Plant Environment Interactions Third Edition

Author: Bingru Huang
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420019341
Size: 20,87 MB
Format: PDF
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With contributions from experts in various specialties, Plant-Environment Interactions discusses recent advances in cellular and molecular regulation of stress tolerance. This third edition reviews new research in stress signal perception, cellular mechanisms, and genetic manipulation of stress tolerance for each individual stress. It addresses how to evaluate the level of plant tolerance to stress as well as how to link mechanisms identified through analysis of plant-environment interaction to producing stress-tolerant germplasm through biotechnology and traditional breeding. It also examines environmental stresses limiting plant productivity in agriculture, horticulture, and forestry.

Plant Environment Interactions

Author: Robert E. Wilkinson
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824746568
Size: 13,10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book presents comprehensive coverage of differentiated plant responses to changing environments. It focuses on how multiple and combined stress factors influence plant survival. It examines the latest data on the capacity of roots to alter growth patterns due to disturbances in physical and/or chemical soil constraints, water supply, and other traumas. It contains over 85% new and updated material with more than 1500 new citations, tables, drawings, and photographs.

Plant Environment Interactions

Author: František Baluška
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540892304
Size: 10,81 MB
Format: PDF
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Our image of plants is changing dramatically away from passive entities merely subject to environmental forces and organisms that are designed solely for the accumulation of photosynthate. Plants are revealing themselves to be dynamic and highly sensitive organisms that actively and competitively forage for limited resources, both above and below ground, organisms that accurately gauge their circumstances, use sophisticated cost-benefit analysis, and take clear actions to mitigate and control diverse environmental threats. Moreover, plants are also capable of complex recognition of self and non-self and are territorial in behavior. They are as sophisticated in behavior as animals but their potential has been masked because it operates on time scales many orders of magnitude less than those of animals. Plants are sessile organisms. As such, the only alternative to a rapidly changing environment is rapid adaptation. This book will focus on all these new and exciting aspects of plant biology.

Plant Propagation Concepts And Laboratory Exercises

Author: Caula A. Beyl
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466503882
Size: 17,65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Includes a DVD Containing All Figures and Supplemental Images in PowerPoint This new edition of Plant Propagation Concepts and Laboratory Exercises presents a robust view of modern plant propagation practices such as vegetable grafting and micropropagation. Along with foundation knowledge in anatomy and plant physiology, the book takes a look into the future and how cutting edge research may impact plant propagation practices. The book emphasizes the principles of plant propagation applied in both temperate and tropical environments. In addition to presenting the fundamentals, the book features protocols and practices that students can apply in both laboratory and field experiences. The book shows readers how to choose the best methods for plant propagation including proper media and containers as well as performing techniques such as budding, cutting, layering, grafting, and cloning. It also discusses how to recognize and cope with various propagation challenges. Also included are concept chapters highlighting key information, laboratory exercises, anticipated laboratory results, stimulating questions, and a DVD containing all the figures in the book as well as some supplemental images.

Plant Environment Interaction

Author: Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119081033
Size: 11,26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The increase in global population, urbanization and industrialization is resulting in the conversion of cultivated land into wasteland. Providing food from these limited resources to an ever-increasing population is one of the biggest challenges that present agriculturalists and plant scientists are facing. Environmental stresses make this situation even graver. Plants on which mankind is directly or indirectly dependent exhibit various mechanisms for their survival. Adaptability of the plants to changing environment is a matter of concern for plant biologists trying to reach the goal of food security. Despite the induction of several tolerance mechanisms, sensitive plants often fail to withstand these environmental extremes. Using new technological approaches has become essential and imperative. Plant-Environment Interaction: Responses and Approaches to Mitigate Stress throws light on the changing environment and the sustainability of plants under these conditions. It contains the most up-to-date research and comprehensive detailed discussions in plant physiology, climate change, agronomy and forestry, sometimes from a molecular point of view, to convey in-depth understanding of the effects of environmental stress in plants, their responses to the environment, how to mitigate the negative effects and improve yield under stress. This edited volume is written by expert plant biologists from around the world, providing invaluable knowledge to graduate and undergraduate students in plant biochemistry, food chemistry, plant physiology, molecular biology, plant biotechnology, and environmental sciences. This book updates scientists and researchers with the very latest information and sustainable methods used for stress tolerance, which will also be of considerable interest to plant based companies and institutions concerned with the campaign of food security.

