Population Genetics Of Forest Trees

Author: W.T. Adams
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401128154
File Size: 52,35 MB
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Tropical climates, which occur between 23°30'N and S latitude (Jacob 1988), encompass a wide variety of plant communities (Hartshorn 1983, 1988), many of which are diverse in their woody floras. Within this geographic region, temperature and the amount and seasonality of rainfall define habitat types (UNESCO 1978). The F AO has estimated that there 1 are about 19 million km of potentially forested area in the global tropics, of which 58% were estimated to still be in closed forest in the mid-1970s (Sommers 1976; UNESCO 1978). Of this potentially forested region, 42% is categorized as dry forest lifezone, 33% is tropical moist forest, and 25% is wet or rain forest (Lugo 1988). The species diversity of these tropical habitats is very high. Raven (1976, in Mooney 1988) estimated that 65% of the 250,000 or more plant species of the earth are found in tropical regions. Of this floristic assemblage, a large fraction are woody species. In the well-collected tropical moist forest of Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 39. 7% (481 of 1212 species) of the native phanerogams are woody, arborescent species (Croat 1978). Another 21. 9% are woody vines and lianas. Southeast Asian Dipterocarp forests may contain 120-200 species of trees per hectare (Whitmore 1984), and recent surveys in upper Amazonia re corded from 89 to 283 woody species ~ 10 cm dbh per hectare (Gentry 1988). Tropical communities thus represent a global woody flora of significant scope.

A Bibliography On Forest Genetics And Forest Tree Improvement 1958 59

Author: Jonathan W. Wright
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 42,36 MB
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This bibliography on forest genetics is the fourth in a series compiled from the forestry and botanical literature of the world. This publication was prepared to enable research workers and students to find pertinent references on the genetics of forest trees.

Biochemical Markers In The Population Genetics Of Forest Trees

Author: Silvia Fineschi
Editor: Balogh Scientific Books
ISBN:
File Size: 10,10 MB
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Genetic Effects Of Air Pollutants In Forest Tree Populations

Author: Florian Scholz
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642745482
File Size: 60,84 MB
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Air pollutants provide environmental conditions that drastically differ in many respects from those to which forest trees are naturally adapted. Leading experts in the field here consider these questions of immediate relevance arising from the changing environment: (1) Do air pollutants introduce effects of selection that differ from those known for populations that are not subject to such stress conditions? (2) If air pollutants introduce quantitatively or even qualitatively novel selective effects, which consequences might arise from the adaptation of forest tree populations to the present conditions as well as for the preservation of adaptability to future conditions? In addition to these questions, concepts for preservation of genetic resources are discussed.

Forest Conservation Genetics

Author: Andrew Young
Editor: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 0643102574
File Size: 51,10 MB
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Forest management must be sustainable not only in ecological, economic and social, but also genetic terms. Many forest managers are advocating and developing management strategies that give priority to conserving genetic diversity within production systems, or that recognise the importance of genetic considerations in achieving sustainable management. Forest Conservation Genetics draws together much previously uncollected information relevant to managing and conserving forests. The content emphasises the importance of conserving genetic diversity in achieving sustainable management. Each chapter is written by a leading expert and has been peer reviewed. Readers without a background in genetics will find the logical sequence of topics allows easy understanding of the principles involved and how those principles may impact on day-to-day forest planning and management decisions. The book is primarily aimed at undergraduate students of biology, ecology, forestry, and graduate students of forest genetics, resource management policy and/or conservation biology. It will prove useful for those teaching courses in these fields and as such help to increase the awareness of genetic factors in conservation and sustainable management, in both temperate and tropical regions.

Biodiversity Conservation And Habitat Management Volume I

Author: Franccesa Gherardi
Editor: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1905839200
File Size: 24,81 MB
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Biodiversity Conservation and Habitat Management is a component of Encyclopedia of Natural Resources Policy and Management in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Biodiversity is declining worldwide at a very unprecedented rate as a complex response to several human-induced changes in the global environment. The magnitude of these changes is so large and their effects are so strongly linked to the altered ecosystem processes and to human (ab-)use of natural resources that biodiversity loss is today perceived as one of the most important issues that humankind should face with extreme urgency. Disseminating information, raising awareness, and propelling concern within a diversified target audience (general public, schools, local authorities, and government agencies) are also essential to develop shared responsibility and to encourage collaborative efforts and compliance. This has been the main objective of “Biodiversity Conservation and Habitat Management”. The Theme on Biodiversity Conservation and Habitat Management provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world in eight major topics of discussion, and is focused on 1) History and Overview of Biodiversity Conservation and Protected Areas, 2) Management of Forests and other Wooded Habitats, 3) Management of Savannahs and Other Open Habitats, 4) Management of Wetlands, 5) Management of Tourism and Human Recreation Pressure, 6) Conservation Strategies, Species Action Plans and Translocation, 7) Captive Breeding and Gene Banks, and 8) Eradication and Control of Invasive Species. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Genetic Variation In European Populations Of Forest Trees

