation of laws and will be a valuable source of information for those interested in the general area of language and the law.

Religious Tolerance In World Religions

Autore: Jacob Neusner
Editore: Templeton Foundation Press
ISBN: 1599471361
Grandezza: 33,99 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 3938
Download

Today, and historically, religions often seem to be intolerant, narrow-minded, and zealous. But the record is not so one-sided. In Religious Tolerance in World Religions, numerous scholars offer perspectives on the "what" and "why" traditions of tolerance in world religions, beginning with the pre-Christian West, Greco-Roman paganism, and ancient Israelite Monotheism and moving into modern religions such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism. By tolerance the authors mean "the capacity to live with religious difference, and by toleration, the theory that permits a majority religion to accommodate the presence of a minority religion." The volume is introduced with a summary of a recent survey that sought to identify the capacity of religions to tolerate one another in theory and in practice. Eleven religious communities in seven nations were polled on questions that ranged from equality of religious practitioners to consequences of disobedience. The essays frame the provocative analysis of how a religious system in its political statement produces categories of tolerance that can be explained in that system’s logical context. Past and present beliefs, practices, and definitions of social order are examined in terms of how they support tolerance for other religious groups as a matter of public policy. Religious Tolerance in World Religions focuses attention on the attitude "that the ’infidel’ or non-believer may be accorded an honorable position within the social order defined by Islam or Christianity or Judaism or Buddhism or Hinduism, and so on." It is a timely reference for colleges and universities and for makers of public policy.

Tolerance And Intolerance

Autore: Peter Gervers
Editore: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815628705
Grandezza: 24,54 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 2626
Download

This collection provides important insights into the relationships among diverse groups in the period from the eleventh to the seventeenth centuries.

Tolerance Between Intolerance And The Intolerable

Autore: Paul Ricoeur
Editore: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781571811363
Grandezza: 48,35 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub
Vista: 8973
Download

It seems more urgent than ever before to fend off the rising wave of intolerance and at the same time determine the nature of tolerance and its limits. As Ricoeur says in his Foreword: "Tolerance is a tricky subject: too easy or too difficult. It is indeed too easy to deplore intolerance, without putting oneself into question, oneself and the different allegiances with which each person identifies." In order to explore these complexities, he has gathered together a number of prominent thinkers from various parts of the world and areas of activity and invited them to reflect on the "obstacles and limits to tolerance." The Declaration of Principles on Tolerance, issued by the United Nations in 1995, rounds up this remarkable collection of essays. Contributors: Norberto Bobbio, Vaclav Havel, Jeanne Hersch, Bernard Williams, Octavio Paz, Ghislain Waterlot, Antoine Garapon, Mario Bettati, Yehudi Menuhin, Ramin Jahanbegloo, Abdelwahab Bouhdiba, Hans Küng, Wole Soyinka, Ionna Kuçuradi, Monique Canto-Sperber, Paul Ricoeur, Desmond Tutu. DIOGENES LIBRARY

Liberal Democracy And The Limits Of Tolerance

Autore: Raphael Cohen-Almagor
Editore: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472023912
Grandezza: 35,61 MB
Formato: PDF, ePub, Docs
Vista: 4362
Download

An irony inherent in all political systems is that the principles that underlie and characterize them can also endanger and destroy them. This collection examines the limits that need to be imposed on democracy, liberty, and tolerance in order to ensure the survival of the societies that cherish them. The essays in this volume consider the philosophical difficulties inherent in the concepts of liberty and tolerance; at the same time, they ponder practical problems arising from the tensions between the forces of democracy and the destructive elements that take advantage of liberty to bring harm that undermines democracy. Written in the wake of the assasination of Yitzhak Rabin, this volume is thus dedicated to the question of boundaries: how should democracies cope with antidemocratic forces that challenge its system? How should we respond to threats that undermine democracy and at the same time retain our values and maintain our commitment to democracy and to its underlying values? All the essays here share a belief in the urgency of the need to tackle and find adequate answers to radicalism and political extremism. They cover such topics as the dilemmas embodied in the notion of tolerance, including the cost and regulation of free speech; incitement as distinct from advocacy; the challenge of religious extremism to liberal democracy; the problematics of hate speech; free communication, freedom of the media, and especially the relationships between media and terrorism. The contributors to this volume are David E. Boeyink, Harvey Chisick, Irwin Cotler, David Feldman, Owen Fiss, David Goldberg, J. Michael Jaffe, Edmund B. Lambeth, Sam Lehman-Wilzig, Joseph Eliot Magnet, Richard Moon, Frederick Schauer, and L.W. Sumner. The volume includes the opening remarks of Mrs.Yitzhak Rabin to the conference--dedicated to the late Yitzhak Rabin--at which these papers were originally presented. These studies will appeal to politicians, sociologists, media educators and professionals, jurists and lawyers, as well as the general public.