Pedestrian And Evacuation Dynamics 2008

Author: Wolfram W. F. Klingsch
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642045042
Size: 17,62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The international conference on "Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics", held on February 27-29, 2008 at Wuppertal University in Germany, was the fourth in this series after successful meetings in Duisburg (2001), Greenwich (2003) and Vienna (2005). The conference was aimed at improving the scientific exchange between scientists, experts and practitioners of various fields of pedestrian and evacuation dynamics and featured: the analysis of evacuation processes and pedestrian motion, modeling of pedestrian dynamics in various situations, experiments on pedestrian dynamics, human behavior research, regulatory action. All these topics are included in this book to give a broad and state-of-the-art overview of pedestrian and evacuation dynamics.

Pedestrian And Evacuation Dynamics

Author: Richard D. Peacock
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441997258
Size: 14,44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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An aging population, increasing obesity and more people with mobility impairments are bringing new challenges to the management of routine and emergency people movement in many countries. These population challenges, coupled with the innovative designs being suggested for both the built environment and other commonly used structures (e.g., transportation systems) and the increasingly complex incident scenarios of fire, terrorism, and large-scale community disasters, provide even greater challenges to population management and safety. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, an edited volume, is based on the Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (PED) 5th International 2010 conference, March 8th-10th 2010, located at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA. This volume addresses both pedestrian and evacuation dynamics and associated human behavior to provide answers for policy makers, designers, and emergency management to help solve real world problems in this rapidly developing field. Data collection, analysis, and model development of people movement and behavior during nonemergency and emergency situations will be covered as well.

Pedestrian And Evacuation Dynamics 2012

Author: Ulrich Weidmann
Editor: Springer Science & Business
ISBN: 3319024477
Size: 10,18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The 6th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (PED2012) showcased research on human locomotion. This book presents the proceedings of PED2012. Humans have walked for eons; our drive to settle the globe began with a walk out of Africa. However, much remains to discover. As the world moves toward sustainability while racing to assess and accommodate climate change, research must provide insight on the physical requirements of walking, the dynamics of pedestrians on the move and more. We must understand, predict and simulate pedestrian behaviour, to avoid dangerous situations, to plan for emergencies, and not least, to make walking more attractive and enjoyable. PED2012 offered 70 presentations and keynote talks as well as 70 poster presentations covering new and improved mathematical models, describing new insights on pedestrian behaviour in normal and emergency cases and presenting research based on sensors and advanced observation methods. These papers offer a starting point for innovative new research, building a strong foundation for the next conference and for future research.

Cellular Automata

Author: Georgios Ch. Sirakoulis
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642333508
Size: 15,20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 535

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2012, held in Santorini Island, Greece, in September 2012. The 88 revised papers were carefully selected from numerous submissions. In order to give a perspective in which both theoretical and applicational aspects of cellular automata contribute to the growth of the area, this book mirrors the structure of the conference, grouping the 88 papers into two main parts. The first part collects papers presented as part of the main conference and organized according to six main topics: theoretical results on cellular automata; cellular automata dynamics, control and synchronization; cellular automata and networks; modeling and simulation with cellular automata; cellular automata-based hardware and architectures; codes, pseudorandom number generators and cryptography with cellular automata. The second part of the volume is dedicated to contributions presented during the ACRI 2012 workshops on theoretical advances, specifically asynchronous cellular automata, and challenging application contexts for cellular automata: crowds and CA, traffic and CA, and the satellite Workshop on cellular automata of cancer growth and invasion.

Ai Ia 2015 Advances In Artificial Intelligence

Author: Marco Gavanelli
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319243098
Size: 12,72 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 236

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, A*IA 2015, held in Ferrara, Italy, in September 2015. The 35 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 44 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on swarm intelligence and genetic algorithms; computer vision; multi-agents systems; knowledge representation and reasoning; machine learning; semantic Web; natural language; and scheduling, planning and robotics.

This Is Improbable Too

Author: Marc Abrahams
Editor: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780743629
Size: 10,26 MB
Format: PDF
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Marc Abrahams collects the odd, the imaginative, and the brilliantly improbable from around the world. Here he investigates research on the ins and outs of the very improbable evolutionary innovation that is the human body (brain included). This Is Improbable Too explores the odd questions that researchers are asking, such as: What's the best way to get a monkey to floss regularly? How much dandruff do soldiers in Pakistan's army have? If you add an extra henchman to your bank-robbing gang, how much more money will you earn? Why is it so impossible to estimate the number of stupid people in circulation? How many dimples will be found on the cheeks of 28,282 Greek children? Who is the Einstein of pork carcasses? This Is Improbable Too also investigates unlikely medical cases, including a boy with an "Eiffel head injury" (involving a toy tower), and even more unlikely inventions, such as a patented system for attacking your enemy with a bio-waste bomb.

Pedestrian Dynamics

Author: Pushkin Kachroo
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439805206
Size: 17,94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Homeland security, transportation, and city planning depend upon well-designed evacuation routes. You can’t wait until the day of to realize your plan won’t work. Designing successful evacuation plans requires an in-depth understanding of models and control designs for the problems of traffic flow, construction and road closures, and the intangible human factors. Pedestrian Dynamics: Mathematical Theory and Evacuation Control clearly delineates the derivation of mathematical models for pedestrian dynamics and how to use them to design feedback controls for evacuations. The book includes: Mathematical models derived from basic principles Mathematical analysis of the model Details of past work MATLAB® code 65 figures and 400 equations Unlike most works on traffic flow, this book examines the development of optimal methods to effectively control and improve pedestrian traffic flow. The work of a leading expert, it examines the differential equations applied to conservation laws encountered in the study of pedestrian dynamics and evacuation control problem. The author presents new pedestrian traffic models for multi-directional flow in two dimensions. He considers a range of control models in various simulations, including relaxed models and those concerned with direction and magnitude velocity commands. He also addresses questions of time, cost, and scalability. The book clearly demonstrates what the future challenges are and provides the tools to meet them.

Social Computing

Author: Subhasish Dasgupta
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1605669849
Size: 12,78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With an increasing accessibility to social networking tools, the development of Web 2.0, and the emergence of virtual worlds, social computing crosses cultural boundaries to join people in the digital landscape. Social Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications uncovers the growing and expanding phenomenon of human behavior, social constructs, and communication in online environments. This multiple volume publication presents the latest research on social change, evolving networks, media, and interaction with technology to offer audiences a comprehensive view of the impact of social computing on the way cultures think, act, and exchange information.

Proceedings Of The International Symposium On Remote Sensing Of Environment

Size: 13,19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Automata 2008

Author: Andrew Adamatzky
Editor: Luniver Press
ISBN: 1905986165
Size: 14,50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 341

Cellular automata are regular uniform networks of locally-connected finite-state machines. They are discrete systems with non-trivial behaviour. Cellular automata are ubiquitous: they are mathematical models of computation and computer models of natural systems. The book presents results of cutting edge research in cellular-automata framework of digital physics and modelling of spatially extended non-linear systems; massive-parallel computing, language acceptance, and computability; reversibility of computation, graph-theoretic analysis and logic; chaos and undecidability; evolution, learning and cryptography. The book is unique because it brings together unequalled expertise of inter-disciplinary studies at the edge of mathematics, computer science, engineering, physics and biology.