Prediction Of The Environmental Fate Of Chemicals

Author: Y. Samiullah
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400922116
File Size: 54,44 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 2228
Download

Concern over the effects of chemicals in the environment has been increasing for many years. Environmental contamination by DDT, Aldrin, Dieldrin, mercury, PCBs, organotins and many other sub stances are all part of the public consciousness and have led to widespread attention to this topic. Some of the concerns have arisen because human health has been affected when contaminants have been consumed via the food chain-for instance in the case of 'Minimata disease' in Japan. In other cases, direct effects on other components of ecosystems have given cause for alarm. The toxic effects which any chemical can cause are a function of exposure and innate toxicity, i.e. of the ability to reach in sufficient quantity a site where a biological process can be disrupted and of the tendency to cause disruption when it gets there. The processes by which chemicals reach sites of toxic action are the subject of this book, and are a fundamental consideration in ecotoxi cology. When a chemical enters the environment e.g. via a spillage or in an effluent, it is potentially subject to a wide variety of processes which may eliminate it from the environment completely, modify it into a more or less harmful substance, or transfer it to another part of the environment. The processes involved are complex and highly variable, but it is essential to increase our understanding of them.
Prediction of the Environmental Fate of Chemicals
Language: en
Pages: 285
Authors: Y. Samiullah
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-12-06 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Concern over the effects of chemicals in the environment has been increasing for many years. Environmental contamination by DDT, Aldrin, Dieldrin, mercury, PCBs, organotins and many other sub stances are all part of the public consciousness and have led to widespread attention to this topic. Some of the concerns have
Prediction of the Environmental Fate of Chemicals
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: S. Samiullah
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1990 - Publisher:

Fundamental Properties of Chemical; Chemical Release and Environmental Pathways; Modelling Strategies; The Soil Environment; The Aquatic Environment; The Atmosphere.
Predicting Chemical Toxicity and Fate
Language: en
Pages: 472
Authors: Mark T.D. Cronin
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004-05-10 - Publisher: CRC Press

Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSARs) are increasingly used to predict the harmful effects of chemicals to humans and the environment. The increased use of these methods in a variety of areas (academic, industrial, regulatory) results from a realization that very little toxicological or fate data is available on the vast amount
Risk Assessment of Chemicals: An Introduction
Language: en
Pages: 374
Authors: C.J. van Leeuwen, J.L.M. Hermens
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-12-06 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

In recent years many developments have taken place in promote co-operation between governments and other the field of risk assessment of chemicals. Many reports parties involved in chemical safety and to provide policy have been published by national authorities, industries guidance with emphasis on regional and subregional co and scientific
Fate And Prediction Of Environmental Chemicals In Soils, Plants, And Aquatic Systems
Language: en
Pages: 301
Authors: Mohammed Mansour
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-02-06 - Publisher: CRC Press

Fate and Prediction of Environmental Chemicals in Soils, Plants, and Aquatic Systems focuses on the chemical persistence and ecotoxicological behavior of pesticides in soil, water, and plants. The book examines recent developments in research on various substances and relays information regarding transport, adsorption, absorption, accumulation, degradation, biological effects, toxicity to