Quantitative And Ecological Aspects Of Plant Breeding

Author: J. Hill
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401158304
Size: 13,38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Latest figures suggest that approximately 20% of the world's population of six billion is malnourished because of food shortages and inadequate distrib ution systems. To make matters worse, it is estimated that some 75 billion metric tons of soil are removed annually from the land by wind and soil ero sion, much of it from agricultural land, which is thereby rendered unsuitable for agricultural purposes. Moreover, out of a total land area under cultivation 9 6 of approximately 1. 5 x 10 ha, some 12 x 10 ha of arable land are destroyed and abandoned worldwide each year because of unsustainable agricultural practices. Add to this the fact that the world population is increasing at the rate of a quarter of a million per day, and the enormity of the task ahead becomes apparent. To quote the eminent wheat breeder E. R. Sears, It seems clear that plant geneticists can look forward to an expanded role in the 21st century, particularly in relation to plant improvement. The suc cess of these efforts may go a long way towards determining whether the world's increasing billions of humans will be adequately fed. Food for an ever-increasing population will have to be produced not only from an ever-diminishing, but from what will become an ever-deteriorating land resource unless justifiable environmental concerns are taken into account.

Plant Growth

Author: J. R. Porter
Editor: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521361330
Size: 13,14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Concepts of nutrition in relation to cellular process and environment; Nutrient compartmentation in cells and its relevance to the nutrition of the whole plant; Nutrients and photosynthesis: iron and phosphorus as case studies; The comparative ecophysiology of plant nitrogen metabolism; Concepts of nutritional and environmental interactions determining plant productivity; Plant-soil relationship: acquisition of mineral nutrients by roots from soils; Ecophysiological aspects of nutrition; Strategies for optimising growth in response to nutrient supply; Pollution, nutrition and plant function; The role of nitrogen in yeld formation and achievement of quality standards in cereals; nutrition, environment and plant ecology: an overview.

Annual Plant Reviews Biology Of Plant Metabolomics

Author: Robert D. Hall
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144433994X
Size: 11,65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biology of Plant Metabolomics is an exciting new volume in Wiley-Blackwell's highly successful Annual Plant Reviews series. Concentrating on the biology and biological relevance of plant metabolomics, each chapter, written by internationally-acknowledged experts in the field from at least two different research groups, combines a review of the existing biological results with an extended assessment of possible future developments and the impact that these will have on the type of research needed for the future. Following a general introduction, this exciting volume includes details of metabolomics of model species including Arabidopsis and tomato. Further chapters provide in-depth coverage of abiotic stress, data integration, systems biology, genetics, genomics, chemometrics and biostatisitcs. Applications of plant metabolomics in food science, plant ecology and physiology are also comprehensively covered. Biology of Plant Metabolomics provides cutting edge reviews of many major aspects of this new and exciting subject. It is an essential purchase for plant scientists, plant geneticists and physiologists. All libraries in universities and research establishments where biological sciences are studied and taught should have a copy of this Annual Plant Reviews volume on their shelves.

Ecophysiology Of Root Systems Environment Interaction

Author: Boris Rewald
Editor: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 2889192857
Size: 10,34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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There is a scarcity of detailed information regarding the ecophysiology of root systems and the way root system functioning is affected by both internal and external factors. Furthermore, global climate change is expected to increase the intensity of climate extremes, such as severe drought, heat waves and periods of heavy rainfall; in addition other stresses such as salinization of soils are increasing world-wide. Recently an increasing awareness has developed that understanding plant traits will play a major role in breeding of future crop plants. For example, there is increasing evidence that the traits of root systems are defined by the properties of individual roots. However, further knowledge on the functional importance of root segments and the molecular/physiological mechanisms underlying root system functioning and persistence is needed, and would specifically allow modifying (crop) root system functionality and efficiency in the future. Another major gap in knowledge is localized at the root-soil interface and in regard to the potential adaptive plasticity of root-rhizosphere interactions under abiotic stress and/or competition. It is currently unknown whether adaptations in microbe communities occur, for example due to modified exudation rates, and what are the subsequent influences on nutrient mobilization and uptake. Furthermore, uncovering the mechanisms by which roots perceive neighboring roots may not only contribute to our understanding of plant developmental strategies, but also has important implications on the study of competitive interactions in natural communities, and in optimizing plant performance and resource use in agricultural and silvicultural systems. In this Research Topic, we aimed to provide an on-line, open-access snapshot of the current state of the art of the field of root ecology and physiology, with special focus on the translation of root structure to function, and how root systems are influenced by interplay with internal and external factors such as abiotic stress, microbes and plant-plant interaction. We welcomed original research papers, but reviews of specific topics, articles formulating opinions or describing cutting-edge methods were also gladly accepted.