Author: Gerhard Müller-Starck
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 20,94 MB
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Forest Trees

Author: National Research Council
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309040345
File Size: 18,61 MB
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News reports concerning decline of the world's forests are becoming sadly familiar. Most losses are measured in square kilometers, but a more profound loss cannot be measured. As forests disappear, so do their genetic resources. The genes they possess can no longer aid in their adaptation to a changing environment, nor can they be used to develop improved varieties or products. This book assesses the status of the world's tree genetic resources and management efforts. Strategies for meeting future needs and alternatives to harvesting natural forests are presented. The book also outlines methods and technologies for management, evaluates activities now under way, and makes specific recommendations for a global strategy for forest management.

Forest Genetics

Author: Timothy L. White
Editor: CABI
ISBN: 1845932862
File Size: 72,46 MB
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This book, which contains 20 chapters, integrates the varied subdisciplines of genetics and their applications in gene conservation, tree improvement and biotechnology. Topics covered include: genetic variation in natural forests, the application of genetics in tree improvement and breeding programmes, and genomic sequences and molecular technologies. This book will be a valuable resource for students, scientists and professionals in the plant sciences, especially forest geneticists, tree breeders, forest managers and other natural resource specialists.

Introduction To Quantitative Genetics In Forestry

Author: Gene Namkoong
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 59,65 MB
Format: PDF
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Biotechnology

Author: Raymond Dobert
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788119729
File Size: 72,84 MB
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157 citations in English covering: biotechnology, bioengineering, transgenic, recombinant DNA or genetic engineering in forests & trees. Most citations have abstracts.

Tropical Forest Genetics

Author: Reiner Finkeldey
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540373985
File Size: 17,69 MB
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This book provides a solid scientific basis for researchers, practitioners and students interested in the application of genetic principles to tropical forest ecology and management. It presents a concise overview of genetic variation, evolutionary processes and the human impact on forest genetic resources in the tropics. In addition, modern tools to assess genetic diversity patterns and the dynamics of genetic structures are introduced to the non-specialist reader.

Genetics Of Forest Tree Improvement

Author: Jonathan W Wright
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 63,65 MB
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Application Of Genetic Markers To Forest Tree Species

Author:
Editor: Bioversity International
ISBN:
File Size: 51,48 MB
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Geographic Variation In Forest Trees

Author: Maria Morgenstern
Editor: UBC Press
ISBN: 9780774841771
File Size: 21,35 MB
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Geographic Variation in Forest Trees is the first book to examine this subject from a world-wide perspective. The author discusses population genetic theory and genetic systems of native North American tree species as they interact with environments in the major climatic regions in the world. He then demonstrates how this knowledge is used to guide seed zoning and seed transfer in silviculture, basing much of his discussion on models developed in Scandinavia and North America. In the final chapter, the author addresses the issue of genetic conservation -- a subject of great concern in the face of accelerated forest destruction, industrial pollution, and climatic change. This comprehensive, well-researched book makes a significant contribution to the knowledge of one of our most important renewable natural resources.

Gene Resources Of Forest Trees

Author:
Editor: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN: 9789291201136
File Size: 56,46 MB
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Forest Genetic Resources Conservation And Management

Author:
Editor: Bioversity International
ISBN: 9290436247
File Size: 40,40 MB
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The Role Of Biotechnology In Exploring And Protecting Agricultural Genetic Resources

Author: John Ruane
Editor: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251054802
File Size: 34,63 MB
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"Chapters 1 to 14 of in this book are based on papers presented at Sessions I, II and IV of an international workshop held from 5 to 7 March 2005 entitled, The Role of Biotechnology for the Characterisation and Conservation of Crop, Forestry, Animal and Fishery Genetic Resources, organized by the FAO Working Group on Biotechnology (FAO-WGB), the Fondazione per le Biotecnologie and the Italian Society of Agriculture Genetics (SIGA). The workshop took place at the Villa Gualino Congress Center in Turin, Italy ...The remaining two chapters, 15 and 16, are from the e-mail conference organized by the FAO-WGB roughly three months after the Turin workshop."--P. xi.